Timeline of events associated with Anonymous
Anonymous is a decentralized virtual community. They are commonly referred to as an internet based collective of hacktivists whose goals, like its organization, are decentralized. Anonymous seeks mass awareness and revolution against what the organisation perceives as corrupt entities, while attempting to maintain anonymity. Anonymous has had a hacktivist impact. This is a timeline of activities reported to be carried out by the group.
- 1 2006–07
- 2 2008
- 3 2009
- 4 2010
- 5 2011
- 5.1 Attack on Fine Gael website
- 5.2 Arab Spring activities
- 5.3 Attack on HBGary Federal
- 5.4 Operation Ouraborus
- 5.5 2011 Wisconsin protests
- 5.6 2011-2012 Operation Empire State Rebellion
- 5.7 Operation Sony
- 5.8 Spanish Police
- 5.9 Operation India
- 5.10 Operation Malaysia
- 5.11 Operation Orlando
- 5.12 Operation Intifada
- 5.13 Operation Anti-Security
- 5.14 Operation Facebook
- 5.15 Operation BART
- 5.16 Shooting Sheriffs Saturday
- 5.17 Support of Occupy Wall Street
- 5.18 Operation Syria
- 5.19 Operation DarkNet
- 5.20 Opposition to Los Zetas
- 5.21 Operation Brotherhood Takedown
- 5.22 John Pike incident
- 5.23 Attack on Stratfor
- 5.24 Operation Pharisee
- 5.25 Operation Deepthroat
- 6 2012
- 6.1 CSLEA hack
- 6.2 Occupy Nigeria
- 6.3 Operation Megaupload
- 6.4 Anti-ACTA activism in Europe
- 6.5 Operation Russia
- 6.6 Boston Police Department attacks
- 6.7 Syrian Government E-mail Hack
- 6.8 AntiSec Leak and CIA Attack
- 6.9 Interpol Attack
- 6.10 AIPAC Attack
- 6.11 Vatican website DDoS Attacks
- 6.12 Criticism of Kony 2012
- 6.13 Bureau of Justice leak
- 6.14 Taking down Monsanto's Hungarian website
- 6.15 Symantec source code leak
- 6.16 April 2012 Chinese attack
- 6.17 Operation Bahrain and Formula One attacks
- 6.18 Occupy Philippines
- 6.19 Operation India
- 6.20 Operation Quebec
- 6.21 Operation Japan
- 6.22 Operation Anaheim
- 6.23 AAPT attack
- 6.24 Operation Myanmar
- 6.25 Uganda LGBT rights
- 6.26 Hong Kong National Education
- 6.27 Philippine Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012
- 6.28 Release of Westboro Baptist Church Personal Information
- 7 2013
- 7.1 Steubenville rape case
- 7.2 Aaron Swartz Suicide
- 7.3 Federal Reserve
- 7.4 Operation North Korea
- 7.5 Op Israel
- 7.6 2012 Cleveland police shooting incident
- 7.7 Rehtaeh Parsons
- 7.8 Philippine Coast Guard incident
- 7.9 EDL
- 7.10 NSA document release
- 7.11 Hawthorne dog shooting incident
- 7.12 Nigeria anti-gay laws
- 7.13 The GCSB
- 7.14 Operation Singapore
- 7.15 National Party-linked websites attacks
- 7.16 Support of anti-PDAF movement
- 7.17 Operation NSA
- 8 2014
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
A frequent target for organized raids by Anonymous is Habbo, a social networking site designed as a virtual hotel. The raid pre-dates, and was not inspired by, the news of an Alabama amusement park banning a two-year-old toddler affected by AIDS from entering the park's swimming pool. Users signed up to the Habbo site dressed in avatars of a black man wearing a grey suit and an Afro hairstyle and blocked entry to the pool, declaring that it was "closed due to AIDS," flooding the site with Internet slang, and forming swastika formations. When the raiders were banned, they complained of racism.
Hal Turner raid
According to white supremacist radio host Hal Turner, in December 2006 and January 2007 individuals who identified themselves as Anonymous took Turner's website offline, costing him thousands of dollars in bandwidth bills. As a result, Turner sued 4chan, eBaum's World, 7chan, and other websites for copyright infringement. He lost his plea for an injunction, however, and failed to receive letters from the court, which caused the lawsuit to lapse.
Chris Forcand arrest
On December 7, 2007, the Canada-based Toronto Sun newspaper published a report on the arrest of the alleged Internet predator Chris Forcand. Forcand, 53, was charged with two counts of luring a child under the age of 14, attempt to invite sexual touching, attempted exposure, possessing a dangerous weapon, and carrying a concealed weapon. The report stated that Forcand was already being tracked by "cyber-vigilantes who seek to out anyone who presents with a sexual interest in children" before police investigations commenced.
The Global Television Network report identified the group responsible for Forcand's arrest as a "self-described Internet vigilante group called Anonymous" who contacted the police after some members were "propositioned" by Forcand with "disgusting photos of himself." The report also stated that this is the first time a suspected Internet predator was arrested by the police as a result of Internet vigilantism.
On January 14, 2008, a video produced by the Church featuring an interview with Tom Cruise was leaked to the Internet and uploaded to YouTube. The Church of Scientology issued a copyright violation claim against YouTube requesting the removal of the video. In response to this, Anonymous formulated Project Chanology. Calling the action by the Church of Scientology a form of Internet censorship, members of Project Chanology organized a series of denial-of-service attacks against Scientology websites, prank calls, and black faxes to Scientology centers.
On January 21, 2008, individuals claiming to speak for Anonymous announced their goals and intentions via a video posted to YouTube entitled "Message to Scientology," and a press release declaring a "War on Scientology" against both the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center. In the press release, the group states that the attacks against the Church of Scientology will continue in order to protect the right to freedom of speech, and end what they believe to be the financial exploitation of church members. A new video "Call to Action" appeared on YouTube on January 28, 2008, calling for protests outside Church of Scientology centers on February 10, 2008. On February 2, 2008, 150 people gathered outside of a Church of Scientology center in Orlando, Florida to protest the organization's practices. Small protests were also held in Santa Barbara, California, and Manchester, England. On February 10, 2008, about 7000 people protested in more than 93 cities worldwide. Many protesters wore masks based on the character V from V for Vendetta (who, in turn, had been influenced by Guy Fawkes), or otherwise disguised their identities, in part to protect themselves from reprisals from the Church.
Anonymous held a second wave of protests on March 15, 2008 in cities all over the world, including Boston, Dallas, Chicago, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Vancouver, Toronto, Berlin, and Dublin. The global turnout was estimated to be "between 7000 and 8000," a number similar to that of the first wave. The third wave of the protests took place on April 12, 2008. Named "Operation Reconnect," it aimed to increase awareness of the Church of Scientology's disconnection policy.
On October 17, 2008, an 18-year-old from New Jersey described himself as a member of Anonymous, and he stated that he would plead guilty to involvement in the January 2008 DDoS attacks against Church of Scientology websites.
Epilepsy Foundation forum invasion
News.com.au reported that the administrators of 7chan.org had posted an open letter claiming that the attacks had been carried out by the Church of Scientology "to ruin the public opinion of Anonymous, to lessen the effect of the lawful protests against their virulent organization" under the Church's fair game policy.
