Time Warner

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This article is about the film and television production, and cable channel company. For the cable system operator, which has not been affiliated with this company since 2009, see Time Warner Cable.
Time Warner Inc.
Type Public
Traded as NYSETWX
S&P 500 Component
Industry Mass media
Predecessor(s) Warner Communications
Founded 1990
Headquarters 1 Time Warner Center,
New York, New York
, United States
Area served Worldwide
Key people Jeff Bewkes
(Chairman and CEO)
Products Film, Television, and Entertainment
Revenue
  • Increase US$ 29.795 billion (2013)[1]
  • Decrease US$ 28.729 billion (2012)[1]
Operating income
  • Increase US$ 6.605 billion (2013)[1]
  • Increase US$ 5.918 billion (2012)[1]
Net income
  • Increase US$ 3.691 billion (2013)[1]
  • Increase US$ 2.925 billion (2012)[1]
Total assets
  • Decrease US$ 67.994 billion (2013)[2]
  • Increase US$ 68.089 billion (2012)[1]
Total equity
  • Increase US$ 29.904 billion (2013)[2]
  • Decrease US$ 29.797 billion (2012)[2]
Employees 26,000 (Dec 2013)[3]
Subsidiaries List of subsidiaries
Website www.TimeWarner.com

Time Warner Inc. (formerly AOL Time Warner, stylized as TimeWarner) is an American multinational media corporation headquartered in the Time Warner Center in New York City.[4] It is the world's third largest television networks and filmed TV & entertainment company in terms of revenue (behind The Walt Disney Company and Comcast, respectively), as well as the world's largest media conglomerate.[5][6][7][8]

The current Time Warner company consists of the assets of the original company formed after Warner Communications and Time, Inc. merged, along with the assets of Turner Broadcasting that were acquired via the companies' 1996 merger. Time Warner has major operations in film and television. Among its subsidiaries are New Line Cinema, HBO, Turner Broadcasting System, The CW Television Network, Warner Bros., Kids' WB, Cartoon Network, Boomerang, Adult Swim, CNN, DC Comics, Warner Bros. Animation, Cartoon Network Studios, Hanna-Barbera, and Castle Rock Entertainment.

Time Warner previously owned AOL, Time Warner Cable, and Warner Music Group, but has spun them off into independent companies. On March 6, 2013, Time Warner announced that Time Inc. would be spun off as well. The spin-off took place on June 9, 2014,[9][10][11] having been originally scheduled for late 2013.[12]

In January 2014, Time Warner, Related Companies and Oxford Properties Group announced that Time Warner intends to relocate the Company’s corporate headquarters and its New York City-based employees to Hudson Yards on the west side of Manhattan, and has accordingly made an initial financial commitment.[13] Time Warner sold its stake in the Columbus Circle building for $1.3 billion to Related and two wealth funds.

Divisions[edit]

Time Warner consists of three divisions; Home Box Office Inc. (HBO), Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., and Warner Bros.[13]

Logo of former division Time Warner Cable. At one point it was also used for Time Warner

HBO[edit]

In 2012 HBO was the #1 premium pay television service in primetime television and total day ratings.[14] In 2013 the network received five Golden Globes and 23 primetime Emmy Awards.[15]

HBO’s programming includes the airing of feature films, HBO Documentary Films, HBO original films, and HBO original programming, including original series like Game of Thrones and the Sopranos, HBO Sports (live HBO Boxing events). The network has developed content distribution platforms, like HBO GO[16] and Max GO to help support and deliver programming to users via online and mobile devices. HBO and Cinemax are currently available in over 70 countries around the world and HBO programming is licensed to other television networks in over 150 countries.

HBO's original programming includes Game of Thrones, True Blood, Boardwalk Empire, Entourage, Girls and VEEP, as well as motion pictures, mini-series, boxing matches and sports programs, comedy specials, family programming and documentaries. In 2011, Cinemax launched its first original primetime series, Strike Back, and has subsequently launched the original primetime series, Hunted and Banshee. [17]

Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.[edit]

Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (Turner) operates international news, entertainment, animation, young adult and kids media networks as well as related businesses. Turner brands include CNN, HLN, TNT, TBS, The Legal Talk Network, Cartoon Network, Turner Classic Movies, truTV, Turner Sports, The Legal Forum Radio Show, Atlanta Medical Journal and more. Turner’s brands and sub brands reach broad domestic and international audiences.[18] In addition to television network programming, Turner manages digital sports entities, including bleacherreport.com NBA.com, PGA.com and NCAA.com. Turner’s TBS channel reaches large audiences in the 18- to 34-year-old bracket[19] and its news network, CNN, provides a 24-hour news network that delivers news and analysis to domestic and international audiences across multiple platforms. Turner Sports produces sports programming and content for the Turner Networks and related digital properties. Turner Sports’ television line-up includes NB and MLB games, the NCAA Tournament Games, NASCAR races and professional golf tournaments. Turner operates PGA.com and related digital properties of the PGA under agreements with the PGA. Turner and the NBA jointly manage a portfolio of the NBA’s digital businesses, including NBA TV, NBA.com, NBA League Pass, NBA Mobile and the NBA GameTime app and also MLB jointly manage a portfolio of the MLB's digital businesses including MLB Network, MLB.com, MLB Extra Innings and the MLB Network App.[20]

Warner Bros.[edit]

Further information: Warner Bros.

Warner Bros. businesses range from feature film and TV to home entertainment production and worldwide distribution to home video, digital distribution, animation, comic books, licensing and international cinemas and broadcasting. In 2012 the Warner Bros. Pictures Group grossed 4.3 billion dollars at the worldwide box office.[21] Home Video is the industry leader with a 21% market share in total DVD and Blu-ray sales.[22]

Warner Bros. Home Entertainment works across platforms and outlets in the digital realm with video-on-demand, branded channels, original content, anti-piracy technology and broadband & wireless destinations. Each year Warner Bros Pictures produces between 18 and 22 films. Warner Bros has produced more than 50 television series in the 2012-2013 television season. Warner Bros has also incorporated DC Comics content into Warner Bros. Entertainment via the creation of the DC Entertainment division, which was founded in 2009. DC Entertainment, which is wholly owned by the Company, is responsible for bringing the stories and characters from the DC Comics, Vertigo and MAD Magazine publishing portfolios into other Warner Bros. content and distribution businesses, including feature films, television programming, videogames, direct-to-consumer platforms and consumer products. The DC Comics imprint, home to such iconic characters as Batman, Superman, Wonder Woman, Flash and Green Lantern, has launched digital versions of its top comic book and graphic novel titles, making them available for download on digital platforms.[23]

History[edit]

1920s[edit]

Time magazine made its debut in 1923 as the first weekly news magazine in the United States.[24] Four years later, in 1927, Warner Bros. released the world’s first feature-length talking picture, The Jazz Singer.[25]

1960s[edit]

In 1963, recommendations from Time Inc. based on how it delivered magazines led to the introduction of ZIP codes by the United States Post Office.[citation needed]

1970s[edit]

In 1972, Kinney National Company spun off its non-entertainment assets due to a financial scandal over its parking operations and renamed itself Warner Communications Inc.[26]

It was the holding company for Warner Bros. Pictures and Warner Music Group during the 1970s and 1980s. It also owned DC Comics and Mad, as well as a majority stake in Garden State National Bank (an investment it was ultimately required to sell pursuant to requirements under the Bank Holding Company Act). Warner's initial divestiture efforts led by Garden State CEO Charles A. Agemian were blocked by Garden State board member William A. Conway in 1978; a revised transaction was later completed in 1980.

In 1975, Home Box Office became the first TV network to broadcast nationally via satellite, debuting with the Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier “Thrilla in Manila” boxing match.[27]

In 1975, Warner expanded under the guidance of CEO Steve Ross and formed a joint venture with American Express, named Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, which held cable channels including MTV (launched 1981), Nickelodeon (launched 1979) and The Movie Channel. Warner bought out American Express's half in 1984, and sold the venture a year later to Viacom, which renamed it MTV Networks.[28]

In 1976, the Turner–owned WTCG originated the "superstation" concept, transmitting via satellite to cable systems nationwide and pioneering the basic cable business model. WTCG was renamed WTBS in 1979.[29]

In 1976, Nolan Bushnell sold Atari, Inc. to Warner Communications for an estimated $2–12 million. Warner made considerable profits (and later losses) with Atari, which it owned from 1976 to 1984. While part of Warner, Atari achieved its greatest success, selling millions of Atari 2600s and computers. At its peak, Atari accounted for a third of Warner's annual income and was the fastest-growing company in the history of the United States at the time.[30]

1980s[edit]

