Timeline of Republic of China history
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a timeline of the History of the Republic of China on mainland China (1912–1949).
Twentieth century 
- 1911: Wuchang Uprising.
- 1911: Flag of the Republic of China "Five-Colored Flag" selected as the national flag by the provisional senate.
- 1912: Sun Yat-sen elected First Provisional President of the ROC by delegates from independent provinces.
- 1912: Last emperor of China Puyi forced to abdicate.
- 1915: Twenty-One Demands.
- 1916: Yuan Shikai dies.
- 1919: Treaty of Versailles is established.
- 1919: May Fourth Movement.
- 1924: Whampoa Military Academy established.
- 1925: Sun Yat-sen dies, National Revolutionary Army founded.
- 1926: beginning of the Northern Expedition.
- 1927: Shanghai massacre, beginning of the Chinese Civil War.
- 1928: end of the Northern Expedition, Flag of the Republic of China "Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth" flag adopted as the nation's official flag.
- 1931: Mukden Incident
- 1932: Manchukuo
- 1933: Tanggu Truce
- 1935: He-Umezu Agreement
- 1935: East Hebei Autonomous Council
- 1936: Xi'an Incident.
- 1937: Marco Polo Bridge Incident.
- 1937: Second Sino-Japanese War.
- 1937: Tungchow Mutiny
- 1937: Nanking Massacre
- 1943: USA repeals the Chinese Exclusion Act.
- 1945: Republic of China begins administrating Taiwan. Per treaty, the United States of America is the principal occupying power and the ROC/KMT is a subordinate occupying power.
- 1948: Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. P. C. Chang is among its authors.
- 1949: ROC moves its central government to Taiwan.
- 1952: San Francisco Peace Treaty comes into force. Japan renounces all right, title, and claim to Taiwan, but no "receiving country" is designated. The ROC claims to have formally acquired the territorial sovereignty over Taiwan and Penghu through peace treaties with Japan.
- 1952: Treaty of Taipei comes into force. Article 2 recognizes the disposition of Taiwan as specified in the San Francisco Peace Treaty.
- 1955: Mutual Defense Treaty with the United States comes into force. Article 6 recognizes the effective territorial control of the ROC over Taiwan.
- 1960: US President Dwight Eisenhower visited Taiwan.
- 1964: Shimen Dam, largest in Taiwan at the time, was completed.
- 1973: Zengwun Dam was completed.
- 1974: Techi Dam was completed.
- 1984: Junghua Dam was completed.
- 1986: Opposition political parties were allowed.
- 1987: Martial law was lifted.
- 1988: The restriction on newspapers was lifted.
- 1992: South Korea recognized People's Republic of China, severing ties with the Repubilc of China.
- 1995: The People's Republic of China test fired missiles to waters within 60 kilometers of Taiwan, followed by live fire military exercises, in an attempt to sway election results.
- 1996: The first direct vote election was held for the office of the President of the Republic of China. People's Republic of China again fired missiles near Taiwan in an act of intimidation.
- 1999: Construction began on Taipei 101, which was to be the tallest building in the world.
- 2004: Taipei 101, the tallest building in the world until 2011, was completed.