Timeline of Mexican history

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This is a timeline of Mexican history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Mexico and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Mexico. See also the list of heads of state of Mexico and list of years in Mexico.

15th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1492 12 October Christopher Columbus landed in America.

16th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1520 21 May The massacre in the Main Temple: Spanish soldiers killed a group of Aztec nobles in the Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan during the celebration of Toxcatl.
29 June Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire: Moctezuma II, the tlatoani of Tenochtitlan and ruler of the Aztec Triple Alliance, was killed.
30 June La Noche Triste: The Spaniard Hernán Cortés lost several hundred men in a fighting escape from Tenochtitlan.
7 July Battle of Otumba: Combined Spanish and Tlaxcala forces seriously defeated a vastly superior Aztec force at Otumba de Gómez Farías.
1521 13 August Fall of Tenochtitlan: Tenochtitlan was taken by Spanish forces. The tlatoani Cuauhtémoc was taken prisoner.

18th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1713 11 April War of the Spanish Succession: The Treaty of Utrecht was signed, under which Great Britain, Savoy, Portugal and the United Provinces recognized Philip V of Spain of the House of Bourbon as king of Spain, ending the war. In exchange, Philip renounced the right to pass the throne to his heirs.
1724 15 January Philip abdicated in favor of his son Louis I of Spain.
31 August Louis died of smallpox.
1767 June The Society of Jesus was expelled from New Spain.
1776 The autonomous Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas was established under Teodoro de Croix in the northern provinces of New Spain.

19th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1810 16 September Grito de Dolores: The Catholic priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla encouraged his congregation to revolt against the Spanish crown in a speech made at Dolores.
30 October Battle of Monte de las Cruces: Insurgent forces under Hidalgo and Ignacio Allende defeated Spanish troops at Ocoyoacac.
1821 21 February Mexican War of Independence: The Spanish colonel Agustín de Iturbide and the insurgent leader Vicente Guerrero together issued the Plan of Iguala at a meeting in Iguala, under which Mexico was to become an independent, Catholic constitutional monarchy.
24 February Mexican War of Independence: The armies under Iturbide and Guerrero were consolidated into Iturbide's control in the Army of the Three Guarantees.
24 August Mexican War of Independence: Iturbide and Spanish viceroy Juan O'Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, recognizing the independence of Mexico in personal union with Spain.

20th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1917 5 February Mexican Revolution: The current constitution of Mexico was approved by a constituent assembly in Querétaro.
1968 2 October Tlatelolco massacre: The government fired on a crowd of student protesters in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Mexico City, killing between thirty and three hundred.
1985 19 September 1985 Mexico City earthquake: An earthquake centered off the Pacific coast of Michoacán caused some ten thousand deaths and between three and four billion US$ in damage in Mexico City.
1988 6 July Mexican general election, 1988: Carlos Salinas de Gortari of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was elected president in a rigged election, with an official 51% of the vote. The PRI maintained its majority in the Chamber of Deputies.
1989 5 May Constituent parties of the National Democratic Front (FDN) established the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) under the leadership of Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas.

21st century[edit]

Year Date Event
2003 6 July Mexican legislative election, 2003: The PRI won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
2006 2 July Mexican general election, 2006: Felipe Calderón of the National Action Party (PAN) won the presidency with 36% of the vote. The PAN won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
30 July Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the PRD led hundreds of thousands in a protest against the election results at Zócalo in Mexico City.
2009 5 July Mexican legislative election, 2009: The PRI won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
2012 1 July Mexican general election, 2012: Enrique Peña Nieto of the PRI won the presidency with 39% of the vote. The PRI won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Mexico", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co.