Tim Drake

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Tim Drake
Tim Drake as Robin. Artwork for the cover of Robin vol. 2, 150 (Jul, 2006 DC Comics). Art by Patrick Gleason and Prentis Rollins.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance As Tim Drake
Batman #436 (August 1989)[1]
As Robin
Batman #442
(December 1989)[2]
As Red Robin
Red Robin # 1
(August 2009)[3]
Created by Marv Wolfman (writer)
Pat Broderick (artist)
In-story information
Full name Timothy Jackson Drake-Wayne[4]
Team affiliations Batman Family
Teen Titans
Young Justice
Wayne Enterprises
Batman Inc.
Outsiders
Partnerships Bruce Wayne (Batman)
Dick Grayson (Nightwing)
Jason Todd (Red Hood)
Barbara Gordon (Oracle)
Damian Wayne (Robin)
Stephanie Brown (Batgirl)
Conner Kent (Superboy)
Notable aliases Robin, Red Robin The Urban Legend, Tim Wayne, Alvin Draper, Mister Sarcastic, Batman, Joker Junior, Little J, Todd Richards, Gary Glanz, Caroline Hill
Abilities

Timothy Jackson "Tim" Drake[3][5] (also known as Tim Wayne) is a fictional character, a superhero that appears in comic books published by DC Comics and in related media. The character was created by Marv Wolfman and Pat Broderick. From 1989 to 2009, he was known as Robin in the Batman comics, becoming the third character to take up the identity. Tim Drake made his first comic book appearance in Batman #436 in a flashback as a child who was in the audience when Dick Grayson's parents fell to their deaths. Following the events in Batman: Battle for the Cowl, Drake has taken up the identity of Red Robin.

According to writer Scott Lobdell, after the continuity changes after the DC Comics relaunch, it was said that Tim Drake never took up the Robin mantle officially, but rather was Batman's sidekick under the name Red Robin. This goes against his own stories (Teen Titans #1) as well as stories by Scott Snyder (Batman #1) and Peter J. Tomasi (Batman & Robin #10), which all make references to Tim Drake's time as Robin. The first trade paperback of the New 52 Teen Titans series alters the issue to remove the reference to Tim as Robin, but the Batman collection contains no alteration.[6]

In 2011, Tim Drake was ranked 32nd in IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Heroes.

Publication history[edit]

Tim Drake was named after Tim Burton, director of the then-upcoming Batman film, and introduced in 1989's Batman: Year Three and his origin detailed in Batman: A Lonely Place of Dying,[7] in which he first introduced himself to Dick Grayson and impressed the former Robin with his skills. This led to Grayson and later Alfred Pennyworth, Bruce Wayne's butler, to support Tim's request to be Batman's new partner. Batman editor Dennis O'Neil hoped that Grayson's approval of Drake would ease reader acceptance of him. Evidently, this approach was successful with Tim Drake being so accepted by readers that, after three successful miniseries, the character had his own 183-issue series from 1993 through 2009.[8][9] Mike Mullins on Newsarama has stated:

Throughout [the entire Robin series], the character of Robin has been captured consistently, showing him to step up to greater and greater challenges. Robin is a character who shows initiative and is driven to do what he views as right. He knows he is living up to a legacy left by Dick Grayson and strives to not disappoint Bruce Wayne, Batman. Tim is a more natural detective than previous Robins and is talented with computers, which allows him to stand in his own unique spotlight. Unlike his predecessors, Tim is not the most proficient combatant and has had to really work on his fighting technique, taking up the bo staff to give him an edge that Batman doesn’t need. Tim almost always seeks to analyze a problem and to outthink his opponent but has shown the ability to win a fight when necessary.[10]

As Robin, the character has also been featured prominently in the Young Justice and Teen Titans series, and, as of June 2009, Tim Drake/Wayne took on the new identity of Red Robin, starring in yet another series by the same name

Fictional character biography[edit]

Introduction[edit]

Tim Drake is the son of Jack and Janet Drake, coming from the same social class as Bruce Wayne.[11] When he was a young child, he visited the circus for the first time with his parents. The Drakes asked the Flying Graysons for a photo together, resulting in a momentary bond between Dick Grayson and Tim Drake as they met for the first time.[12]

