Timeline of Luanda

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Luanda, Angola.

16th-18th centuries[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Toyin Falola and Amanda Warnock, ed. (2007). "Chronology". Encyclopedia of the Middle Passage. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-33480-1. 
  2. ^ a b c Catarina Madeira Santos (2008). "Luanda". In Liam Matthew Brockey. Portuguese Colonial Cities in the Early Modern World. Ashgate. ISBN 9780754663133. 
  3. ^ Roquinaldo Amaral Ferreira (2012), Cross-cultural exchange in the Atlantic world: Angola and Brazil during the era of the slave trade, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521863308 
  4. ^ a b c W. Martin James (2011), "Chronology", Historical Dictionary of Angola (2nd ed.), USA: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 9780810871939 
  5. ^ Joseph C. Miller (1974). "The Archives of Luanda, Angola". International Journal of African Historical Studies 7. 
  6. ^ a b c José C. Curto; Raymond R. Gervais (2001). "The Population History of Luanda during the Late Atlantic Slave Trade, 1781-1844". African Economic History 29. JSTOR 3601706 – via New York Public Library. 
  7. ^ a b c d José C. Curto (1999). "Anatomy of a Demographic Explosion: Luanda, 1844-1850". International Journal of African Historical Studies 32. JSTOR 220347. 
  8. ^ a b "Historia" (in Portuguese). Banco Nacional de Angola. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b World Guide to Libraries (25th ed.), De Gruyter Saur, 2011, ISBN 9783110230710 
  10. ^ Russell G. Hamilton (1975). Voices from an Empire: A History of Afro-Portuguese Literature. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 978-0-8166-5781-0. 
  11. ^ "Palácio de Ferro". Heritage of Portuguese Influence. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "Luanda (Luanda, Angola) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Loanda", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  14. ^ "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Angola". www.katolsk.no. Norway: Oslo katolske bispedømme (Oslo Catholic Diocese). Retrieved September 2014. 
  15. ^ C. Salvador; C. Rodrigues (2011), "Colonial Architecture in Angola", in Fassil Demissie, Colonial architecture and urbanism in Africa, UK: Ashgate, ISBN 9780754675129 
  16. ^ Russel G. Hamilton (1986). "Class, Race, and Authorship in Angola". In Georg M. Gugelberger. Marxism and African literature. Africa World Press. ISBN 0865430314. 
  17. ^ a b "Luanda". Heritage of Portuguese Influence. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. Retrieved September 2014. 
  18. ^ "O Museu: Historial". Museu Nacional de História Natural. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  19. ^ "Petroleum in Angola". Luanda: Sonangol. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "Angola: Directory: the Press". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2004. p. 62+. ISBN 1857431839. 
  21. ^ David Birmingham (2002). "Angola". In Patrick Chabal. History of Postcolonial Lusophone Africa. Indiana University Press. pp. 157–. ISBN 978-0-253-21565-9. 
  22. ^ a b "Luanda, Angola". SIBMAS International Directory of Performing Arts Collections and Institutions. International Association of Libraries and Museums of the Performing Arts. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  23. ^ "A Cinemateca" (in Portuguese). Luanda: Cinemateca Nacional de Angola. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  24. ^ Jacqueline Audrey Kalley et al., ed. (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-30247-3. 
  25. ^ J. Girod, ed. (1994). L'énergie en Afrique: la situation énergétique de 34 pays de l'Afrique subsaharienne et du Nord (in French). Karthala. ISBN 2865375498. 
  26. ^ "Last Place of Cultural Dynamism in Luanda is No More". 14 April 2014 – via Global Voices. 
  27. ^ "LAC 20 Anos" (in Portuguese). Luanda Antena Comercial. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  28. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c d W. Martin James (2011), Historical Dictionary of Angola (2nd ed.), USA: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 9780810871939 
  30. ^ a b The State of African Cities 2010: Governance, Inequalities and Urban Land Markets. United Nations Human Settlements Programme. 2010. 
  31. ^ "Quem Somos" (in Portuguese). Feira Internacional de Luanda. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  32. ^ "Dozens die in Angola flash floods". BBC News. 25 January 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "Deadly stampede at Pope speech". BBC News. 21 March 2009. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  34. ^ "Angola Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved September 2014. 
  35. ^ a b "The State of African Cities 2014". United Nations Human Settlements Programme. ISBN 978-92-1-132598-0. Retrieved September 2014. 
  36. ^ a b Andreas Mehler et al., ed. (2013). "Angola". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2012 9. Koninklijke Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-25600-2. 
  37. ^ "(Luanda)". City Lab. USA: The Atlantic. Retrieved September 2014. 

This article incorporates information from the Portuguese Wikipedia.

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century
  • Richard Brookes (1820), "Loanda", The General Gazetteer (17th ed.), London: F.C. and J. Rivington 
  • "Loanda". Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon (in German) (14th ed.). Leipzig: Brockhaus. 1898. 
Published in the 20th century
  • C. R. Boxer (1965), Portuguese society in the tropics: the municipal councils of Goa, Macao, Bahia, and Luanda, 1510-1800, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, OCLC 518169 
  • Ilidio do Amaral (1968). Luanda: estudo de geografia urbana (in Portuguese). Lisboa. 
  • David Birmingham (1988). "Carnival at Luanda". Journal of African History 29. 
  • M.C. Mendes (1988). "Slum Housing in Luanda". In Robert A. Obudho and Constance C. Mhlanga. Slum and squatter settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa: toward a planning strategy. Praeger. 
  • Christine Messiant (1989). "Luanda 1945-1961: colonises, societe coloniale et engagement nationaliste". In M. Cahen. Bourgs et Villes en Afrique Lusophone (in French). 
  • L. Colaco (1992). "Luanda: Contexto Demografico e Desigualdades Espaciais". Cadernos Populacao e Desenvolvimento (in Portuguese) 1. 
  • José C. Curto (1992). "A Quantitative Reassessment of the Legal Portuguese Slave Trade from Luanda, Angola, 1710-1830". African Economic History 20. 
  • P. Jenkins et al. (1992). "City Profile: Luanda". Cities 19. 
Published in the 21st century

External links[edit]