Timeline of Baghdad

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Baghdad, Iraq.

Prior to 16th century[edit]

16th-19th centuries[edit]

20th century[edit]


  • 1908 – Population: 140,000 (estimate).[23]
  • 1909 – Cinema built.[24]
  • 1911 – Ottoman XIII Corps headquartered in Baghdad.
  • 1912 – Population: 200,000 (estimate).[25]
  • 1914 – October: Samarra-Baghdad railway begins operating.[8]
  • 1915


21st century[edit]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Bagdad", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  2. ^ Charles Wendell (1971). "Baghdad: Imago Mundi, and Other Foundation-Lore". International Journal of Middle East Studies 2. JSTOR 162258. 
  3. ^ C. Edmund Bosworth, ed. (2007). "Baghdad". Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v ArchNet. "Baghdad". Archived from the original on December 2012. 
  5. ^ Jacob Lassner (1966). "Massignon and Baghdad: The Complexities of Growth in an Imperial City". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 9. JSTOR 3596170. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Jacqueline Griffin (1996), Trudy Ring, ed., Baghdad, International Dictionary of Historic Places, Routledge, ISBN 9781884964039 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Charles Wilson, ed. (1895), "Baghdad", Handbook for Travellers in Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, Persia, etc., London: John Murray, OCLC 8979039 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, eds. (2008), "Baghdad", Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO 
  9. ^ Jim Al-Khalili (2010), Pathfinders: the golden age of Arabic science, London: Allen Lane, ISBN 9781846141614 
  10. ^ Felix Jones (1856). "Brief Observations, Forming an Appendix to the Map of Baghdad". Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society (Bombay) 12. 
  11. ^ a b George Makdisi (1959). "Topography of Eleventh Century Baġdād: Materials and Notes". Arabica. JSTOR 4055493. 
  12. ^ a b c Francoise Micheau (2008). "Baghdad in the Abbasid Era". The City in the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. ISBN 9789004162402. 
  13. ^ a b George Makdisi (1961). "Muslim Institutions of Learning in Eleventh-Century Baghdad". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 24. JSTOR 610293. 
  14. ^ "West Asia: Iraq, 1000–1400 A.D.: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved October 2014. 
  15. ^ Michael Cooperson (1996). "Baghdad in Rhetoric and Narrative". Muqarnas 13. 
  16. ^ Justin Marozzi (2014). Baghdad: City of Peace, City of Blood. Penguin Books Limited. ISBN 978-0-14-194804-1. 
  17. ^ Markman Ellis (2004). The Coffee-House: a Cultural History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0297843192. 
  18. ^ "Bagdad". Edinburgh Gazetteer (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. 1829. 
  19. ^ Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Bagdad", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse 
  20. ^ a b Edward Balfour, ed. (1871). "Baghdad". Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia (2nd ed.). Madras. 
  21. ^ Fertile Crescent, 1800-1914 : A Documentary Economic History. Oxford University Press. 1988. 
  22. ^ a b Soli Shahvar (2003). "Tribes and Telegraphs in Lower Iraq: The Muntafiq and the Baghdad-Basrah Telegraph Line of 1863-65". Middle Eastern Studies 39. JSTOR 4284278. 
  23. ^ Lorimer (1908). "City of Baghdad". Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Calcutta. 
  24. ^ a b Oliver Leaman, ed. (2001), Companion Encyclopedia of Middle Eastern and North African Film, Routledge, ISBN 9780415187039 
  25. ^ "Baghdad", Palestine and Syria (5th ed.), Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1912 
  26. ^ "Iraq Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  27. ^ Stephen Pope; Elizabeth-Anne Wheal (1995). "Select Chronology". Dictionary of the First World War. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-85052-979-1. 
  28. ^ Peter Sluglett (2007), Britain in Iraq: Contriving King and Country 1914-1932, NY: Columbia University Press, ISBN 9780231142007 
  29. ^ a b c d e f Don Rubin, ed. (1999), World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre, London: Routledge, ISBN 0415059321 
  30. ^ a b c d Caecilia Pieri (2008). "Modernity and its Posts in Constructing an Arab Capital: Baghdad's Urban Space and Architecture". Middle East Studies Association Bulletin 42. JSTOR 23063540. 
  31. ^ Douglas A. Boyd (1982). "Radio and Television in Iraq: The Electronic Media in a Transitionary Arab World Country". Middle Eastern Studies 18. JSTOR 4282908. 
  32. ^ a b c Kwasi Kwarteng (2011), Ghosts of empire: Britain's legacies in the modern world, New York: PublicAffairs 
  33. ^ Orit Bashkin (2008), The other Iraq: pluralism and culture in Hashemite Iraq, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, ISBN 9780804759922 
  34. ^ L. W. Jones (1969). "Rapid Population Growth in Baghdad and Amman". Middle East Journal 23. JSTOR 4324436. 
  35. ^ a b Terri Ginsberg; Chris Lippard (2010), Historical Dictionary of Middle Eastern Cinema, USA: Scarecrow Press 
  36. ^ a b "Baghdad Mayor Is Ousted by a Shiite Group and Replaced". New York Times. 10 August 2005. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  37. ^ "Baghdad International Film Festival". Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  38. ^ "Baghdad car bomb hits book market". Al Jazeera. 6 March 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  39. ^ "Baghdad security walls curb violence, at a cost". Reuters. 6 February 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  40. ^ "When the Walls Come Down". New York Times. 14 October 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  41. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica Book of the Year. 2013. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4. 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 17th–18th centuries[edit]

Published in the 19th century[edit]

Published in the 20th century[edit]

Published in the 21st century[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°19′30″N 44°25′19″E / 33.325°N 44.422°E / 33.325; 44.422