Defacement of SOHH and AllHipHop websites
In late June 2008, users who identified themselves as Anonymous claimed responsibility for a series of attacks against the SOHH (Support Online Hip Hop) website. The attack was reported to have begun in retaliation for insults made by members of SOHH's "Just Bugging Out" forum against members of Anonymous. The attack against the website took place in stages, as Anonymous users flooded the SOHH forums, which were then shut down. On June 23, 2008, the group which identified themselves as Anonymous organized DDOS attacks against the website, successfully eliminating 60% of the website's service capacity. On June 27, 2008, the hackers utilized cross-site scripting to deface the website's main page with satirical Nazi images and headlines referencing numerous racial stereotypes and slurs, and also successfully stole information from SOHH employees. Following the defacement, the website was temporarily shut down by its administration. AllHipHop, an unrelated website, also had its forum raided.
Sarah Palin email hack
Shortly after midnight on September 16, 2008, the private Yahoo! Mail account of Sarah Palin was hacked by a 4chan user. The hacker, known as "Rubico", claimed he had read Palin's personal e-mails because he was looking for something that "would derail her campaign." After reading through Palin's emails, Rubico wrote, "There was nothing there, nothing incriminating — all I saw was personal stuff, some clerical stuff from when she was governor." Rubico wrote that he used the Sarah Palin Wikipedia article to find Palin's birth date (one of the standard security questions used by Yahoo!.) in "15 seconds." The hacker posted the account's password on /b/, an image board on 4chan, and screenshots from within the account to WikiLeaks. A /b/ user then logged in and changed the password, posting a screenshot of his sending an email to a friend of Palin's informing her of the new password on the /b/ thread. However, he did not blank out the password in the screenshot. A multitude of /b/ users then attempted to log in with the new password, and the account was automatically locked out by Yahoo!. The incident was criticized by some /b/ users, one of whom complained that "seriously, /b/. We could have changed history and failed, epically."
No Cussing Club
In January 2009 members of Anonymous targeted California teen McKay Hatch who runs the No Cussing Club, a website against profanity. As Hatch's home address, phone number, and other personal information were leaked on the internet, his family has received hate mail, obscene phone calls, and bogus pizza and pornography deliveries.
2009 Iranian election protests
Following allegations of vote rigging after the results of the June 2009 Iranian presidential election were announced, declaring Iran's incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the winner, thousands of Iranians participated in demonstrations. Anonymous, together with The Pirate Bay and various Iranian hackers, launched an Iranian Green Movement Support site called Anonymous Iran. The site has drawn over 22,000 supporters world wide and allows for information exchange between the world and Iran, despite attempts by the Iranian government to censor news about the riots on the internet. The site provides resources and support to Iranians who are protesting.
In September 2009 the group reawakened "in order to protect civil rights" after several governments began to block access to its imageboards. The blacklisting of Krautchan.net in Germany infuriated many, but the tipping point was the Australian government's plans for ISP-level censorship of the internet. The policy was spearheaded by Stephen Conroy and had been driven aggressively by the Rudd Government since its election in 2007.
|Message To The Australian Government From Anonymous, directed at Kevin Rudd and Seven News hours before Operation Titstorm began.|
Occurred from 8 am, February 10, 2010 as a protest against the Australian Government over the forthcoming internet filtering legislation and the perceived censorship in pornography of small-breasted women (who are perceived to be under age) and female ejaculation. Hours earlier, Anonymous uploaded a video message to YouTube, addressed to Kevin Rudd, and Seven News, presenting a list of demands and threats of further action if they were not met. The protest consisted of a distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS) on Australian Government websites. Australian anti-censorship groups complained that the attack only hurt their cause, and Australian government members dismissed the attack and said that they would just restore the service when the attack finished. Analysis of the attacks cited their peak bandwidth at under 17Mbit, a figure considered small when compared with other DDoS attacks.
Oregon Tea Party raid
In July 2010, there was a reaction to the use of one of Anonymous' slogans by the Oregon Tea Party. The Party's Facebook page was flooded with image macro and flames. Within a few hours, the Tea Party posted a message saying "Anonymous: We appreciate your resources and admire your tactics. You have taught us more than you know. As requested, we are no longer using the 'anonymous' quote." Following this raid, the Party's Facebook page was removed, and its Ning page limited to member-only access.
Operations Payback, Avenge Assange, and Bradical
In 2010, several Bollywood companies hired Aiplex Software to launch DDoS attacks on websites that did not respond to software takedown notices. Piracy activists then created Operation Payback in September 2010 in retaliation. The original plan was to attack Aiplex Software directly, but upon finding some hours before the planned DDoS that another individual had taken down the firm's website on their own, Operation Payback moved to launching attacks against the websites of copyright stringent organizations, law firms and other websites. This grew into multiple DDoS attacks against anti-piracy groups and law firms.
On April 2, 2011 Anonymous launched an attack on the media giant Sony, named #opsony, as a part of Operation Payback. Anonymous claims the attack a success after they took down the PlayStation Network and other related PlayStation Websites. Anonymous' actions also included personal harassment of employees and their families. The PlayStation Network subsequently has had lengthy outages, although Anonymous claims that this is not due to any officially sanctioned action on their part, but may be due to sub-groups of Anonymous.
Sony Corp. came to Anonymous' attention after it took legal action against George Hotz (a.k.a. GeoHot), the coder behind a popular tool that allows homebrew software to run on the PlayStation 3 (PS3). In addition, Sony is also taking legal action against Alexander Egorenkov (a.ka. Graf_Chokolo) for his efforts to restore Linux to the PS3. The reason why Hotz and Egorenkov did that follows on from Sony's decision to remove the system's OtherOS feature, which enabled the use of Linux. While the pair has earned respect for their research and technical skills, they have also gained the attention of Sony's legal team. With a lawsuit now against Hotz this attracted the attention of Anonymous. They claim that Sony is breaching the free speech border, and this is the reason for their actions.
In December 2010, the document archive website WikiLeaks (used by whistleblowers) came under intense pressure to stop publishing secret United States diplomatic cables. In response, Anonymous announced its support for WikiLeaks, and Operation Payback changed its focus to support WikiLeaks and launched DDoS attacks against Amazon, PayPal, MasterCard, Visa and the Swiss bank PostFinance, in retaliation for perceived anti-WikiLeaks behavior. This second front in the December offensive was performed under the codename Operation Avenge Assange. Due to the attacks, both MasterCard and Visa's websites were brought down on December 8. A threat researcher at PandaLabs said Anonymous also launched an attack which brought down the Swedish prosecutor's website when WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was arrested in London and refused bail in relation to extradition to Sweden.
After suspected leaker Bradley Manning was transferred to Marine Corps Brig, Quantico in July 2010, allegations of abuse arose around Manning's isolation in a maximum security area, and the suicide-watch he was put under which included constant verbal checks by guards and forced nudity. Military officials denied the treatment was abuse or abnormal. In an event that led to his resignation, State Department spokesman Philip J. Crowley made statements condemning the treatment. In response to Manning's imprisonment and treatment, Anonymous threatened to disrupt activities at Quantico by cyber-attacking communications, exposing private information about personnel, and other harassment methods. Dubbed "Operation Bradical", Spokesperson Barrett Brown stated that this would be in direct response for the alleged mistreatment. Military spokespersons have responded that the threat has been referred to law enforcement and counterterrorism officials and requested an investigation.
Visa, Mastercard, Paypal
Anonymous launched several Denial-of-Service attacks on the Visa, MasterCard and PayPal companies for cutting off their services to Wikileaks.
Attack on Fine Gael website
The website for the Irish political party Fine Gael, a centre right party and currently in coalition government with the Labour Party, was hacked by Anonymous during the 2011 general election campaign according to TheJournal.ie. The site was replaced with a page showing the Anonymous logo along with the words "Nothing is safe, you put your faith in this political party and they take no measures to protect you. They offer you free speech yet they censor your voice. WAKE UP! <owned by Raepsauce and Palladium>".