In 1980, Warner purchased The Franklin Mint for about $225 million. The combination was short lived: Warner sold The Franklin Mint in 1985 to American Protection Industries Inc. (API) for $167.5 million. However, Warner retained Franklin Mint’s Eastern Mountain Sports as well as The Franklin Mint Center, which it leased back to API.[31][32]

In 1980, Turner launched CNN, the first 24-hour all-news network, redefining the way the world received breaking news.[33]

In January 1983, Warner expanded their interests to baseball. Under the direction of Caesar P. Kimmel, executive vice president, bought 48 percent of the Pittsburgh Pirates for $10 million.[34] The company then put up its share for sale in November 1984 following losses of $6 million due to its failed attempt to launch a cable sports package. The team's majority owner, John W. Galbreath, soon followed suit after learning of Warner's actions.[35] Both Galbreath and Warner sold the Pirates to local investors in March, 1986.

In 1984, due to major losses spurred by subsidiary Atari Inc.'s losses, Warner sold Atari Inc.'s Consumer Division assets to Jack Tramiel. It kept the rest of the company and named it Atari Games, eventually reducing it to just the Coin Division. They sold Atari Games to Namco in 1985, and repurchased it in 1992, renaming it Time-Warner Interactive, until it was sold to Midway Games in 1996. In a long-expected deal, Warner Communications announced on May 11, 1988, they were acquiring Lorimar-Telepictures; the acquisition was finalized on January 12, 1989.[36]

The merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications was announced on March 4, 1989.[37] During the summer of that same year, Paramount Communications (formerly Gulf+Western) launched a $12.2 billion hostile bid to acquire Time, Inc. in an attempt to end a stock-swap merger deal between Time and Warner Communications. This caused Time to raise its bid for Warner to $14.9 Billion in cash and stock. Paramount responded by filing a lawsuit in a Delaware court to block the Time/Warner merger. The court ruled twice in favor of Time, forcing Paramount to drop both the Time acquisition and the lawsuit, and allowing the formation of the two companies' merger which was completed on January 10, 1990. However, instead of the companies becoming defunct, the impact of the merger and its resultant financial shock wave gave off a new corporate structure, resulting in the new company being called "Time Warner".

1990s[edit]

Time Warner subsequently acquired Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting System in October 1996. Not only did this result in the company (in a way) re-entering the basic cable television industry (in regards to nationally available channels), but Warner Bros. also regained the rights to their pre-1950[38][39] film library, which by then had been owned by Turner (the films are still technically held by Turner, but WB is responsible for sales and distribution).[40]

Time Warner purchased Six Flags Theme Parks chain in 1993. The company later sold all Six Flags parks and properties to Oklahoma based Premier Parks on April 1, 1998.[41]

Dick Parsons, already a director on the board since 1991, was hired as Time Warner president in 1995, although the division operational heads continued to report directly to Chairman and CEO Gerald Levin.[42]

In 1991, HBO and Cinemax became the first premium pay services to offer multiplexing to cable customers, with companion channels supplementing the main networks.[43]

In 1993 HBO became the world's first digitally transmitted television service.[44]

In 1995 CNN introduced CNN.com which later became a leading destination for global digital news, both online and mobile.[45]

In 1996, Warner Bros. spearheaded the introduction of the DVD, which rapidly replaced VHS tapes as the standard for home video.[46]

In 1999, HBO became the first national cable TV network to broadcast a high–definition version of its channel.[47]

2000s[edit]

AOL Time Warner merger[edit]

In 2000, AOL purchased Time Warner for US$164 billion.[48] The deal, announced on January 10, 2000[49] and officially filed on February 11, 2000,[50] employed a merger structure in which each original company merged into a newly created entity. The Federal Trade Commission cleared the deal on December 14, 2000,[51] and gave final approval on January 11, 2001; the company completed the merger later that day.[52] The deal was approved on the same day by the Federal Communications Commission,[50] and had already been cleared by the European Commission on October 11, 2000.[53] Due to the larger market capitalization of AOL, they would own 55% of the new company while Time Warner shareholders owned only 45%, so in actual practice AOL had acquired Time Warner, even though Time Warner had far less assets and revenues.[49]

The 2001 AOL merger was 'the biggest mistake in corporate history', believes Time Warner chief Jeff Bewkes.[54]

