|United States Senator
from South Carolina
January 2, 2013
Serving with Lindsey Graham
|Preceded by||Jim DeMint|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
January 3, 2011 – January 2, 2013
|Preceded by||Henry Brown|
|Succeeded by||Mark Sanford|
|Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 117th district
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Tom Dantzler|
|Succeeded by||Bill Crosby|
|Member of the Charleston County Council
from the 3rd district
February 8, 1995 – January 3, 2009
|Preceded by||R. Keith Summey|
|Succeeded by||Elliott Summey|
|Born||Timothy Eugene Scott
September 19, 1965
North Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
|Alma mater||Presbyterian College
Charleston Southern University
Timothy Eugene "Tim" Scott (born September 19, 1965) is the junior United States Senator for South Carolina. A Republican, he was appointed as senator in 2013 after South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley named him to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by Jim DeMint. Scott ran in a special election in 2014 for the final two years of DeMint's second term, and won the seat.
In November 2010, Scott was elected to the United States House of Representatives for South Carolina's 1st congressional district, and served from 2011 to 2013. The first Republican African-American Congressman from South Carolina since 1897, Scott, a fiscal and cultural conservative, was endorsed by Tea Party groups. He served one term in the South Carolina General Assembly (2009–2011); prior to that, he had been on the Charleston County Council from 1996 to 2008.
Scott is one of two African Americans serving in the United States Senate, the first African-American senator from the state of South Carolina, and the first elected from the South since Reconstruction (specifically, since 1881.)  He is also the first African American to have been elected to both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
- 1 Early life, education, and business career
- 2 Charleston County Council (1995–2008)
- 3 South Carolina House of Representatives (2009–2011)
- 4 United States House of Representatives (2011–2013)
- 5 United States Senate
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Electoral history
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Early life, education, and business career
Scott was born in North Charleston, South Carolina to Ben Scott, Sr. and Frances Scott, a nursing assistant. His parents were divorced when he was 7. He grew up in working-class poverty, as his mother worked 16-hour days to support her family, including Tim's older brother. His brother is a Sergeant Major in the U.S. Army.
Charleston County Council (1995–2008)
Scott ran in a February 1995 special election to the Charleston County Council at-large seat vacated by Keith Summey, who resigned his seat to become Mayor of North Charleston. He won the seat, receiving nearly 80% of the vote. He became the first black Republican elected to any office in South Carolina since the late 19th century.
Nearly all African Americans, not just Republicans, were excluded from the political system after the white conservative Democrats passed a new constitution in 1895 that effectively disfranchised blacks by making voter registration and voting more difficult. Such actions occurred across the South, with new constitutions passed from 1890 to 1908, which resulted in excluding blacks almost entirely from the political process for more than 60 years, until after federal civil rights legislation in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 provided for enforcement of their constitutional rights. Scott served for a time alongside Paul Thurmond, the son of the late Republican U.S. Senator, Strom Thurmond.
Scott served on the Council from 1995 until 2008, becoming Chairman in 2007. In 1997, Scott supported posting the Ten Commandments outside the county council chambers, saying it would remind members of the absolute rules they should follow. The county council unanimously approved the display, and Scott nailed a King James version of the Commandments to the wall. Shortly after, the ACLU and Americans United for Separation of Church and State sued. After an initial court ruling that the display was unconstitutional, the council settled out of court to avoid accruing more legal fees. Regarding the costs of the suit, Scott said, "Whatever it costs in the pursuit of this goal (of displaying the Commandments) is worth it."
In January 2001, the US Department of Justice sued Charleston County for racial discrimination under the Voting Rights Act based on its having all its council seats elected by at-large districts. It had attempted to negotiate with county officials in November 2000. Justice officials noted that at-large seats dilute the voting strength of the African-American minority in the country, who in 2000 comprised 34.5% of the population; and they have been unable to elect candidates of their choice. Whites or European Americans comprise 61.9 percent of the population in the county. Since the late 20th century, they have elected Republican Party candidates. County officials noted that the majority of voters had approved the at-large seats by a popular referendum in 1989.