Arab Spring activities
The websites of the government of Tunisia were targeted by Anonymous due to censorship of the WikiLeaks documents and the Tunisian Revolution. Tunisians were reported to be assisting in these denial-of-service attacks launched by Anonymous. Anonymous's role in the DDoS attacks on the Tunisian government's websites have led to an upsurge of internet activism among Tunisians against the government. A figure associated with Anonymous released an online message denouncing the government clampdown on recent protests and posted it on the Tunisian government website. Anonymous has named their attacks as "Operation Tunisia". Anonymous successfully performed DDoS attacks on eight Tunisian government websites. The Tunisian government responded by making its websites inaccessible from outside Tunisia. Tunisian police also arrested online activists and bloggers within the country and questioned them on the attacks. Anonymous's website suffered a DDoS attack on January 5.
During the 2011 Egyptian revolution, Egyptian government websites, along with the website of the ruling National Democratic Party, were hacked into and taken offline by Anonymous. The sites remained offline until President Hosni Mubarak stepped down.
Anonymous was divided on the 2011 Libyan civil war, while they hacked into Libyan government websites, and persuaded the host of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's personal website to take it down, other members of the group sided with the dictator in what they called "Operation Reasonable Reaction". The pro-Gaddafi attacks were fairly unsuccessful, only managing to take down minor opposition sites for a little while.
Anonymous also released the names and passwords of the email addresses of Middle Eastern governmental officials, in support of the Arab Spring. Countries targeted included officials from Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, and Morocco.
Attack on HBGary Federal
|One man, who calls himself Owen, says his Anonymous colleagues broke into the company's servers. Hackers have a name for what they did. "They decided to just rape his servers and take all the information they wanted," he says. "Forgive that term ... 'Rape' is an Internet term, you know, as to go in and take everything out of somebody's server." Whatever the term, it was not a nice thing that Anonymous did to HBGary Federal. But now that the company's e-mails are out, it appears it was also willing to do some not-nice things.|
|—E-Mails Hacked By 'Anonymous' Raise Concerns, NPR|
On the weekend of February 5–6, 2011, Aaron Barr, the chief executive of the security firm HBGary Federal, announced that his firm had successfully infiltrated the Anonymous group, and although he would not hand over details to the police, he would reveal his findings at a later conference in San Francisco. In retaliation for Aaron Barr's claims, members of the group Anonymous hacked the website of HBGary Federal and replaced the welcome page with a message stating that Anonymous should not be messed with, and that the hacking of the website was necessary to defend itself. Using a variety of techniques, including social engineering and SQL injection, Anonymous also went on to take control of the company's e-mail, dumping 68,000 e-mails from the system, erasing files, and taking down their phone system. The leaked emails revealed the reports and company presentations of other companies in computer security such as Endgame systems who promise high quality offensive software, advertising "subscriptions of $2,500,000 per year for access to 0day exploits".
Among the documents exposed was a PowerPoint presentation entitled "The Wikileaks Threat", put together by HBGary Federal along with two other data intelligence firms for Bank of America in December. Within the report, these firms created a list of important contributors to WikiLeaks; they further developed a strategic plan of attack against the site. As TechHerald explains, "the plan included pressing a journalist in order to disrupt his support of the organization, cyber attacks, disinformation, and other potential proactive tactics." The report specifically claims that Glenn Greenwald's support was key to WikiLeaks' ongoing survival.
Anonymous also personally attacked Aaron Barr by taking control of his Twitter account, posting Mr Barr's supposed home address and social security number.
In response to the attacks, founder of HBGary Federal, Greg Hoglund, responded to journalist Brian Krebs, "They didn't just pick on any company, we try to protect the US Government from hackers. They couldn't have chosen a worse company to pick on." After the attacks, Anonymous continued to clog up HBGary Federal fax machines, and made threatening phone calls.
On February 16, 2011, the group supposedly wrote an open letter to the Westboro Baptist Church, stating: "Cease & desist your protest campaign in the year 2011... close your public Web sites. Should you ignore this warning... the propaganda & detestable doctrine that you promote will be eradicated; the damage incurred will be irreversible, and neither your institution nor your congregation will ever be able to fully recover." On February 19, 2011, the church responded, telling Anonymous to "bring it on" and calling them, among other things, "a puddle of pimple-faced nerds." Anonymous subsequently denied the authenticity of the threat, suggesting that someone from outside Anonymous had made the posting. Due to their website being openly editable by anyone, it is unknown who made the post at this time. Anonymous responded with a press release calling the Westboro Church "professional trolls" stating that they believe that it was a member of the Westboro Church making an attempt to provoke an attack, thus acting as a honeypot which would both allow the church to retaliate against Internet service providers in court, and to gain it further publicity. They also claimed that they had more pressing matters to attend to, namely the support of the protests that led to the 2011 Libyan civil war. That said, Anonymous later suggested tactics for those who wished to attack Westboro nevertheless, avoiding DDoS in favor of sending "prostitutes, preferably male," and in general to "rape their asses in the most unpredictable ways possible."
|"Our best guess is that you heard about us on that newfangled TV of yours and thought we might be some good money for your little church."|
|—Anonymous response to the Westboro issue|
Anonymous also indicated that an attack would be self-defeating, stating: "When Anonymous says we support free speech, we mean it. We count Beatrice Hall among our Anonymous forebears: 'I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.'" Nonetheless, Westboro's website at godhatesfags.com suffered an attack. Another hacktivist by the name of Jester claimed to bring down the websites from the Westboro Baptist Church on his Twitter account. Nonetheless, people are still unsure who actually attacked the Westboro Baptist Church. In a thread on 4chan, several members revealed their confusion and wondered about Jester's motives.
2011 Wisconsin protests
On February 27, 2011, Anonymous announced a new attack on Koch Industries as a response to the Wisconsin protests. Between 1997 and 2008, David and Charles Koch collectively gave more than $17 million to groups, such as Americans for Prosperity, Club for Growth and Citizens United, lobbying against unions. The Kochs are one of (Republican) Governor Walker's largest corporate supporters. Anonymous accused the brothers of attempting "to usurp American Democracy" and called for a boycott of all Koch Industries products.
2011-2012 Operation Empire State Rebellion
On March 14, 2011, the group Anonymous began releasing emails it said were obtained from Bank of America. According to the group, the files show evidence of "corruption and fraud", and relate to the issue of improper foreclosures. They say that a former employee named Brian Penny  from Balboa Insurance, a firm which used to be owned by BofA, appeared to be a reputable insider in the force placed insurance market, a market which, in 2012, began getting more and more coverage from various government and media sources, including the New York Department of Finance, 50 State Attorney General Coalition, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and large class action lawsuits. Balboa Insurance is now owned by Australian Reinsurance company QBE, while Brian privately consults various agencies and institutions on the inside workings of mortgage/insurance tracking systems and force placed insurance while maintaining a blog about his experience as a whistleblower.
Anonymous announced their intent to attack Sony websites in response to Sony's lawsuit against George Hotz and, specifically due to Sony's gaining access to the IP addresses of all the people who visited George Hotz's blog as part of the libel action, terming it an 'offensive against free speech and internet freedom' Although Anonymous admitted responsibility to subsequent attacks on the Sony websites, Anonymous branch AnonOps denied that they were the cause behind a major outage of the PlayStation Network in April 2011. However, as Anonymous is a leaderless organization, the possibility remains that another branch of the group is responsible for the outage, though screenshots of AnonOps promotion of the attack still exist.