After reaching the age of nine, Drake deduces the identities of Batman and Robin as Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson after witnessing a gymnastic move by Robin that Grayson displayed while performing with the Flying Graysons. Noting that Batman has grown reckless and violent following the death of second Robin, Jason Todd, who was murdered by the Joker, Drake decided to intervene and Batman eventually enlisted him as the third Robin after the death of his mother and the crippling of his father. Jack Drake also appeared in Identity Crisis. When Jean Loring sent him a gun he used it in self-defense and killed Captain Boomerang, but at the last second, Captain Boomerang threw a boomerang that killed Jack Drake. As a result Tim became an orphan, continuing the long held tradition that Robin is an orphan.[9][13][14]

Robin (1989–2009)[edit]

Tim Drake's first Robin costume designed by Neal Adams.
Cover of Robin vol. 2, 0 (Oct, 1994). Art by Tom Grummett and Ray Kryssing.

Before joining Batman as the new Robin, Tim Drake was given a modern redesign of the Robin costume and sent to train abroad with numerous masters.[15] When Bruce Wayne retires after Knightfall, Robin goes solo to defend Gotham. Robin would eventually go on to co-star with other teenaged superheroes in Young Justice and Teen Titans. He also made guest appearances in other DC comic books such as Nightwing and Azrael.

Following the deaths of his father in Identity Crisis (2004), his best friend Superboy (Kon-El) in Infinite Crisis (2005–2006), and the presumed death of his girlfriend Stephanie Brown in Batman: War Games (2004–2005), Drake was relocated to Blüdhaven (the city where Nightwing fights crime) for a period of time in order to escape the "ghosts" of Gotham City and to stay close to his stepmother Dana Winters who was admitted into a Blüdhaven clinic after going into psychological shock over Jack Drake's murder at the hands of Captain Boomerang,[16][17] was given another redesign of the Robin costume in the colors of Superboy's costume[18] and was formally adopted by Bruce Wayne as his son.[11][19]

After Batman's apparent death in Batman R.I.P. and Final Crisis, Bruce Wayne's biological son Damian Wayne takes up the Robin identity while Tim Drake, believing that his mentor is still alive, assumes the identity of Red Robin and leaves Gotham City to go on a worldwide search for Bruce Wayne.[3][20][21]

Red Robin (2009–2011)[edit]

Tim Drake-Wayne as Red Robin. Cover from Red Robin #6. Art by Marcus To

Red Robin, which was launched in late 2009, depicted Tim Drake's search to find evidence that Bruce Wayne was still alive after cutting himself off from the rest of the Bat Family. He was approached by Ra's al Ghul's assassins, who were also interested in finding out what happened to Batman. At the same time, Tam, Lucius Fox's daughter, has been sent to find Tim Drake-Wayne to bring him back to Gotham. Tim goes to Iraq and manages to discover definitive proof that Bruce was alive and lost in time, but was ambushed by an assassin from the Council of Spiders. He manages to drive himself and Pru[clarification needed] to Tam Fox's hotel room, and they are promptly abducted by the League of Assassins. Although initially reluctant, he entered into an alliance with Ra's al Ghul nearly bleeding to death due to their encounter with the Council of Spiders. He was put in charge of the League of Assassins by Ra's al Ghul and used the time to simultaneously plan how to stop the Council of Spiders and destroy the League of Assassins. After failing to foil all but one of the Council's assassination attempts, Tim realizes that the Council will be attacking the League's base, and realizes that he left Tam Fox in danger at the base. Rushing back to base, he simultaneously manages to delay the Council of Spiders, blow up the League's base, and escape with Tam.

