Timeline of Lahore

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Lahore, Pakistan.

Prior to 11th century[edit]

  • 682 CE - City besieged by Muslim forces.[1]

11th-15th centuries[edit]

  • 1241 - City sacked by Mongols.[3]

16th-17th centuries[edit]

  • 1530 - Mir Yunis Ali becomes governor.[4]
  • 1560 - Masjid Niwin (mosque) built.[5]
  • 1584 - Mughal Akbar relocates capital to Lahore.[1]

18th century[edit]

  • 1748 - Ahmed Shah in power.[7]

19th century[edit]

  • 1846 - British Council of Regency of the Punjab established.[10]
  • 1868 - Population: 125,413.[10]
  • 1881
    • Tribune newspaper begins publication.[12]
    • Population: 149,369.[15]
  • 1883 - Central Model School established.[14]
  • 1885 - Punjab Civil Secretariat Library founded.[17]
  • 1889
    • Lahore High Court building constructed.
    • Railway Technical School established.[14]
  • 1890 - New town hall built.
  • 1892 - Punjab Textbook Board Library established.[17]

20th century[edit]

  • 1901 - Population: 202,964.[5]
  • 1909 - Punjab Chiefs' Association headquartered in city.[21]
  • 1924 - Punjab Archival Museum and record office established.[22]
  • 1947
    • Riots.[26]
    • 15 August: City becomes part of West Punjab province of Pakistan.
  • 1948 - Chatan newspaper begins publication.[25]
  • 1951
    • Institute of Islamic Culture established.[18]
    • Population: 849,000 (including cantonment).[16]
  • 1952 - Lahore newspaper begins publication.[25]
  • 1953 - 6 March: Martial Law promulgated in Lahore to control disturbances against Ahmadis.[citation needed]
  • 1964 - 26 November: Pakistan Television Lahore Station inaugurated.[citation needed]
  • 1976 - Samjhota Express Amritsar-Lahore train begins operating.[citation needed]
  • 1977 - Allama Iqbal Museum inaugurated.[23][27]
  • 1983 - Ajoka (theatre group) formed.[29]
  • 1985 - Punjab Lok Rehas (theatre group) formed.[29]
  • 1986 - The Nation newspaper begins publication.[25]
  • 1991 - Pearl Mosque built.[8]
  • 1993 - Zahoor ul Akhlaq Gallery established at the National College of Arts Lahore.[31]
  • 1998 - Population: 5,143,495.[32]
  • 1999: 21 February: City hosts signing of the India-Pakistan Lahore Declaration regarding nuclear armaments.

21st century[edit]

  • 2006 - Pakistan Fashion Design Council headquartered in city.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Schellinger and Salkin, ed. (1996). "Lahore". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 522+. ISBN 9781884964046. 
  2. ^ a b "Lahore Profile: History". City Government Lahore. City District Government Lahore. Archived from the original on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Cyril Glasse (2008), New Encyclopedia of Islam (3rd ed.), Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN 0742562964 
  4. ^ Michael Brand (c. 2002). "Lahore Chronology". Gardens of the Mughal Empire. Washington DC: Smithsonian Productions. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Lahore", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  6. ^ World Heritage Centre. "Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore". World Heritage List. UNESCO. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  7. ^ a b J. Thomas; T. Baldwin, eds. (1868), "Lahore", Lippincott's Pronouncing Gazetteer (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co. 
  8. ^ a b ArchNet.org. "Lahore". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c Webster's Geographical Dictionary, Springfield, Mass., USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, OCLC 3832886 
  10. ^ a b c "Lahore", Chambers's Encyclopaedia, London: W. & R. Chambers, 1901 
  11. ^ a b John F. Riddick (2006), History of British India, Praeger Publishers, ISBN 9780313322808 
  12. ^ a b c "Lahore (Pakistan) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Memorandum of the Improvements in the Administration of India During the Last Thirty Years: And the Petition of the East-India Company to Parliament, 1858 
  14. ^ a b c Syad Muhammad Latif (1892). Lahore: its history, architectural remains and antiquities, with an account of its modern institutions, inhabitants, their trade, customs, &c.. Lahore: Printed at the New Imperial Press. 
  15. ^ Edward Balfour (1885), "Lahore", Cyclopaedia of India (3rd ed.), London: B. Quaritch 
  16. ^ a b Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, OL 6112221M 
  17. ^ a b c "Pakistan". World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services (3rd ed.). Chicago: American Library Association. 1993. ISBN 0838906095. 
  18. ^ a b "Information and Culture: Institutions". Punjab Portal. Government of the Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  19. ^ Percy Brown (1908), Lahore Museum, Punjab: A Descriptive Guide to the Department of Archaeology & Antiquities, Lahore: Printed at the Civil and Military Gazette Press, OCLC 44611240 
  20. ^ "About Assembly". Lahore: Provincial Assembly of The Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  21. ^ Partap Singh (1911), The Punjab Chiefs' Association, Lahore: Tribune Press 
  22. ^ "Services and General Administration Department: Frequently Asked Questions". Punjab Portal. Government of the Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Museums and Galleries in Pakistan". Islamabad: National Fund for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  24. ^ "Building of the Assembly". Lahore: Provincial Assembly of The Punjab. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Pakistan". Far East and Australasia 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. p. 1160+. ISBN 9781857431339. 
  26. ^ Ian Talbot (2007), A Tale of Two Cities: The Aftermath of Partition for Lahore and Amritsar 1947-1957, Modern Asian Studies 41, JSTOR 4132347 
  27. ^ Raza Noor. "Lahore Sites of Interest". Lahore. Edmonton, Canada. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  28. ^ John L. Esposito (2011), What everyone needs to know about Islam (2nd ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780199794133 
  29. ^ a b c Don Rubin et al., ed. (2001), "Pakistan", World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Asia/Pacific, Routledge, ISBN 9780415260879 
  30. ^ "With Lahore in his Veins". Dawn. 6 December 2003. 
  31. ^ "Gallery". National College of Arts Lahore. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  32. ^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  33. ^ a b "About the Pakistan Fashion Design Council". Lahore: Pakistan Fashion Design Council. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  34. ^ James Traub (1 June 2008). "Lawyer's Crusade". New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  35. ^ "Movie Theaters in Lahore, Pakistan". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  36. ^ "Lahore's rapid transit system". Business Recorder. Karachi. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  37. ^ Declan Walsh (6 March 2013). "Pakistan, Under Cultural Siege, Is Buoyed by Book Festivals". New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  38. ^ "Pakistan arrests scores over Lahore anti-Christian riot". BBC News. 10 March 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century[edit]

