Timeline of association football

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This page indexes the individual year in association football pages. Each year is annotated with one or more significant events as a reference point.


Pre 1870s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s - 2010s

Pre 1869s[edit]

The Cambridge Rules are created in 1848. Official referees appear for the first time in a football match, at a match held in Cheltenham in 1849, two in field and one in tribune.

Sheffield F.C., the first football club in the world, is founded in 1857. In 1857 the Sheffield Rules are also created.

British railway builders introduce football to Argentina. In 1860 the first non-British team in Europe was Lausanne Football and Cricket Club, of Switzerland. The Football Association is founded in 1863 (the first football association in the world), and it ratifies the original 14 rules of the game. In 1865 Nottingham Forest F.C. is founded. In 1865 Buenos Aires FC formed by British residents. The first ever football tournament, the Youdan Cup, is played by twelve Sheffield clubs in 1867; the Cromwell Cup, the second oldest football tournament in the world, takes place in 1868 with Sheffield Rules. Goal kicks are introduced in 1869.

1870s[edit]

First "goalkeepers", and passage from "dribbling game" to "passing game" is seen in club matches in Sheffield and London. The first international match arranged by the Football Association between England and Scotland on March 5, 1870 finishes in a 0-0 draw at the Kennington Oval in London. Combination Game developed by Royal Engineers AFC.

Charles William Alcock creates the Football Association Challenge Cup, the oldest cup tournament alive.

Scotland and England draw 0–0 in the first FIFA-recognized international football match, played at the West of Scotland Cricket Club. Wanderers beat Royal Engineers in the first FA Cup final. Kick corner and ball fixture is introduced by The Football Association. The first Welsh football club, Wrexham A.F.C., is founded. France introduced by English sailors playing in Le Havre and club formed.

The Scottish Football Association is founded. The offside law is changed so that an offside position is determined when the ball is played by a team-mate, rather than when it is received. Rangers F.C. is founded. Is defined the corner kick.

The FA authorizes referees to send players off for certain offences, and makes a rule requiring teams to change ends at halftime. The first shin pads are introduced. Aston Villa F.C. is founded.

The crossbar is introduced, replacing tape as the means of marking the top of the goal. Oxford University tour Germany and a number of German Universities take up the game (one of first countries to play under FA rules outside Britain).

Carlton Cricket Club (Canada) form football section and subsequently made tours of Britain.

The length of a match is set at 90 minutes.

Referees begin to use whistles. West Bromwich Albion are founded. Manchester United is founded as Newton Heath L&YR F.C. The first football match to be staged under electric floodlighting takes place at Bramall Lane, Sheffield, between two local representative teams. Everton Founded as St. Domingo's FC.[1]

Kjøbenhavns Boldklub introduces itself as the first sports club in continental Europe. Sunderland A.F.C is founded.

1880s[edit]

Irish Football Association founded. Clubs charge for admission Players paid lost wages and expenses (players still part-time). Manchester City F.C. founded.

Queens Park Rangers FC is founded. Tottenham Hotspur F.C. is founded. Burnley F.C. is founded. The first club in Uruguay formed by English professor at Montevideo University; another club later formed by British railway engineers. Two-handed throw-in introduced.

Coventry City FC is founded.

Played for the first time the British Home Championship, the oldest tournament for national teams: the Scotland national team emerged as winner. Leicester City F.C. is founded as Leicester Fosse.

The Football Association legalises professionalism. The first non-European international was contested on 28 November 1885, at Newark, New Jersey, between the USA and Canada, the Canadians winning 1-0. Arbroath beat Bon Accord 36-0 in the Scottish Cup, a record which stands to this day.

The FAs of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland formed the International Football Association Board. The Football Association introduces a 'cross tape' between goalposts as a precedent to the 'crossbar'. The referee and the captain player for each team are introduced . Arsenal FC is founded.

Hibernian F.C. won the Football World Championship against Preston North End Football Club, 2-1 in Edinburgh. The first football team in South America was founded, Gimnasia y Esgrima de La Plata, Argentina. British introduce football to Russia. Hamburger SV is founded.

