Timeline of Burundian history

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This is a timeline of Burundian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Burundi and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Burundi. See also the list of Kings of Burundi, list of colonial governors of Burundi, and list of Presidents of Burundi.

Centuries: 19th · 20th · 21st

19th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1858 The area was visited by British explorer John Hanning Speke, who became the first European to do so.

20th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1903 Burundi came under the control of Germany.[1]
1922 20 July Burundi and Rwanda were joined into the League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi, governed by Belgium.[1]
1962 1 July Burundi received independence from Belgium.[1]
1965 15 January Prime Minister Pierre Ngendandumwe was assassinated by a Rwandan Tutsi.
1966 28 November Michel Micombero became the first President of Burundi.
1972 27 April Burundi genocide (1972): A rebellion broke out which led to a genocide against Hutus.
1976 2 November Jean-Baptiste Bagaza assumed the Presidency of Burundi in a bloodless coup d'état.
1987 3 September 1987 Burundian coup d'état: Bagaza was deposed while in Canada.[2]
2 October Pierre Buyoya was sworn in as President of Burundi.[3]
1992 March Burundi adopted a new constitution.[4]
1993 2 June Burundian presidential election, 1993: The Hutu Melchior Ndadaye won the election.
21 October Burundi Civil War: Ndadaye was assassinated by Tutsi extremists, starting another genocide against Tutsis and a civil war.[1]
1994 5 February Cyprien Ntaryamira took office as President of Burundi.
6 April Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira: Ntaryamira and Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana were shot down as their aircraft approached Kigali.[5]
8 April Sylvestre Ntibantunganya was named interim President.[6]
25 April An attempted military coup was averted.[6]
30 September Ntibantunganya was elected President by a new Convention of Government.[6]
1995 11 March Mines and Energy Minister Ernest Kabushemeye was eaten by cannibals in Bujumbura.[7]
1996 21 July Hutu rebels attacked a refugee camp in the country, killing more than three hundred people.[8]
25 July 1996 Burundian coup d'état: Buyoya returned to power.[9]

21st century[edit]

Year Date Event
2004 May The United Nations Operation in Burundi was established.
2005 19 August Burundian presidential election, 2005: Sole candidate Pierre Nkurunziza was elected President of Burundi.
2007 February The United Nations shut down its peacekeeping operations in Burundi.

References[edit]

General
Specific
Sources