On June 12, 2011, there was a DDoS attack on the website of the Spanish Police, starting at 21:30 GMT. Anonymous claimed responsibility the following day, stating that the attack was a "direct response to the Friday arrests of three individuals alleged to be associated with acts of cyber civil disobedience attributed to Anonymous." The site was down for approximately an hour as a result of their efforts.
On June 15, 2011, the group launched attacks on ninety-one websites of the Malaysian government in response to the blocking of websites like Wikileaks and The Pirate Bay within the country, which the group labels censorship of a basic human right to information.
On June 20, 2011, members of the group took down the websites of the Orlando, Florida Chamber of Commerce and inserted a message into the website of the Universal Orlando Resort requesting that users "boycott Orlando". The group did so in response to the arrests of members of Food Not Bombs for feeding the homeless in Lake Eola Park against city ordinances. The group had planned and announced the attack on their IRC channel. The group has vowed to take a different Orlando-related website offline every day, and have also targeted the re-election website of Mayor of Orlando Buddy Dyer and the Orlando International Airport. A member of the group left a Guy Fawkes mask outside of the mayor's home; the police are treating the picture taken of the mask as a threat against the mayor. On July 11, the group took down the website of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orlando and the Rotary Club of Orlando.
On June 28, 2011, Anonymous announced that within the next 24 hours, it would hack into the website of the Knesset, the legislature of Israel, and knock it offline. It was stated that the planned attacks were a response to alleged hacking attacks by Israeli intelligence such as the Stuxnet virus, a computer virus which allegedly was created by Israeli and U.S. intelligence and targeted the Iranian nuclear program.
The group collaborated with LulzSec to hack the websites of a number of government and corporate sources and release information from them. As well as targeting American sites, Anonymous also targeted government sites in Tunisia, Anguilla, Brazil, Zimbabwe, Turkey, and Australia. On July 21, Anonymous released two PDFs allegedly taken from NATO.
In August 2011, someone created an account on Twitter with the name OP_Facebook and announced the "Operation Facebook". According to the links on the post, Anonymous was going to take down Facebook on November 5, 2011. The date "November 5" is believed to be attributed to the comics V for Vendetta, where the character "V" conducts his major plans every fifth of November in memory of Guy Fawkes. This operation isn't assuredly an Anonymous one. There was an earlier OpFacebook that was abandoned, and this current plan is a revival of the communication channels previously used. The plan is contentious and does not appear to be supported by the majority of those who say they are part of Anonymous. Operation Facebook, against popular belief, never showed any signs of itself. Facebook continued to run after the supposed Operation Facebook was to begin. On that day, Anonymous tweeted that they never announced Operation Facebook and that this was some guy's idea of a joke.
In August 2011, in response to Bay Area Rapid Transit's shutdown of cell phone service in an attempt to disconnect protesters from assembling in response to a police shooting, as well as the shooting itself, Anonymous sent out a mass email/fax bomb to BART personnel and organized multiple mass physical protests at the network's Civic Center station. Anonymous also hacked the BART website, releasing the personal information of 102 BART police officers, as well as account information for about 2,000 customers.
Shooting Sheriffs Saturday
In an event dubbed "Shooting Sheriffs Saturday," Anonymous hacked 70 (mostly rural) law enforcement websites and released 10 GB of leaked information. The name is likely a reference to the song "I Shot the Sheriff" by Bob Marley.
Support of Occupy Wall Street
In early August, Anonymous hacked the Syrian Defense Ministry website and replaced it with a vector image of the pre-Ba'athist flag, a symbol of the pro-democracy movement in the country, as well as a message supporting the 2011 Syrian uprising and calling on members of the Syrian Army to defect to protect protesters.
In October 2011, the collective campaigned against child pornography protected by anonymous hosting techniques. They temporarily DDoSed 40 child porn sites, published the usernames of over 1500 people frequenting one of those websites, and invited the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation and Interpol to follow up.
Opposition to Los Zetas
On October 6, 2011, Anonymous released a video stating that Los Zetas had kidnapped one of the group's members, and threatened that unless the hostage was freed, they would publish personal information about members of the cartel and their collaborators in politics, police, military, and business, which might lead to their prosecution by Mexican authorities, or targeting by rival cartels. The website of Gustavo Rosario Torres, a former Tabasco state prosecutor, was subsequently defaced with a message suggesting his involvement with the organization. Early November, Los Zetas reportedly freed the kidnapped victim without knowledge of its Anonymous affiliation, as announced on Anonymous Iberoamerica blog. However, following widespread news coverage of the video, reporters did not find evidence of a previous Anonymous action matching the description given, and found little evidence of support among Anonymous members, particularly in Mexico. Many blogs run by members of Anonymous also report on this.
Operation Brotherhood Takedown
On November 7, 2011, Anonymous released a warning threat to the Muslim Brotherhood that they would take down major websites belonging to their organization. On November 12 the Muslim Brotherhood released a statement detailing the extent of the attack and that four websites were temporarily taken down. On November 12, 2011 another video was released claiming the attack would continue until November 18.
John Pike incident
Attack on Stratfor
On December 24, claims were made that Anonymous stole thousands of e-mail addresses and credit card information from security firm Stratfor. Reportedly, Anonymous commented that this is because the data was unencrypted, however Anonymous put out a press-release stating "This hack is most definitely not the work of Anonymous".
Operation Pharisee was an attack organized via social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube against the Vatican website for World Youth Day 2011. It was unsuccessful, despite a denial-of-service attack resulting 34 times normal traffic, and well-documented due to the efforts of Imperva, the security firm employed by the Vatican.
Anonymous, along with 4chan's /b/ board, Reddit, Twitter and Funnyjunk, teamed together to make a raid on 9gag called Operation Deepthroat. The raid was separated in multiple teams: The first team, the Alpha Team, spammed child pornography, gore, furries and scat on 9gag's site, followed by fake accounts made by 4chan, Anonymous, Reddit, Twitter and Funnyjunk voting the spam up, effectively overloading the servers. The second team, the Gold Team, used the Low Orbit Ion Cannon and the High Orbit Ion Cannon (LOIC and HOIC, respectively), and fired on 9gag, which DDoS'd the entire site down. The third and final team, the Red Team, was tasked to spread the information of the OP on 4chan, Reddit, Twitter and Funnyjunk, and also supported the other teams. The reason behind this whole operation began when 9gag took several of 4chan's memes and called them theirs, followed by making a legion called the '9gag army', a ripoff of Anonymous. The operation began on 21 December 2011 at 12:00 AM, and ended at 11:59 PM. 9gag was mainly offline for the next few days, except for some servers which managed to protect themselves from the LOIC and HOIC. Prior to the operation, 4chan users used fake accounts to trick 9gaggers into DDoS'ing themselves, saying the coordinates were that of 4chan. The pre-raid attack was mostly ineffective, however, as only a few servers went down.
In January 2012, Anonymous hacked the website of the California Statewide Law Enforcement Association to protest police brutality.