After crippling Ra's al Ghul's League of Assassins, Drake returns to Gotham City to overthrow Ra's plans to use Hush, who was surgically altered to resemble Bruce Wayne, to gain control of the Wayne family resources by becoming the CEO and controlling shareholder of Wayne Enterprises in accordance to Bruce Wayne's will. Ra's al Ghul plans to destroy all that Batman held dear, and begins directing his assassins to target all of the Batman's associates. Realizing that these attacks are a smokescreen and that the real target is coercing Hush to sign away Wayne Enterprises, Red Robin decides to confront Ra's al Ghul head on. He calls upon all of his friends to protect the various targets. He distracts Ra's al Ghul from stopping Lucius Fox from making Drake the controlling shareholder of Wayne Enterprises. Realizing that Red Robin has bested him, Ra's al Ghul commends him, calls him 'detective,' and launches Tim out of the window. Tim is happy that he was able to achieve victory without any compromises, and is saved from falling by Batman, Dick Grayson. Drake has since moved back to Gotham City and reestablished ties with his family and friends. After Bruce Wayne's return, Tim begins to aid his plans for expanding their mission globally with Batman, Inc.[22] Tim is eventually appointed as the head of the newest incarnation of the Outsiders, who now serve as Batman Inc.'s black-ops wing.[23] Red Robin eventually rejoins the Teen Titans and takes over leadership from Wonder Girl. He remains as the team's leader during their climatic battle against Superboy-Prime and the new Legion of Doom.[24]

Following an adventure with Blackbat where he faces Ra's al Ghul's sister,[25] Tim stalks and attempts to kill Captain Boomerang (who was resurrected during the Brightest Day). Though Tim ultimately stops himself from killing Boomerang, he is chastised by Batman for his actions.[26]

The New 52 (2011–present)[edit]

The post-Flashpoint Red Robin outfit. Art by Brett Booth.

As part of the New 52, Tim Drake (now a pseudonym) is seen in Teen Titans #1 (September 2011) as Red Robin, now sporting a new costume designed by Brett Booth.[27] According to writer Scott Lobdell, many elements of Drake's history will remain canon.[28] At the start of the series, Tim has been in a state of semi-retirement after his falling out with Batman, and uses his computer skills to fight crime over the internet in a manner similar to Oracle. He is also shown monitoring various teenaged superheroes, such as Static, Miss Martian, Solstice and Kid Flash. After being attacked by agents from the shadowy organization N.O.W.H.E.R.E., Tim dons a new Red Robin suit and returns to the world of crime fighting.[29]
As Red Robin, Tim teams up with the mysterious and belligerent powerhouse thief known as Wonder Girl and the hyperactive speedster calling himself Kid Flash to stand a chance against his many enemies. This Teen Titans roster seems to have no ties to the previous Titans.

Teen Titans #0 revealed Tim Drake's new origin, showing a large departure from his original origin, removing his connections to Dick Grayson's origin story. In the New 52, Tim is a talented athlete and computer genius who comes close to discovering the Batman's identity but never totally figures it out. When Tim finds the Batman and gets rejected for the role of sidekick, he decides to bring the Batman to him, by hacking the Penguin's bank account and donating millions of dollars. The Penguin's goons come after Tim and his family, but the Batman saves them. Tim's parents go into witness protection, but they believe Tim deserves better and ask Bruce to take care of him for them. Bruce adopts Tim, the Witness Protection Program renames him 'Tim Drake,' and he takes on the identity of 'Red Robin', rather than the identity of "Robin", out of respect to Jason Todd, but this contradicts several established issues where he is mentioned as having been Robin.

In recent issues he is shown to be a founding member of the Teen Titans as well as their leader. He shows to have feelings for Wonder Girl as well as battling Superboy who is controlled by an unknown source.

Tim was unwilling to meet with rest of the Bat-Family at the Batcave after he was infected with the Joker's new compound "HA". He was present at the final battle between Batman and The Heretic when Talia killed her son's clone and blew up Wayne Tower.