Renton F.C. won the Football World Championship against West Bromwich Albion Football Club, 4-1 in Glasgow. The Football League, the world's first national football league competition, is founded in England by Aston Villa director William McGregor. Celtic F.C. is founded.

The Royal Dutch Football Association and Danish Football Association are founded, the Danish one is the first non-British European football association. The Football Alliance is formed as a rival to The Football League. The first football association not admitted to FIFA is formed: the Cornwall County Football Association. Rosario Central, FIFA classic club, is founded.

1890s[edit]

The IFA Premiership (Irish League) is formed (NIFL Premiership). The Scottish Football League is formed. Goal nets used for the first time.

The penalty kick is introduced. Liverpool engineer John Alexander Brodie invents the football net[2][3] Assistant referees are first introduced as linesmen. The first Oceanian football association is formed: the New Zealand Soccer. The first ever championship outside Britain take place in Argentina: AAF Championship. C.A. Peñarol, FIFA Classic Club, is founded.

The Football League introduces a second division. Liverpool F.C. and Newcastle United F.C. are founded. The first Asian football association is formed: the Football Association of Singapore. Argentina is the first country outside Britain to inaugurate national championship.

Argentine Football Association is founded, the first South American football association. The first Italian club football team is founded: Genoa Cricket and Football Club. F.C. Porto, FIFA Classic Club, is founded.

Referee in complete control of game.

Floriana FC of Malta is founded.

Sunderland A.F.C. won the Football World Championship against Hearts of Midlothian F.C., 5-3 in Edinburgh. The Belgian Football Association is founded. The Gibraltar Football Association is founded. Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, FIFA Classic Club, is founded.

Italy's first national championship is organised by the Italian Federation of Gymnastics. Played at the first Summer Olympics in Athens football as exhibition game. The match length is set to 90 minutes.

The Football League introduces automatic promotion and relegation between its two divisions. Italian giants Juventus F.C., FIFA Classic Club, was founded as Sport Club Juventus.

The Italian Football Federation is formed. CR Vasco da Gama and Standard de Liège are founded. Athletic Bilbao first club formed in Spain.

FC Barcelona, Club Nacional de Football and AC Milan, FIFA Classic Clubs, were founded. The number of a football team Is defined to be 11 players.

1900s[edit]

FC Bayern Munich and AFC Ajax, FIFA Classic Clubs, were founded. RCD Espanyol de Barcelona is founded. Asociación Uruguaya de Fútbol and German Football Association were founded. Borussia Mönchengladbach is founded. The first soccer club still alive in Brazil, Esporte Club Rio Grande is founded, on July 19. Società Podistica Lazio was founded on 9 January 1900 in Rome, officially changing name in 1925 Società Sportiva Lazio .

The match between Tottenham Hotspur F.C. and Hearts of Midlothian F.C. for the Football World Championship finish 0-0, in London. The first international match between South American national teams is played: Uruguay-Argentina 2-3. Club Atlético River Plate, FIFA Classic Club, is founded. C.F. Pachuca is founded. Czechoslovak Football Association and Hungarian Football Federation are founded.

Hearts of Midlothian F.C. won the Football World Championship against Tottenham Hotspur F.C., 3-1 in Edinburgh. 26 people die and over 500 are injured when a section of the terracing collapses after a Scotland-England British Home Championship match at Ibrox Park; five Spanish clubs compete for the first Copa del Rey; the first Brazilian football league, the Campeonato Paulista is won by São Paulo Athletic Club. Real Madrid, the FIFA 20th Century Club and FIFA Classic Club, was founded. The first North American football association (geographically South American but from ever affiliated to CONCACAF) is formed: the Guyana Football Federation. Olimpia Asunción, FIFA Classic Club, is founded. Fluminense Football Club is founded. Is defined the penalty area.

The first international match between non-British European national teams: Hungary-Bohemia 2-1. Beşiktaş J.K., Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense, Racing Club de Avellaneda and Atlético de Madrid, are founded.

FIFA is founded in Paris on 21 May. The first football association geographically in North America is formed: the Fédération Haïtienne de Football. S.L. Benfica, Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, FIFA Classic Clubs, and Argentinos Juniors were founded. Swedish Football Association is founded. Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) formed.