In solidarity with Occupy Nigeria, Anonymous has joined forces with the People's Liberation Front and the Naija Cyber Hactivists of Nigeria. Anonymous promised “a relentless and devastating assault upon the web assets of the Nigerian government” in support of Occupy Nigeria. This was in protest to the removal of fuel subsidy that the majority of impoverished Nigerians depend upon for their very existence, causing the price of fuel and transportation to skyrocket and therefore extreme hardship for the majority of Nigerians. On January 13, the Nigerian Economic and Financial Crimes Commission website was hacked, with a false report of the arrest of people involved in the oil sector replacing the normal page.
|Wikinews has related news: US government, music industry websites taken offline in web attack|
In retaliation for the shut down of the file sharing service Megaupload and the arrest of four workers, Anonymous DDoSed the websites of UMG (the company responsible for the lawsuit against Megaupload), the United States Department of Justice, the United States Copyright Office, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the MPAA, Warner Brothers Music, the RIAA, and the HADOPI the afternoon of January 19, 2012. The operations by Anonymous were speculated to have been driven further by anger over the House of Representatives' Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Senate's Protect Intellectual Property Act (PIPA).
Anti-ACTA activism in Europe
On January 21 a series of DDoS attacks on Polish government websites took place, for which the Anonymous took responsibility and referred to as "the Polish Revolution". The group via their Twitter account stated it was a revenge for upcoming signing of ACTA agreement by the Polish government. Starting with websites of the Sejm, Polish Prime Minister, President, Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, later on websites of the police, Internal Security Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs were also blocked. The presumed attack was further strengthened by the media coverage which resulted in extremely high interest of public opinion, followed up by blackout of popular Polish websites on 24th and protests of thousands of people on January 24 and 25, in major cities of Poland, against signing ACTA. Other suspected targets were the websites of Paweł Graś - the government's spokesman (blocked after Graś denied the attacks ever took place), the website of PSL (blocked after Eugeniusz Kłopotek, a member of the party, supported ACTA on air of the major TV station). Governmental sites in France's presidential website and Austria's Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Economy and also the website of the Federal Chancellor  were also cracked and paralyzed.
Anonymous in Slovenia announced opposition against the Slovenian signing of the ACTA and have posted video threats on various websites against the government officials, as well as against Nova Ljubljanska Banka (commonly known as NLB), accusing the latter of corruption. On February 4, 2012 The NLB was a victim of a cyber attack and was offline for one hour, while public demonstrations were held in the capital of Ljubljana and in Maribor. Some estimated 3000 people gathered in the capital, while around 300 protested in Maribor.
Unidentified hackers cracked email boxes of some prominent pro-Kremlin activists and officials, including Vasily Yakemenko, head of the Federal Agency for Youth Affairs, Kristina Potupchik, press secretary for Nashi youth movement, and Oleg Khorokhordin, deputy head of the Department for Internal Affairs at the Presidential Administration. Since February 1, links to contents of the mailboxes have been appearing on @OP_Russia Twitter account. The hackers confirmed they consider themselves a part of the Anonymous movement; "We are Anonymous", they stated in an interview. The information discovered enabled many to accuse Yakemenko and his colleagues in paying some influential bloggers, as well as numerous trolls, for publishing stories and commenting in favour of Vladimir Putin on negative press articles on the Internet.
Boston Police Department attacks
On February 3, 2012, Anonymous hacked a website belonging to the Boston Police Department to protest the eviction of Occupy Wall Street protestors. BPD later responded with a sarcastic video of their own.
Syrian Government E-mail Hack
On February 6, 2012, Anonymous broke into the mail server of the Syrian Ministry of Presidential Affairs, gaining access to some 78 inboxes of Bashar al-Assad’s staffers in the process. One of the email files was a document preparing Assad for his December 2011 interview with ABC's Barbara Walters. One of the passwords commonly used by Assad’s office accounts was "12345." 
In July 2012, Anonymous gave over 2.4 million e-mails to Wikileaks.
AntiSec Leak and CIA Attack
On Friday, February 10, Anonymous claimed responsibility for taking down the Central Intelligence Agency's website for more than 5 hours. Several servers went back up while others stayed down. This followed a conversation leak, in which Anonymous took responsibility, between FBI and Scotland Yard officials discussing members of Anonymous being put on trial as well as other topics on the group, which took place a week before. On March 6, 2012 Donncha O'Cearbhaill was charged in connection with the leak. He was released 24-hours later.
Following Interpol's announcement on February 28 that they made arrests of 25 suspected members of the hacking activist group Anonymous in Europe and South America, their site went down briefly. 
On March 4, Anonymous took down the American Israel Public Affairs Committee website. An AIPAC spokesman was questioned on the matter but did not respond. A video titled "Anonymous: Message to AIPAC" was uploaded on YouTube earlier the same day.
Vatican website DDoS Attacks
The official website of the Vatican was brought down temporarily by a DDoS attack from Anonymous on March 7. Later that day the website recovered. Anonymous has also attempted to take the site down in 2011 but the attempt did not succeed. They claimed that their attack was not targeted against the followers of the Catholic Church but against the Church itself, which Anonymous viewed as corrupt.
On March 12 the Vatican's official website was brought down for a few hours by a second DDoS attack. Anonymous also hacked Vatican Radio and gained access to the Vatican Radio database in protest against the Vatican Radio allegedly using "repeaters with power transmission largely outside the bounds of the law."
Criticism of Kony 2012
Anonymous described the Kony 2012 campaign by Invisible Children as "propaganda". Although they support the campaign against Kony, they felt that the campaign is mainly a scam.
Bureau of Justice leak
On March 21, 1.7GB of data was stolen from the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics by Anonymous. The leak reportedly contained “shiny things such as internal emails and the entire database dump.”
Taking down Monsanto's Hungarian website
Symantec source code leak
April 2012 Chinese attack
In April 2012, Anonymous hacked 485 Chinese government websites, some more than once, to protest the lack of democracy.
Operation Bahrain and Formula One attacks
On April 21, Anonymous defaced the official site of Formula One, in protest against the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix. The race was the subject of ongoing controversy, as it was being held during ongoing anti-government protests, with the support of the government. Anonymous posted a press release criticising the decision to hold the race despite the violent crackdowns, and posted data of ticket sales for the event with sensitive information — particularly the credit card numbers of spectators — redacted. Other sites related to the sport and the Bahraini government were also the subject of Distributed denial-of-service attack.
On April 21, 2012 A member of Anonymous attacked the China University Media Union website, as a retaliation against alleged Chinese hackers who defaced the University of the Philippines website, which claimed that the Scarborough Shoal is Chinese territory. Anonymous left a message that the Scarborough Shoal is the Philippines' territory. On April 25, 2012, busabos of Anonymous #OccupyPhilippines warned that they had not yet started their attack against Chinese websites. The members that can be counted in hand called the cyber attacks were a result of the 2012 Scarborough Shoal standoff.
On May 17, 2012, Anonymous launched an attack against the websites of the India Supreme Court and the current-ruling Congress party in reaction to internet service providers blocking popular video sites like Vimeo as well as file-sharing sites like The Pirate Bay.
On May 20, 2012, Anonymous launched Opération Québec in reaction to the adoption of Bill 78 by the government of Quebec, an act restricting the freedom of association in this Canadian province after several weeks of student protests. A video was released urging the governing Liberal Party of Quebec to let the citizens protest.
Anonymous then threatened to disrupt the Formula 1 Grand Prix of Canada, to be held between June 7 and 10 in Montreal, the same way they did for the Bahrain Grand Prix. They claimed to have accessed personal information stored in the F1 website.
On May 30, Anonymous leaked a video called "DVD Gouverne(mental)", a 2 hours long footage from Sagard, Quebec where a party for the wife of Paul Desmarais of Power Corporation had been held in 2008. Among the guests were former US president George H. Bush, premier Jean Charest of Quebec, former Canadian prime ministers Jean Chrétien and Brian Mulroney, former Québec premier Lucien Bouchard, former governor general of Canada Adrienne Clarkson, journalist Charlie Rose, singers Robert Charlebois and Hiromi Omura, lyricist Luc Plamondon and conductor Yannick Nézet-Séguin.
