Timeline of Luanda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Timeline of Luanda history)
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Luanda, Angola.

16th-18th centuries[edit]

  • 1605 - Settlement recognized as a city.[1]
  • 1623 - Jesuit college founded.[2]
  • 1764 - Arquivo Historico de Angola organized.[3]
  • 1769 - Aula de Geometria e Fortificacao (educational institution) founded.[1]
  • 1781 - Population: 9,755.[4]
  • 1796 - Population: 7,204.[4]

19th century[edit]

  • 1816 - Population: 4,689.[4]
  • 1844
    • Port opens to foreign shipping.[5]
    • Population: 5,605.[5]
  • 1850 - Population: 12,565.[5]
  • 1873 - Biblioteca Municipal established.[7]

20th century[edit]

  • 1908 - Voz de Angola newspaper begins publication.[9]
  • 1910 - Population: 15,000 (approximate).[10]
  • 1923 - A Provincia de Angola newspaper begins publication.[9]
  • 1930 - Diario de Luanda newspaper begins publication.[9]
  • 1942 - Liceu Salvador Correia de Sa (school) built.[11]
  • 1951 - Mensagem literary magazine begins publication.[12]
  • 1958 - Petroleum refinery built by Fina Petroleos de Angola.[14]
  • 1962 - Estudos Gerais Universitários de Angola founded.
  • 1970 - Population: 480,613.[15]
  • 1980 - Empresa de Electricidade de Luanda (electricity company),[18] Atlético Petróleos de Luanda football club, and National Centre for Historical Documentation and Research established.[16]
  • 1991 - October: UNITA headquarters relocated to Luanda from Jamba.[15]
  • 1992
    • Luanda Antena Comercial (radio) begins broadcasting.[19]
    • 30 October-1 November: Three Day War.
  • 1993 - Population: 1,822,407 (urban agglomeration).[20]

21st century[edit]

  • 2000 - Population: 2,591,000 (urban agglomeration).[22]
  • 2001 - Boa Vista shantytown residents evicted.[21]
  • 2005 - Population: 3,533,000 (urban agglomeration).[22]
  • 2007
    • Feira Internacional de Luanda (international fair) established.[23]
    • January: Flooding.[24]
    • Edificio GES, Edificio Sonangol, and Torres Atlantico towers built.
  • 2011 - Intercontinental Hotel built.
  • 2012 - Kilamba housing development built near city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Catarina Madeira Santos (2008). "Luanda". In Liam Matthew Brockey. Portuguese Colonial Cities in the Early Modern World. Ashgate. ISBN 9780754663133. 
  2. ^ Roquinaldo Amaral Ferreira (2012), Cross-cultural exchange in the Atlantic world: Angola and Brazil during the era of the slave trade, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521863308 
  3. ^ Joseph C. Miller (1974). "The Archives of Luanda, Angola". International Journal of African Historical Studies 7. 
  4. ^ a b c José C. Curto; Raymond R. Gervais (2001). "The Population History of Luanda during the Late Atlantic Slave Trade, 1781-1844". African Economic History 29. 
  5. ^ a b c d José C. Curto (1999). "Anatomy of a Demographic Explosion: Luanda, 1844-1850". International Journal of African Historical Studies 32. 
  6. ^ a b "Historia" (in Portuguese). Banco Nacional de Angola. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  7. ^ a b World Guide to Libraries (25th ed.), De Gruyter Saur, 2011, ISBN 9783110230710 
  8. ^ "Palácio de Ferro". Heritage of Portuguese Influence. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "Luanda (Luanda, Angola) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Loanda", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  11. ^ C. Salvador; C. Rodrigues (2011), "Colonial Architecture in Angola", in Fassil Demissie, Colonial architecture and urbanism in Africa, UK: Ashgate, ISBN 9780754675129 
  12. ^ Russel G. Hamilton (1986). "Class, Race, and Authorship in Angola". In Georg M. Gugelberger. Marxism and African literature. Africa World Press. ISBN 0865430314. 
  13. ^ "O Museu: Historial". Museu Nacional de História Natural. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "Petroleum in Angola". Luanda: Sonangol. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "Angola". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 1857431839. 
  16. ^ a b "Luanda, Angola". SIBMAS International Directory of Performing Arts Collections and Institutions. International Association of Libraries and Museums of the Performing Arts. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "A Cinemateca" (in Portuguese). Luanda: Cinemateca Nacional de Angola. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  18. ^ J. Girod, ed. (1994). L'énergie en Afrique: la situation énergétique de 34 pays de l'Afrique subsaharienne et du Nord (in French). Karthala. ISBN 2865375498. 
  19. ^ "LAC 20 Anos" (in Portuguese). Luanda Antena Comercial. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c d W. Martin James (2011), Historical Dictionary of Angola (2nd ed.), USA: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 9780810871939 
  22. ^ a b "The State of African Cities 2010: Governance, Inequalities and Urban Land Markets". United Nations Human Settlements Programme. 2010. 
  23. ^ "Quem Somos" (in Portuguese). Feira Internacional de Luanda. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "Dozens die in Angola flash floods". BBC News. 25 January 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  25. ^ "Deadly stampede at Pope speech". BBC News. 21 March 2009. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 

This article incorporates information from the Portuguese Wikipedia.

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century
  • Richard Brookes (1820), "Loanda", The General Gazetteer (17th ed.), London: F.C. and J. Rivington 
  • "Loanda". Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon (in German) (14th ed.). Leipzig: Brockhaus. 1898. 
Published in the 20th century
  • C. R. Boxer (1965), Portuguese society in the tropics: the municipal councils of Goa, Macao, Bahia, and Luanda, 1510-1800, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, OCLC 518169 
  • Ilidio do Amaral (1968). Luanda: estudo de geografia urbana (in Portuguese). Lisboa. 
  • David Birmingham (1988). "Carnival at Luanda". Journal of African History 29. 
  • M.C. Mendes (1988). "Slum Housing in Luanda". In Robert A. Obudho and Constance C. Mhlanga. Slum and squatter settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa: toward a planning strategy. Praeger. 
  • Christine Messiant (1989). "Luanda 1945-1961: colonises, societe coloniale et engagement nationaliste". In M. Cahen. Bourgs et Villes en Afrique Lusophone (in French). 
  • L. Colaco (1992). "Luanda: Contexto Demografico e Desigualdades Espaciais". Cadernos Populacao e Desenvolvimento (in Portuguese) 1. 
  • José C. Curto (1992). "A Quantitative Reassessment of the Legal Portuguese Slave Trade from Luanda, Angola, 1710-1830". African Economic History 20. 
  • P. Jenkins et al. (1992). "City Profile: Luanda". Cities 19. 
Published in the 21st century
  • Marissa J. Moorman (2004). "Dueling Bands and Good Girls: Gender, Music, and Nation in Luanda's Musseques, 1961-1974". International Journal of African Historical Studies 37. 
  • Marissa Moorman (2004). "Putting on a Pano and Dancing Like Our Grandparents: Nation and Dress in Late Colonial Luanda". In Jean Allman. Fashioning Africa: Power and the Politics of Dress. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253111043. 
  • Cristina Udelsmann Rodrigues (2007). "From Family Solidarity to Social Classes: Urban Stratification in Angola (Luanda and Ondjiva)". Journal of Southern African Studies 33. 

External links[edit]