Scott, the only African-American member of the county council, said, "I don't like the idea of segregating everyone into smaller districts. Besides, the Justice Department assumes that the only way for African-Americans to have representation is to elect an African-American, and the same for whites. Obviously, my constituents don't think that's true." The DOJ officials noted that the voting preference issue is not simply a question of ethnicity; voters in black precincts in the county had rejected Scott as a candidate for the council; they supported the Democratic Party at-large candidate. The suit noted that historically, black and white precincts in Charleston County have consistently supported different candidates for the Council. It noted that, because of the white majority, "white bloc voting usually results in the defeat of candidates who are preferred by black voters." Blacks live in compact areas of the county and could comprise the majority in three districts if the county seats were apportioned as nine single-member districts.
- Economic Development Committee (Chair)
South Carolina House of Representatives (2009–2011)
In 2008, incumbent Republican State Representative Tom Dantzler decided to retire. Scott ran for his seat in District 117 of the South Carolina House of Representatives and won the Republican primary with 53% of the vote, defeating Bill Crosby and Wheeler Tillman. He won the general election unopposed, becoming the first Republican African-American representative from South Carolina in more than 100 years.
In South Carolina Club for Growth's 2009–2010 scorecard, Scott earned a B and a score of 80 out of 100. He was praised by the South Carolina Association of Taxpayers, for his “diligent, principled and courageous stands against higher taxes.”
- Labor, Commerce and Industry
- Ways and Means
United States House of Representatives (2011–2013)
Scott entered the election for lieutenant governor before switching to the race for South Carolina's 1st congressional district following the retirement announcement of Republican incumbent Henry Brown. The 1st district is based in Charleston, and includes approximately the northern 3/4 of the state's coastline (except for Beaufort and Hilton Head Island, which are included in the 2nd District since redistricting).
Scott ranked first in the nine-candidate Republican primary of June 8, 2010, receiving a plurality of 32% of the vote. Fellow Charleston County Councilman Paul Thurmond, son of U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond, ranked second with 16% of the vote. Carroll A. Campbell III, the son of former Governor Carroll A. Campbell, Jr., ranked third with 14% of the vote. Charleston County School Board member Larry Kobrovsky ranked fourth with 11% of the vote. Five other candidates had single digit percentages.
Because no candidate had received 50 percent or more of the vote, a runoff was held on June 22, 2010. Scott faced off against Paul Thurmond. Scott was endorsed by the anti-tax National Club for Growth, various Tea Party movement groups, former Alaska Governor and Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin, Republican House Whip Eric Cantor, former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee, South Carolina Senator Jim DeMint, and the founder of the Minuteman Project. Scott defeated Thurmond 68%–32% and won every county in the congressional district.
According to the Associated Press, Scott "swamped his opponents in fundraising, spending almost $725,000 during the election cycle to less than $20,000 for his November opponents". He won the general election, defeating Democrat Ben Frasier 65%–29%. With this election, Scott and Allen West of Florida became the first African-American Republicans in Congress since J.C. Watts retired in 2003. Scott also became the first African-American Republican elected to Congress from South Carolina in 114 years, after the party was crippled in the state due to the Democratic party-dominated legislature disfranchising blacks by a new constitution in 1895 and maintaining that exclusion until after federal civil rights legislation was passed in 1965.
In March 2011, Scott co-sponsored a welfare reform bill that would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike. He introduced legislation in July 2011 to strip the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) of its power to prohibit employers from relocating to punish workers who join unions or strike. The rationale for the legislation is that government agencies should not be able to tell private employers where they can run a business. Scott described the legislation as a common sense proposal that would fix a flaw in federal labor policy and benefit the national and local economies. The NLRB had recently opposed the relocation of a Boeing production facility from Washington state to South Carolina.