On June 26, the website of the Japanese Business Federation, was taken offline, with Anonymous claiming this was part of "Operation Japan". The reason for their action was the new amendments to the copyright laws in Japan. For those caught with pirated material such as music or pirated DVDs and Blu-ray discs, fines could run as high as $25,000 and carry a sentence of two years in prison, according to CNET Japan.
On July 25, 2012, Anonymous launched an online protest in response to the Anaheim police shooting. It began with the release of the personal information of some of the top officers, including police chief John Welter.
|This section relies on references to primary sources. (January 2013)|
On August 10, 2012, Anonymous launched a DDoS attack and defacement of more than 100 Myanmar websites, all hackers from all over the world joined this operation as a protest for killing Muslim Rohingya in Myanmar. Even Anonymous has done with it, the cyber war still continues until now, the hackers that joined the operation have established a new world ranking group of hackers, Danger Hackers. Myanmar's hackers also made a lot of counterattacks.
Uganda LGBT rights
Hong Kong National Education
In mid-September 2012, Anonymous hackers threatened the Hong Kong government organization, known as National Education Centre. In their online video, Anonymous members claimed responsibility for leaking classified related government documents and taking down the National Education Centre website, after the Hong Kong government has repeatedly ignored months of wide-scale protests against the establishment of a new core Moral and National Education curriculum for children from 6–18 years of age. The new syllabus has come under heavy criticism and international media attention, as it does not award students based on how much factual information is learned, but instead grades and evaluates students based on their level of emotional attachment and approval of the Communist Party of China.
Philippine Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012
busabos of Anonymous Philippines lead and started a series of attacks against several websites of the Philippine government to protest against the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012. The hackers urged for the revisions of the cybercrime law. On September 26, Anonymous defaced several websites, including that of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas and the Philippine National Police. They claim that the law violates freedom of expression and described the law as “most notorious act ever witnessed in the cyber-history”. On October 1, they hacked again several government websites in an operation dubbed as "Bloody Monday" and asked for "a revision of the [Cybercrime Law] for the betterment of the Filipino netizens."
Release of Westboro Baptist Church Personal Information
Anonymous re-posted the names, addresses, and emails of the prominent members of the Westboro Baptist Church on December 16, 2012 due to announced plans to picket the funerals of the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. They did this after the Westboro Church said God would protect their site.
Steubenville rape case
In early 2013, the group released an incriminating video, photographs and tweets from the Steubenville High School football team allegedly involved in a gang rape of an underage girl in rural Ohio. They also released a number of e-mails and photos hacked from the e-mail account of one of the football programs boosters, whom they alleged to have helped cover up the case.
Aaron Swartz Suicide
In January 2013, the group attacked and defaced the United States Sentencing Commission website turning it into a game page repeatedly after which traffic to the website made it crash following the suicide of Reddit co-founder and activist Aaron Swartz. Swartz was accused of stealing materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with intent to distribute them freely.
Operation North Korea
On April 2, 2013, a professional IT webzine BGR carried out an article stating that hacker group Anonymous has started the ‘Operation Free Korea.’ This calls for ‘controversial leader Kim Jong-un [to] resign’, ‘install free democracy’ ‘abandon its nuclear ambitions’ ‘uncensored Internet access’ etc. The hackers also proclaimed that if North Korea do not accede to their demand, they will wage “Cyber War.” On April 3, 2013, hacker group identifying itself as Anonymous claimed it had stolen all 15,000 user passwords as part of a cyberwar against the DPRK. A few days later, Anonymous claimed to have hacked into the Uriminzokkiri main website, and the Twitter and Flickr pages representing the website.
Instead, a picture posted Thursday on the North’s Flickr site shows Kim’s face with a pig-like snout and a drawing of Mickey Mouse on his chest. Underneath, the text reads: “Threatening world peace with ICBMs and Nuclear weapons/Wasting money while his people starve to death.” 
On June 22, 2013, Anonymous claimed that it managed to steal military documents from North Korea, and that the documents would be released on June 25, the day the Korean War started. However, no such documents appear to have been released.
OpIsrael was a coordinated cyber-attack by anti-Israel individuals and Anonymous-affiliated groups that target websites perceived as Israeli The attack, mostly denial of service assaults, was coordinated to coincide with Holocaust Remembrance Day. OpIsrael's stated goal was to "erase Israel from the internet". The attack targeted several government online operations banking and commerce sites, but most of the cyber attacks were repelled, with no significant damage done, although an attack may have succeeded in temporarily taking down the Central Bureau of Statistics site. Media and small business sites were also targeted, and some attacks succeeded in temporarily replacing some of homepages with anti-Israel slogans. However there were several Facebook pages, Twitter feeds, and web sites from the alleged hackers making false claims to have “caused Israel to lose $5 billion” and “Tel Aviv loses all Internet connection.” 
Nir Goldshlager a famous “white hat” hacker and CEO of Break Security Goldshlager, told reporters that OpIsrael hackers “lacked the sophistication and knowledge…while they told many lies to enhance their reputations.” Israeli hackers responded to OpIsrael by taking down the OpIsrael website and replacing it with facts about Israel and the Israeli national anthem, Hatikvah. In addition, they brought down anti-Israeli sites like Hezbollah’s and Islamic Jihad’s websites and targeted servers belonging to hackers.
2012 Cleveland police shooting incident
In December 2012, Cleveland police fired 137 rounds at a car, killing its two occupants. Anonymous responded in April 2013 by releasing the personal information of the officers involved. 12 officers were later fired or disciplined for their role in the shooting, although criminal charges are still being considered by a grand jury.
In response to the suicide of Rehtaeh Parsons and the lack of action on the part of Canadian authorities, Anonymous threatened to release the personal information of the rapists. However, the group claimed to back down from the threat following pleas from Parsons' mother, Leah. The group has staged protests outside the Royal Canadian Mounted Police headquarters in Halifax.
|Wikinews has related news: Anonymous muscle in on Canadian teen rape case|
Philippine Coast Guard incident
In May 9, 2013, a number of Philippine Coast Guard soldiers fired at an unarmed Taiwanese fishing boat and killed a Taiwanese fisherman in international waters. On May 10, Hackers recognizing themselves as "AnonTAIWAN" hacked into Philippine Official websites asking for the Philippines' government to apologize to Taiwan's government. They interfered with government official websites of the Philippines, causing inconveniences for the Philippine General Election. Its results were great disturbance, difficulty, and delay in making general access through the Philippine government websites at the time of elections.
NSA document release
On June 7, 2013, Anonymous released what was claimed to be secret documents related to the NSA. In reality, the documents were already publicly available.
Hawthorne dog shooting incident
On June 30, 2013, a Hawthorne, California police officer, Jeffrey Salmon of Torrance, was filmed shooting a dog and arresting his owner. Anonymous responded by issuing a video threat to the police department. The city website also suffered a DDoS attack, although it is unclear if Anonymous was involved.
Nigeria anti-gay laws
On July 4, 2013, Anonymous hacked the national website of Nigeria after the country passed laws that would make homosexuality punishable by up to 14 years in prison.
Anonymous NZ, a New Zealand-based offshoot of Anonymous, carried out its first operation by staging a DDoS on the web site of the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB), following the passage of law changes that allowed the electronic intelligence agency to surveil New Zealand citizens. In addition, the web sites of politicians who supported the law changes were also shut down by Anonymous NZ.