AOL Time Warner, Inc., as the company was then called, was supposed to be a merger of equals with top executives from both sides. Gerald Levin, who had served as CEO of Time Warner, was CEO of the new company. Steve Case served as Executive Chairman of the board of directors, Robert W. Pittman (President and COO of AOL) and Dick Parsons (President of Time Warner) served as Co-Chief Operating Officers, and J. Michael Kelly (the CFO from AOL) became the Chief Financial Officer.[55]

According to AOL President and COO Bob Pittman, the slow-moving Time Warner would now take off at Internet speed, accelerated by AOL: "All you need to do is put a catalyst to [Time Warner], and in a short period, you can alter the growth rate. The growth rate will be like an Internet company." When the AOL Time Warner deal was announced, the vision for its future seemed clear and straightforward; by tapping into AOL, Time Warner would reach deep into the homes of tens of millions of new customers. AOL would use Time Warner's high-speed cable lines to deliver to its subscribers Time Warner's branded magazines, books, music, and movies. This would have created 130 million subscription relationships.

Unfortunately, the growth and profitability of the AOL division stalled due to advertising and subscriber slowdowns in part caused by the burst of the dot-com bubble and the economic recession after September 2001. The value of the America Online division dropped significantly, not unlike the market valuation of similar independent internet companies that drastically fell, and forced a goodwill write-off, causing AOL Time Warner to report a loss of $99 billion in 2002 — at the time, the largest loss ever reported by a company. The total value of AOL stock subsequently went from $226 billion to about $20 billion.[56]

An outburst by Vice Chairman Ted Turner at a board meeting prompted Steve Case to contact each of the directors and push for CEO Gerald Levin's ouster. Although Case's coup attempt was rebuffed by Parsons and several other directors, Levin became frustrated with being unable to "regain the rhythm" at the combined company and announced his resignation in the fall of 2001, effective in May 2002.[57] Although Co-COO Bob Pittman was the strongest supporter of Levin and largely seen as the heir-apparent, Dick Parsons was instead chosen as CEO. Time Warner CFO J. Michael Kelly was demoted to COO of the AOL division, and replaced as CFO by Wayne Pace. AOL Chairman and CEO Barry Schuler was removed from his position and placed in charge of a new "content creation division", being replaced on an interim basis by Pittman, who was already serving as the sole COO after Parson's promotion.

Many expected synergies between AOL and other Time Warner divisions never materialized, as most Time Warner divisions were considered independent fiefs that rarely cooperated prior to the merger. A new incentive program that granted options based on the performance of AOL Time Warner, replacing the cash bonuses for the results of their own division, caused resentment among Time Warner division heads who blamed the AOL division for failing to meet expectations and dragging down the combined company. AOL Time Warner COO Pittman, who expected to have the divisions working closely towards convergence instead found heavy resistance from many division executives, who also criticized Pittman for adhering to optimistic growth targets for AOL Time Warner that were never met. Some of the attacks on Pittman were reported to come from the print media in the Time, Inc. division under Don Logan.[58] Furthermore, CEO Parsons' democratic style prevented Pittman from exercising authority over the "old-guard" division heads who resisted Pittman's synergy initiatives.[55][59]

Pittman announced his resignation as AOL Time Warner COO after July 4, 2002, being reportedly burned out by the AOL special assignment and almost hospitalized, unhappy about the criticism from Time Warner executives, and seeing nowhere to move up in firm as Parsons was firmly entrenched as CEO.[59] Pittman's departure was seen as a great victory to Time Warner executives who wanted to undo the merger. In a sign of AOL's diminishing importance to the media conglomerate, Pittman's responsibilities were divided between two Time Warner veterans; Jeffrey Bewkes who was CEO of Home Box Office, and Don Logan who had been CEO of Time. Logan became chairman of the newly created media and communications group, overseeing America Online, Time, Time Warner Cable, the AOL Time Warner Book Group and the Interactive Video unit, relegating AOL to being just another division in the conglomerate. Bewkes became chairman of the entertainment and networks group, comprising HBO, New Line Cinema, The WB, Turner Networks, Warner Bros. and Warner Music. Both Logan and Bewkes, who had initially opposed the merger, were chosen because they were considered the most successful operational executives in the conglomerate and they would report to AOL Time Warner CEO Richard Parsons.[58][60] Logan, generally admired at Time Warner and reviled by AOL for being a corporate timeserver who stressed incremental steady growth and not much of a risk taker, moved to purge AOL of several "Pittman panzers".[57]

