Tim Scott

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Tim Scott
Tim Scott, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from South Carolina
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 2, 2013[1]
Serving with Lindsey Graham
Appointed by Nikki Haley
Preceded by Jim DeMint
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 2, 2013[2]
Preceded by Henry Brown
Succeeded by Mark Sanford
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 117th district
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Tom Dantzler
Succeeded by Bill Crosby
Member of the Charleston County Council
from the 3rd district
In office
February 8, 1995 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by R. Keith Summey
Succeeded by Elliott Summey
Personal details
Born Timothy Eugene Scott
(1965-09-19) September 19, 1965 (age 48)
North Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.[1][3][4]
Political party Republican
Residence North Charleston, South Carolina
Alma mater Presbyterian College (1983–84)
Charleston Southern University (B.A., 1988)[1]
Religion Evangelical Christian
Website Senate website

Timothy Eugene "Tim" Scott (born September 19, 1965) is the junior United States Senator for South Carolina. A Republican, he became a senator in 2013 after South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley named him to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by Jim DeMint.[5] Scott is running in a special election in 2014 for the final two years of DeMint's second term.

In November 2010, Scott was elected to the United States House of Representatives for South Carolina's 1st congressional district, and served from 2011 to 2013. The first Republican African-American Representative from South Carolina since 1897,[6] Scott, a fiscal and cultural conservative, was endorsed by Tea Party groups.[7][8] He served one term in the South Carolina General Assembly (2009–2011); prior to that, he had been on the Charleston County Council from 1996 to 2008.[8][9]

Scott is one of only two African-American members currently serving in the United States Senate, the first African-American senator from the state of South Carolina, and the first from the South since 1881.[10]

Early life, education, and business career[edit]

Scott was born in North Charleston, South Carolina to Ben Scott, Sr. and Frances Scott,[11] a nursing assistant. His parents were divorced when he was 7, and he grew up in poverty under the care of his mother who worked 16-hour days.[8] He has an older brother who is a Sergeant Major in the U.S. Army.[12]

Scott attended Presbyterian College from 1983 to 1984, on a partial football scholarship, and graduated from Charleston Southern University in 1988 with a B.S. in Political Science.[7][13]

In addition to his political career, Scott owns an insurance agency, and works as a financial advisor.[8]

Charleston County Council (1995–2008)[edit]

Elections[edit]

Scott ran in a February 1995 special election to the Charleston County Council at-large seat vacated by Keith Summey, who resigned his seat to become Mayor of North Charleston.[14][15] He won the seat, receiving nearly 80% of the vote.[16] He became the first black Republican elected to any office in South Carolina since the 19th century,[9] and serving for a time alongside Paul Thurmond, the son of the late Republican U.S. Senator, Strom Thurmond.[17]

In 1996, he challenged Democratic State Senator Robert Ford in South Carolina's 42nd Senate district, but lost 65%–35%.[7][18]

He won re-election in 2000.[19] In 2004, he won re-election with 61% of the vote, defeating Democrat Elliot Summey (son of Mayor Keith Summey).[20][21]

Tenure[edit]

Scott served on the Council from 1995 until 2008, becoming Chairman in 2007.[11]

In 1997, Scott supported posting the Ten Commandments outside the county council chambers, saying it would remind members of the absolute rules they should follow. The county council then unanimously approved the display and Scott nailed a King James version of the Commandments to the wall. Shortly after, the ACLU and Americans United for Separation of Church and State sued. After an initial court ruling said the display was unconstitutional, the council settled to avoid accruing more legal fees.[22] Regarding the costs of the suit, Scott said, "Whatever it costs in the pursuit of this goal (of displaying the Commandments) is worth it."[22]

In January 2001, President Bill Clinton's Department of Justice sued the city of Charleston for racial discrimination by having all at-large districts. Scott, the only African American member of the council, stated, "I don't like the idea of segregating everyone into smaller districts. Besides, the Justice Department assumes that the only way for African-Americans to have representation is to elect an African-American, and the same for whites. Obviously, my constituents don't think that's true."[23]

Committee assignments[edit]

  • Economic Development Committee (Chair)[24]

