Timeline of Khartoum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Timeline of Khartoum history)
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Khartoum, Sudan.

See also: Omdurman and Khartoum North

19th century[edit]

  • 1821 - Settlement established by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt.
  • 1824 - "Turko-Egyptian governor Uthman Bey establishes Khartoum as a military centre."[1]
  • 1826 - Ali Khurshid Pasha in power.[1][2]
  • 1829 - Mosque built.[2]
  • 1830 - Town becomes capital of "the Sudanese possessions of Egypt."[3]
  • 1838 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to Shendi.[4]
  • 1840 - Flood.[4]
  • 1841 - Flood.[4]
  • 1854 - Muhammad Sa'id Pasha in power.[2]
  • 1856 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to Shendi.[4]
  • 1862 - Chamber of Commerce established.[2]
  • 1866 - Consulates of Austria, France, Italy, Persia, and Tuscany established.[2]
  • 1869 - Flood.[5]
  • 1874 - Flood.[5]
  • 1878 - Flood.[4]
  • 1884 - 13 March: Siege of Khartoum begins.
  • 1885
  • 1898
    • 2 September: Conflict between Mahdist and British forces.
    • Seat of government relocates to Khartoum from Omdurman.[3]
  • 1899

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

Aerial view of the cities of Omdurman (top left), Khartoum (lower half), and Bahri (top right), 2005

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

  • 2010 - Population: 4,516,000 (urban agglomeration).[18]
  • 2012
    • June: Economic protest.[22]
    • October: al-Yarmook armament factory bombed.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Abdel Salam Sidahmed; Alsir Sidahmed (2004). "Chronology". Sudan. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-47947-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Robert S. Kramer et al. (2013). "Khartoum". Historical Dictionary of the Sudan (4th ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 247+. ISBN 978-0-8108-6180-0. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Khartum", The Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  4. ^ a b c d e H. R. J. Davies (1994). "A Rural 'Eye' in the Capital: Tuti Island, Khartoum, Sudan". GeoJournal 33. JSTOR 41146238. 
  5. ^ a b c d e R.P.D. Walsh et al. (1994). "Flood Frequency and Impacts at Khartoum since the Early Nineteenth Century". Geographical Journal 160. JSTOR 3059609. 
  6. ^ "Sudan Gazette". WorldCat. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Henry Wellcome's tropical medicine laboratories". London: Wellcome Trust. 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Galal Eldin Eltayeb (2003). "The Case of Khartoum, Sudan". Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and University College London. 
  9. ^ Heather J. Sharkey (2003), Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, University of California Press, ISBN 9780520235588 
  10. ^ "International Coalition on Newspapers". Chicago, USA: Center for Research Libraries. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Khartum and Omdurman", Egypt and the Sudan (7th ed.), Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1914 
  12. ^ a b c d Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, eds. (2008), "Khartoum", Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO 
  13. ^ E. N. Corbyn (1944). "The Kitchener School of Medicine at Khartoum, Sudan". Journal of the Royal African Society 43. JSTOR 717807. 
  14. ^ El-Sayed El-Bushra (1979). "Some Demographic Indicators for Khartoum Conurbation, Sudan". Middle Eastern Studies 15. JSTOR 4282756. 
  15. ^ ArchNet. "Khartoum". MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Archived from the original on October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Sudan: A Historical Perspective". Georgia, USA: Sudan.Net. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Khartoum". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f "The State of African Cities 2014". United Nations Human Settlements Programme. ISBN 978-92-1-132598-0. Retrieved September 2014. 
  19. ^ Barry M. Rubin (2010). Guide to Islamist Movements. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 978-0-7656-4138-0. 
  20. ^ Regional Integration in Africa. OECD and African Development Bank. 2002. 
  21. ^ a b Karen Fung (ed.). "Sudan Newspapers". Africa South of the Sahara: Selected Internet Resources. Stanford University, USA. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  22. ^ "Sudan Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved September 2014. 
  23. ^ Andreas Mehler et al., ed. (2013). "Sudan". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2012 9. Koninklijke Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-25600-2. 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 20th century
  • "Omdurman, Khartoum North, and Khartoum", Anglo-Egyptian Sudan: a compendium prepared by officers of the Sudan government, London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1905 
  • Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge (1906), "Khartum", Cook's Handbook for Egypt and the Sudan (2nd ed.), London: T. Cook & Son, OCLC 7434398 
  • Eustace A. Reynolds-Ball (1907), "Khartoum", Cairo of To-Day (5th ed.), London: Adam & Charles Black 
  • "Khartum". Guide to Egypt and the Sudan (5th ed.). London: Macmillan and Co. 1908. 
  • McLean, W. H. The planning of Khartoum and Omdurman; transactions of the Town Planning Conference, October 1910. London 1919.
  • Walkley, C. E. J. The story of Khartoum, Sudan Notes and Records 18 (1935)
  • Arkell, A. J. Early Khartoum. CUP, Cambridge 1949.
  • Stevenson, R.C. Old Khartoum, 1821-1885. Sudan Notes and Records 47 (1966)
  • Noelle Watson, ed. (1996). "Khartoum". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa. UK: Routledge. pp. 420+. ISBN 1884964036. 
Published in the 21st century

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°38′00″N 32°32′00″E / 15.633333°N 32.533333°E / 15.633333; 32.533333