Timeline of Canadian elections

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This article provides a timeline of elections in Canada, including all the provincial, territorial and federal elections. The information starts from when each province was formed or entered the Confederation, and continues through to the present day.

About the tables[edit]

The background colour indicates which party won the election. Several provinces held elections before joining Canada, but only their post-Confederation elections are shown. These include:

The most recent election is shown with a box limited to five years of government, as this is the maximum length of office, as set by the constitution. However, elections can be called at any time by an incumbent government. The federal government, nine provinces, and one territory have changed to fixed election dates every four years. For these legislatures, the box is shown as running until the next scheduled election, but one could still be earlier if the government falls due to a motion of no confidence. Nova Scotia, Yukon and Nunavut do not have fixed election dates in this matter.

Colour Party Colour Party
Pre-Confederation Parti Québécois
Liberal Party Progressive Conservatives, historical Conservatives, and Yukon Party
NDP
CCF Conservative Party
Social Credit Union Nationale
United Farmers Coalition
Saskatchewan Party Nonpartisan, and consensus government

1867 - 1897[edit]

Year BC MB ON QC NB NS PEI NT   Federal
1867 1st
[A]
1st 1st * 1st 1st
1868
1869
1870 1st 2nd (Temp.
Council
)
1871 1st 2nd 2nd 2nd
1872 2nd
1873 26th
1874 2nd 3rd 3rd 3rd
1875 2nd 3rd 3rd
1876 27th (First
Council
)
1877
1878 3rd 3rd 4th
[B]
4th 4th 4th
1879 4th 4th 28th
1880
1881 5th
1882 4th 5th 5th 29th 5th
1883 5th 5th
1884
1885
1886 5th 6th 6th 6th 6th 6th 30th
1887 6th
1888 7th 1st
1889
1890 6th 7th 7th 7th 7th 31st
[C]
1891 2nd 7th
1892 8th 8th 8th
1893 32nd
1894 7th 8th 8th 3rd
1895 9th
1896 9th 8th
1897 9th 9th 33rd
Year BC MB ON QC NB NS PEI NT   Federal

1898 - 1948[edit]

Year BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEI YU NT   Federal
1898 8th 9th N/A
[D]
4th
1899 10th 10th
1900 9th 10th 34th 1st 9th
1901 10th
1902 10th 5th
1903 10th 11th 11th 2nd
1904 11th 35th 10th
1905 1st 1st 11th 3rd (Second
Council
)
1906 11th
1907 11th 12th 4th
1908 2nd 12th 12th 12th 36th 11th
1909 12th 2nd 5th
1910 13th
1911 13th 12th 12th
1912 13th 3rd 13th 13th 37th 6th
1913 3rd
1914 14th 14th
1915 15th 38th 7th
1916 14th 14th 13th
1917 4th 4th 14th 8th 13th
1918
1919 15th 15th 39th
1920 15th 16th 15th 14th 9th
1921 5th 5th 14th
1922 17th 10th
1923 16th 16th 40th
1924 16th
1925 6th 16th 15th 11th 15th[E]
1926 6th 17th 16th
1927 18th 17th 41st
1928 17th 16th 12th
1929 7th
[F]
18th
1930 7th 17th 17th
1931 18th 42nd 13th
1932 19th
1933 18th 17th
1934 8th 19th 14th
1935 8th 19th 18th 43rd 18th
1936 20th 20th
1937 19th 20th 18th 15th
1938 9th
1939 21st 19th 44th
1940 9th 16th 19th
1941 20th
[G]
21st 19th
1942
1943 21st 45th
1944 10th 10th 22nd 20th 17th
1945 21st
[G]
22nd 22nd 20th 20th
1946
1947 46th 18th
1948 11th 11th 23rd 23rd 21st
Year BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEI YU NT   Federal

1949 - 1998[edit]