South Carolina House of Representatives (2009–2011)[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 2008, incumbent Republican State Representative Tom Dantzler decided to retire. Scott ran for his seat in District 117 of the South Carolina House of Representatives and won the Republican primary with 53% of the vote, defeating Bill Crosby and Wheeler Tillman.[25] He won the general election unopposed,[26] becoming the first Republican African-American representative from South Carolina in more than 100 years.[27][28]

Tenure[edit]

Scott staunchly supports the state's Right-to-Work laws and argued that Boeing chose South Carolina for that reason.[29]

In South Carolina Club for Growth's 2009–2010 scorecard, Scott earned a B and a score of 80 out of 100.[30] He was praised by the South Carolina Association of Taxpayers, for his “diligent, principled and courageous stands against higher taxes.”[31]

Committee assignments[edit]

  • Judiciary
  • Labor, Commerce and Industry
  • Ways and Means[32]

United States House of Representatives (2011–2013)[edit]

Elections[edit]

2010

Scott entered the election for lieutenant governor before switching to the race for South Carolina's 1st congressional district following the retirement announcement of Republican incumbent Henry Brown. The 1st district is based in Charleston, and included approximately the northern 3/4 of the state's coastline (except for Beaufort and Hilton Head Island, which were in the 2nd District).[33]

Scott ranked first in the nine candidate Republican primary of June 8, 2010, receiving a plurality of 32% of the vote.[34] Fellow Charleston County Councilman Paul Thurmond, son of U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond, ranked second with 16% of the vote. Carroll A. Campbell III, the son of former Governor Carroll A. Campbell, Jr., ranked third with 14% of the vote.[17][35] Charleston County School Board member Larry Kobrovsky ranked fourth with 11% of the vote. Five other candidates had single digit percentages.[36]

Because no candidate had received 50 percent or more of the vote, a runoff was held on June 22, 2010. Scott faced off against Paul Thurmond. Scott was endorsed by the anti-tax National Club for Growth,[37] various Tea Party movement groups, former Alaska Governor and Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin,[8][38] Republican House Whip Eric Cantor,[39] former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee,[40] South Carolina Senator Jim DeMint, and the founder of the Minuteman Project.[7] Scott defeated Thurmond[41] 68%–32% and won every county in the congressional district.[42][43]

According to the Associated Press, Scott "swamped his opponents in fundraising, spending almost $725,000 during the election cycle to less than $20,000 for his November opponents".[8] He won the general election, defeating Democrat Ben Frasier 65%–29%.[44] Following the election, Scott and Allen West of Florida became the first African-American Republicans in Congress since J.C. Watts retired in 2003.[45] Scott also became the first African-American Republican elected to Congress from South Carolina in 114 years.[6]

2012

Scott was unopposed in the primary and won the general election, defeating Democrat Bobbie Rose 62%–36%.[46][47]

Tenure[edit]

Congressman Scott's official 112th Congress portrait

Congressman Scott, one of two African-American Republicans elected to the House in 2010, declined to join the Congressional Black Caucus.[48]

In March 2011, Scott co-sponsored a welfare reform bill that would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike.[49][50] He introduced legislation in July 2011 to strip the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) of its power to prohibit employers from relocating to punish workers who join unions or strike.[51] The rationale for the legislation is that government agencies should not be able to tell private employers where they can run a business.[51] Scott described the legislation as a common sense proposal that would fix a flaw in federal labor policy and benefit the national and local economies.[51] The NLRB had recently opposed the relocation of a Boeing production facility from Washington state to South Carolina.[51]

Scott successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million, arguing that the project is neither an earmark nor an example of wasteful government spending.[52] He said the project was merit-based, and in the national interest because larger cargo ships could use the port and jobs would be created.[52]

During the summer 2011 debate over raising the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott supported the inclusion of a balanced budget constitutional amendment in the debt ceiling bill, and opposed legislation that did not include the amendment. Before voting "no" on the final bill to raise the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott and other first term conservatives prayed for guidance in a congressional chapel. Afterwards, Scott asserted that he had received divine inspiration regarding his vote, and joined the rest of the South Carolina congressional delegation in voting no on the measure.[53][54]