From August 20, 2013 to November 5, 2013, the group launched attacks on various websites -
- Ang Mo Kio Town Council
- National Museum of Singapore  (3,600 Emails, IP addresses and Names Leaked)
- PAP Community Foundation
- The Straits Times(latest)
Anonymous New Zealand claimed attacks on National Party-linked websites in protest against the GCSB Bill have had no thanks from spied-on internet mogul Kim Dotcom.
Support of anti-PDAF movement
Anonymous Philippines has hacked 115 government websites, prompting Philippine law enforcement agencies to go after them, citing the unnecessary use of hacking. The NBI has been ordered to probe into the hacking of government websites. While a few Senators have downplayed the attacks, they were wiling to listen to their grievances, Senator Trillanes IV expressed alarm with the group's capabilities, suggesting the possibility of the group to hack government websites since "it could compromise State operations and data storage.”
On November 20, 2013 Anonymous announced plans to target the National Security Agency and other U.S. Government Organizations for their spying on the internet activity of all Americans and their censorship of free press on the internet.
Anonymous posted a video warning to the Ferguson, Missouri, police, admonishing them for fatally shooting Mike Brown, an unarmed African American teenager, and swearing revenge if any protesters demonstrating against the police are harmed. The group, which has adopted the Guy Fawkes mask as its symbol and frequently becomes involved in contentious legal matters, said in the video late Sunday Brown’s death Saturday is just the latest example of police misconduct having deadly consequences.
On August 12, a series of doxes were released against Jon Belmar, the St. Louis County Police Chief. There were two reasons for this target. 1) Because he refused to release the name of the officer who shot Mike Brown and 2) Because he challenged Anonymous, calling their threats hollow. A Twitter account affiliated with Anonymous by the name of "TheAnonMessage" struck back with information regarding Belmar's location, phone number, family members, and their accounts on social media. That same account also released information claiming to be the dox of the officer who shot Brown, but wound up being incorrect.
- Halupka. M., Star. C. (2011)The Utilisation of Direct Democracy and Meritocracy in the Decision Making Process of the Decentralised Virtual Community Anonymous. Presented at the Australian Political Studies Association conference.
- Andy Greenberg (March 22, 2012). "Verizon Study Confirms 2011 Was The Year Of Anonymous, With 100 Million Users' Data Breached By Hacktivists". Forbes. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Net users insist 'racist' sign is joke". KENS-TV. Archived from the original on August 24, 2008.
- "HIV-Positive Toddler Banned From Pool". AolNews. Archived from the original on August 19, 2007.
- Ryan Singel (September 19, 2008). "Palin Hacker Group's All-Time Greatest Hits". Wired. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- "Harold C. "Hal" Turner v. 4chan.org". Justia. Retrieved July 27, 2007.
- Jonathan Jenkins (December 7, 2007). "Man trolled the web for girls: cops". Toronto Sun. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- Constable George Schuurman, Public Information, for Detective Constable Janelle Blackadar, Sex Crimes Unit (December 6, 2007). "Man facing six charges in Child Exploitation investigation, Photograph released, Chris Forcand, 53". News Release (Toronto Police Service).
- Gus Kim (reporter) (December 8, 2007). "Internet Justice?". Global News (CanWest Global Communications).
- Richards, Johnathan (The Times) (January 25, 2008). "Hackers Declare War on Scientology: A shadowy Internet group has succeeded in taking down a Scientology Web site after effectively declaring war on the church and calling for it to be destroyed.". Fox News Network, LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- John Cook (March 17, 2008). "Scientology – Cult Friction". Radar Online (Radar Magazine). Archived from the original on March 23, 2008. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Warne, Dan (January 24, 2008). "Anonymous threatens to "dismantle" Church of Scientology via internet". APC Magazine (National Nine News). Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- KNBC Staff (January 24, 2008). "Hacker Group Declares War On Scientology: Group Upset Over Church's Handling Of Tom Cruise Video". KNBC. Archived from the original on August 21, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Vamosi, Robert (January 24, 2008). "Anonymous hackers take on the Church of Scientology". CNET News (CNET Networks, Inc.). Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- George-Cosh, David (January 25, 2008). "Online group declares war on Scientology". National Post (Canada: Canwest Publishing Inc.). Archived from the original on January 28, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Singel, Ryan (January 23, 2008). "War Breaks Out Between Hackers and Scientology – There Can Be Only One". Wired CondéNet, Inc. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Feran, Tom (January 24, 2008). "Where to find the Tom Cruise Scientology videos online, if they're still posted". The Plain Dealer (Newhouse Newspapers). Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Chan Enterprises (January 21, 2008). "Internet Group Declares "War on Scientology": Anonymous are fighting the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center" (PDF). Press Release (PRLog.Org). Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Matthew A. Schroettnig, Stefanie Herrington, Lauren E. Trent (February 6, 2008). "Anonymous Versus Scientology: Cyber Criminals or Vigilante Justice?". The Legality. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Thomas, Nicki (January 25, 2008). "Scientology and the internet: Internet hackers attack the church". Edmonton Sun (Sun Media). Retrieved January 25, 2008.[dead link]
- Dodd, Gareth (Ed.); Agencies (January 25, 2008). "Anonymous hackers vow to "dismantle" Scientology". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Brandon, Mikhail (January 28, 2008). "Scientology in the Crosshairs". The Emory Wheel (Emory University). Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Feran, Tom (January 31, 2008). "The group Anonymous calls for protests outside Scientology centers – New on the Net". The Plain Dealer (Newhouse Newspapers). Retrieved February 4, 2008.
- Vamosi, Robert (January 28, 2008). "Anonymous names February 10 as its day of action against Scientology". CNET News (CNET Networks, Inc.). Retrieved January 28, 2008.
- Braiker, Brian (February 8, 2008). "The Passion of 'Anonymous': A shadowy, loose-knit consortium of activists and hackers called 'Anonymous' is just the latest thorn in Scientology's side". Newsweek (Newsweek, Inc.). Technology: Newsweek Web Exclusive. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- Barkham, Patrick (February 4, 2008). "Hackers declare war on Scientologists amid claims of heavy-handed Cruise control". The Guardian (UK: Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved February 3, 2008.
- Staff (February 3, 2008). "Group Lines Road To Protest Church Of Scientology". WKMG-TV (Internet Broadcasting Systems and Local6.com). Archived from the original on March 28, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
- Eckinger, Helen; Gabrielle Finley; Katherine Norris (February 3, 2008). "Anti-Scientology group has protest rally". Orlando Sentinel.
- Standifer, Tom (February 4, 2008). "Masked Demonstrators Protest Against Church of Scientology". Daily Nexus (University of California, Santa Barbara). Issue 69, Volume 88. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
- Eber, Hailey (February 4, 2008). "Anti-Scientologists Warm Up for February 10". Radar Online (Radar Magazine). Retrieved February 4, 2008.
- Carlos Moncada (February 12, 2008). "Organizers Tout Scientology Protest, Plan Another". TBO.com. Retrieved February 13, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (February 14, 2008). "Scientology protest surge crashes websites". News.com.au. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- Harrison, James (The State News) (February 12, 2008). "Scientology protesters take action around world". Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- Forrester, John (February 11, 2008). "Dozens of masked protesters blast Scientology church". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (March 17, 2008). "Second round of Anonymous v Scientology". News.com.au. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Davies, Shaun (March 20, 2008). "Scientology strikes back in information war". National Nine News (ninemsn). Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (March 20, 2008). "Scientology site gets a facelift after protests". News.com.au. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Staff (October 17, 2008). "Teenage hacker admits Scientology cyber-attack". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- Courtney Hazlett (December 15, 2008). "Group bungles protest at 'Valkyrie' premiere". MSNBC. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (April 1, 2008). "Anonymous attack targets epilepsy sufferers". News.com.au. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- Kevin Poulsen (March 28, 2008). "Hackers Assault Epilepsy Patients via Computer". Wired News. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- Reid, Shaheem (June 30, 2008). "Hip-Hop Sites Hacked By Apparent Hate Group; SOHH, AllHipHop Temporarily Suspend Access". MTV. Retrieved July 18, 2008.