Year BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEI NF YU NT   Federal
1949 22nd
[G]
23rd 21st 30th 19th 21st
1950
1951 24th 47th 31st 6th
1952 23rd 12th 12th 24th 22nd 20th
1953 24th 24th 22nd 22nd
1954 7th
1955 13th 25th 48th 21st
1956 25th 13th 25th 23rd 23rd 32nd
1957 8th 23rd
1958 25th 22nd 24th
1959 14th 26th 26th 49th 33rd
1960 26th 14th 26th 24th 24th 9th
1961 23rd
1962 27th 27th 50th 34th 25th
1963 27th 15th 27th 25th 25th 26th
1964 15th 24th 10th
1965 27th
1966 28th 28th 28th 51st 35th
1967 16th 16th 28th 26th 26th 25th 11th
1968 28th
1969 29th 29th
1970 29th 27th 27th 52nd 26th 12th
1971 17th 17th 29th 36th
1972 30th 37th 29th
1973 30th 30th
1974 28th 28th 53rd 27th 30th
1975 31st 18th 18th 30th 38th 13th
1976 31st
1977 31st 31st
1978 19th 29th 29th 54th 28th
1979 32nd 19th 55th 39th 14th 31st
1980 32nd
1981 32nd 32nd 32nd 30th
1982 20th 20th 30th 56th 40th 29th
1983 33rd 15th
1984 31st 33rd
1985 33rd 33rd 41st 30th
1986 34th 21st 21st 33rd 57th
1987 34th 31st 16th
1988 34th 32nd 34th
1989 22nd 34th 58th 42nd 31st
1990 35th 35th
1991 35th 22nd 32nd 17th
1992 32nd
1993 23rd 33rd 59th 43rd 35th
1994 35th
1995 23rd 36th 36th 33rd 18th
1996 36th 60th 44th 33rd
1997 24th 36th
1998 36th 34th
Year BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEI NF YU NT   Federal

1999 - present[edit]

Year BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEI NL YU NT NU   Federal
1999 24th 37th 37th 34th 35th 45th 19th 1st
2000 61st 34th 37th
2001 37th 25th
2002 35th
2003 25th 38th 38th 37th 35th 36th 62nd 46th 20th
2004 26th 2nd 38th
2005 38th
2006 36th 37th 36th 39th
2007 26th 39th 39th 38th 63rd 47th 21st
2008 27th 39th 3rd 40th
2009 39th 38th
2010 37th
2011 27th 40th 40th 64th 48th 37th
[H]
22nd 41st
2012 28th 40th
2013 40th 39th
[H]
4th
[H]
2014 41st 41st 38th
2015 next next next next
2016 next next next next
2017 next
2018 next next next next next
Year BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEI NL YU NT NU   Federal


Notes[edit]

A Coalition between Conservative and Liberal parties (who won 41 out of 82 seats each).
B Power went back and forth a few times surrounding the 1878 election. For most of that legislature, the Liberals controlled a minority parliament with the support of some Conservative members.
C Conservative and Liberal parties won 15 seats each (out of 30).
D Although Yukon was created in 1898, the Territorial Council was wholly appointed from 1898 to 1900.
E The Conservative party won the most seats, but the Liberal party maintained power with a coalition with the Progressive party.
F The Liberal party won the most seats, but lost a motion of no-confidence shortly after the election resulting in a coalition between the Conservative and Progressive parties.
G Coalition between Liberal and Conservative parties.
H The province and territories without fixed election dates are shown with a box limited to five years of government, as this is the maximum length of office, as set by the constitution.

Summary[edit]

The table below shows how many elections each party has won in each province and territory. Nunavut and the Northwest Territories use consensus government, which means there are no political parties. Of forty-one federal elections, twenty-two have been won by the Liberals, and eighteen by a conservative party.

Party BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEI NL YU NT NU Total
Liberal 9 4 10 11 17 24 12 25 22 10 1 0 0 145
(Progressive) Conservative 5 12 2 16 21 5 9 14 16 9 2 1 0 112
Non-partisan 9 0 0 3 0 0 16* 0 0 0 27 21 4 80
NDP 3 0 7 8 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 0 23
Social Credit 11 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20
Coalition 3 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 6
United Farmers 0 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6
Union Nationale - - - - - 6 - - - - - - - 6
Parti Québécois - - - - - 5 - - - - - - - 5
CCF - - 5 - - - - - - - - - - 5
Yukon Party - - - - - - - - - - 4 - - 4
Saskatchewan Party - - 2 - - - - - - - - - - 2
Total 40 28 27 40 41 41 37 39 39 19 37 22 4 414