Skills and abilities[edit]

Combat skills[edit]

Tim Drake has been trained by Batman and other instructors across the world, including Lady Shiva. He has knowledge in several martial arts such as Ninjutsu, Karate, Judo, Aikido, and jujitsu. His favorite combat defense is Bojutsu (taught in ninjutsu). He has beaten Lady Shiva in sparring and is classed the best staff fighter who ever lived. Tim was able to fend off several notorious assassins from the Council of Spiders at once while protecting Tam Fox and also in the end game of his plan to destroy several League of Assassins bases; earning commendation from Ra's al Ghul himself who was watching the fight from afar.[30] His combat style is a reflection of everything he learned from the masters, Bruce, and his own incredible intelligence deducing weak points in moments and targeting them with a variety of combat tactics. He is also inoculated against several toxins the Bat-family has encountered, including Joker Venom, Fear Toxin, and some of Poison Ivy's pheromones.

Intellectual, deductive, and leadership skills[edit]

Comic book writer Fabian Nicieza commented:

He is "the smart one" of the Bat-family, the thinker and planner. I mean, of course Bruce Wayne/Batman is what he is, and Tim isn’t quite there yet, but Tim at 17 has a more developed intellect than Bruce at 17 did. That’s not to say Dick Grayson or Barbara Gordon are dumb, of course they’re not, but Tim’s level of thinking is a bit... thicker... than theirs. For me, Dick is about superior reflexive thinking, Barbara about superior operational thinking and Tim is about superior comprehensive, or all-encompassing, thinking. What I love about Tim is that he shares some of the strongest traits of various Bat-family members. The intellect and detective skills of Bruce, the ability to lead others and be a friend to others like Dick has and even the ability to make cold, harsh decisions like Jason does.[31]

At the age of about nine years old, Tim Drake was able to deduce Robin's secret identity as Dick Grayson when Robin performed a quadruple somersault, in which Grayson was only one of the three people who could perform such a flip. This deduction also allowed Drake to deduce that Grayson's guardian Bruce Wayne was Batman.[12] Drake's intellect has allowed him to deduce a majority of other heroes' identities including Flash and Superman. In addition, after foiling Ra's al Ghul's master plan to assassinate everyone Bruce Wayne cared about and ruining the Wayne Family fortune, Ra's has addressed Tim as "Detective", a title the villain once only reserved for Bruce Wayne.[32] His intellect has enabled him to excel in computer science and a grasp of assorted scientific techniques, including biology, engineering, and genetics, which he has been shown to use in his attempts at re-cloning Superboy.[33] Tim also speaks several languages beyond his native English, including Cantonese,[34] Russian,[35] Spanish[3] and German.[36]

Drake, like Dick Grayson, has served as leader to Young Justice, the Teen Titans, and even being placed in charge of the rescue efforts of Blüdhaven by Superman, following the attack made by Deathstroke and his fellow villains.

Costumes[edit]

Tim Drake's original costume was different from that of his predecessors to give him a measure of increased protection, which included an armored tunic, a cape colored black on the outside and yellow on the inside, and green leggings. Other details include an armored gorget, jika-tabi style boots, an emergency "R" shuriken on his chest in addition to the traditional batarangs, and a collapsible bo staff as the character's primary weapon. Following Infinite Crisis, Drake's costume was modified to favor a black and red color scheme and included long sleeves.

The Red Robin costume consists of a long-sleeved red tunic, along with black boots, tights, gloves, cape and cowl. It also includes a black-and-gold utility belt that carries Drake's weaponry such as his bo staff and throwing discs. After Drake's confrontation with Ra's al Ghul in Red Robin #12, the costume was slightly altered.

After the 2011 relaunch, the full cowl is replaced with a mask that covers his eyes, similar to his two Robin costume designs. The rest of the costume has also been altered considerably, as it is now a single piece black and red costume, adorned with assorted belts on his waist and legs. His chest harness meanwhile is attached to a set of rocket powered wings, designed by Virgil Hawkins a.k.a Static, that allow Red Robin the ability of flight. He continues to use his bo-staff, and assorted other gadgets.

Alternate versions[edit]

Batman Beyond[edit]

Set after the events of Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, Tim Drake serves as a supporting character in the ongoing Batman Beyond comic book series. It is suggested that, after a series of examinations, he is freed from the Joker's control, although the experience has left him with doubts and remain struggling to keep his sanity intact. His wife is revealed to have been aware of her husband's heroic and tortured past, and implied to have met Tim and his former mentor at some point before he retires as Robin.

