Timeline of Belgrade history

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Timeline of the History of Belgrade
Political situation Events
Starčevo culture
  • 6200-5200 BCE
Vinča culture
  • 5500–4500 BCE: Vinča culture is born in what is today Belgrade's suburb of Vinča. Within the coming two millennia it evolves into a dominant neolithic culture in Europe, especially influencing the Balkans. Sometimes this era is called the First Golden Age of Belgrade. By 3000 BC Vinča culture disperses into several sub-cultures.
Barbarian
  • 700-279 BCE: Thracians dwell in the region.
Scordisci invasion
Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire
  • 395: Singidunum becomes a northwestern frontier city of the Eastern Roman Empire after the death of Theodosius I (r. 379–395)
Iranian/

Germanic/

Hunnic

invasions 5th century

  • 441: The Huns destroy the city. Attila resides in the city.
  • 450: Sarmatians are holding Singidunum.
  • 470: The Ostrogoths expel the Sarmatians.
  • 476: Western Roman Empire collapses. The city becomes a border-town towards the hostile Germanic tribes.
  • 488: The Gepids conquer Singidunum.
  • 504: The Goths capture it again.
Byzantine/

Frankish rule/

Serbian arrival

6–9th centuries

  • 510: A peace treaty handed over the city to the Byzantine Empire.
  • 535: Byzantine emperor Justinian I rebuilds Singidunum.
  • 584: The Avars conquer and sack it.
  • 592: Byzantine Empire regains the city.
  • 7th century: The Avars destroy it again.
  • 630: The Slavs conquer Singidunum.
Byzantine/

Bulgarian/ Hungarian rule

9th–11th centuries

  • 827: The Bulgarians control the fortress. The city is called by Western sources Alba Bulgarica.
  • Frankish Empire temporary annexes Taurunum, today's northern Belgrade.
  • 16 April 878: First known written record of the Slavic name Beligrad.
  • 896: Army of Hungarians attack Belgrade.
  • 1018: The Byzantine emperor Basil II seizes Belgrade from the Bulgarian Empire. Occasional clashes with Hungary.
  • 1072: Belgrade was retaken by Byzantine Empire.
  • 1096: The city was destroyed by Hungarians, but the Byzantine Empire remained in control of it.
Hungarian/Byzantine/Bulgarian rule 11th–12th centuries
  • 1096–1189: The Crusaders are passing through Belgrade.
  • 1127: Hungarian king Stefan II destroys Belgrade and used the obtained stones to build a fortress in Zemun.
  • 1154: Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus destroys Zemun and takes the stones back to rebuild Belgrade.
  • 1182: Hungary attack and sacked the city.
  • 1185: Byzantine Empire regained it by diplomacy but loses to the newly reestablished Bulgarian Empire.
Serbian/Hungarian/Bulgarian rule 13th century
  • 1202: The Hungarians seize Belgrade.
  • 1203: The Bulgarians retake the city.
  • 1213: The city is given to Hungary by emperor Boril.
  • 1221: Belgrade is returned to Bulgaria.
  • 1246: The city becomes part of Hungary.
  • 1284: The Hungarians gift to the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin; this is the first time that Belgrade comes under Serbian rule.
Hungarian rule 14th–16th centuries
Ottoman/Austrian rule 16th–19th centuries
Ottoman/Serbian rule 1804–1878
Serbian rule 1878–1914
Austro-Hungarian/Serbian rule 1915–18
Kingdom of Serbia 1918
  • 24 November 1918: The Assembly of Syrmia proclaims the secession of Syrmia from the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and unification with the Kingdom of Serbia, thus unifying Belgrade with Zemun in the same state.
  • 25 November 1918: The Great people's assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs proclaims the unification of Banat, Bačka and Baranja with the Kingdom of Serbia, thus unifying Belgrade and the settlements on the Danube's left bank in the same state.
Yugoslav Kingdom 1918–1941
Nazi/Croatian rule 1941–1944
  • 12 April 1941: Belgrade is occupied and divided. Old part of the city becomes a part of Nazi Germany, while Zemun and the settlements on the Danube's left bank become a part of the Independent State of Croatia.
  • April–September 1944: American and other Allies have bombed Belgrade eleven times. 1,000 - 5,000 civilian casualties, depending on the sources.
  • 20 October 1944: Belgrade liberated from the Nazis by the Soviet Red Army and the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia; teacher Miladin Zarić saves Stari savski most ("The Old Sava bridge") from demolition, by cutting the detonator wires, making it the only large bridge in Europe, beside Ludendorff Bridge that the Germans didn't succeed in demolishing while retreating.
Yugoslav Republic 1944–1991
Second Yugoslav Republic 1992–2003
Serbia and Montenegro 2003–2006
Independent Serbia 2006–present


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