|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1977|
Horton in 1965
January 12, 1930|
Cochrane, ON, CAN
|Died||February 21, 1974
St. Catharines, ON, CAN
|Height||5 ft 10 in (178 cm)|
|Weight||180 lb (82 kg; 12 st 12 lb)|
|Played for||Toronto Maple Leafs
New York Rangers
Miles Gilbert "Tim" Horton (January 12, 1930 – February 21, 1974) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player, a defenceman for 24 seasons in the National Hockey League. He played for the Toronto Maple Leafs, New York Rangers, Pittsburgh Penguins, and Buffalo Sabres. Also a successful businessman, Horton was a co-founder of the Tim Hortons chain.
Born in Cochrane, Ontario, at Lady Minto Hospital, Horton's parents were Ethel May (née Irish) and Aaron Oakley Horton, a Canadian National Railway mechanic. Tim had one brother, Gerry Horton. He had English, Irish, and Scottish ancestry.
Horton grew up playing ice hockey in Cochrane, and later in mining country near Timmins. The Toronto Maple Leafs organization signed him; in 1948 he moved to Toronto to play junior hockey and attended St. Michael's College School.
Two years later, he turned pro with the Leafs' farm team, the Pittsburgh Hornets of the American Hockey League; he spent most of the first three seasons with Pittsburgh. Playing in his first NHL game on March 26, 1950, Horton did not appear in the NHL again until the fall of 1952. He remained a Leaf until 1970, winning four Stanley Cups. Horton later played for the New York Rangers, Pittsburgh Penguins and Buffalo Sabres. Horton was known for his tremendous strength and calmness under pressure. As a hard-working and durable defenceman, Horton gained relatively few penalty minutes for an enforcer-type defenceman. Horton was also an effective puck carrier – in 1964–65 he played right wing for the Leafs. Horton appeared in six National Hockey League All-Star Games. He was named an NHL First Team All-Star three times: (1964, 1968, and 1969). He was selected to the NHL Second Team three times: (1954, 1963, 1967).
Between February 11, 1961, and February 4, 1968, Horton appeared in 486 consecutive regular-season games; this remains the Leafs club record for consecutive games and was the NHL record for consecutive games by a defencemen until broken on February 8, 2007, by Karlis Skrastins. This is remarkable because on March 12, 1955, he suffered both a broken leg and jaw after being checked by Bill Gadsby of the Rangers. The injuries were so severe he missed much of the following season, causing some doubt Horton would ever again play professional hockey.
Horton had a reputation for enveloping players fighting him, in a crushing bear hug.
While playing, Horton was generally acknowledged as the strongest man in the game; injuries and age were little more than minor inconveniences. Chicago Blackhawks winger Bobby Hull declared, "There were defencemen you had to fear because they were vicious and would slam you into the boards from behind, for one, Eddie Shore. But you respected Tim Horton because he didn't need that type of intimidation. He used his tremendous strength and talent to keep you in check."
In 1962, he scored three goals and 13 assists in 12 playoff games, setting a Leafs team record for playoff points by a defenceman. This record was tied in 1978 by Ian Turnbull (who played 13 games); but was not broken until 1994, when David Ellett registered 18 points (albeit in 18 games).
In spite of his age, 42, and suffering from considerable nearsightedness, former Leafs general manager Punch Imlach of the Sabres acquired Horton in the intra-league draft and signed him in 1972. In 1973, his performance assisted the Sabres in their first playoff appearance. Horton later signed a contract extension in the off-season.
While playing for the Leafs, Horton wore the number 7, the same number worn by King Clancy from 1931–32 to 1936–37. The team declared both Horton and Clancy honoured players at a ceremony on November 21, 1995, but did not retire the number 7 from team use; despite this, it became an Honoured Jersey Number, abiding by Leafs honours policy. Horton wore number 2 in Buffalo (as Rick Martin already had the number 7), which was retired.
