Timeline of computing 2000–09
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|History of computing|
|Timeline of computing|
|?||The Ericsson R380, the first phone running Symbian OS was released.|
|January 14||US Government announce restrictions on exporting cryptography are relaxed (although not removed).
This allows many US companies to stop the long running process of having to create US and international copies of their software.
|January 19||Transmeta releases the Crusoe microprocessor.
The Crusoe was intended for laptops and consumed significantly less electricity than most microprocessors of the time, while providing comparable performance to the mid-range Pentium II microprocessors.
Transmeta and Crusoe, new competitors to Intel and their products, initially appeared exciting and promising.
|February 17||Official Launch of Windows 2000 - Microsoft's replacement for Windows 95/98 and Windows NT.
Claimed to be faster and more reliable than previous versions of Windows. It is actually a descendant of the NT series, and so the trade-off for increased reliability is that it won't run some old DOS-based games.
To keep the home market happy Microsoft has also released Windows ME, the newest member of the 95/98 series.
|March||Be Inc. released BeOS R5 for PowerPC and x86, which was the first release of BeOS for x86 to have a freely downloadable version which could be fully installed on a user's hard drive.|
|March 4||Sony releases the PlayStation 2.|
|March 6||AMD released an Athlon clocked at 1 GHz.|
|March 8||Intel releases very limited supplies of the 1 GHz Pentium III chip.|
|June 20||British Telecom (BT) claim the rights to hyperlinks on the basis of a US patent granted in 1989. Similar patents in the rest of the world have now expired.
Their claim is widely believed to be absurd since Ted Nelson wrote about hyperlinks in 1965, and this is where Tim Berners Lee says he got the ideas for the World Wide Web from.
This is just another in the line of similar incredible cases – for example amazon.com's claim to have patented '1-click ordering'.
|September 6||RSA Security Inc. released their RSA algorithm into the public domain, in advance of the US patent (#4,405,829) expiring on the 20th Sept. of the same year.
Following the relaxation of the US government restrictions earlier in the year (January 14) this removed one of the last barriers to the worldwide distribution of much software based on cryptographic systems.
The IDEA algorithm is still under patent and also that government restrictions still apply in some places.
|November 20||Intel releases the Pentium 4. The processor is built using the NetBurst microarchitecture, a new design since the introduction of the P6 microarchitecture in the Pentium Pro in late 1995|
|January 4||Linux kernel version 2.4.0 released.|
|February||The Agile Manifesto, which crystallised and named a growing trend towards more "agile" processes in software development, was released. The perceived success of agile project management led to agile approaches such as Scrum later being used as a general project management approach in other fields, not just in software development or even in computing.|
|March 24||Apple released Mac OS X. This was a new operating system derived from NeXTSTEP, using Darwin as its kernel, an Open Source operating system based on BSD. This replaced the "classic" Mac OS for its Macintosh computers.
Mac OS X finally gave Mac users the stability benefits of a protected memory architecture along many other enhancements, such as pre-emptive multitasking.
The BSD base also makes porting Unix applications to Mac OS X easier and gives Mac users a full-featured command line interface alongside their GUI.
|October 25||Microsoft released Windows XP, based on Windows 2000 and Windows NT kernel. Windows XP introduces a heavily redesigned GUI and brings the NT kernel to the consumer market.|
|November 15||Microsoft releases the Xbox in North America.|
|March 4||RIM released the first BlackBerry smartphone.|
|March 17||Nintendo releases their sixth generation home console, the GameCube.|
|May 30||United Linux officially formed.|
|September 7||Blender, a 3D graphics software package, becomes open-source software after a crowdfunding campaign successfully raises €100,000.|
|February||NVIDIA releases GeForce FX, a family of DirectX 9.0-compatible 3D cards with extensive support for pixel and vertex shaders.
