Timeline of agriculture and food technology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Neolithic Revolution[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

  • 2600 BC – Large-scale commercial timbering of cedars in Phoenicia (Lebanon) for export to Egypt and Sumeria. Similar commercial timbering in South India.
  • 1700 BC – Wind powered machine developed by Babylonians
  • 1300 BC – Creation of canal linking the Nile delta to the Red Sea
  • 691 BC – First aqueduct (approx. 50 miles long) constructed to bring water to Nineveh.
  • 530 BC – Tunnel of Eupalinos first underground aqueduct
  • 500 BC – The moldboard iron plough is invented in China
  • 500 BC – Row cultivation of crops using intensive hoeing to weed and conserve moisture practised in China
  • 300 BC – Efficient trace harness for plowing invented in China
  • 200 BC – Efficient collar harness for plowing invented in China
  • 100 BC – Rotary winnowing fan invented in China
  • 100 BC – The multi-tube seed drill is invented in China
  • AD 200 – The fishing reel invented in China
  • 600 – The distillation of alcohol in China
  • 607 – The Chinese begin constructing a massive canal system to connect the Yellow and Yangtze rivers

Arab Agricultural Revolution[edit]

British Agricultural Revolution[edit]

Green Revolution[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Céide Fields. Visitor Centre Ballycastle, County Mayo, Ireland.
  2. ^ Ahmad Y Hassan, Donald Routledge Hill (1986). Islamic Technology: An illustrated history, p. 54. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-42239-6.
  3. ^ Donald Routledge Hill, "Mechanical Engineering in the Medieval Near East", Scientific American, May 1991, p. 64-69. (cf. Donald Routledge Hill, Mechanical Engineering)
  4. ^ Levey, M. (1973), ‘ Early Arabic Pharmacology’, E. J. Brill; Leiden
  5. ^ Hassan, Ahmad Y. "Alcohol and the Distillation of Wine in Arabic Sources". History of Science and Technology in Islam. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  6. ^ a b c d Adam Lucas (2006), Wind, Water, Work: Ancient and Medieval Milling Technology, p. 65. BRILL, ISBN 90-04-14649-0.
  7. ^ Donald Routledge Hill (1996), "Engineering", p. 781, in (Rashed & Morelon 1996, pp. 751–95)
  8. ^ Juliette Rossant (2005), The World's First Soft Drink, Saudi Aramco World, September/October 2005, pp. 36-9
  9. ^ The World's First Soft Drink. 1001 Inventions, 2006.
  10. ^ Jairus Banaji (2007), "Islam, the Mediterranean and the rise of capitalism", Journal Historical Materialism 15 (1), pp. 47–74, Brill Publishers.
  11. ^ Andrew M. Watson (1974), "The Arab Agricultural Revolution and Its Diffusion, 700–1100", The Journal of Economic History 34 (1), pp. 8–35.
  12. ^ Elias H. Tuma (1987), "Agricultural Innovation in the Early Islamic World: The Diffusion of Crops and Farming Techniques, 700–1100 by Andrew M. Watson", The Journal of Economic History 47 (2), pp. 543–4.
  13. ^ Thomas F. Glick (1977), "Noria Pots in Spain", Technology and Culture 18 (4), pp. 644–50.
  14. ^ J. H. Galloway (1977), "The Mediterranean Sugar Industry", Geographical Review 67 (2), pp. 177–94.
  15. ^ Donald Routledge Hill (1996), "Engineering", p. 783, in (Rashed & Morelon 1996, pp. 751–95)
  16. ^ Donald Routledge Hill (1996), "Engineering", p. 759, in (Rashed & Morelon 1996, pp. 751–95)
  17. ^ Ahmad Y Hassan, Flywheel Effect for a Saqiya, History of Science and Technology in Islam
  18. ^ Adam Lucas (2006), Wind, Water, Work: Ancient and Medieval Milling Technology, p. 62. BRILL, ISBN 90-04-14649-0.
  19. ^ Donald Routledge Hill (1996), "Engineering", p. 774, in (Rashed & Morelon 1996, pp. 751–95)
  20. ^ Ahmad Y Hassan. The Origin of the Suction Pump – Al-Jazari 1206 A.D. History of Science and Technology in Islam.
  21. ^ Donald Routledge Hill (1996), "Engineering", p. 771, in (Rashed & Morelon 1996, pp. 751–95)
  22. ^ Burns, Robert I. (1996), "Paper comes to the West, 800−1400", in Lindgren, Uta, Europäische Technik im Mittelalter. 800 bis 1400. Tradition und Innovation (4th ed.), Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag, pp. 413–422 (417f.), ISBN 3-7861-1748-9 
  23. ^ Donald Routledge Hill, "Engineering", p. 779, in (Rashed & Morelon 1996, pp. 751–95)
  24. ^ Hybrid rice for Food Security. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  25. ^ Moskin, Julia. (July 19, 2005). "Tattooed Fruit Is on Way". New York Times.

External links[edit]

History of Agricultural in India, Economic activities, Resources