Timeline of United Nations peacekeeping missions

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The United Nations has authorized 63 peacekeeping missions as of February 2009. These do not include interventions authorized by the UN like the Korean War and the Gulf War. The 1990s saw the most UN peacekeeping operations to date.

1940s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
1948 Ongoing UN Truce Supervision Organization UNTSO To monitor Arab-Israeli ceasefire authorized in June 1948. The first UN peacekeeping mission
1949 Ongoing UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan UNMOGIP To monitor India-Pakistan ceasefire in Kashmir  

1950s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
1956 1967 UN Emergency Force I UNEF I To supervise withdrawal of troops from Suez Crisis First armed peacekeepers. Ended June 1967
1958 1958 UN Observation Group in Lebanon UNOGIL To prevent troops and weapons entering Lebanon during crisis Ended December 1958

1960s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
1960 1964 UN Operation in the Congo ONUC To prevent foreign intervention in and preserve territory of the Congo Ended June 1964
1962 1963 UN Security Force in West New Guinea (West Irian) UNSF Monitor ceasefire during transition of West Irian from Dutch rule to Indonesian Ended April 1963
1963 1964 UN Yemen Observation Mission UNYOM Supervise disengagement of Saudi Arabia and Egypt from Yemen's civil war Ended September 1964
1964 Ongoing UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus UNFICYP

Prevent conflict between Greek and Turkish Cypriots

 
1965 1966 Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican Republic DOMREP Monitor situation caused by rival governments in Dominican Republic Ended October 1966
1965 1966 UN India-Pakistan Observation Mission UNIPOM Supervise India-Pakistan ceasefire outside of Kashmir Ended March 1966

1970s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
1973 1979 UN Emergency Force II UNEF II Supervise withdrawal of forces from Sinai after Egypt, Syria and Israel battle. Ended July 1979
1974 Ongoing UN Disengagement Observer Force UNDOF Maintain ceasefire between Syria and Israel on the Golan Heights  
1978 Ongoing UN Interim Force in Lebanon UNIFIL Supervise Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon. Keep the international peace and security, and help the Lebanese Government restore its effective authority in the area.

1980s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
1988 1990 UN Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan UNGOMAP Enforce Afghanistan and Pakistan from mutual non-interference Ended March 1990
1988 1991 UN Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group UNIIMOG Supervise Iran-Iraq ceasefire Ended February 1991
1989 1991 UN Angola Verification Mission I UNAVEM I Supervise withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola Ended June 1991
1989 1990 UN Transition Assistance Group UNTAG Supervise Namibia's elections and transition to independence Ended March 1990
1989 1992 UN Observer Group in Central America ONUCA Monitor ceasefire in Nicaragua Ended January 1992