* Although the 1st New Brunswick election is shown in the main table, it took place a year before New Brunswick entered the Canadian Confederation. As such it was not a Canadian election, and is thus excluded from this table.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

British Columbia
Government of British Columbia. "Important Dates in BC Election History". Electoral History of British Columbia. Elections BC. Retrieved October 7, 2008. 
Government of British Columbia. "1871-1986" (PDF). Electoral History of British Columbia. Elections BC. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
Government of British Columbia (2002). "1987-2001 Supplement" (PDF). Electoral History of British Columbia. Elections BC. Retrieved October 7, 2008. 
Government of British Columbia. "Statement of Votes" (PDF). 38th Provincial General Election. Elections BC. Retrieved October 7, 2008. 
Government of British Columbia. "Statement of Votes" (PDF). 39th Provincial General Election. Elections BC. Retrieved October 7, 2008. 
Alberta
Government of Alberta. "Candidate Summary of Results (General Elections 1905-2004)". Comparative Statistics. Elections Alberta. Archived from the original on October 4, 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2006. 
Government of Alberta. "Electoral Summary: 1905 - 2004". Comparative Statistics. Elections Alberta. Archived from the original on October 5, 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2006. 
Saskatchewan
Government of Saskatchewan. "Provincial Vote Summaries". Historical. Elections Saskatchewan. Retrieved November 19, 2006. 
Manitoba
Government of Manitoba (2007). "Historical Summaries" (PDF). Elections Manitoba. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
Ontario
Government of Ontario. "Composition Of Legislature Following Ontario General Elections". Elections Ontario. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
Quebec
"Élections". QuébecPolitique.com. Retrieved December 16, 2006. 
"Les premiers ministres du Québec depuis 1867". National Assembly of Quebec (in French). Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
New Brunswick
"New Brunswick Votes 2006". CBC.ca. Retrieved December 23, 2006.  (results back to 1956)
Doyle, Arthur T. (1984). Elections in New Brunswick, 1784-1984. Fredericton: Brunswick Press. ISBN 0-88838-391-6. 
Nova Scotia
Government of Nova Scotia. "Election Summary From 1867 - 2006" (PDF). Elections Statistics. Elections Nova Scotia. Retrieved December 2, 2006. 
Prince Edward Island
"Historical Election Dates". Elections PEI. Retrieved December 2, 2006. 
Newfoundland and Labrador
"General Election Statistics (1949-1999)". Elections Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved August 22, 2008. 
Wayne Green. "Report on the 2003 General Election" (PDF). Elections Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved August 22, 2008. 
Paul Reynolds. "October 9, 2007 Provincial General Election Report" (PDF). Elections Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved August 22, 2008. 
Yukon
"Election Results". Election Almanac. Retrieved July 1, 2009.  (Results back to 1974)
"General Elections". Elections Yukon. Retrieved December 2, 2006.  (Dates of all elections)
Donald Taylor. "The Yukon Legislative Assembly". Canadian Parliamentary Review. Retrieved December 23, 2006.  (Non-partisan nature of Legislative Assembly before 1974)
Northwest Territories
"History of Northwest Territories in Confederation". Collections Canada. Archived from the original on October 13, 2006. Retrieved December 19, 2006. 
"History of the Northwest Territories". Northwest Territories Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original on July 14, 2006. Retrieved December 19, 2006. 
"Election Results and Dates 1876 - 1905" (PDF). Saskatchewan Archives. Archived from the original on January 13, 2006. Retrieved April 13, 2006. 
"Councils and Assemblies". Northwest Territories Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original on February 14, 2006. Retrieved April 13, 2006.  (1951 to date)
Nunavut
"Nunavut Election '99 - Results". CBC Radio. Archived from the original on October 29, 2006. Retrieved December 5, 2006. 
"Nunavut Votes 2004". CBC News. Retrieved December 1, 2006. 
Federal
"History of Federal Ridings since 1867". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved December 23, 2006. 

External links[edit]