  • Taxes and spending – Scott believes that federal spending and taxes should be reduced,[7] with a Balanced Budget Amendment and the FairTax respectively being implemented for spending and taxes.
  • Health care – Scott believes the 2010 health care reform law should be repealed.[7][55][56] Scott states that the health care in the U.S. is one of the greatest in the world,[56] stating that people all over the world come to study in American medical schools, waiting lists are rare, and Americans are able to choose their insurance, providers, and course of treatment.[56] Scott supports an alternative to the health care bill that he says keeps these benefits while controlling costs by reforming the medical tort system by having a limit on non-economic damages[56] and by reforming Medicare.[56]
  • Earmarks - Scott opposes earmarks.[7]
  • Economic development – He supports infrastructure development and public works for his district.[7] He opposes restrictions on deepwater oil drilling.[7]
  • Social issues – Scott describes himself as pro-life. Scott supports adult and cord blood stem cell research.[57] He opposes embryonic stem cell research funded by taxpayers.[58] He opposes the creation of human embryos for experimentation.[59] and opposes assisted suicide.[57] Scott opposes same-sex marriage.[60]
  • Immigration – Scott supports federal legislation that is similar to the Arizona law, Arizona SB 1070.[61] He supports strengthening penalties for employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants.[61] He also promotes cultural assimilation by making English the official language in the government, and by requiring new immigrants to learn English.[61]
  • Labor – Scott introduced a bill which would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike.[62]
  • Foreign Policy – Scott advocates a continued military presence in Afghanistan and believes an early withdrawal will benefit Al-Qaeda. He also views Iran as the world's most dangerous country and believes that the US should aid pro-democracy groups there.[63] Scott opposed the 2011 military intervention in Libya.[64]

Committee assignments[edit]

Scott was appointed by the House Republican Steering Committee to both the Committee on Transportation and the Committee on Small Business.[65] He was later appointed to the powerful Committee on Rules and relinquished his other two committee assignments.

United States Senate[edit]

2014 election[edit]

Senator Tim Scott speaking at the 2014 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland.

Scott will be running in November 2014 to win the final two years of DeMint's term. If elected he has indicated he will then run for re-election to a full six-year term in 2016.

Tenure[edit]

On December 17, 2012, South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley announced she would appoint Scott to replace retiring Senator Jim DeMint, who had previously announced that he would retire from the Senate to become the President of The Heritage Foundation.[5] Scott is the first African-American to serve from South Carolina in that state's history. In addition, Scott was one of two black senators in the 113th Congress alongside Mo Cowan (and the first since senator Roland Burris retired in 2010 after succeeding President Barack Obama), and is the first African-American Senator to serve from the Southern United States since Reconstruction.[66]

It was reported that Scott, along with Rep. Trey Gowdy, former South Carolina Attorney General Henry McMaster, former First Lady of South Carolina Jenny Sanford, and Director of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Catherine Templeton, were on Governor Haley's short list to replace Sen. DeMint.[67] In her decision to pick Scott, Governor Haley said: "It is important to me, as a minority female, that Congressman Scott earned this seat, he earned this seat for the person that he is. He earned this seat with the results he has shown." [68]

Committee assignments[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Scott is unmarried.[11] He owns an insurance agency and he is also a partner in Pathway Real Estate Group, LLC.[9] Scott is a devout evangelical Christian.[69][70][71] He is a member of Seacoast Church, a large evangelical church in Charleston, and is a former member of that church's board.

Electoral history[edit]