AOL Time Warner Chairman Steve Case took on added prominence as the co-head of a new strategy committee of the board, making speeches to divisions on synergism and the promise of the Internet. However, under pressure from institutional investor vice president Gordon Crawford who lined up dissenters, Case announced in January 2003 that he would not stand for re-election as executive chairman in the upcoming annual meeting, making CEO Richard Parsons the chairman-elect. That year, the company dropped the "AOL" from its name, and spun off Time-Life's ownership under the legal name Direct Holdings Americas, Inc. Case resigned from the Time Warner board on October 31, 2005.[57][61]

In 2005, Time Warner was among 53 entities that contributed the maximum of $250,000 to the second inauguration of President George W. Bush.[62][63][64] On December 27, 2007, newly installed Time Warner CEO Jeffrey Bewkes discussed possible plans to spin off Time Warner Cable and sell off AOL and Time Inc. This would leave a smaller company made up of Turner Broadcasting, Warner Bros. and HBO.[65] On February 28, 2008, co-chairmen and co-CEOs of New Line Cinema Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne announced their resignations from the 40-year-old movie studio in response to Jeffrey Bewkes's demand for cost-cutting measures at the studio, which he intended to dissolve into Warner Bros.

On May 28, 2009, Time Warner announced that it would spin off AOL as a separate independent company, with the change occurring on December 9, 2009.

2010s[edit]

In 2010, Turner Sports, Inc. and the National Collegiate Athletic Association jointly announced the formation of NCAA Digital, a 14-year agreement in which Turner will manage and operate the NCAA’s digital portfolio and strengthen coverage of all 88 NCAA championships. NCAA Digital encompasses NCAA.com and additional NCAA digital platforms, including mobile web and applications, as well as other connected devices.[66]

On August 25, 2010, Time Warner's Latin American division bought Chilean nationwide terrestrial television station Chilevisión from Chile's former president Sebastián Piñera. Time Warner already operates in the country with CNN Chile.[67]

In 2011, Warner Bros. announced its aqcuisition of Flixster, a movie discovery application company.[68]

In January 2012, Home Box Office and DISH Network LLC reached an agreement that will give DISH customers expanded access to HBO’s acclaimed programming.

In October 2012, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment and Paramount Home Media Distribution reached an agreement that will give Warner Bros. rights to Blu-ray and DVD distribution of several titles from Paramount in the US and Canada.[69]

In June 2014, 21st Century Fox made a bid for Time Warner at $85 per share in stock and cash ($80 billion total) which Time Warner's board of directors turned down in July. Warner's CNN unit would have been sold to ease antitrust issues of the purchase.[70]

Transactions[edit]

On December 15, 2006, Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. announced an investment in SCi Entertainment Group plc[71] the parent company of publishing label Eidos Interactive Ltd, representing 10.3 percent of the company's enlarged share capital. Additionally, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Group and SCi have entered into an agreement for licensing and distribution of games based on select Warner Bros. Entertainment properties. The investment, licensing and distribution agreements are all pending SCi shareholder approval.

On October 5, 2007, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. completed the acquisition of Claxson Interactive Pay Television Networks in Latin America.[72][unreliable source?]

On November 8, 2007, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Group announced it has entered into an agreement to acquire TT Games, which encompasses game developers Traveller's Tales and TT Games Publishing.[73]

On February 4, 2009, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Group announced their acquisition of Snowblind Studios,[74] a game development studio.

On May 21, 2008, Time Warner and Time Warner Cable Inc. agree to separation.[75]

On February 19, 2009, Time Warner and Time Warner Cable completed the separation of the two companies through a spin-off.[76][77]

On March 17, 2009, Time Warner Inc. announced that, in connection to the legal and structural separation of Time Warner Cable Inc. (NYSE:TWC) from Time Warner through a tax-free spin-off that became effective on March 12, 2009.

In the first quarter of 2010, Home Box Office purchased additional interests in HBO LAG for $217 million, which resulted in Home Box Office owning 80% of the equity interests of HBO LAG.In 2010, Home Box Office purchased the remainder of its partners’ interests in HBO Europe[78] (formerly HBO Central Europe) for $136 million, net of cash acquired.

On April 20, 2010, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Group announced the acquisition of Turbine, Inc.,[79] a gaming studio in North America.

