Timeline of Khartoum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Timeline of Khartoum history)
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Khartoum, Sudan.

See also: Omdurman and Khartoum North

19th century[edit]

  • 1830 - Town becomes capital of "the Sudanese possessions of Egypt."[1]
  • 1838 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to Shendi.[2]
  • 1840 - Flood.[2]
  • 1841 - Flood.[2]
  • 1856 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to Shendi.[2]
  • 1869 - Flood.[3]
  • 1874 - Flood.[3]
  • 1878 - Flood.[2]

20th century[edit]

  • 1905 - Military academy opens.[8]
  • 1911 - Sudan Herald begins publication.[9]
  • 1912 - Cathedral Church of All Saints consecrated.[10]
  • 1913 - Famine.[11]
  • 1924
    • Demonstrations.[11]
    • Flood.[3]
    • Kitchener School of Medicine established.[12]
  • 1946 - Flood.[3]
  • 1954 - Population: 100,000 (approximate).[11]
  • 1955 - Area of city: 7.9 square kilometers.[7]
  • 1962 - Industrial Bank of Sudan opens.
  • 1965 - Population: 173,500.[13]
  • 1973 - Saudi embassy held by Palestinian militants.
  • 1976 - Friendship Hall built.[14]
  • 1980 - Area of city: 101.3 square kilometers.[7]
  • 1984 - El-Sheikh Mosque built.[16]
  • 1988 - Flood.[3]
  • 1998 - Area of city: 343.8 square kilometers.[7]

21st century[edit]

Aerial view of the cities of Omdurman (top left), Khartoum (lower half), and Bahri (top right), 2005

2000s[edit]

  • 2005
    • July: Demonstrations.
    • Citizen (Juba) newspaper begins publication.[18]

2010s[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Khartum", The Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  2. ^ a b c d e H. R. J. Davies (1994). "A Rural 'Eye' in the Capital: Tuti Island, Khartoum, Sudan". GeoJournal 33. 
  3. ^ a b c d e R.P.D. Walsh et al. (1994). "Flood Frequency and Impacts at Khartoum since the Early Nineteenth Century". Geographical Journal 160. 
  4. ^ Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge (1906), "Khartum", Cook's Handbook for Egypt and the Sudan (2nd ed.), London: T. Cook & Son, OCLC 7434398 
  5. ^ "Sudan Gazette". WorldCat. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Henry Wellcome's tropical medicine laboratories". London: Wellcome Trust. 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Galal Eldin Eltayeb (2003). "The Case of Khartoum, Sudan". Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and University College London. 
  8. ^ Heather J. Sharkey (2003), Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, University of California Press, ISBN 9780520235588, 0520235584 
  9. ^ "International Coalition on Newspapers". Chicago, USA: Center for Research Libraries. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Khartum and Omdurman", Egypt and the Sudan (7th ed.), Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1914 
  11. ^ a b c d Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, eds. (2008), "Khartoum", Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO 
  12. ^ E. N. Corbyn (1944). "The Kitchener School of Medicine at Khartoum, Sudan". Journal of the Royal African Society 43. 
  13. ^ El-Sayed El-Bushra (1979). "Some Demographic Indicators for Khartoum Conurbation, Sudan". Middle Eastern Studies 15. 
  14. ^ ArchNet.org. "Khartoum". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  15. ^ "Sudan: A Historical Perspective". Georgia, USA: Sudan.Net. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  16. ^ a b "Khartoum". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  17. ^ Regional Integration in Africa. OECD and African Development Bank. 2002. 
  18. ^ a b Karen Fung. "Sudan Newspapers". Africa South of the Sahara: Selected Internet Resources. Stanford University, USA. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 20th century
  • "Khartum". Guide to Egypt and the Sudan (5th ed.). London: Macmillan and Co. 1908. 
  • McLean, W. H. The planning of Khartoum and Omdurman; transactions of the Town Planning Conference, October 1910. London 1919.
  • Walkley, C. E. J. The story of Khartoum, Sudan Notes and Records 18 (1935)
  • Arkell, A. J. Early Khartoum. CUP, Cambridge 1949.
  • Stevenson, R.C. Old Khartoum, 1821-1885. Sudan Notes and Records 47 (1966)
Published in the 21st century

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°38′00″N 32°32′00″E / 15.633333°N 32.533333°E / 15.633333; 32.533333