Galatasaray S.K. and Chelsea F.C. are founded. The Muratti Vase, the oldest tournament for FAs not admitted to FIFA, played for the first time, won by Guernsey; in this edition was played for the first time an international match between teams not admitted to FIFA too: Guernsey - Alderney 6-0. Club Atlético Boca Juniors, FIFA Classic Club, Estudiantes de La Plata, Club Atlético Independiente and Sport Club do Recife, FIFA Classic Club, are founded.

England join FIFA. Sporting Clube de Portugal is founded on 1 July.

Fenerbahçe S.K., Al-Ahly and Bradford Park Avenue A.F.C. are founded.

FC Internazionale, San Lorenzo de Almagro and Feyenoord Rotterdam, FIFA Classic Clubs, were founded. Manchester United are the champions of the Football League, their first of 18 domestic championships. For the first time, officially, is played a football tournament at the Summer Olympics in London, won by Great Britain team. Organized in Italy the Torneo Internazionale Stampa Sportiva, the first international football tournament for clubs, but not officially. Panathinaikos F.C. is founded.

Played for the first time in Italy the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy, considered officially the first international football tournament for clubs. R.S.C. Anderlecht is founded. Sport Club Internacional and Borussia Dortmund, are founded.

1910s[edit]

Club Atlético Vélez Sársfield and Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, FIFA Classic Clubs, are founded. The Copa Centenario Revolución de Mayo 1910 played in (and won by) Argentina, is the first South American Competition with more than two national teams, and is considered unofficially the first Copa América.

El Zamalek is founded. Anorthosis Famagusta is founded.

Goalkeepers banned from handling the ball outside their own penalty area. Santos FC, FIFA Classic Club, is founded.

Opposing players forced to stand at least ten yards away from a free kick. Royal Spanish Football Federation is founded. United States Soccer Federation is founded.

The oldest surviving club trophy soccer competition in the Americas, Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup is founded in the United States as National Challenge Cup and the Brooklyn Field Club (1898-1924) are crowned champions. Glentoran from Belfast win first ever European competition, the Vienna Cup. Brazilian Football Confederation is founded. Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras FIFA Classic Club is founded.

Uruguay win the first Copa América, held in Argentina. CONMEBOL is founded. Club América is founded.

Sport Clube União Torreense is founded.

Leeds United and Valencia CF are founded. The first African football association is formed: the Fédération Congolaise de Football-Association. French Football Federation. Polish Football Association is founded.

1920s[edit]

For the first time an African national team plays an international match, is also the first time that two national teams from two different continents play each other: Italy-Egypt 2-1, at the Summer Olympics in Belgium.

Cruzeiro Esporte Clube is founded. Egyptian Football Association is founded. The IFA Premiership (Irish League) is now the national league of Northen Ireland, following partition.

Bolton Wanderers defeat West Ham United in the first English FA Cup final played at Wembley Stadium, remembered as the White Horse Final because of the mounted police that kept spectators from encroaching onto the pitch.

Players allowed to score directly from a corner kick. For the first time a South American national team and a European national teams play each other: Uruguay-Yugoslavia 7-0, at the Summer Olympics in France. Uruguay wins the Gold Medal. For the first time an Oceanian national team plays an international match: Australia-Canada 3-2. Chinese Football Association is founded.

The offside rule is changed: a player is now onside if a minimum of two (instead of three) opposing players are between him and the goal line. Étoile Sportive du Sahel, Colo-Colo and Olympiacos F.C. are founded.

Huddersfield Town become the first team to win the Football League in three consecutive seasons. ACF Fiorentina and APOEL FC are founded.

FC Dynamo Kyiv, FIFA Classic Club, is founded. C.D.S.C. Cruz Azul is founded. Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación is founded. First League match broadcast on radio.

The Spanish Football League La Liga is formed. Its ten clubs include Real Madrid, FC Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao. Uruguay wins the Gold Medal for the second time in a row. Al-Ittihad (Jeddah) is founded.