Horton believed he took too many early career penalties because of his "hot temper".
|1947–48||St. Michael's Majors||OHA||32||6||7||13||137||—||—||—||—||—|
|1948–49||St. Michael's Majors||OHA||32||9||18||27||95||—||—||—||—||—|
|1949–50||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||1||0||0||0||2||1||0||0||0||2|
|1951–52||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||4||0||0||0||8||—||—||—||—||—|
|1952–53||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||2||14||16||85||—||—||—||—||—|
|1953–54||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||7||24||31||94||5||1||1||2||4|
|1954–55||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||67||5||9||14||84||—||—||—||—||—|
|1955–56||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||35||0||5||5||36||2||0||0||0||4|
|1956–57||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||66||6||19||25||72||—||—||—||—||—|
|1957–58||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||53||6||20||26||39||—||—||—||—||—|
|1958–59||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||5||21||26||76||12||0||3||3||16|
|1959–60||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||3||29||32||69||10||0||1||1||6|
|1960–61||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||57||6||15||21||75||5||0||0||0||0|
|1961–62||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||10||28||38||88||12||3||13||16||16|
|1962–63||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||6||19||25||69||10||1||3||4||10|
|1963–64||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||9||20||29||71||14||0||4||4||20|
|1964–65||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||12||16||28||95||6||0||2||2||13|
|1965–66||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||6||22||28||76||4||1||0||1||12|
|1966–67||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||70||8||17||25||70||12||3||5||8||25|
|1967–68||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||69||4||23||27||82||—||—||—||—||—|
|1968–69||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||74||11||29||40||107||4||0||0||0||7|
|1969–70||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||59||3||19||22||91||—||—||—||—||—|
|1969–70||New York Rangers||NHL||15||1||5||6||16||6||1||1||2||28|
|1970–71||New York Rangers||NHL||78||2||18||20||57||13||1||4||5||14|
In 1964, Horton opened his first Tim Horton Doughnut Shop in Hamilton, Ontario on Ottawa Street. He even added a few of his culinary creations to the initial menu. By 1967, Horton had become a multi-million dollar franchise system. Horton's previous business ventures included both a hamburger restaurant and Studebaker auto dealership in Toronto.
Upon Horton's death in 1974, his business partner, Ron Joyce, bought out the Horton family's shares for $1 million and took over as sole owner of the existing chain of 40 stores.
As of 2014, in addition to over 3,000 locations in Canada, there are over 556 Tim Hortons Doughnut Shops in the United States, and they can be found in Michigan, Ohio, New York, Maine, Pennsylvania, and other American states, mainly in the Northeast and the Great Lakes region. There was also a Tim Hortons on the Kandahar Canadian Military base in Afghanistan until late 2011. There are also a number of Tim Hortons in the United Kingdom and Ireland. In November 2011, Tim Hortons opened up the first of several locations in the UAE, in Abu Dhabi at Mushrif Mall.
Joyce's son, Ron Joyce, Jr., married Horton's eldest daughter, returning the Horton family to the company.
Death and aftermath
In the early morning of February 21, 1974, Horton was killed in a car accident when he lost control of his white De Tomaso Pantera sports car on the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) in St. Catharines, Ontario. He had played a game in Toronto the previous evening against his former team, the Maple Leafs, and was driving alone back to Buffalo, 160 km (100 mi) south. The Sabres had lost the game, and despite sitting out the third period and playing with a jaw and ankle injury, Horton was selected one of the game's three stars.
Horton's Pantera was given to him by Sabres' manager Punch Imlach as an enticement to return to the team for one more season.
While driving to Buffalo, Horton stopped at his office in Oakville, and was met there by Ron Joyce. While there, Horton phoned his brother Garry, who recognized that Tim had been drinking and tried to convince him not to leave. Joyce also offered to have Horton stay with him. Horton chose to continue his drive to Buffalo.
After 4:00 am, a woman reported to the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) in Burlington that she had observed a car traveling at a high rate of speed on the QEW. A warning was broadcast over police radio. Thirty minutes later, OPP Officer Mike Gula observed a speeding vehicle traveling Niagara-bound on the QEW in Vineland. Gula activated his siren and attempted to pursue Horton's vehicle, but lost sight of it.
Horton passed a curve in the road at Ontario Street and was approaching the Lake Street exit in St. Catharines when he lost control and drove into the centre grass median, where his tire caught a recessed sewer and then flipped several times before coming to a stop on its roof in the Toronto-bound lanes. Not wearing a seatbelt, Horton was ejected 60 m (200 ft) from the car. He was pronounced dead at a local hospital.
Subsequent to Horton's death, there was no official public inquiry, and his autopsy was not made public. Police would not state if Horton was driving drunk. In 2005, the autopsy was made public (with witness statements redacted) and revealed that Horton's blood alcohol level was twice the legal limit, and that a half-filled vodka bottle was amongst the crash debris. Horton was also in possession of the drugs Dexedrine (a stimulant) and Dexamyl (a stimulant-sedative), and traces of amobarbital (an ingredient in Dexamyl) were found in his blood. The autopsy report found no painkillers in Horton's body, and also concluded that his car had been in good working order. There was nothing to suggest Horton was evading police, or that police got near enough to initiate a criminal pursuit. Horton was interred at York Cemetery in Toronto. Married in 1952, he left a wife, the former Lori Michalek of Pittsburgh, and four daughters.
