Timeline of Mumbai history
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
up to 18th century
- 600 BC — First known permanent .
- 300 BC — Part of Ashokas Empire.
- 900 to 1300 — part of Hindu Silhara dynasty.
- 1343 — Part of the Gujarat sultanate.
- 1431 – Haji Ali Dargah built.
- 1508 — Francisco de Almeida sailed into the deep natural harbour.
- 1534 — Mumbai ceded to the Portuguese.
- 1661 — Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza brings Bom Bahia to King Charles II of England as part of her marriage dowry.
- 1668/1669 — British East India Company leased the seven islands of Mumbai from Charles II
- 1670 — First printing press imported to Mumbai by Parsi businessman Bhimji Parikh
- 1672 — Consecration of the first Tower of Silence and first Fire temple (Hirji Vachha Agiary, now defunct)
- 1675 — Population estimated to have risen to 60,000 from 10,000 in 1661.
- 1675 — The Mumba Devi temple built near the main landing site on the former Bori Bunder creek or inlet, against the north wall of the English Fort Saint George.
- 1709 — First attested private Parsi Adaran (in the home of Banaji Limji). Continues to be the oldest continuously-burning Zoroastrian fire in Mumbai (now in the Limji Agiary, Fort).
- 1735 — Start of shipbuilding industry (Wadia docks, Duncan docks)
- 1750 — Asia's first dry dock built by Lovji Wadia in Mumbai
- 1777 — First newspaper published in Mumbai by Rustom Kersaspjee
- 1801 – Siddhivinayak temple built at Prabhadevi.
- 19 June 1810 — HMS Minden floated, first Royal Navy ship built outside the British Isles and from the deck of which the Star Spangled Banner would be composed
- 1822 — First vernacular language newspaper in Mumbai, Mumbai Samachar published by Fardunjee Marzban. India's oldest newspaper still being published.
- 1838 — First edition of Mumbai Times and Journal of Commerce launched
- 1845 — Grant Medical College founded.
- 1846 — Mahim Causeway between Salsette and Mahim completed.
- 16 April 1853 — First railway line in India between Mumbai and Thane.
- 1854 — First cotton mill started.
- 1857 — University of Mumbai established.
- 1858 — The Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China opens its Mumbai branch.
- 1864 — The Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (later merged with other railways to form Western Railway) is extended to Mumbai.
- 1870 — Mumbai Port Trust formed.
- 1872 — Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation founded.
- 1885 — Indian National Congress formed at Gowalia Tank Maidan.
- 1887 — Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) established. First and only institute offering degree in engineering until 1960.
- 1890 — Robert Harris, 4th Baron Harris arrives to take over as Governor of the Presidency of Bombay.
- 1893 — Sectarian rioting between Hindus and Muslims.
- 1896 — Famine followed by break out of bubonic plague. Waldemar Haffkine begins plague research at Grant Medical College.
- 1897 — Haffkine announces plague vaccine, tests it on himself and on volunteers from Byculla Jail.
- 1897 - First ever gasoline motor-car in the Indian subcontinent brought to Bombay by Mr Forster of Crompton Greaves.
- 1899 – Bombay plague epidemic
- 1900 — By this year, 45 trains of Western Railway in each direction were carrying over one million passengers annually.
- 1908 — Franciscan Missionary Brothers, a German Missionary established St Francis D'Assisi High School in Borivali, west suburbs of Mumbai, India.
- 1911 — King George V and Queen Mary visit Mumbai. Gateway of India is built to commemorate their arrival.
- 1913 — Sydenham College established. The First College of Commerce in Asia.
- 12 January 1915 — Gandhi returns to India from South Africa at Mumbai.
- 1920 - Half of Mumbai [ Arthur road (Chinchpokli West)to Kalachauki (cotton green station), sewri station- Bharatmata (Lalbaug) ] united in Chinchpokli for Ganesh Festival. People came from all over Mumbai to Chinchpokli in Ganesh Festival.
- 22 January 1926 — King Edward Memorial Hospital inaugurated.
- 15 July 1926 — First motorised bus ran between Afghan Church and Crawford Market.
- 1928 — The first electric train runs between Churchgate and Borivali.
- 1930 — Mumbai Cricket Association established.
- 15 October 1932 — J. R. D. Tata flew from Karachi to Mumbai via Ahmedabad landing on a grass strip at Juhu paving the way for civil aviation in India.
- 1934 — UDCT established. First institute dedicated to research in Chemical Engineering in India.
- 1940 — reclamation of land that will become Nariman Point begins.
- 8 August 1942 — Quit India Movement declaration passed at Gowalia Tank Maidan.
- 14 April 1944 — Mumbai Harbour Explosion kills scores of people and hurls debris up to 3 km away.
- 1958 — IIT Bombay established in Powai.
- 1960 — "Flora Fountain incident": 105 Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti demonstrators killed in altercation with the police
- 1 May 1960 – Mumbai becomes the capital of newly formed Marathi-state Maharashtra.
- 31 March 1964 — Last tram made its journey from Bori Bundar to Dadar.
- 1982 January – Great Bombay Textile Strike started, by mill workers of Mumbai, under trade union leader Dutta Samant.
- December 1992 – January 1993 — Over 2000 people killed in Hindu-Muslim communal riots following the Babri Masjid destruction.
- 1993 — Serial bomb blasts across Mumbai, masterminded by underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, kill 300 and injure hundreds more.
- 1995 — Bombay renamed Mumbai. Subsequently University of Bombay renamed to University of Mumbai. 
- 26 July—1 August 2005 — Torrential July rains and flooding – the worst in 120 years – push the death toll to nearly 450. See 2005 Maharashtra floods.
- 30 June 2009 - Bandra-Worli Sea Link inaugurated.
- 12 March 1993 – Series of 13 bombs go off killing 257
- 27 January 2003 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 2
- 27 January 2003 – Bomb goes off on a bicycle in Vile Parle killing 1
- 14 March 2003 – Bomb goes off in a train in Mulund killing 10
- 28 July 2003 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 4
- 25 August 2003 – Two Bombs go off in cars near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar killing 50
- 11 July 2006 – Series of seven bombs go off in trains killing 207
- 26 November 2008 – November 2008 Mumbai Attacks more than 10 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, killing 164
- 13 July 2011 – Series of bombs go off killing 26
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