Timeline of history of Assam

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Timeline of the History of Assam, the important dates in its history against important events elsewhere.

Year Ancient Assam Contemporaneous events Date source
c350 Pushya Varman establishes the Varman dynasty in Kamarupa (Barpujari 1990:94)
636 Xuanzang visits the court of Bhaskarvarman in Kamarupa.
650 Bhaskarvarman dies. End of Varman dynasty
655 Salasthamba establishes Mlechchha dynasty in Kamarupa
c900 Brahmapala establishes Pala dynasty in Kamarupa
c1100 Jayapala, the last Pala king removed by Ramapala of Pala empire
Year Medieval Assam Contemporaneous events Date source
1185 Prithu establishes the Khen dynasty and the Kamata kingdom
1187 Birpal establishes Sutiya kingdom at Swarnagiri
13th century
1228 Sukaphaa enters Assam (Gogoi 1968:265)
1224 Ratnadhwajpal, the second Sutiya king annexes the Kingdoms of Bhadrasena and Nyayapal
1235 Gaurinarayan establishes his capital at Sadiya
1252 Sukaphaa establishes capital at Charaideo (Gogoi 1968:265)
15th century
1449 Srimanta Sankardev is born
1490 First Ahom-Kachari battle. Ahoms defeated under Konkhra and pursued for peace.
1498 Alauddin Hussain Shah of Gaur removes the last Khen ruler of Kamata kingdom Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut (Barpujari 1992:47)
16th century
1515 Viswa Singha establishes Koch political power and Koch dynasty (Barpujari 1992:70)
1520 Ahoms defeated under the Sutiya king Dhirnarayan
1523 Sutiya kingdom partially annexed to Ahom Kingdom under Suhungmung, and placed under the rule of Sadiyakhowa Gohain. (Gogoi 1968:287)
1527 Nusrat Shah's invasion, the first Muslim invasion of the Ahom kingdom, ends in failure. (Barpujari 1992:133)
1532 Turbak attacks Ahom Kingdom, the first commander to enjoy some success.
1533 Turbak defeated and killed. Ahoms pursue Gaur army to Karatoya river.
1536 Ahoms destroy Dimapur, the capital of the Kachari kingdom
1540 Nara Narayan succeeds his father to the throne of Kamata kingdom
1563 Chilarai occupies Ahom capital Garhgaon, end with Treaty of Majuli. (Barpujari 1992:79–80)
1568 Srimanta Sankardev dies
1581 Nara Narayana divides Kamata kingdom into Koch Bihar and Koch Hajo (to be governed by Raghudev). (Barpujari 1992:94)
1587 Naranarayana of Koch dynasty dies. (Barpujari 1992:74)
1588 Raghudev, son of Chilarai and ruler of Koch Hajo declares independence. (Barpujari 1992:95)
17th century
1609 Momai Tamuli Borbarua restructures Paik system in Ahom kingdom.
1609 Koch Bihar becomes a Mughal vassal (Barpujari 1992:98)
1613 Koch Hajo is annexed by the Mughal Empire (Barpujari 1992:103)
1615 Ahom-Mughal conflicts begin (Barpujari 1992:148)
1637 Bali Narayan dies of natural causes, and Koch rebellion again Mughals collapse (Barpujari 1992:161)
1639 Treaty of Asurar Ali signed between the Ahom kingdom and Mughal Empire (Barpujari 1992:164)
1659 Ahoms take possession of Koch Hajo (up to Sankosh river). Koch Hajo was occupied by rulers of Koch Bihar earlier, who drove out the Mughal faujdar from Guwahati. (Barpujari 1992:165)
1662 Mir Jumla occupies Garhgaon, the Ahom capital. (Barpujari 1992:177–178)
1663 After Treaty of Ghilajharighat Mir Jumla returns to Dhaka, dies on the way. (Barpujari 1992:188–189)
1667 Ahoms wrest Guwahati and extend control up to Manas river; begins defence preparations (Barpujari 1992:207)
1668 Mughals under Ram Singh I advance up to Guwahati to retake it (Barpujari 1992:211)
1671 Ahoms win Battle of Saraighat and Ram Singh I retreats to Rangamati. (Barpujari 1992:227)
1679 Laluksola Borphukan deserts Guwahati (Barpujari 1992:245)
1681 Gadadhar Singha becomes Ahom swargadeo (Barpujari 1992:252)
1682 Ahoms win battle at Itakhuli. End of Ahom-Mughal conflicts with Ahom win (Barpujari 1992:253–256)
18th century
1714 Rudra Singha dies, and with him dies the Kachari, Jaintia etc. grand alliance to remove the Mughals from Bengal (Gogoi 1968:503–507)
1769 First phase of Moamoria rebellion, Ahom capital falls but recaptured in April, 1770 (Baruah 1993:60)
1783 Ahom capital Rangpur fell the second time to Moamoria rebellion. Rebel leaders strike coins in their names. (Baruah 1993:90)
1794 Captain Thomas Welsh restores Rangpur to Ahom king from Moamora rebels. (Baruah 1993:133)
19th century
1805 Ahoms come to terms with Sarbananda, the last Moamora rebel leader holding out in Bengmara (Tinsukia). Ahoms declare Sarbananda the Barsenapati of Matak Rajya (Baruah 1993:164)
1817 The first Burmese invasion of Assam. Burmese occupation was complete by 1821. (Baruah 1993:213)
1826 Treaty of Yandaboo signed between Honourable East India Company and King of Burma; end of Burmese and beginning of British occupation of Assam (Barpujari 1992:363)
1861 Phulaguri Dhawa, the first peasant uprising against British rule was repressed
1894 Patharughat raijmel fired upon, villagers tortured and property confiscated (Guha 1977:53–54)
Year Post Indian Independence Assam Contemporaneous events Date source
1979 Assam agitation begins
1985 Assam Accord signed. End of Assam agitation

References[edit]

  • Barpujari, H K, ed. (1990), The Comprehensive History of Assam: Ancient Period 1, Publication Board, Assam 
  • Barpujari, H K, ed. (1992), The Comprehensive History of Assam: Medieval Period (Political) 2, Publication Board, Assam 
  • Baruah, S L (1993), Last Days of Ahom Monarchy, Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi 
  • Gogoi, Padmeshwar (1968), The Tai and the Tai kingdoms, Gauhati University, Guwahati 
  • Guha, Amalendu (1977), Planter-Raj to Swaraj, Indian Council of Historical Research