Following Horton's death, Ron Joyce offered Horton's widow Lori $1 million for her shares in the chain, which included 40 stores. Accepting his offer, Joyce became sole owner. Years later, Lori decided the deal was unfair, and took the matter to court. In 1993, Lori lost the lawsuit; an appeal was declined in 1995 and she died in 2000 at the age of 68. Tim and Lori were survived by four daughters: Jeri-Lyn (Horton-Joyce), Traci (Simone), Kim, and Kelly. Jeri-Lyn married Joyce's son (Ron Jr.) and owns a store in Cobourg Ontario.
Awards and achievements
- Named to NHL First All-Star Team in 1964, 1968, and 1969
- Named to NHL Second All-Star Team in 1954, 1963, and 1967
- 1961–62 – Stanley Cup champion
- 1962–63 – Stanley Cup champion
- 1963–64 – Stanley Cup champion
- 1966–67 – Stanley Cup champion
- 1977 – Inducted (posthumously) into the Hockey Hall of Fame
- 1982 – Inducted (posthumously) into the Buffalo Sabres Hall of Fame
- 1996 – Number 2 retired by the Buffalo Sabres
- 1998 – Ranked number 43 on The Hockey News list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players.
- 2004 – Ranked number 59 in The Greatest Canadian list by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
- List of ice hockey players who died during their playing career
- List of NHL players with 1000 games played
- "Horton's death shocks hockey world;". Montreal Gazette. Canadian Press. February 22, 1974. p. 30.
- "Hockey world morning death of Tim Horton". Observer-Reporter (Washington, Pennsylvania). Associated Press. February 22, 1974. p. B2.
- "Horton killed in crash; ex-mates here saddened". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. February 22, 1974. p. 11.
- "Tim Horton". Mysteriesofcanada.com. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
- Hunter, Douglas (9 October 2012). Double Double: How Tim Hortons Became a Canadian Way of Life, One Cup at a Time. HarperCollins. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-4434-0675-8. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Tim Horton (1930 - 1974) - Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
- "Penguins sign Tim Horton to one year pact". Observer-Reporter (Washington, Pennsylvania). Associated Press. September 3, 1971. p. B5.
- "Sabres draft Horton from Pens on gamble". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 6, 1972. p. 19.
- Blackman, Ted (February 22, 1974). "Right to the end, Tim Horton showed how to play the game". Montreal Gazette. p. 29.
- Bailey, Budd (2010-06-04). This day in Buffalo sports history: a toast. The Buffalo News. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- CBC Sports (2009-01-31). "Doug Gilmour honoured by Maple Leafs". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
- "Toronto Mapleleafs - Alumni - Toronto Maple Leafs - Team". Mapleleafs.nhl.com. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
- John Iaboni. ""Honoured Players Process Different For Leafs" in Leafs Game Day, Issue No. 3, 2005-06". Toronto Maple Leafs. Retrieved 2007-04-06.
- Cole, Stephen (2006). The Canadian Hockey Atlas. Doubleday Canada. ISBN 978-0-385-66093-8.
- "Tim Horton Autopsy Police Report and Other Docs". Glen McGregor. February 20, 2011.
- Shea, Kevin (December 13, 2002). "One on One With Tim Horton". Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum.
- Iorfida, Chris (February 21, 2013). "Remembering Tim Horton". CBC.
- Griggs, Tim; Horton, Lori (1997). In Loving Memory: A Tribute to Tim Horton. ECW Press.
- Popplewell, Brett (December 25, 2013). "Greatest Maple Leafs: No. 7 Tim Horton". Sportsnet.
- McGregor, Glen (February 20, 2011). "The Tim Horton Autopsy: Canada's Most Famous Drunk Driver". Ottawa Citizen.
- "Horton killed in auto crash". Pittsburgh Press. UPI. February 21, 1974. p. 28.
- "Millions of Cemetery Records and Online Memorials". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
- CBC Sports (December 26, 2000). "Horton widow dead at 68". CBC. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "Buffalo Sabres Hall of Fame".
- Tim Horton's biography at Legends of Hockey
- The Canadian Encyclopedia: Tim Horton
- Biography at Tim Hortons corporate site
- Tim Horton's career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database
- Tim Horton at Find a Grave