  • Charles Masson (1842), "Lahore", Narrative of Various Journeys in Balochistan, Afghanistan, and the Panjab, London: Richard Bentley 
  • "Lahore". Street's Indian and Colonial Mercantile Directory for 1870. London: Street. 1870. 
  • Thornton, Thomas Henry. A Brief Account of the History and Antiquities of Lahore. Lahore: Government Civil Secretariat Press, 1873.
  • Thomas Henry Thornton; John Lockwood Kipling (1876). Lahore. Lahore: Printed at the Government Civil Secretariat Press. 
  • Kanhaiya Lal. (1884) Tarikh-e-Lahore. Lahore, Pakistan: Aslam Asmat Printers.
  • Edward Thornton (1886), "Lahore", in Roper Lethbridge and Arthur N. Wollaston, Gazetteer of the Territories under the Government of the Viceroy of India, London: W. H. Allen & Co., OCLC 710600 

Published in the 20th century[edit]

1900s-1940s
  • "Lahore", A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon (8th ed.), London: J. Murray, 1911 
  • Lahore and some of its Historical Monuments. Lahore: Superintendent, Government Printing Press, 1927.
  • Gulshan Lal Chopra. A Short History of Lahore and its Monuments. Lahore: 1937.
1950s-1990s
  • Muhammad Baqir (1952). Lahore, past and present; being an account of Lahore compiled from original sources. Lahore: Panjab University Press. OCLC 8816775. 
  • Lahore Development Authority. Lahore Urban Development and Traffic Study. 5 vols. Lahore, 1980.
  • Lahore Development Authority. The Walled City of Lahore. Lahore, 1981.
  • Samuel V. Noe. “Old Lahore and Old Delhi: Variations on a Mughal Theme.” Ekistics XLIX (1982), pp. 306–19.
  • Mohammed A. Qadeer. Lahore, Urban Development in the Third World. Lahore: Vanguard Books, 1983.
  • Ahmad Nabi Khan. “Lahore: the Darus Saltanat of the Moghul Empire under Akbar (1556-1605).” Journal of the Research Society of Pakistan XXI, no.3 (1984), pp. 1–22.
  • Muhammad Saeed (1989). Lahore, A Memoir. Lahore: Vanguard. ISBN 9694020085. 
  • F.S. Aijazuddin. Lahore: Illustrated Views of the 19th Century. Lahore: Vanguard Books, Ltd., 1991.
  • Ajaz Anwar (1996). Old Lahore (3rd ed.). Lahore. 
  • Ajaz Anwar (1997), Lahore and Delhi: Two Sides of a Mirror, India International Centre Quarterly 24, JSTOR 23005453 
  • Som Anand (1998). Lahore, portrait of a lost city. Lahore: Vanguard Books. 

Published in the 21st century[edit]

  • Nazir Ahmad Chaudhry. A Short History of Lahore and Some of Its Monuments. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2000.
  • Journal of Asian Civilizations XXIV, no. 2 (2001). Special issue on Lahore in the Ghaznavid period.
  • F.S. Aijazuddin. Lahore Recollected: An Album. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publishers, 2003.
  • Y. Lari. Lahore - Illustrated City Guide. Karachi, Pakistan: Heritage Foundation Pakistan 2003.
  • Ian Talbot. Divided Cities: Partition and Its aftermath in Lahore and Amritsar, 1947-1957. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • William J. Glover (2007), Making Lahore Modern: Constructing and Imagining a Colonial City, USA: Univ of Minnesota Press, ISBN 9780816650217 
  • Abdul Rehman (2009), Changing Concepts of Garden Design in Lahore from Mughal to Contemporary Times, Garden History 37, JSTOR 27821596 

External links[edit]