Bruce has offered Tim a job in his company, which he accepted, after he merged it with Lucius Fox Jr.'s company Foxteca and renamed the company Wayne Incorporated, on the condition that Tim will not get himself involved with the superheroic activities Bruce, Terry or the JLU and Bruce would pay for his children's college tuition.[37]

In other media[edit]

Film[edit]

Animation[edit]

Tim Drake as Robin in The New Batman Adventures.

DC Animated Universe[edit]

Tim Drake is the second incarnation of Robin to make the most appearances in the DCAU after Dick Grayson. He made his animated debut as Robin in the animated series The New Batman Adventures as a main character, though his characterization was changed slightly to blend with Jason Todd's.[38] He also made guest appearances on the Superman: The Animated Series episode "Knight Time",[39] two Static Shock episodes ("The Big Leagues" and "Future Shock"),[40][41] and made two cameo appearances in the Justice League episodes "The Savage Time" and "Hereafter".

His fate in the DCAU was revealed in the 2000 animated film Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker. In a flashback sequence, the Joker kidnapped and tortured the boy to force Batman's secrets out of Drake to the point of insanity. Despite being demented and fashioned as "Joker Jr.", he reveals a sliver of his original mind when he kills Joker after which he suffers a complete nervous breakdown. The episode led Batman to break up the Bat-family and put Tim into retirement. The new Batman (Terry McGinnis) confronted Joker resurrected via the 53 year-old Tim Drake transformed through a microchip built from genetic technology stolen from Project Cadmus containing Joker's mind, memories and DNA. The character also has a supporting role as Robin in the 2003 animated film Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman, which is set prior the events of the flashbacks of Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker.

Tim Drake was voiced by Mathew Valencia in The New Batman Adventures and Superman: The Animated Series (as well as a flashback sequence subsequently with Andrea Romano during Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker), Dean Stockwell in Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, Eli Marienthal in the Static Shock episode "The Big Leagues" (as well as Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman), and Shane Sweet for the Static Shock episode "Future Shock".

Young Justice[edit]

Robin (Tim Drake) appears as a main character in Young Justice: Invasion, voiced by Cameron Bowen. He is introduced in the episode "Happy New Year" as the third version of Robin. In the episode "Satisfaction", he is seen observing the memorial of his deceased predecessor Jason Todd. In this series, his costume is similar to his "One Year Later" costume with some modern influences. Like in the comics, he uses a bo staff in combat. Tim is shown as initially hesitant to take on leadership roles, something he feels is somewhat forced on him by Nightwing (Dick Grayson). Despite this, the two are shown to have a brotherly connection to one another. This familial relationship also extends to the more experienced Batgirl. Like Dick in Season 1, Tim is forbidden from revealing his secret identity to the team (wearing concealing sunglasses when out of costume). It appears by the finale that everyone has become aware of his identity. He shares a brief moment of interaction with one of his love interests from the comics Stephanie Brown during the episode "Before the Dawn". In the finale "Endgame", it is shown that he is in a relationship with Wonder Girl after Kid Flash's death gave Cassie the courage to kiss him. Due to the large cast of this show, Tim's role was mainly as a background character and was only highlighted on certain occasions. His detective skills were imperative in helping Blue Beetle overcome control by the Reach.

Teen Titans Go![edit]

In the Teen Titans Go! episode "Lazy Sunday", Dick Grayson/Robin uses the codename Red Robin.

Video games[edit]

