Timeline of Peshawar

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Peshawar, Pakistan.

Prior to 19th century[edit]

  • 127 CE - Purushapura becomes eastern capital of Buddhist kingdom Gandhara (approximate date).

19th century[edit]

  • 1851 - Peshawar cemetery established.[9]
  • 1867 - Municipality constituted.[11]
  • 1881 - Population: 79,982.[12]
  • 1891 - Population: 54,191.[11]

20th century[edit]

  • 1906 - Victoria Hall built.
  • 1909 - Ancient Buddhist Kanishka casket discovered by archaeologists in Shah-ji-Dheri near city.
  • 1925 - Khaiber railway built.[16]
  • 1932 - Khyber Mail newspaper begins publication.[18]
  • 1934 - Landsdowne cinema opens.[17]
  • 1936 - Radio station begins broadcasting.[19]
  • 1939 - Al Falah newspaper begins publication.[20]
  • 1941
    • Al-Jamiat-e-Sarhad newspaper begins publication.[20]
    • Population: 130,967.[6]
  • 1948 - City becomes capital of the Peshawar province.[2]
  • 1951 - Population: 114,000.[6]
  • 1958 - Amal newspaper begins publication.[20]
  • 1976 - Wahdat Pashto-language newspaper begins publication.
  • 1977 - Shahādat newspaper begins publication.[18]
  • 1981
    • Population: 555,000.[2]
    • Kacha Garhi refugee camp established near city.[21]
  • 1984 - Mujāhid Wulas newspaper begins publication.[18]
  • 1987 - Frontier Times in publication (approximate date).[18]
  • 1996 - Qalb-e-Asia Cultural Centre established.[21]
  • 1998 - Population: 982,816.[25]

21st century[edit]

  • 2008 - 5 December: Bombing.[26]
  • 2013 - 21 June: Bombing at Shiite mosque in Gulshan Colony.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edward Balfour (1885), "Peshawur", Cyclopaedia of India (3rd ed.), London: B. Quaritch 
  2. ^ a b c d e C.C. Davies; C.E. Bosworth (2007). "Peshawar". In C.E. Bosworth. Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. p. 426+. ISBN 9789004153882. 
  3. ^ Jocquim Hayward Stocqueler (1848), Oriental Interpreter and Treasury of East India Knowledge, London: C. Cox, OCLC 3145677 
  4. ^ a b "Peshawar". Pakistan. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  5. ^ David Ross (1883), "Peshawar", The Land of the Five Rivers and Sindh: Sketches Historical and Descriptive, London: Chapman and Hall 
  6. ^ a b c Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, OL 6112221M 
  7. ^ "The Life and times of Peshawar's Kaka Ram". Qissa Khwani. 21 June 2012. "Originally published by The News on Sunday, 17 June 2012" 
  8. ^ Memorandum of the Improvements in the Administration of India During the Last Thirty Years: And the Petition of the East-India Company to Parliament, 1858 
  9. ^ a b c d Directorate of Information Technology, Web Portal Management Cell. "About Us: Town & Places". Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Official Gateway to Government. Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Towns, Municipalities, and Contonments". Gazetteer of the Peshawar District. 1883. p. 287+. 
  11. ^ a b c "Peshawar City", Imperial Gazetteer of India (New ed.), Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908 
  12. ^ Edward Thornton (1886), "Peshawar", in Roper Lethbridge and Arthur N. Wollaston, Gazetteer of the Territories under the Government of the Viceroy of India, London: W. H. Allen & Co., OCLC 710600 
  13. ^ "Forgotten in the ‘lost-and-found’ of our heritage". Daily Times. 6 May 2006. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Peshawar", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  15. ^ Schellinger and Salkin, ed. (1996). "Peshawar". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 669+. ISBN 9781884964046. 
  16. ^ "Peshawar". Encyclopaedia of Islam. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 1927. OCLC 39715711. 
  17. ^ a b "Curtain going down on cinema culture in Peshawar". Daily Times. Pakistan. 2 February 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Peshawar (Pakistan) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "Bollywood's Shah Rukh Khan, Dilip Kumar and the Peshawar club". BBC News. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Pakistan". Far East and Australasia 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. p. 1160+. ISBN 9781857431339. 
  21. ^ a b c d Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (2006), Afghans in Peshawar: Migration, settlements and social networks, Case Study Series, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, retrieved 17 August 2013 
  22. ^ "Peshawar a hot-bed of spies and plotters". New Sunday Times. Malaysia. 2 November 1980. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  23. ^ "Nishtar Hall to host musical concert today after five years". Daily Times (Lahore). May 27, 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  24. ^ Andrew Wander (12 July 2008). "A history of terror: Al-Qaeda 1988-2008". The Observer. UK: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  25. ^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  26. ^ Farhan Janjua (5 December 2008). "Pakistan: Deadly Bomb Blast in Peshawar". Global Voices. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  27. ^ "Taliban attack the tomb of Rahman Baba in Peshawar". Let Us Build Pakistan. 8 March 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  28. ^ "Pakistan Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  29. ^ "Bomb blast hits Pakistan protest". Al Jazeera English. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  30. ^ "Closure: Final page turns on Saeed Book Bank Peshawar". Express Tribune. Karachi. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century
  • Edward Thornton (1844), "Peshawer", Gazetteer of the Countries Adjacent to India on the Northwest, London: W.H. Allen, OCLC 6141828 
Published in the 20th century
  • The Punjab, its Feudatories, and the North-West Frontier Province. Census of India, 1901. 17, Part 2. Simla. 1902.  Part 1
  • "Peshawar", A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon (8th ed.), London: J. Murray, 1911 
  • Peshawar District Gazetteer, Lahore, 1933 
  • Ahmad Hasan Dani (1969). Peshawar, Historic City of the Frontier. Peshawar. OCLC 556485417. 
Published in the 21st century
  • Maneesha Tikekar (2004), "Peshawar", Across the Wagah: an Indian's sojourn in Pakistan, New Delhi: Promilla & Co. in association with Bibliophile South Asia, New Jersey, ISBN 8185002347 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°01′00″N 71°35′00″E / 34.016667°N 71.583333°E / 34.016667; 71.583333