Italian Football League Lega Calcio Serie A is formed. Goalkeepers have to stand still on their lines for penalty kicks. Spanish Football league, La Liga is formed

1930s[edit]

Thirteen teams enter the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The hosts beat Argentina 4–2 in the final. São Paulo is founded (January 25). Liga Deportiva Universitaria de Quito is founded.

Football is excluded from the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California due to the low popularity of the sport in the USA at the time.

Hosts Italy become the second World Cup winners, beating Czechoslovakia 2–1 in the final. For the first time an Asian national team plays an international match: Egypt-Palestine 7-1, for the qualification to the World Cup.

São Paulo is re-founded after a turbulent period (December 16); Deportivo Saprissa is founded.

The largest football crowd was recorded, 149,415 people turned up at Hampden Park, Glasgow to see Scotland play England[4]

Italy retain the 1938 World Cup in France, beating Hungary 4–2 in the final. Argentina and Uruguay boycott the tournament as it is held in Europe for the second successive time. First live TV transmission of FA Cup Final.

Shirt numbering is made compulsory.

1940s[edit]

Is organized for the first time by CCCF the CCCF Championship, won and hosted by Costa Rica.

Red Star Belgrade, FIFA Classic Club, is founded.

The Burnden Park Disaster kills 33 Bolton Wanderers fans. The PFC is formed. JS Kabylie is founded.

Is organized for the first time by NAFC the NAFC Championship in Cuba, won by Mexico. Atlético Nacional and FC Steaua București are founded.

CSKA Sofia is founded. Dinamo Bucureşti is founded.

The Superga air disaster kills 31 people, including 18 Torino players. Raja Casablanca is founded.

1950s[edit]

Uruguay win the 1950 FIFA World Cup held in Brazil, when they beat the hosts 2-1 in the final group match of the tournament, also known as the Maracanazo. Earlier in the same tournament, one of the biggest upsets in football history occurs, when the USA shocks England 1–0.

Use of white ball permitted. Played for the first time in Brazil the Copa Rio won by Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras considered, unofficially, the precursor of the Club World Cup, however is the first world tournament for clubs.

Hungary's revolutionary tactics help the Golden Team to win the football at the 1952 Summer Olympics. Is played for the first time the Panamerican Championship in Chile, won by Brazil.

England lose a home match for the first time, 6–3 to Hungary.

UEFA is founded in Basel, Switzerland; West Germany win the 1954 FIFA World Cup held in Switzerland (it was the first World Cup with a sponsor), coming back from 0-2 to win the final game 3-2 against Hungary, a match known as The Miracle of Bern; the Mighty Magyars go to Molineux Stadium and get beaten 3-2 after leading 2-0 at half time. This game was to set a foundation for the European Cup. Club Universidad Nacional is founded. Asian Football Confederation is founded.

First UEFA Champions League, won by Real Madrid. Played for the first time the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (won by Barcelona), considered the precursor of the UEFA Cup.

Real Madrid beat Stade de Reims-Champagne 4–3 in the first European Cup final, then UEFA Champions League; Stanley Matthews wins the first European Footballer of the Year award; first RAI TV's transmission match football Serie A in Italy from Fiorentina and SSC Napoli. The first Asian Cup is played in Hong Kong, won by Korea Republic. Saudi Arabia Football Federation is founded. Floodlighting used for first time at League match (Portsmouth). The "Ballon d'Or" is assigned for the first time.

CAF is founded; only three teams enter the first African Cup of Nations in Sudan, won by Egypt; in England the Busby Babes of Manchester United retain the Football League Championship. Al-Hilal is founded.

23 people, including eight Manchester United players, are killed in the Munich air disaster; Pelé and Garrincha star as Brazil win their first World Cup in Sweden, beating the hosts 5–2 in the final of the 1958 tournament.

Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. win their third league title in 6 years. Once Caldas is founded.

1960s[edit]

Real Madrid win their fifth consecutive European Cup. In France is played the first European Championship won by USSR. Is played for the first time the Intercontinental Cup, won by Real Madrid. Is played for the first time the Copa Libertadores won by C.A. Peñarol. First European Cup Winners' Cup.