Three designs for Robin (Tim Drake) in Batman: Arkham City.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) appears in Batman: Dark Tomorrow, voiced by Jonathan Roumie.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) as Robin appears in Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu, voiced by Scott Menville.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) appears in Lego Batman: The Videogame, with vocals provided by James Arnold Taylor.[42]
  • Robin (Tim Drake) is a character in Batman: Arkham City, voiced by Troy Baker. He is a playable character in all of the challenge maps as well as appearing in the story. The game's producers describe the new version of the character as a grittier, darker character to fit the tone of the new game series, perhaps being a cage fighter in his spare time to hone his skills. While his costume has been redesigned so as to add a hood and armor, it will still incorporate his traditional red and yellow colors, though blending Drake's old and new costume together. The screenshot released of him has portrayed his physical appearance as more muscled with a short buzz-cut.[43] He is available through Xbox Live and the PlayStation Network. Alternate skins for the character include his Red Robin costume, modeled in the realistic style of the game, and a skin based on Dick Grayson's Robin from Batman: The Animated Series. He appears briefly in the story of the game, intervening during a confrontation between Batman and members of the League of Assassins. After which, Batman gives him a sample of his own poisoned blood to get to a hospital for analysis and tells him to keep watch over Gotham whilst he deals with events in Arkham City. Robin is the main playable character in the Harley Quinn's Revenge DLC chapter, where he must enter the Arkham City Steel Mill to rescue Batman, who had gone missing two days previously and been captured by Harley Quinn seeking revenge following the main game's main events.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) appears in Batman: Arkham City Lockdown, voiced by Troy Baker.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) is a playable character in Lego Batman 2: DC Superheroes, voiced by Charlie Schlatter.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) appears in DC Universe Online, voiced by Wil Wheaton. He will appear in both the Hero and Villain quest storyline, siding with the player if he or she has chosen a Hero or attacking if the player has chosen a Villain. He is also the basic Legends PVP character granted for free to Hero players as a starter. Both during the main missions and as a playable character in short pvp matches, he uses his signature bojutsu style. Tim can also be found at one of the police stations that serves as safehouses for Heroes, and in the Watchtower, selling a PVP armor set called Raptor Infiltrator based on his looked.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) appears as a playable character Young Justice: Legacy, voiced by Cameron Bowen.
  • Tim Drake's two Robin outfits from the comics are available as skins for Robin (Dick Grayson) in the multiplayer component in Batman: Arkham Origins. Upon reaching a certain level, it's possible to play as Tim Drake himself with his Red Robin outfit, and, at a later level, his Arkham City outfit.
  • Tim Drake is alluded in Injustice: Gods Among Us. His name is listed on a hit list during Deathstroke's outro and his Robin persona is on an unplayable card in the game's iOS version.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) will appear in Lego Batman 3: Beyond Gotham.
  • Robin (Tim Drake) appears in Infinite Crisis, voiced again by Cameron Bowen, the game is set for release in 2014.

Collected editions[edit]

In 1993, a few years after his debut as Robin, DC launched a monthly solo series featuring Tim Drake's adventures as Robin, with Batman appearing as a supporting character. The series ended in February 2009 with issue #183 following the events of Batman: RIP and Final Crisis. As of August 2009, Drake is the star in a new series, Red Robin. He has also starred in some miniseries and one-shots. This material has been collected as follows:

Year Title Material collected ISBN
1993 Robin: Tragedy & Triumph Detective Comics #618–621; Robin II #1–4 SC: ISBN 1-56389-078-X
1998 Robin: A Hero Reborn Batman #455–457, Robin (1991 miniseries) #1–5 SC: ISBN 1-56389-029-1
2000 Robin: Flying Solo Robin Vol. 4 #1-6; Showcase '94 #5–6 SC: ISBN 1-56389-609-5
2004 Robin: Unmasked! Robin Vol. 4 #121-125 SC: ISBN 1-4012-0235-7
2005 Robin/Batgirl: Fresh Blood Robin Vol. 4 #132–133; Batgirl #58–59 SC: ISBN 1-4012-0433-3
2006 Robin: To Kill a Bird Robin Vol. 4 #134–139 SC: ISBN 1-4012-0909-2
2006 Robin: Days of Fire and Madness Robin Vol. 4 #140–145 SC: ISBN 1-4012-0911-4
2007 Robin: Wanted Robin Vol. 4 #148–153 SC: ISBN 1-4012-1225-5
2007 Robin: Teenage Wasteland Robin Vol. 4 #154–162 SC: ISBN 1-4012-1480-0
2008 Robin: The Big Leagues Robin Vol. 4 #163–167 SC: ISBN 1-4012-1673-0
2008 Robin: Violent Tendencies Robin Vol. 4 #170–174; Robin/Spoiler Special #1 SC: ISBN 1-4012-1988-8
2009 Robin: Search for a Hero Robin Vol. 4 #175–183 SC: ISBN 1-4012-2310-9
2010 Red Robin: The Grail Red Robin #1-5 SC: ISBN 1-4012-2619-1
2010 Red Robin: Collision Red Robin #6–12, Batgirl Vol. 3 #8 SC: ISBN 1-4012-2883-6
2011 Red Robin: Hit List Red Robin #13–17 SC: ISBN 1-4012-3165-9
2012 Red Robin: 7 Days of Death Red Robin #18-21 & #23-26 and Teen Titans Vol. 3 #92 SC: ISBN 1-4012-3364-3

