In linguistic typology, time–manner–place is a general order of adpositional phrases in a language's sentences: "yesterday", "by car", "to the store". It is common among languages with SOV word orders. Japanese (which is SOV) and German belong to this category. The other common order for adpositional phrases is place–manner–time, which is exemplified by English and French.
An example of this appositional ordering in German is:
|I'm travelling to Munich by car today.|
The temporal phrase – heute ("today") – comes first, the manner – mit dem Auto ("by car") – is second, and the place – nach München ("to Munich") – is third.
(One way to remember the order in German is the mnemonic acronym ZAP: Zeit (time), Art (manner), Platz (place).) Another, in English, is the "acronym" TeMPo.
English and French use this order only when the time is mentioned before the verb, which is commonly the case when time, manner, and place are all mentioned.