1990s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
1991 2003 UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission UNIKOM Enforce Kuwait-Iraqi border after Gulf War Ended 2003
1991 1995 UN Angola Verification Mission II UNAVEM II Enforce ceasefire in Angolan civil war Ended February 1995
1991 1995 UN Observer Mission in El Salvador ONUSAL Enforce ceasefire in El Salvador civil war Ended April 1995
1991 Ongoing UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara MINURSO Implement ceasefire and help promote referendum on area's future  
1991 1992 UN Advance Mission in Cambodia UNAMIC Prepare way for UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia Ended March 1992
1992 1995 UN Protection Force UNPROFOR and UNPREDEP[1] Protect area of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Republic of Macedonia restructured December 1995
1992 1993 UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia UNTAC Assist reorganization of Cambodia Ended September 1993
1992 1993 UN Operation in Somalia I UNOSOM I Enforce ceasefire, reorganized as Unified Task Force (UNITAF[2]) Replaced March 1993 by UNOSOM II
1992 1993 UN Observer Mission to Verify the Referendum in Eritrea UNOVER Monitor referendum for independence of Eritrea from Ethiopia Ended April 1993
1992 1994 UN Operation in Mozambique ONUMOZ Monitor ceasefire in Mozambique's civil war Ended December 1994
1993 1995 UN Operation in Somalia II UNOSOM II Stabilize Somalia and assist humanitarian efforts Ended March 1995
1993 1994 UN Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda UNOMUR To enforce ceasefire between Rwanda and rebel group based in Uganda Ended September 1994
1993 2009 UN Observer Mission in Georgia UNOMIG Enforce ceasefire between Georgia and Abkhaz separatists Russia vetoed extension in June 2009
1993 1996 UN Observer Mission in Liberia UNOMIL Monitor ceasefire and elections in Liberia Ended September 1997
1993 1996 UN Mission in Haiti UNMIH Stabilize Haiti after coup overturned Ended June 1996
1993 1996 UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda UNAMIR Monitor ceasefire, and after Rwanda genocide, to promote relief efforts Ended March 1996
1994 1994 UN Aouzou Strip Observer Group UNASOG Monitor Libya's withdrawal from disputed territory given by International Court of Justice to Chad Ended June 1994
1994 2002 UN Mission of Observers in Tajikistan UNMOT Monitor ceasefire in Tajikistan civil war Ended May 2000
1995 1997 UN Angola Verification Mission III UNAVEM III Monitor ceasefire and disarmament Ended June 1997, but follow-up mission MONUA
1995 1996 UN Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia UNCRO Attempts to implement ceasefire Ended January 1996
1995 1999 UN Preventive Deployment Force UNPREDEP Replaced UNPROFOR in Macedonia and monitored border with Albania. Ended February 1999
1995 2002 UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina UNMIBH Monitor human rights, demining, relief Ended 31 December 2002
1996 1998 UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium UNTAES Supervises integration of region into Croatia Ended January 1998
1996 2002 UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka UNMOP Monitor demilitarization of the Prevlaka peninsula, Croatia Ended December 2002
1996 1997 UN Support Mission in Haiti UNSMIH Modernize police and army of Haiti Ended July 1997
1997 1997 UN Verification Mission in Guatemala MINUGUA Monitor ceasefire in Guatemala's civil war Ended May 1997
1997 1999 UN Observer Mission in Angola MONUA Monitoring ceasefire and disarmament Ended February 1999
1997 1997 UN Transition Mission in Haiti UNTMIH Help stabilize Haiti Ended November 1997
1997 2000 UN Civilian Police Mission in Haiti MIPONUH Modernize Haiti's police forces Ended March 2000
1998 1998 UN Civilian Police Support Group UNPSG Monitor Croatian police Ended October 1998
1998 2000 UN Mission in the Central African Republic MINURCA Maintaining security and stability in Central African Republic Ended February 2000
1998 1999 UN Observer Mission in Sierra Leone UNOMSIL Monitor disarmament and demobilization in Sierra Leone Ended October 1999
1999 Ongoing UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo UNMIK Exercise administrative authority, including administration of justice in Kosovo  
1999 2005 UN Mission in Sierra Leone UNAMSIL Help stabilize and disarm Sierra Leone Ended December 2005
1999 1999 UN Mission in East Timor UNAMET To oversee popular consultation on political relation to Indonesia Ended 1999, See UNTAET the follow-up mission.
1999 2002 UN Transitional Administration in East Timor UNTAET Transition East Timor to independence Ended May 2002. See UNMISET the follow-up mission.
1999 Ongoing UN Peacebuilding Support Office in Guinea-Bissau UNOGBIS Facilitate elections in Guinea-Bissau and implementation of the Abuja Agreement
1999 2010 UN Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo MONUC Monitor ceasefire in Democratic Republic of the Congo Ended June 2010. See MONUSCO the follow-up mission.
  1. ^ - not counted as separate missions by the UN DPKO, linked below
  2. ^ - not counted as separate missions by the UN DPKO, linked below

2000s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
2000 2008 UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea UNMEE Enforce ceasefire between Ethiopia and Eritrea Ended July 2008 after both Eritrea (forced out UN troops) and Ethiopia (refused to accept ICJ ruling on the border) refused to cooperate
2002 2005 United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor UNMISET To ensure security and stabilise the nascent state during the post-independence period. Ended May 2005
2003 Ongoing United Nations Mission in Liberia UNMIL Oversee ceasefire and train national police.  
2004 Ongoing United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire UNOCI Facilitate implementation of peace process  
2004 Ongoing United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti MINUSTAH Return stability to Haiti  
2004 2006 United Nations Operation in Burundi ONUB To help implement the Arusha accords ended December 2006, replaced by BINUB
2005 Ongoing United Nations Mission in the Sudan UNMIS To support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, perform certain functions relating to humanitarian assistance, and protection and promotion of human rights  
2006 2012 United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste UNMIT To support the Government in consolidating stability, enhancing a culture of democratic governance, and facilitating political dialogue among Timorese stakeholders, in their efforts to bring about a process of national reconciliation and to foster social cohesion  
2007 Ongoing United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur UNAMID To monitor arms trade and shipping, to cause and keep a ceasefire  
2007 2010 United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad MINURCAT ended December 2010 due to opposition by Canadian government

2010s[edit]

Start End Name Acronym Purpose Comment
2010 Ongoing UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo MONUSCO Monitor ceasefire in Democratic Republic of the Congo  
2011 Ongoing UN Interim Security Force for Abyei UNISFA Monitor ceasefire in Abyei  
2011 Ongoing UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan UNMISS Assist the new state of South Sudan  
2011 Ongoing UN Support Mission in Libya UNSMIL Assist the state of Libya  
2012 2012 UN Support Mission in Syria UNSMIS Monitor the ceasefire agreement in Syria  

See also[edit]

External links[edit]