CONCACAF is founded with the fusion of CCCF and NAFC; Benfica become the second team to win the European Cup, beating FC Barcelona 3–2 in the final. ACF Fiorentina wons the first edition of UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, and becomes the first Italian team to win an international title. Football Federation Australia is founded.

Brazil retain the 1962 World Cup, beating Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the final. Is organized for the first time the CONCACAF Champions League won by Club Deportivo Guadalajara. FIFA's membership reaches 100 members.

The West German national league Bundesliga is formed; Lev Yashin becomes the first goalkeeper to win European Footballer of the Year. The first CONCACAF Championship is played in El Salvador, won by Costa Rica.

Is organized for the first time the CAF Champions League won by Oryx Douala.

Dutch football team FC Twente is founded.

England win the 1966 World Cup as hosts, beating West Germany 4–2 in the final as Geoff Hurst becomes the first player to score a hat trick in the final. The OFC is founded.

Celtic become the first British club to win the European Cup, beating Internazionale 2–1 in the final. Flórián Albert became the first Hungarian player who win the European Golden Boot. Is played for the first time the AFC Champions League, won by Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C..

Manchester United win the European Cup ten years after the Munich air disaster killed eight of their players; Eusébio wins the inaugural Golden Boot award as the continent's top club scorer.

2000 die when El Salvador and Honduras declare war on each other following a World Cup qualifying match.

1970s[edit]

Brazil win their third World Cup in Mexico (the first national side to win the World Cup three times), the first ever held outside Europe and South America, beating Italy 4–1 in the 1970 World Cup final as their captain Pelé becomes the first player to win three World Cup medals. Yellow and red cards for expulsions and admonitions appear.

66 die in the second Ibrox disaster, The Brazilian National Championship First Season. First UEFA Cup. The Inter-Cities Fairs Cup is abolished. The first women international match was played in Hazebrouck on 17 April: France - Netherlands 4-0.

Rangers win the European Cup Winners' Cup. Tottenham Hotspur win the first UEFA Cup. AFC Ajax win the first edition of the UEFA Super Cup.

Ajax win the European Cup for the third consecutive season; Sunderland shock Leeds United 1-0 in the FA Cup final. The first OFC Nations Cup is organized and won by New Zealand.

Hosts West Germany win the 1974 World Cup, beating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final; Manchester United are relegated only six years after winning the European Cup.

Is organized for the first time in Hong Kong the AFC Women's Asian Cup won by New Zealand.

Bayern Munich win the European Cup for the third consecutive season. Iran national team win their third Asian Cup, all consecutive: a record who stands today.

Juventus become the first Italian club to win the UEFA Cup. The first FIFA U-20 World Cup is organized in Tunisia, and won by USSR.

Hosts Argentina win the 1978 World Cup, beating the Netherlands 3–1 in the final; Johann Cruyff refuses to play in the tournament.

Nottingham Forest lift their first European Cup in Munich, defeating Malmö 1-0 in the final.

1980s[edit]

West Germany defeats Belgium 2–1 to take the European Football Championship.

The Football League begins awarding three points for a win instead of two. In Uruguay, to celebrate the 50 years of the World Cup, the 1980 Mundialito is organized, won by Uruguay.

Italy win their third World Cup title after a wait of 44 years, defeating West Germany 3-1 in the final at Santiago Bernabeu Stadium, Madrid: for the first time countries from all continents played it. Aston Villa win the European Cup, beating Bayern Munich 1-0 in the final.

Aberdeen beat Real Madrid to win their first European Trophy, the European Cup Winners' Cup soon followed by defeating Hamburg to win the European Super Cup. The OFC Women's Championship is played for the first time in New Caledonia, won by New Zealand.

Michel Platini leads Juventus to the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, beating F.C. Porto in the final and the hosts France to the European Football Championship, beating Spain in the final; France also win the gold medal in the 1984 Olympic Games, beating Brazil in the final at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena. The UEFA Women's Championship is organized for the first time, won by Sweden.

