Tim Johnson (U.S. Senator)
|United States Senator
from South Dakota
January 3, 1997
Serving with John Thune
|Preceded by||Larry Pressler|
|Chairman of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs|
January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Chris Dodd|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Dakota's At-Large district
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Tom Daschle|
|Succeeded by||John Thune|
|South Dakota State Senator|
|Member of the
South Dakota House of Representatives
|Born||Timothy Peter Johnson
December 28, 1946
Canton, South Dakota
|Residence||Vermillion, South Dakota|
|Alma mater||University of South Dakota (B.A., M.A., J.D.)|
Timothy Peter "Tim" Johnson (born December 28, 1946) is the senior United States Senator from South Dakota, serving since 1997. He is a member of the Democratic Party. He previously served as the United States Representative for South Dakota's at-large congressional district from 1987 to 1997, and in the state legislature from 1979 to 1987. Johnson will retire in 2014.
Early life, education and career 
Johnson was born in Canton, South Dakota, the son of Ruth Jorinda (née Ljostveit) and Vandel Charles Johnson. He has Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish ancestry. Raised in Vermillion, Johnson earned a B.A. in 1969 and an M.A. in 1970 from the University of South Dakota, where he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity. After doing post-graduate studies at Michigan State University from 1970 to 1971, a period during which he worked for the Michigan State Senate, Johnson returned to the University of South Dakota and earned his J.D. in 1975. Immediately after earning his law degree, he went into private practice.
Early political career 
Johnson served in the South Dakota House of Representatives from 1979 to 1982 and in the South Dakota Senate from 1983 to 1986. Johnson served as Clay County deputy state's attorney in 1985 during his tenure in the South Dakota Senate.
Johnson was elected to the United States House of Representatives from South Dakota's at-large congressional district in 1986. During his first term, he introduced more legislation than any other freshman member of the House. Between 1991 and 1994, he served as a regional whip for the Democratic Party. He left the House in 1997, when he took up his newly acquired Senate seat.
United States Senate 
Committee assignments 
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
- Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans' Affairs, and Related Agencies (Chairman)
- Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs (Chairman)
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
- Committee on Indian Affairs
Political positions 
While in the House, Johnson was among the minority of his party to vote in favor of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 – a welfare reform bill – and another bill to repeal the Federal Assault Weapons Ban. He was among the minority of Democrats to vote for President George W. Bush's 2001 tax cut. On January 31, 2006, Johnson was one of only four Democrats to vote to confirm Judge Samuel Alito to the U.S. Supreme Court. He has also called for "broadened use" of the death penalty.
Johnson was, however, among the minority of senators to vote against the Unborn Victims of Violence Act, which was strongly supported by pro-life groups. While a member of the House, he was one of only 16 congressmen to vote against the Telecom Act of 1996, which provided for deregulation and competition in the communication sector and was given firm support by Republicans, business groups, and most Democrats.
Paul Hazen, NCBA president, made the presentation to Johnson’s staff at the NCBA annual meeting in Arlington, Virginia. Hazen praised Johnson for consistently supporting the Rural Cooperative Development Grants (RCDG) program which, typically funded at $6 million annually, is the only federal grants program devoted solely to forming and expanding co-ops.
Johnson supported President Barack Obama's health reform legislation; he voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009, and he voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.
In May 2010, Johnson introduced the Tony Dean Cheyenne River Valley Conservation Act of 2010, a bill that would designate over 48,000 acres (190 km2) of the Buffalo Gap National Grassland as protected wilderness. The act would allow the continuation of grazing and hunting on the land and would create the first national grassland wilderness in the country.
Johnson was treated for prostate cancer in 2004 and further tests showed that he was clear of the disease. On December 13, 2006, during the broadcast of a live radio interview from Washington with WNAX radio in Yankton, South Dakota, Johnson suffered bleeding in the brain caused by a cerebral arteriovenous malformation, a congenital defect that causes enlarged and tangled blood vessels. In critical condition, he underwent surgery at George Washington University Hospital to drain the blood and stop further bleeding. Johnson then underwent a lengthy regimen of physical, occupational, and speech therapy to gain strength and mobility and restore his severely affected speech. In his 2007 State of the Union Address, President George W. Bush wished Johnson well.
On February 15, 2007, Johnson marked his return to Senate work by co-sponsoring his first piece of legislation since his illness, the Emergency Farm Relief Act of 2007. Johnson returned to his full schedule in the Senate on September 5, 2007 to both tributes and standing ovations. His speech, although much improved, continues to be affected by his stroke.