Scott successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million, arguing that the project is neither an earmark nor an example of wasteful government spending. He said the project was merit-based, and in the national interest because larger cargo ships could use the port and jobs would be created.
During the summer 2011 debate over raising the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott supported the inclusion of a balanced budget constitutional amendment in the debt ceiling bill, and opposed legislation that did not include the amendment. Before voting "no" on the final bill to raise the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott and other first-term conservatives prayed for guidance in a congressional chapel. Afterward, Scott asserted that he had received divine inspiration regarding his vote, and joined the rest of the South Carolina congressional delegation in voting "no" on the measure.
- Taxes and spending – Scott believes that federal spending and taxes should be reduced, with a Balanced Budget Amendment and the FairTax respectively being implemented for spending and taxes.
- Health care – Scott believes the 2010 health care reform law should be repealed. Scott states that the health care in the U.S. is one of the greatest in the world, stating that people all over the world come to study in American medical schools, waiting lists are rare, and Americans are able to choose their insurance, providers, and course of treatment. Scott supports an alternative to the health care bill that he says keeps these benefits while controlling costs by reforming the medical tort system by having a limit on non-economic damages and by reforming Medicare.
- Earmarks - Scott opposes earmarks, and yet he successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million.
- Economic development – He supports infrastructure development and public works for his district. He opposes restrictions on deepwater oil drilling.
- Social issues – Scott describes himself as pro-life. Scott supports adult and cord blood stem cell research. He opposes embryonic stem cell research funded by taxpayers. He opposes the creation of human embryos for experimentation. and opposes assisted suicide. Scott opposes same-sex marriage.
- Immigration – Scott supports federal legislation that is similar to the Arizona law, Arizona SB 1070. He supports strengthening penalties for employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants. He also promotes cultural assimilation by making English the official language in the government, and by requiring new immigrants to learn English.
- Labor – Scott introduced a bill which would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike.
- Foreign Policy – Scott advocates a continued military presence in Afghanistan and believes an early withdrawal will benefit Al-Qaeda. He also views Iran as the world's most dangerous country and believes that the US should aid pro-democracy groups there. Scott opposed the 2011 military intervention in Libya.
Scott was appointed by the House Republican Steering Committee to both the Committee on Transportation and the Committee on Small Business. He was later appointed to the powerful Committee on Rules and relinquished his other two committee assignments.
United States Senate
Scott ran in November 2014 to win the final two years of DeMint's term and won. He said that he will seek re-election in 2016 to a full six-year term.
On December 17, 2012, South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley announced she would appoint Scott to replace retiring Senator Jim DeMint, who had previously announced that he would retire from the Senate to become the President of The Heritage Foundation. Scott is the first African American to serve as US Senator from South Carolina. In addition, Scott was one of two black senators in the 113th Congress alongside Mo Cowan (and the first since senator Roland Burris retired in 2010 after succeeding President Barack Obama), and is the first African-American Senator to serve from the Southern United States since Reconstruction due to disfranchisement of blacks across the South from 1890 to 1908 by new state constitutions.
It was reported that Scott, along with Rep. Trey Gowdy, former South Carolina Attorney General Henry McMaster, former First Lady of South Carolina Jenny Sanford, and Director of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Catherine Templeton, were on Governor Haley's short list to replace Sen. DeMint. In her decision to pick Scott, Governor Haley said: "It is important to me, as a minority female, that Congressman Scott earned this seat, he earned this seat for the person that he is. He earned this seat with the results he has shown."
- Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet (Ranking Member)
- Subcommittee on Competitiveness, Innovation, and Export Promotion
- Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard
- Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
- Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Special Committee on Aging
Scott is unmarried. He owns an insurance agency and he is also a partner in Pathway Real Estate Group, LLC. Scott is a devout evangelical Christian. He is a member of Seacoast Church, a large evangelical church in Charleston, and is a former member of that church's board. The GOP leadership has praised Scott's background as an example of achieving the American dream according to a Conservative model.
|General election 2008 – South Carolina General Assembly 117th District|
|Republican Primary – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina|
|Republican||Clark B Parker||6,769||8.37%|
|Republican Primary Runoff – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina|
|2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina Elections|
- 2014 United States Senate Special Election in South Carolina
- Tim Scott (Republican), 61.12%
- Joyce Dickerson (Democrat), 37.09%
- Jill Bossi (American Party of South Carolina), 1.75%
- Write-in, 0.04%
- Steinhauer, Jennifer; Zeleny, Jeff (December 17, 2012). "Tim Scott to Be Named for Empty South Carolina Senate Seat, Republicans Say". New York Times.
- Caroline May (November 2, 2010). "Tim Scott: first black Republican elected to Congress from the South since Reconstruction". The Daily Caller. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- "Guide to the New Congress". CQ Roll Call. November 4, 2010. p. 59. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
- "SC elects black GOP congressman; 1st since 2003". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. November 2, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- "Tim Scott Biography". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- Bainum, Stefanie. Tim Scott speaks out on becoming a US Senator, ABC-TV News 4 Charleston, SC, January 3, 2013.
- "Historic firsts in new Congress", CNN, 5 November 2014
- "Members of the House Representative Timothy E. Scott". Official Web Site of the State of South Carolina. Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
- Seelye, Katharine Q. S. Carolina Candidate Shrugs Off History’s Lure, New York Times, June 25, 2010.
- "Scott, Tim (1965–)". Biographical Directory for the U.S. Congress. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
- "Tim Scott Biography". Tim Scott Senator. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
- The Beaufort Gazette – Google News Archive Search
- The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
- Richard M. Valelly, The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement University of Chicago Press, 2009, pp. 146-147
- Behre, Robert. Thurmond, Scott head for runoff, Charleston Post and Courier, June 9, 2010.
- "SC State Senate 42 Race – Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
- The Post and Courier – Google News Archive Search
- "Charleston County Council 3 Race – Nov 02, 2004". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "Council hopes to end Commandments suit". The Augusta Chronicle. The Associated Press. August 16, 1998. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- DAVID FIRESTONE (19 January 2001). "U.S. Sues Charleston County, S.C., Alleging Violation of Black Voting Rights". New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "Meet Tim Scott". Vote Tim Scott. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
- "SC State House 117 – R Primary Race – Jun 10, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "SC State House 117 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Scott, Thurmond in GOP runoff in SC's 1st District, Associated Press, June 9, 2010.[dead link]
- "South Carolina Legislature Mobile". Scstatehouse.gov. September 19, 1965. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Yvonne Wenger. "Scott touts S.C.'s right-to-work status". Post and Courier. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- The Club for Growth – South Carolina, 2009–2010 House Scorecard, The Club for Growth, 2010.
- "Tim Scott Praised By SC Taxpayer Association". FITSNews. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "South Carolina Legislature Mobile". Scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- MacDougall, David. Barrett, Scott win vote. Charleston Post and Courier. January 16, 2010.
- Radnofsky, Louise. GOP’s Tim Scott Pulls Ahead in S.C. House Primary, Wall Street Journal, June 9, 2010.
- Weigel, David. Black Republican headed for congressional runoff in South Carolina, Washington Post, June 9, 2010.
- "SC District 01- R Primary Race – Jun 08, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Hamby, Peter. Historical Overtones in SC House Race, CNN, June 9, 2010.
- Isenstadt, Alex. Palin backs Scott, Politico, June 19, 2010.
- Schroeder, Robert.Fiscal conservatives try to outdo each other in S. Carolina, Health care, spending among top issues for Republicans in runoffs, Marketwatch, June 18, 2010.
- "Governor Mike Huckabee and HUCKPAC Endorse Tim Scott For Congress From South Carolina". Huck PAC. June 17, 2010.
- Kiely, Kathy.Tim Scott wins nomination to become first black Republican congressman since 2003, USA Today, June 22, 2010.