The Bradford City stadium fire occurs at Valley Parade taking the lives of 56 people and injuring another 200 during Bradford City's fixture with Lincoln City; The Heysel Stadium disaster takes place in Brussels at the European Cup final between Liverpool and Juventus F.C., leading to English clubs being banned from European club competition; The Old Lady became the first club in the history of European football to have won all three major UEFA competitions after defeating reds 1-0 in the European Cup final. For the first time, an African squad wins a FIFA tournament, the World Championship Under 16, as Nigeria surprisingly defeat favourites West Germany 2-0 in China. On 8 December Juventus become the first—and remains the only at present—club in the world to have won all possible official continental competitions and the world title[5][6][7] after defeating Argentinos Juniors 6-4 (2-2 aet) in the Intercontinental Cup final at National Stadium in Tokyo.[8] Is organized for the first time the Artemio Franchi Trophy, won and hosted by France. Michel Platini won for the third consecutive time the Ballon d'Or (also known as European Footballer of the Year award), a record who stands still today.

The 1986 World Cup finals are played for the second time in Mexico, with Argentina defeating West Germany 3-2 for their second title at the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City; the tournament sees the dominance of Argentinian player Diego Maradona, scoring the infamous Hand of God goal, before his "Goal of the Century" solo dribble second goal, both in the quarterfinal against England. Alex Ferguson, the most decorated manager in English Football history, is appointed to be manager of Manchester United.

F.C. Porto win the European Cup for the first time after defeating Bayern Munich 2-1 in the final at Prater Stadium in Wien; in the second World Championship FIFA Under 16, the Soviet Union defeat Nigeria on penalties. Is played for the first time the OFC Champions League won by Adelaide City. Played for the first time an international match (friendly) between two women's teams not admitted to FIFA: Öland - Åland Islands 0-2.

The Netherlands, led by captain Ruud Gullit and top goal scorer Marco van Basten, defeat the Soviet Union 2–0 to win the Euro 1988 championship. Start of the FIFA Fair Play campaign. Former Zambian footballer, coach and current president of the Football Association of Zambia (FAZ)Kalusha Bwalya named African Footballer of the Year in 1988 by the magazine France Football.

The Hillsborough disaster occurs in Sheffield, England, before the FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest, resulting in the loss of 96 lives. A football tournament is played for the first time at the Island Games, by FAs not admitted to FIFA, hosted and won by Faroe Islands. Played in Miami, U.S.A., the Zenith Data Systems Challenge Trophy won by Arsenal FC against Independiente and considered as an unofficial World Club Championship. Saudi Arabia win the Under 17 FIFA World Cup: for the first tima an Asian team win a FIFA World Cup.

1990s[edit]

West Germany win the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Rome, Italy, defeating defending champion Argentina 1–0 in the final; "Waterloo Day" for Austrian football in Euro 92 qualifying at Landskrona, Sweden, where the Faroe Islands defeat Austria 1–0 in the former's first ever international match. The first black footballer to have a transfer of £1million, Justin Fashanu comes out as gay.

In the inaugural Women's World Cup held in China, the USA win 2–1 over Norway (for the first time a Northern American team win a World Cup). After being banned for six years, English clubs are again allowed to participate in competitions sponsored by UEFA. Diego Maradona is banned for 15 months in Italy's Serie A after testing positive for cocaine in a drug test. The CAF Women's Championship is played for the first time won by Nigeria. The CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup is played for the first time in Haiti, won by USA. The Sudamericano Femenino is played for the first time, the main CONMEBOL women's tournament, hosted and won by Brazil. The FIFA World Player of the Year is assigned for the first time.

The back-pass rule is applied, whereby a goalkeeper is no longer permitted to pick up or catch a ball played directly by a fellow team member's foot; In the final of Euro 92, Denmark surprisingly win 2-0 over Germany; Stadium Furiani disaster takes place in Bastia, Corsica; FA Premier League created as the top flight in English Football. Leeds United were champions of England. The first FIFA Confederations Cup is organized in Saudi Arabia, and won by Argentina.

Olympique de Marseille becomes the first French club to win the European Cup, newly renamed as the UEFA Champions League, defeating AC Milan 1–0 at the Olympiastadion in Munich. Marseille also win Ligue 1, but are stripped of the title due to a corruption scandal; 18 members of the Zambia national team die in a plane crash. Manchester United win the first FA Premier League title, their first of a record eleven titles. Brian Clough retires from his coaching role in Nottingham Forest after 18 years as coach.