General election 2008 – South Carolina General Assembly 117th District[72]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 9,080 99.27%
Write-in Various 67 0.73%
Totals 9,147 100%
Voter turnout 76.02%
Republican Primary – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina[73]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 25,457 31.49%
Republican Paul Thurmond 13,149 16.26%
Republican Carroll Campbell 11,665 14.43%
Republican Larry Kobrovsky 8,521 10.54%
Republican Clark B Parker 6,769 8.37%
Republican Stovall Witte 7,192 8.90%
Republican Katherine Jenerette 3,849 4.76%
Republican Mark Lutz 3,237 4.0%
Republican Ken Glasson 1,006 1.24%
Totals 80,845 100%
Voter turnout 24.11%
Republican Primary Runoff – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina[74]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 46,885 68%
Republican Paul Thurmond 21,706 32%
2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina Elections[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 152,755 65.37%
Democratic Ben Frasier 67,008 28.67%
Voter turnout 51.89%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "SCOTT, Tim – Biographical Information". Office of the Historian, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ 2012 Congressional Record, Vol. 158, Page H7467 (December 30, 2012)
  3. ^ Bruns, Alex. Meet Tim Scott: South Carolina's Next Senator, NPR, December 17, 2012.
  4. ^ Tim Scott (R) WINNER U.S. Representative - SC1, Wall Street Journal.
  5. ^ a b Steinhauer, Jennifer; Zeleny, Jeff (December 17, 2012). "Tim Scott to Be Named for Empty South Carolina Senate Seat, Republicans Say". New York Times. 
  6. ^ a b Caroline May (November 2, 2010). "Tim Scott: first black Republican elected to Congress from the South since Reconstruction". The Daily Caller. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Guide to the New Congress". CQ Roll Call. November 4, 2010. p. 59. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "SC elects black GOP congressman; 1st since 2003". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. November 2, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c "Tim Scott Biography". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  10. ^ Bainum, Stefanie. Tim Scott speaks out on becoming a US Senator, ABC-TV News 4 Charleston, SC, January 3, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c "Members of the House Representative Timothy E. Scott". Official Web Site of the State of South Carolina. Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  12. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. S. Carolina Candidate Shrugs Off History’s Lure, New York Times, June 25, 2010.
  13. ^ "Scott, Tim (1965–)". Biographical Directory for the U.S. Congress. Retrieved July 30, 2011. 
  14. ^ The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
  15. ^ The Beaufort Gazette – Google News Archive Search
  16. ^ The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
  17. ^ a b Behre, Robert. Thurmond, Scott head for runoff, Charleston Post and Courier, June 9, 2010.
  18. ^ "SC State Senate 42 Race – Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  19. ^ The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
  20. ^ The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
  21. ^ "Charleston County Council 3 Race – Nov 02, 2004". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Council hopes to end Commandments suit". The Augusta Chronicle. The Associated Press. August 16, 1998. Retrieved August 1, 2011. 
  23. ^ By DAVID FIRESTONEPublished: January 19, 2001 (January 19, 2001). "U.S. Sues Charleston County, S.C., Alleging Violation of Black Voting Rights – New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Meet Tim Scott". Vote Tim Scott. Retrieved January 22, 2011. 
  25. ^ "SC State House 117 – R Primary Race – Jun 10, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  26. ^ "SC State House 117 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  27. ^ Scott, Thurmond in GOP runoff in SC's 1st District, Associated Press, June 9, 2010.[dead link]
  28. ^ "South Carolina Legislature Mobile". Scstatehouse.gov. September 19, 1965. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  29. ^ Yvonne Wenger. "Scott touts S.C.'s right-to-work status – The Post and Courier". Postandcourier.com. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  30. ^ The Club for Growth – South Carolina, 2009–2010 House Scorecard, The Club for Growth, 2010.
  31. ^ "Tim Scott Praised By SC Taxpayer Association". FITSNews. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  32. ^ "South Carolina Legislature Mobile". Scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  33. ^ MacDougall, David. Barrett, Scott win vote. Charleston Post and Courier. January 16, 2010.
  34. ^ Radnofsky, Louise. GOP’s Tim Scott Pulls Ahead in S.C. House Primary, Wall Street Journal, June 9, 2010.
  35. ^ Weigel, David. Black Republican headed for congressional runoff in South Carolina, Washington Post, June 9, 2010.
  36. ^ "SC District 01- R Primary Race – Jun 08, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  37. ^ Hamby, Peter. Historical Overtones in SC House Race, CNN, June 9, 2010.