- O'Connor, Patrick.Tim Scott, Black Republican, Nominated for Congress Seat in South Carolina, Bloomberg, June 22, 2010.
- Breaking News: Tim Scott wins GOP nomination for First Congressional District, WCBD-TV, June 22, 2010.
- "Official results". South Carolina State Election Commission. November 18, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- NPR It's All Politics, James, Frank "Black GOP Lawmakers Face Tricky Relations With Democrats", January 4, 2011.
- "SC – District 01 Race – Nov 06, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "Incumbent Rep. Tim Scott wins second term". WCBD. November 6, 2012.
- "Tim Scott Will Not Join Congressional Black Caucus: ‘My Campaign Was Never About Race’ – The Note". Blogs.abcnews.com. December 1, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Brian Montopoli (March 24, 2011). "Conservatives deny they seek to cut off food stamps for striking workers' families". CBS News. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
- Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH4] (March 16, 2011). "H.R. 1135: Welfare Reform Act of 2011". GovTrack.us. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- David Slade (July 20, 2011). "Tim Scott takes on NLRB". The Post and Courier (Charleston SC). Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- Ron Nixon (July 19, 2011). "Cost-Cutters, Except When the Spending Is Back Home". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- David Espo (July 28, 2011). "Republicans put off vote on debt limit". The Associated Press. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Jennifer Steinhauer and Robert Pear (July 28, 2011). "Surprise Ending to Day of Strong-Arming, Head Counts and Meetings". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Jonsson, Patrik. Tim Scott: Can a black Republican win in South Carolina?, Christian Science Monitor, June 15, 2010.
- Develop Better Healthcare Solutions,
- "Promote Our Values". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
- Bennett Roth (November 6, 2010). "112th Congress: Tim Scott, R-S.C. (1st District)". Roll Call. Retrieved November 30, 2010.[dead link]
- "Issue Position: Health Care". Votesmart.org. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
- Issue Position: Immigration,
- Jeanne Cummings (April 21, 2011). "Freshmen learn to use bills the DC way". Politico. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- "Win the War on Terror". Tim Scott for Congress. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- "H.Con.Res. 51: Directing the President, pursuant to section 5(c) of the War ... (On the Resolution)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Behre, Robert (December 17, 2010). "Assignments please Scott". Charleston Post Courier. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
- Camia, Catalina (December 17, 2012). "GOP's Tim Scott to be S.C.'s first black senator". usatoday.com. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- "Nikki Haley’s short list includes Tim Scott, Jenny Sanford". washingtonpost.com. December 11, 2012.
- "Nikki Haley appoints Rep. Tim Scott to Senate". washingtonpost.com. December 17, 2012.
- "Tim Scott Appointed to U.S. Senate". The Weekly Standard. December 17, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- by debbie (September 21, 2010). "Exclusive Tim Scott Interview: No Racism in Tea Party". Blogs.cbn.com. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "Why Tim Scott Should Replace Jim DeMint". The Daily Beast. December 8, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Curtis, Mary (18 December 2012). "Tim Scott’s importance as GOP senator and symbol". Washington Post. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- SC – Election Results
- SC – Election Results
- "Primary Results:South Carolina Runoff". The New York Times. June 22, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from South Carolina
Served alongside: Lindsey Graham
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for United States Senator from South Carolina
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Senators by seniority
|Congressional delegations to the 112th–114th United States Congresses from South Carolina (ordered by seniority)|
|112th||Senate: L. Graham | J. DeMint||House: J. Clyburn | J. Wilson | J. Duncan | T. Gowdy | M. Mulvaney | T. Scott|
|113th||Senate: L. Graham | T. Scott||House: J. Clyburn | J. Wilson | J. Duncan | T. Gowdy | M. Mulvaney | T. Rice | M. Sanford|
|114th||Senate: L. Graham | T. Scott||House: J. Clyburn | J. Wilson | J. Duncan | T. Gowdy | M. Mulvaney | T. Rice | M. Sanford|