In the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Brazil win their fourth title, defeating Italy on penalties in the final held at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California (the first World Cup Final to be decided on penalties). Manchester United coaching legend Matt Busby dies after a heart attack.

The second FIFA Confederations Cup is organized in Saudi Arabia, and won by Denmark. The Bosman ruling allows all footballers playing in the European Union and not under contract to freely change clubs, and also abolishes foreign player quotas with respect to EU nationals. Norway win the second FIFA Women's World Cup; Eric Cantona is suspended for six months by The FA for kicking Crystal Palace fan Matthew Simmons. Suwon Samsung Bluewings is founded.

Bayern Munich becomes the third club in the history of European football to have won all three major UEFA competitions after winning the UEFA Cup; In the Euro 96 final, Germany defeat the Czech Republic 2–1 with a golden goal from Oliver Bierhoff; Nigeria become the first African team to win the Olympic Tournament. Is played for the first time a football women's tournament at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, won by USA. Brazil get the world record of most consecutive matches without loss: 35 matches (equals in 2009 by Spain).

Helenio Herrera, legendary trainer of Inter in the 1960s dies.

In the 1998 FIFA World Cup final, France win 3-0 over Brazil at Stade de France to claim their first World Cup. Palestinian Football Federation is admitted to FIFA. The first openly gay footballer, Justin Fashanu commits suicide.

Manchester United win the Champions League, FA Cup and Premiership to cap off a historical "Treble", their manager, Alex Ferguson is Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his contribution to the game of football.; the USA, the hosting nation, defeat China in a penalty shootout to win the Women's World Cup in front of the largest crowd ever to witness a women's sporting event. Organized in Italy by UEFA the first continental tournament for regions: the UEFA Regions' Cup, won by Veneto. Mexico win the Confederation Cup: for the first time a male national team form Northern America win a FIFA tournament. Is abolished the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup.

2000s[edit]

France win their second European Championship title after beating Italy 2–1, with a golden goal in extra time; First FIFA Club World Cup, won by Sport Club Corinthians Paulista. FIFA Player of the Century, a one-off award created by FIFA to decide the greatest football player of the 20th century, was awarded to Pele and Diego Maradona, shared: the two men are both officially considered winners of this award.

Real Madrid sign playmaker Zinedine Zidane of Juventus in a world record transfer fee of 72 million euros; Colombia won the 40th edition of Copa América, held in Colombia. Is played for the first time a women's football tournament at the Island Games in Isle of Man, for FAs not admitted to FIFA, won by Faroe Islands. Australia national team beat American Samoa 31–0 in the World Cup Qualification, is the World Record in an international match, record which stands to this day.

Brazil set up a record fifth title in World Cup competition, the first ever world cup played in Asia (also the first World Cup outside Europe and the Americas), defeating Germany 2-0 in the 2002 FIFA World Cup final, Germany concede 2 goals in a match for the first time in that tournament, a result of Oliver Kahn's torn ligaments in his right ring finger. The first FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship is held in Canada, with the USA defeating the hosts in the final 1-0 on a golden goal in extra time.

Maldini makes football history by captaining AC Milan to a champions league victory, a feat his father did with AC Milan exactly 40 years before. Founded the NF-Board, the first international organization for FAs not admitted to FIFA. Rangers win their 50th League Championship. Latvia is the first football team from the Baltic states, which made its first appearance in a major football competition - Euro 2004.

Greece produce one of the shocks in football history and become surprise winners of the UEFA Euro 2004 football tournament, defeating the host nation Portugal 1-0 in the final. Waitakere United is founded. Arsenal completed the 2003-04 FA Premier League unbeaten.

The Champions League final in Istanbul sees Liverpool come back from a 0–3 half-time score to defeat A.C. Milan 3–2 in a penalty shootout, following a 3-3 draw. Also, a match-fixing scandal rocks German football, though it does not directly affect the First Bundesliga. Arsenal was named "The Invincibles" for their 49 league matches unbeaten run. The Australian A-League is launched in replacement of the 'NSL' to improve the quality of the game in the country.

