Timeline of 20th-century Muslim history

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Timeline of Muslim history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

20th century (1901–2000) (1318 AH – 1421 AH)[edit]

Pakistan became the first Islamic republic to have the nuclear power as it successfully conducted five nuclear tests on May, 28. Amidst growing criticism of his economic policies, longtime Indonesian leader General Suharto resigns after over thirty years in power. Pakistan conducts nuclear tests in response to similar tests by neighbor and arch rival India, becoming the first Muslim nuclear power. Former deputy prime minister of Malaysia Anwar Ibrahim, a vocal critic of prime minister Mahathir Mohamad, is arrested and imprisoned on charges of sodomy.

  • 1999: Kargil war broke out between Pakistan and India. Pakistan's Army captured strategic points in Indian administered Kashmir including the areas of Point 5352, Dalu Nag, Bunker ridge and the Siddle Ridge. Later on Pakistan took control of the entire Kargil District from India but withdraw after intense international diplomatic pressure. However, point 5352, Dalu Nag, Bunker Ridge and Saddle Ridge remains in its control even today. Death of Jordan's King Hussein.
  • King Hussein's son Abdullah is declared king of Jordan.
  • Indonesia relinquishes control of East Timor, which is granted independence under a UN-sponsored act of self-determination.
  • General Pervez Musharraf seizes control of Pakistan after a military coup against the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
  • 2000: Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip begin the Al-Aqsa Intifada, prompted by Ariel Sharon's visit to a disputed religious site holy to both Jews and Muslims.
  • President Hafez al-Assad of Syria dies of a heart attack. His son Bashar al-Assad is elected President by Syria's Majlis Al Shaa'b (Parliament).
  • Russia occupies Grozny, the capital of Chechnya.[1][2]
  • General Parvez Musharraf overthrows the democratically elected government of Nawaz Sharif in Pakistan.[1]
  • Suicide attack on USS Cole kills 17 US sailors.[1]
  • By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to almost one-fifth (20%) of the total driven by improved healthcare infrastructure.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Islam in the World by Malise Ruthven (Gantra Publications, 2006) ISBN 1-86207-906-4. Page 473
  2. ^ Islam in the World by Malise Ruthven (Gantra Publications, 2006) ISBN 1-86207-906-4. Page 474