In August, 2010, Time Warner agreed to acquire Shed Media, a TV production company, for £100m. On October 14, 2010, Warner Bros. Television Group announced that it completed the acquisition of a majority stake in Shed Media, an independent production and distribution company. Shed Media will remain an independent production company, but its distribution operation, Outright Distribution, will be folded into Warner Bros. International Television Production.[80]

On August 26, 2010 Time Warner took full control of Chilevisión, a TV channel owned by Chile's President Sebastián Piñera.[81]

Central European Media Enterprises Ltd. (“CME”) is a publicly traded broadcasting company operating leading networks in six Central and Eastern European countries. On May 18, 2009, the company[clarification needed] completed an equity investment in CME for $246 million.[82]

In May 2011, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Group announced an agreement to acquire Flixster,[83] a movie discovery application company. The acquisition also includes Rotten Tomatoes, a movie review aggregator.

In 2012, WBTVG acquired Alloy Entertainment, a producer of content, primarily books, aimed at teen girls and young women.[84]

In August 2012, Turner acquired Bleacher Report, (B/R), a sports news organization.

On March 6, 2013, Time Warner announced the divestment of Time Inc.[85] On June 6, 2014, Time Inc. became a publicly traded company.[86] Time Warner will continue to operate under its current name.[9]

The CW[edit]

See also: The CW
The CW logo.

On January 24, 2006, CBS Corporation and Time Warner announced that they were to create a new broadcast network, The CW. The network officially debuted on September 18, 2006. The network formally debuted on September 20 with the 2-hour premiere of America's Next Top Model.

The network is the result of a merger of The WB (a Time Warner holding) and UPN (a CBS Corporation holding). CBS Corporation and Time Warner each own 50% of the network. Tribune Broadcasting (previously owned a 25% stake on The WB) and CBS Corporation contributed its stations as new network affiliates, although Time Warner's sole owned TV station (via Turner) Atlanta's WTBS (now WPCH and operated by Meredith Corporation though a local marketing agreement) remains an independent station, competing against CBS-owned CW O&O WUPA.

Financials[edit]

On October 23, 2002, AOL Time Warner Inc., posted a third quarter profit, but said it would restate two years of results - cutting $190 million in revenues - due to accounting problems at its embattled America Online division.[87]

On July 23, 2003, the company would have to restate an additional $400 million in advertising revenue as a result of an SEC inquiry.[88]

On November 3, 2004, Time Warner Inc. would restate earnings from 2000 and 2001 to include losses from AOL Europe and set aside $500 million to cover costs related to federal investigations into accounting at its America Online unit.[89]

On February 2, 2011, Time Warner reported a 2010 revenue of $26.9 billion, highest growth rate since 2004 and a 6% rise since 2009.[90]

On February 8, 2012 Time Warner reported revenue of $29.0 billion, highest growth rate since 2003.[91]

On February 6, 2013, Time Warner reported revenue for 2012 of $28.7B and an adjusted operating income of $6.1B.[92]

Commercial properties[edit]

Time Warner owns several large properties in New York City; certain buildings in the Rockefeller Center complex and adjacent office towers house its main offices; one of which houses a CNN news studio. In late 2003, Time Warner finished construction of a new twin-tower complex, designed to serve as additional office space, facing Columbus Circle on the southwestern edge of Central Park. Originally called the AOL Time Warner Center, the 755-foot (230 m), 55-floor mixed-use property was renamed Time Warner Center when the company itself was renamed.[93]

Board of directors[edit]

As of July 31, 2014[94]

Senior executives[edit]

Time Warner Inc.[edit]

Jeff Bewkes, Chairman and CEO[95]

And five executive vice presidents, most with additional, functional titles:

Division CEOs[edit]

Competition[edit]

Time Warner faces industry competition from traditional media companies such as Vivendi, CBS Corporation, Sony, Viacom, The Walt Disney Company, Comcast, and 21st Century Fox. Time Warner's and many of their competitions business may be severely impacted by the increasing viewership of feature films, television programming and other content online with low ad-income, which decreases company revenues.