With this new product nVidia makes an emphasis on image quality, proclaiming a "dawn of cinematic computing", illustrated with the popular Dawn demo utilising extremely realistic skin and wing shaders.
|March 6||SCO Group announces it will sue IBM for 1 billion US dollars. The claim is that Linux contains code inserted by IBM that was the copyrighted property of SCO.|
|March 12||Intel releases the Pentium M for notebooks and the Centrino mobile platform. The Pentium M delivers similar or higher performance than the Pentium 4-M while consuming less power.|
|April 22||AMD releases the Opteron line of server processors. The Opteron is the successor of the Athlon MP, and introduces the 64-bit K8 microarchitecture.|
|September 23||AMD releases the Athlon 64. The Athlon 64 is built on the K8 microarchitecture and is the first 64-bit processor widely available to the consumer market.|
|December 17||Linux kernel version 2.6.0 is released.|
|?||Sony released Librié EBR-1000EP in Japan, the first e-book reader with an electronic paper display.|
|April 14||NVIDIA releases GeForce 6800, claiming it is the biggest leap in graphics technology the company ever made. Independent reviews show more than 100% increase in productivity compared with the fastest card on the market.
Continuing the tradition, NVIDIA demonstrates Nalu, a mermaid with extremely realistic hair. A few weeks later nVidia's main rival ATi announces X800 with nearly the same level of performance and feature support.
The card is showcased by the Ruby demo, delivering a smooth real-time rendering of what was previously in the exclusive realm of prerendered cinematics.
|October 20||The first release of the Ubuntu Linux distribution.|
|October 20||Infineon Technologies pleads guilty to charges of DRAM price fixing, resulting in a $160 million fine. Hynix Semiconductor, Samsung and Elpida would later plead guilty to the same.|
|November 9||Mozilla Firefox 1.0 released, which later became Microsoft Internet Explorer's biggest competitor since Netscape Navigator.|
|February 26||Jef Raskin, who in 1979 envisioned and established the Apple Macintosh project at Apple Computer, dies at the age of 61.|
|April 29||Apple Computer releases Mac OS X Tiger (v10.4) for the Apple Macintosh.|
|May 25||Nokia announces the Nokia 770 Internet Tablet, the first device running Maemo.|
|May 26||Intel releases the Pentium D, their first dual-core 64-bit desktop processor.|
|May 31||AMD releases the Athlon 64 X2, their first dual-core 64-bit desktop processor.|
|June 6||Apple announces they are going to use Intel processors in upcoming Macintosh computers.|
|July 22||Microsoft announces their next consumer operating system, Windows Vista, to be released in early 2007.|
|November 22||Microsoft releases the Xbox 360.|
|January 5||Intel releases the Core brand. These are mobile 32-bit single-core and dual-core processors that were built using a modified design of the Pentium M's microarchitecture.|
|January 10||Apple Computer introduces the MacBook Pro, their first Intel-based, dual-core mobile computer, as well as an Intel-based iMac.|
|June 19||Researchers create experimental processor that delivers 350 GHz, when cryogenically frozen.|
|July 27||Intel releases the Core 2 processor.|
|September 26||Intel announces plans for an 80-core processor that would exceed 1 TFLOP, planned to be available in 2011.|
|November 11||Sony releases the PlayStation 3.|
|November 19||Nintendo releases the Wii.|
|December 24||AmigaOS 4 was released by Hyperion Entertainment (VOF) under license from Amiga, Inc. for AmigaOne registered users.|
|January 7||The first iPhone was introduced by Apple.|
|January 30||Microsoft Corporation launches Windows Vista more than 5 years after their last major, new operating system, Windows XP, was released.|
|June 5||ASUS announces the first ASUS Eee PC, launching the netbook category of mobile computers. It ran Linux; later models also offered a choice of Windows.|
|October 26||Apple launches Mac OS X Leopard (v10.5)|
|November 19||AMD releases the Phenom line of high performance processors, positioning the Athlon as a mid-range line.|
|September 2||The first public beta version of the Google Chrome web browser was released. Chrome subsequently became the most popular web browser in the world, overtaking Internet Explorer.|
|September 23||The first version of Android was introduced by Google.|
|October 22||The HTC Dream, the first commercially available phone to run the Android operating system, was released.|
|January 3||The online currency Bitcoin is released.|
|August 28||Apple launches Mac OS X Snow Leopard (v10.6)|
|October 22||Microsoft releases Windows 7.|
- A Brief History of Computing, by Stephen White. An excellent computer history site; the present article is a modified version of his timeline, used with permission.