Other collected editions[edit]

  • Batman: Knightfall Vol. 2: Knightquest New Edition (Robin Vol. 4 #7)
  • Batman: Knightfall Vol. 3: KnightsEnd New Edition (Robin Vol. 4 #8-9 and 11-13)
  • Batman: Prodigal (Robin Vol. 4 #11-13)
  • Batman: Contagion (Robin Vol. 4 #27-28)
  • Batman: Legacy (Robin Vol. 4 #32-33)
  • Batman: Cataclysm (Robin Vol. 4 #53)
  • Batman: No Man's Land (Modern Edition) Vol. 2 (Robin Vol. 4 #67)
  • Batman: No Man's Land (Modern Edition) Vol. 3 (Robin Vol. 4 #68-72)
  • Batman: No Man's Land (Modern Edition) Vol.4 (Robin #Vol. 4 #73)
  • Batman: New Gotham Vol. 2: Officer Down (Robin Vol. 4 #86)
  • Bruce Wayne: Murderer? (Robin Vol. 4 #98-99)
  • Batman: War Drums (Robin Vol. 4 #126-128)-Stephanie Brown
  • Batman: War Games Book 1 (Robin Vol. 4 #129)
  • Batman: War Games Book 2 (Robin Vol. 4 #130)
  • Batman: War Games Book 3 (Robin Vol. 4 #131)
  • Teen Titans Vol. 5: Life and Death (Robin Vol. 4 #146-147)
  • Batman: The Resurrection of Ra's al Ghul (Robin Vol. 4 #168-169 & Annual Vol. 4 #7)
  • Batman: Gotham Shall Be Judged (Red Robin #22)