Box office receipts have been rising while the growth rate of DVD sales have recently been declining, which affects Warner Bros.' growth prospects and revenues.[104]

Past names[edit]

Restatement[edit]

In March 2002, the company restated its financial statements to reflect the merger of MapQuest and other companies.[105]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "TIME WARNER INC. 2013 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "TIME WARNER INC. 2014 Q1 Quarterly Report Form (10-Q)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. April 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ TIME WARNER INC. Form 10-K, Securities and Exchange Commission, February 26, 2014
  4. ^ TimeWarner.com Fact Sheet Page
  5. ^ "Global 500 2009: Industries: Entertainment". Fortune. July 20, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  6. ^ "PowerPoint Presentation" (PDF). Retrieved May 1, 2013. 
  7. ^ Siklos, Richard (February 9, 2009). "Why Disney wants DreamWorks". CNNMoney.com. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  8. ^ News Corporation - Annual Report 2007
  9. ^ a b [1]
  10. ^ Time Warner Opts to Spin Off All Magazines, Wall Street Journal, March 6, 2013
  11. ^ Chozick, Amy (March 6, 2013). "Time Warner Ends Talks With Meredith and Will Spin Off Time Inc. Into Separate Company". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  12. ^ Can Time Inc. make it alone?, CNN Money, March 21, 2013
  13. ^ a b "Time Warner Press Releases". Timewarner.com. 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  14. ^ TimeWarner.com Our Content: Its HBO.
  15. ^ Collins, Scott (January 14, 2013). "Golden Globes 2013: A big night for HBO's 'Girls' and Lena Dunham". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  16. ^ HBO GO
  17. ^ "Hit Cinemax Series "Strike Back" Launches Season Three This Summer". The Futon Critic. March 14, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  18. ^ Time Warner 2012 Annual Report
  19. ^ "TBS Now Officially Reigns as Basic Cable's #1 Network of the Year with Adults 18-34 in Primetime". The Futon Critic. January 3, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  20. ^ Turner.com
  21. ^ "Warner Bros. Pictures Group Has Another Record-Breaking Year at the Box Office". Reuters. January 6, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2013. 
  22. ^ TimeWarner.com Our Content:The Entertainment Leader
  23. ^ Warner Bros. Entertainment
  24. ^ "History of TIME". TIME magazine. 
  25. ^ "The Jazz Singer (1927)". Filmsite.org. 1927-10-06. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  26. ^ "Time Warner Inc. by The History of Corporate". Thehistoryofcorporate.com. 2008-09-03. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  27. ^ Cable's biggest milestones, LA Times
  28. ^ "Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment". Citizendia. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  29. ^ "TBS (TV channel)". Medlibrary.org. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  30. ^ "Atari - The History of Atari Computers". Inventors.about.com. 2013-06-21. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  31. ^ Dinger, Ed (1998). "The Franklin Mint". International Directory of Company Histories 69. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  32. ^ Warner to Sell Most of Franklin Mint, New York Times
  33. ^ "CNN launches — History.com This Day in History — 6/1/1980". History.com. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  34. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=zZ0cAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QGgEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6369%2C1957933
  35. ^ Galbreaths to Sell Pirates Pittsburgh, New York Times
  36. ^ Cyclone / X-Troll. "Alive 6 - tramiel". Alive.atari.org. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  37. ^ Time Inc. and Warner to Merge, Creating Largest Media Company, New York Times
  38. ^ You Must Remember This: The Warner Bros. Story (2008), p. 255.
  39. ^ WB retained a pair of features from 1949 that they merely distributed, and all short subjects released on or after September 1, 1948; in addition to all cartoons released in August 1948.
  40. ^ Holders Back Time Warner-Turner Merger, New York Times
  41. ^ Time Warner Completes Six Flags Purchase : Amusement: Company will use more of its cartoon characters at theme parks, including site near Valencia., LA Times
  42. ^ Time Warner COO: For Media, Corporate Diversity Is About Business, Time
  43. ^ The winning streak, The Economist
  44. ^ Brand history: HBO
  45. ^ CNN News Channel - Wikipedia
  46. ^ The Spanner Works
  47. ^ HBO CTO Zitter to Step Down, Multichannel News
  48. ^ "Statistics on Mergers & Acquisitions (M&A) - M&A Courses | Company Valuation Courses | Mergers & Acquisitions Courses". Imaa-institute.org. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  49. ^ a b "America Online and Time Warner Will Merge to Create World's First Internet-Age Media and Communications Company". Time Warner corporate homepage. 2000-01-10. Retrieved 2007-05-06. 
  50. ^ a b Federal Communications Commission (2003-03-25). "America Online-Time Warner Merger Page". Federal Communications Commission homepage. Retrieved 2007-05-06. 
  51. ^ Federal Trade Commission (2000-12-14). "FTC Approves AOL/Time Warner Merger with Conditions". Federal Trade Commission website. Retrieved 2007-05-06. 
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