Timeline of Hanoi

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History of Vietnam Map of Vietnam
2879–0258 Hồng Bàng dynasty
2879–1913 Early Hồng Bàng
1912–1055 Mid-Hồng Bàng
1054–258 Late Hồng Bàng
257–207 Thục dynasty
207–111 Triệu dynasty
11140 1st Chinese domination
40–43 Trưng Sisters
43–544 2nd Chinese domination
544–602 Early Lý dynasty
602–938 3rd Chinese domination
939–967 Ngô dynasty
968–980 Đinh dynasty
980–1009 Early Lê dynasty
1009–1225 Later Lý dynasty
1225–1400 Trần dynasty
1400–1407 Hồ dynasty
1407–1427 4th Chinese domination
1428–1788 Later Lê dynasty
1527–1592 Mạc dynasty
1545–1787 Trịnh lords
1558–1777 Nguyễn lords
1778–1802 Tây Sơn dynasty
1802–1945 Nguyễn dynasty
1858–1945 French imperialism
from 1945 Republic
Further subjects
Champa dynasties 192–1832
Historical capitals
Prehistoric and ancient cultures
List of monarchs
Country's names
Economic history
Military history

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hanoi, Vietnam.

Prior to 11th century[edit]

  • 257 BCE - Cổ Loa Citadel built near Phong Khe, about 20 km to the north of today's Hanoi.
  • 544 CE - City becomes capital of Lý Nam Đế regime.
  • 7th century - Đại La (fortress) built by Chinese.[1]
  • 866 - City renamed Đại La (, "Big Net").

11th century[edit]

13th-18th centuries[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi". World Heritage List. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b William S. Logan (2005/2006). "The Cultural Role of Capital Cities: Hanoi and Hue, Vietnam". Pacific Affairs 78. 
  3. ^ A. Cotterell Tupp (1906), French Indo-China, London: Central Asian Society 
  4. ^ Henri d'Orléans (1894), "(Hanoi)", Around Tonkin and Siam, London: Chapman & Hall, OCLC 9889459 
  5. ^ a b c "Hanoi". The Chronicle & Directory for China, Corea, Japan, the Philippines, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Siam, Borneo, Malay States, &c. Hong Kong: Daily Press. 1892. 
  6. ^ Lisa Drummond (2013). "Colonial Hanoi: Urban Space in Public Discourse". Harbin to Hanoi: Colonial Built Environment in Asia, 1840 to 1940. Hong Kong University Press. 
  7. ^ Gwendolyn Wright (1991), "Indochina", The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0226908461, 0226908461 
  8. ^ a b Sandra Kurfürst (2012). Redefining Public Space in Hanoi: Places, Practices and Meaning. Münster: Lit Verlag. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Robert D. Stueart (2010), "Vietnam: Libraries, Archives and Museums", in Marcia J. Bates, Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, ISBN 9780849397127 
  10. ^ Catherine Clémentin-Ojha; Pierre-Yves Manguin (2007), A century in Asia: the history of the École française d'Extrême-Orient, 1898-2006, Singapore: Editions Didier Millet 
  11. ^ "Ketcho", Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1902 
  12. ^ Nora Annesley Taylor (2009), Painters in Hanoi: an Ethnography of Vietnamese Art, National University of Singapore Press, ISBN 9789971694531 
  13. ^ a b c d e f William Stewart Logan (2000), Hanoi, Biography of a City, Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, ISBN 0295980141 
  14. ^ a b c d William S. Turley (1975). "Urbanization in War: Hanoi, 1946-1973". Pacific Affairs 48. 
  15. ^ a b Merle L. Pribbenow II (2003). "The -Ology War: Technology and Ideology in the Vietnamese Defense of Hanoi, 1967". Journal of Military History (Society for Military History) 67. 
  16. ^ a b "Battlefield: Vietnam". USA: U.S Public Broadcasting Service. 1997. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Hanoi (Vietnam) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c "Vietnam". www.citypopulation.de. Oldenburg, Germany: Thomas Brinkhoff. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  19. ^ Hoang Su (1998), "Vietnam", in Don Rubin, World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre, London: Routledge 
  20. ^ William S. Logan (1995). "Russians on the Red River: The Soviet Impact on Hanoi's Townscape, 1955-90". Europe-Asia Studies 47. 
  21. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Awakening of Hanoi". New York Times. February 18, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Giant turtle sightings set Vietnam capital abuzz". CNN (Hanoi, Vietnam). AP. April 13, 1998. Archived from the original on 2008-10-21. 

This article incorporates information from the Vietnamese Wikipedia and the French Wikipedia.

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 20th century
  • Claudius Madrolle (1907). Tonkin du sud; Hanoi (in French). Comite de l'Asie Francaise. 
  • "Hanoi", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  • Ordinance on Protection and Usage of Historical, Cultural and Famous Places, Hanoi government, 1984 
  • Regulations on Construction Management and Conservation of the Old Quarter of Hanoi, Hanoi People's Committee, 1993 
  • Nguyen Ba Dang (1996). "Preservation of the French Colonial Quarter in Hanoi, Vietnam". Ambio 25. 
  • Schellinger and Salkin, ed. (1996). "Hanoi". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. ISBN 9781884964046. 

External links[edit]