Political campaigns 
Johnson narrowly defeated three-term Senator Larry Pressler (R) in the 1996 U.S. Senate election, making him the only Senate candidate to defeat an incumbent in a year that saw thirteen open seats. In 2002, he defeated his successor in the at-large House seat, U.S. Representative John Thune (R), by 524 votes to win re-election. Johnson's re-election race was widely seen as a proxy battle between President George W. Bush, who had carried South Dakota comfortably in 2000, and the state's senior Senator and Johnson's fellow Democrat, Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, who was subsequently up for re-election in 2004 and lost to Thune.
Johnson ran for reelection in 2008. While he was recovering earlier in the campaign season, fellow Democratic senators raised funds on behalf of his campaign. Early polls showed Johnson likely to beat the Republican challenger, Joel Dykstra, and he did, with 62.5% of the vote.
Electoral history 
|Year||Democrat||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|1986||Tim Johnson||171,462||59%||Dale Bell||118,261||41%|
|1988||Tim Johnson||223,759||72%||David Volk||88,157||28%|
|1990||Tim Johnson||173,814||68%||Don Frankenfeld||83,484||32%|
|1992||Tim Johnson||230,070||69%||John Timmer||89,375||27%||Ronald Wieczorek||Independent||6,746||2%||Robert J. Newland||Libertarian||3,931||1%||*|
|1994||Tim Johnson||183,036||60%||Jan Berkhout||112,054||37%||Ronald Wieczorek||Independent||10,832||4%|
|1996||Tim Johnson||166,533||51%||Larry Pressler||157,954||49%|
|2002||Tim Johnson||167,481||50%||John Thune||166,949||49%||Kurt Evans||Libertarian||3,071||1%|
|2008||Tim Johnson||237,866||62.5%||Joel Dykstra||142,778||37.5%|
Personal life 
Johnson's elder son, Brooks, serves in the U.S. Army. Johnson and his wife Barbara, a professional social worker, have another son, Brendan, the current United States Attorney for the District of South Dakota, and a daughter, Kelsey.
- "Sen. Tim Johnson to retire in 2014, giving GOP new pickup target". The Hill. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- "rootsweb Search". ancestry.com. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
- [dead link]
- "Tim Johnson on the Issues". OnTheIssues.org. Retrieved 2006-12-20. "Broaden use of death penalty. (Jan 1996)"
- "Sen. Johnson Wins Honored Cooperator Award". Credit Union Journal. May 7, 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
- "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "Conservation Group Hails Introduction of Grassland Wilderness Bill". South Dakota Wild Grassland Coalition. May 5, 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
- Cook, Andrea J. (June 16, 2010). "Neighbors disagree on grasslands wilderness". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
- "Senate Vote 281 - Repeals ‘Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times.
- "Biography of Senator Tim Johnson". Tim Johnson Senate website. Archived from the original on 2006-12-16. Retrieved 2006-12-20.
- "Sen. Johnson recovering after brain surgery". MSNBC.com. Associated Press. 2006-12-14. Retrieved 2006-12-23. "He underwent prostate cancer treatment in 2004, and subsequent tests have shown him to be clear of the disease."
- "Senator in Critical Condition". CNN.com. Retrieved 2006-12-14. "Johnson, 59, was in critical condition Thursday morning after surgery..." Text "2006-12-14 " ignored (help)
- Jalonick, Mary Clare (January 19, 2007). "Ailing South Dakota Senator on the Mend". CBS. Associated Press.
- Bush, George W. (January 23, 2007). "President Bush's 2007 State of the Union Address". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-01-24.
- "Hospitalized Sen. Tim Johnson Co-Sponsors Bill". February 16, 2007
- Mlbank, Dana (September 6, 2007). "Senate Family Welcomes Cousin Tim . . . Not So Much Uncle Larry". Washington Post.
- "Election 2008: South Dakota Senate". Rasmussen Reports. March 7, 2008.
- Johnson backs Obama
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2007-08-08.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Tim Johnson (U.S. Senator)|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Tim Johnson|
- U.S. Senator Tim Johnson official Senate site
- Tim Johnson for South Dakota official campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Profile at Ballotpedia
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at Roll Call
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance (federal office) at LegiStorm.com
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Profile at SourceWatch
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Dakota's at-large congressional district
1987 – January 7, 1997
|United States Senate|
|United States Senator (Class 2) from South Dakota
January 7, 1997 – present
Served alongside: Tom Daschle, John Thune
|United States order of precedence|
|United States Senators by seniority