2006 FIFA World Cup is held in Germany and won by Italy on a penalty kick shootout over France; Zinedine Zidane plays his last professional game in the final captaining France only to be sent off in extra time, Ronaldo beats gerd muller's record with 15 goals in world cup finals; a major match-fixing scandal erupts in Italy, with five Serie A teams implicated; Egypt record victory for the fifth time in the African Cup of Nations; the U-19 Women's World Championship increases its age limit to 20 effective with this year's event in Russia, won by Korea DPR. Played in Occitania (France) the first edition of VIVA World Cup, won by Sapmi. Organized also the other two world cups for unrecognized countries: the FIFI Wild Cup in Germany (the first World Cup for FAs not admitted to FIFA) and the ELF Cup in Northern Cyprus, both won by Northern Cyprus.

Brazil won the 42nd edition of Copa América, held in Venezuela; FIFA Women's World Cup is held in China and won by Germany. On 9 November Étoile Sportive du Sahel became the first African squad to have won all official club competition recognized by Confederation of African Football[9] after defeating Al-Ahly 3–1 in the CAF Champions League final in Susa (Tunisia). Founded the first continental confederation, in South America, for FAs not admitted to FIFA, the CSANF, and is affiliated to NF-Board. Emirates Cup is founded by Arsenal. The Venezuelan Primera División expand from 12 to 18 teams by FIFA and Conmebol recommendation using the new stadiums make to 2007 Copa América.

Spain win their second European Championship title after beating Germany 1–0. Manchester United accomplish a European Double by winning both the Champions League and the Premier League, moreover in December they also won the FIFA Club World Cup. Is played for the first time the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup in New Zealand, won by Korea DPR. Is played for the first time the Women's Viva World Cup, the first World Cup for women's national teams not affiliated to FIFA, hosted and won by Sapmi. Organized also the first Non-Fifa continental tournament: the Europeada in Europe, won by South Tyrol. Bradford Park Avenue A.F.C. win Unibond Division 1 North. CONCACAF Champions Cup is replaced by the CONCACAF Champions League, modelled after the UEFA Champions League expand his participant teams from 8 to 24. Abu Dhabi United Group purchase Manchester City F.C.. With excellent transfer funds made available, City turn from a mid-table club into one of Europe's top teams.

The FIFA Confederations Cup is won by Brazil and is held in South Africa (for the first time a FIFA tournament for senior national teams is held in Africa): for the first time an African side, Egypt, beat Italy (1-0, Group stage). The Spanish national team get two world records: most consecutive wins (15) and most matches without a loss (35, with Brazil). Is founded the IFU, International Football Union, an international football confederation for nations and territories not admitted to FIFA. On September, the International Federation of Football History & Statistics, an organization recognized by FIFA, has published a continental Clubs of 20th Century ranking. Within a year, Barcelona has won all 6 possible trophies they can get: La Liga, Copa del Rey, Supercopa de España, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Super Cup and FIFA Club World Cup (is a series of triumphs never happened before).

2010s[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ^ "Everton F.C. website". Everton F.C.. Retrieved 7 March 2010.
  2. ^ British Council history of football
  3. ^ Herbert, Ian (7 July 2000). "Blue plaque for man who invented football goal net". The Independent (London). Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  4. ^ Hampden, Scotland's National Stadium, About Hampden
  5. ^ In addition, Juventus F.C. were the first club in association football history to have won all possible confederation competitions (e.g. the international tournaments organised by UEFA) and remain the only in the world to achieve this, cf. "Legend: UEFA club competitions". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 21 August 2006. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
    "1985: Juventus end European drought". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 8 December 1985. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "FIFA Club World Championship TOYOTA Cup: Solidarity – the name of the game" (PDF). FIFA Activity Report 2005 (Zurich: Fédération Internationale de Football Association): 62. April 2004 – May 2005. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "We are the champions". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 2005-12-01. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  8. ^ "FIFA Classic Clubs: Juventus FC". fifa.com. Retrieved 15 December 2006. .
  9. ^ "African club competitions recognized by CAF". rsssf.com. Retrieved 23 March 2008. .