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Broderick, Pat (p), Beatty, John (i). Batman 436 (August 1989), DC Comics
  2. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Aparo, Jim (p), DeCarlo, Mike (i). Batman 442 (December 1989), DC Comics
  3. ^ a b c d Yost, Christopher (w), Bachs, Ramon (a). Red Robin 1 (August 2009), DC Comics
  4. ^ Thomas, Brandon (w), Williams II, Freddie E. (a). Robin v4, 167 (December 2007), DC Comics
  5. ^ Nicieza, Fabian (w), To, Marcus (p), McCarthy, Ray (i). Red Robin 15 (October 2010), DC Comics
  6. ^ Johnston, Rich. "Retconning Robin Out Of Teen Titans #1". Bleeding Cool. 
  7. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1980s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 241. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "With the pencils of [George] Pérez, Jim Aparo, and Tom Grummett, [Marv] Wolfman concocted the five-issue 'A Lonely Place of Dying'...In it, Tim Drake...earned his place as the new Robin." 
  8. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 261: ""[Robin] embarked on a solo career, with the help of writer Chuck Dixon and artist Tom Grummett."
  9. ^ a b Tipton, Scott (2003-12-17). "Heroes and Villains: Batman, Part IV". Comics 101 Archive. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  10. ^ Mullins, Mike (2009-04-26). "Reminiscing About Robin: A Look Back in Wonder". Newsarama. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  11. ^ a b Porter, Alan J.; Chris Roberson; Jake Black (2008). Dennis O'Neil, ed. Batman Unauthorized: Vigilantes, Jokers, and Heroes in Gotham City. Smart Pop. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-933771-30-4. 
  12. ^ a b Wolfman, Marv (w), Aparo, Jim (p), DeCarlo, Mike (i). Batman 441 (November 1989), DC Comics
  13. ^ Grant, Alan (w), Breyfogle, Norm (p), Mitchell, Steve (i). Detective Comics 621 (September 1990), DC Comics
  14. ^ Grant, Alan (w), Breyfogle, Norm (p), Mitchell, Steve (i). Batman 455 (October 1990), DC Comics
  15. ^ Johns, Geoff, Grant Morrison, Greg Rucka, Mark Waid (w), Giffen, Keith (p), Mitchell, Steve (i). Batman 457 (December 1990), DC Comics
  16. ^ Willingham, Bill (w), Scott, Damion (a). Robin v4, 132 (December 2007), DC Comics
  17. ^ Willingham, Bill (w), Scott, Damion (a). Robin v4, 134 (December 2007), DC Comics
  18. ^ Robinson, James (w), Giffen, KeithJoe Bennett (p), Brado, Belardino (i). 52 51 (April 2007), DC Comics
  19. ^ Robinson, James (w), Kramer, Don (p), Faucher, Wayne (i). Batman 654 (August 2006), DC Comics
  20. ^ Daniel, Tony S. (w), Daniel, Tony S. (p), Florea, Sandu (i). Batman: Battle for the Cowl 2 (June 2009), DC Comics
  21. ^ Daniel, Tony S. (w), Daniel, Tony S. (p), Florea, Sandu (i). Batman: Battle for the Cowl 3 (July 2009), DC Comics
  22. ^ Red Robin #17 (Jan. 2011)
  23. ^ Batman Inc. #6 (May 2011)
  24. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #98 (July 2011)
  25. ^ Red Robin #25 (July 2011)
  26. ^ Red Robin #26 (August 2011)
  27. ^ http://www.newsarama.com/comics/dcnu-brett-booth-new-teen-titans-costumes-110610.html
  28. ^ http://www.bleedingcool.com/2011/06/13/scott-lobdell-talks-teen-titans-to-bleeding-cool/
  29. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 4) #1
  30. ^ Yost, Christopher (w), Bachs, Ramon (p), Major, Guy (i). Red Robin 4 (November 2009), DC Comics
  31. ^ Siegel, Lucas (2010-05-12). "New Writer Nicieza Says RED ROBIN is "The Smart One"". Newsarama. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  32. ^ Yost, Christopher (w), To, Marcus (p), McCarthy, Ray, McKenna, Mark (i). Red Robin 12 (July 2010), DC Comics
  33. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Daniel, Tony S. (p), Conrad, Kevin, Thibert, Art (i). Teen Titans v3, 34 (May 2006), DC Comics
  34. ^ Nicieza, Fabian (w), To, Marcus (p), McCarthy, Ray, McKenna, Mark (i). Red Robin 13 (August 2010), DC Comics
  35. ^ Nicieza, Fabian (w), To, Marcus (p), McCarthy, Ray (i). Red Robin 18 (February 2011), DC Comics
  36. ^ Yost, Christopher (w), Bachs, Ramon (p), Major, Guy (i). Red Robin 3 (October 2009), DC Comics
  37. ^ Batman Beyond Unlimited #2 (May 2012)
  38. ^ "Trivia for The New Batman Adventures: Sins of the Father". IMDB. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  39. ^ Writer: Robert Goodman, Director: Curt Geda (1998-10-10). "Knight Time". Superman: The Animated Series. Season 3. Episode 43. The WB.
  40. ^ Writer: Len Uhley, Director: Dave Chlystek (2002-01-26). "The Big Leagues". Static Shock. Season 2. Episode 14. The WB.
  41. ^ Writer: Stan Berkowitz, Director: Victor Dal Chele (2004-01-17). "Future Shock". Static Shock. Season 4. Episode 40. The WB.
  42. ^ Game Informer features a two-page gallery of the many heroes and villains who appear in the game with a picture for each character and a descriptive paragraph. See "LEGO Batman: Character Gallery," Game Informer 186 (October 2008): 92.
  43. ^ Miller, Greg. "Batman: Arkham City -- Everyone Probably Gets Robin". IGN. 

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