  38. ^ Isenstadt, Alex. Palin backs Scott, Politico, June 19, 2010.
  39. ^ Schroeder, Robert.Fiscal conservatives try to outdo each other in S. Carolina, Health care, spending among top issues for Republicans in runoffs, Marketwatch, June 18, 2010.
  40. ^ "Governor Mike Huckabee and HUCKPAC Endorse Tim Scott For Congress From South Carolina". Huck PAC. June 17, 2010. 
  41. ^ Kiely, Kathy.Tim Scott wins nomination to become first black Republican congressman since 2003, USA Today, June 22, 2010.
  42. ^ O'Connor, Patrick.Tim Scott, Black Republican, Nominated for Congress Seat in South Carolina, Bloomberg, June 22, 2010.
  43. ^ Breaking News: Tim Scott wins GOP nomination for First Congressional District, WCBD-TV, June 22, 2010.
  44. ^ a b "Official results". South Carolina State Election Commission. November 18, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010. 
  45. ^ NPR It's All Politics, James, Frank "Black GOP Lawmakers Face Tricky Relations With Democrats", January 4, 2011.
  46. ^ "SC – District 01 Race – Nov 06, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Incumbent Rep. Tim Scott wins second term". WCBD. November 6, 2012. 
  48. ^ "Tim Scott Will Not Join Congressional Black Caucus: ‘My Campaign Was Never About Race’ – The Note". Blogs.abcnews.com. December 1, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  49. ^ Brian Montopoli (March 24, 2011). "Conservatives deny they seek to cut off food stamps for striking workers' families". CBS News. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  50. ^ Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4] (March 16, 2011). "H.R. 1135: Welfare Reform Act of 2011". GovTrack.us. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  51. ^ a b c d David Slade (July 20, 2011). "Tim Scott takes on NLRB". The Post and Courier (Charleston SC). Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  52. ^ a b Ron Nixon (July 19, 2011). "Cost-Cutters, Except When the Spending Is Back Home". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  53. ^ David Espo (July 28, 2011). "Republicans put off vote on debt limit". The Associated Press. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  54. ^ Jennifer Steinhauer and Robert Pear (July 28, 2011). "Surprise Ending to Day of Strong-Arming, Head Counts and Meetings". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  55. ^ Jonsson, Patrik. Tim Scott: Can a black Republican win in South Carolina?, Christian Science Monitor, June 15, 2010.
  56. ^ a b c d e Develop Better Healthcare Solutions,
  57. ^ a b "Promote Our Values". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved November 30, 2010. 
  58. ^ Bennett Roth (November 6, 2010). "112th Congress: Tim Scott, R-S.C. (1st District)". Roll Call. Retrieved November 30, 2010. [dead link]
  59. ^ "Issue Position: Health Care". Votesmart.org. Retrieved January 22, 2011. 
  60. ^ http://www.ontheissues.org/house/Tim_Scott_Civil_Rights.htm
  61. ^ a b c Issue Position: Immigration,
  62. ^ Jeanne Cummings (April 21, 2011). "Freshmen learn to use bills the DC way". Politico. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  63. ^ "Win the War on Terror". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  64. ^ "H.Con.Res. 51: Directing the President, pursuant to section 5(c) of the War ... (On the Resolution)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  65. ^ Behre, Robert (December 17, 2010). "Assignments please Scott". Charleston Post Courier. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  66. ^ Camia, Catalina (December 17, 2012). "GOP's Tim Scott to be S.C.'s first black senator". usatoday.com. Retrieved December 17, 2012. 
  67. ^ "Nikki Haley’s short list includes Tim Scott, Jenny Sanford". washingtonpost.com. December 11, 2012. 
  68. ^ "Nikki Haley appoints Rep. Tim Scott to Senate". washingtonpost.com. December 17, 2012. 
  69. ^ "Tim Scott Appointed to U.S. Senate". The Weekly Standard. December 17, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  70. ^ by debbie (September 21, 2010). "Exclusive Tim Scott Interview: No Racism in Tea Party". Blogs.cbn.com. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  71. ^ "Why Tim Scott Should Replace Jim DeMint". The Daily Beast. December 8, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  72. ^ SC – Election Results
  73. ^ SC – Election Results
  74. ^ "Primary Results:South Carolina Runoff". The New York Times. June 22, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Henry Brown
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district

2011–2013
Succeeded by
Mark Sanford
United States Senate
Preceded by
Jim DeMint
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from South Carolina
2013–present
Served alongside: Lindsey Graham
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim DeMint
Republican nominee for United States Senator from South Carolina
(Class 3)

2014
Current holder
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Brian Schatz
United States Senators by seniority
85th
Succeeded by
Tammy Baldwin