- Chideya, Farai (June 30, 2008). "Hip Hop Sites Attacked by Hate Groups". News & Notes. NPR. Retrieved July 19, 2008. (Radio broadcast)
- Gregg Keizer (September 17, 2008). "Update: hackers claim to break into Palin's Yahoo Mail account: It's 'incredibly dangerous' to use a private account, says security expert". Computer World. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- Rowland, Kara (September 19, 2008). "Hacker wanted to 'derail' Palin". The Washington Times. Retrieved September 23, 2008.
- Carl Campanile (September 19, 2008). "Dem Pol's Son Was 'Hacker': I Spied On Palin' Boast Pops Up On 'Net". New York Post. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- Tom Phillips (September 17, 2008). "Sarah Palin's email gets hacked". Metro. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
- M. J. Stephey (September 17, 2008). "Sarah Palin's E-mail Hacked". TIME. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
- David Sarno (September 17, 2008). "4Chan's half-hack of Palin's email goes awry". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
- Rogers, John (January 15, 2009). "Teenage founder of No Cussing Club under siege". Ventura County Star, The Associated Press. Retrieved January 21, 2009. "(...) a group calling itself Anonymous launched a viral No Cussing Sucks campaign across the Web."
- Potter, Ned (January 16, 2009). "'No-Cussing' Club Attracts Followers – and Thousands of Hate Messages". ABC News. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
- Davies, Shaun (January 18, 2009). "'No cussing' teen faces net hate campaign". Nine News. Retrieved January 20, 2009. "Anonymous appears to be behind the attacks (...) Anonymous appears to be planning (...) [the earnestness of Hatch's campaign] may have drawn Anonymous's ire."
- "Iran.whyweprotest.net". Iran.whyweprotest.net. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Jack Hawke Internet underground takes on Iran Thu June 18, 2009
- Iranian Support Site http://iran.whyweprotest.net
- Turner, Adam (July 13, 2009). "Conroy named Internet Villain of the Year". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Rudd website attacked in filter protest". ABC News. September 10, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- "Anonymous (August 8, 2009). "Message To The Australian Government From Anonymous". YouTube.
- Lee Jeloscek (reporter), Simon Sheik (commentator) (September 10, 2009). Internet Censorship War (Television Broadcast). Sydney, New South Wales: Seven News.
- Asher Moses (February 10, 2010). "Operation Titstorm: hackers bring down government websites". The Age (Melbourne).
- Media Release – Attacks on government websites must be condemned. Stop Internet Censorship group. February 10, 2010.
- John Leyden (February 11, 2010). "Aussie anti-censor attacks strafe gov websites: Operation Titstorm DDoS more of a bee sting". The Register.
- Chalk, Andy. "Anonymous Punishes the Oregon Tea Party". The Escapist (magazine). Themis Group. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Leyden, John (September 22, 2010). "4chan launches DDoS against entertainment industry". The Register. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
- Correll, Sean-Paul (September 17, 2010). "4chan Users Organize Surgical Strike Against MPAA". Pandalabs Security. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
- Dunn, John E (April 5, 2011). "Anonymous Launches Attack Against Sony PS3 Websites". PCWorld. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Nate Anderson. "Anonymous goes after Sony, makes it personal... very personal". ars technica.
- Steve Ragan. "Anonymous' Operation: Sony is a double-edged sword". Tech Herald.
- "Hundreds of WikiLeaks Mirror Sites Appear". Retrieved December 6, 2010.
- "Operation Avenge Assange". uloadr.com. December 13, 2010. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Un grupo de hackers lanzó la "operación venganza" a favor del creador de WikiLeaks". lanacion.com. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- Posted on 12/6/10 by Sean-Paul Correll (December 6, 2010). "Operation:Payback broadens to "Operation Avenge Assange" | PandaLabs Blog". Pandalabs.pandasecurity.com. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- "Hackers take down website of bank that froze WikiLeaks funds". Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- Weaver, Matthew; Adams, Richard (December 7, 2010). "WikiLeaks US embassy cables: live updates". The Guardian (London). Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- "Paypal.com is down! And yes we are firing now!!! Keep firing!". Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- "PayPal, PostFinance Hit by DoS Attacks, Counter-Attack in Progress". Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- Associated Press (December 8, 2010) Hackers Strike Back to Support WikiLeaks Wall Street Journal
- Adams, Richard (December 8, 2010). "The Guardian". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- Moses, Asher (December 8, 2010). "Assange wanted by US for 'espionage offences'". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- Nakashima, Ellen. "In brig, WikiLeaks suspect Bradley Manning ordered to sleep without clothing", The Washington Post, March 5, 2011.
- Nakashima, Ellen. /11/AR2011031106542.html "WikiLeaks suspect's treatment 'stupid,' U.S. official says", The Washington Post, March 12, 2011.
- "A Typical Day for PFC Bradley Manning", The Law Offices of David E. Coombs, December 18, 2010, accessed March 7, 2011.
- Gallagher, Roy. "Bradley Manning and the stench of US hypocrisy", The Guardian, March 4, 2011.
- Kupers, Terry (March 16, 2011) Cruel and unusual treatment of WikiLeaks suspect, CNN
- Shane, Scott. "Accused Soldier in Brig as WikiLeaks Link is Sought", The New York Times, January 13, 2011.
- Tapper, Jake and Radia, Kirit. "Comments on Prisoner Treatment Cause State Department Spokesman to Lose His Job", ABC News, March 13, 2011.
- Andy, Greenberg (March 7, 2011). "Anonymous Hackers Target Alleged WikiLeaker Bradley Manning's Jailers". Forbes. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Ragan, Steve (March 4, 2011). "Anonymous plans defense for Bradley Manning – promises a media war". The Tech Herald. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Tuutti, Camille (March 7, 2011). "Anonymous Launches ‘Operation Bradical'". The New New Internet. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Emspak, Jesse (March 10, 2011). "Anonymous Threatens To Post Info On Bradley Manning's Guards". International Business Times. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Quinn, Rob (March 9, 2011). "Anonymous to Hit Quantico Over Manning Treatment". Newser. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- "US probes hacker threat over WikiLeaks soldier". Google News. Agence France-Presse. March 8, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Tuutti, Camille (March 9, 2011). "Pentagon Investigates ‘Anonymous' Threat against Quantico". The New New Internet. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- "Anonymous activists target Tunisian government sites". BBC. January 7, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Ethics in Information Technology George Reynolds - 2011
- Gavan Reilly (January 9, 2010). "Fine Gael website defaced by Anonymous ‘hacktivists’". TheJounral.ie. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "Anonymous activists target Tunisian government sites". BBC. January 4, 2011. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Evan Hill (January 3, 2011). "Hackers hit Tunisian websites". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Bilal Randeree (January 4, 2011). "Violent clashes continue in Tunisia". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "Screenshot of the message". Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Ryan Rifai (January 4, 2011). "Timeline: Tunisia's civil unrest". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Yasmine Ryan (January 6, 2011). "Tunisia's bitter cyberwar". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Ravi Somaiya (February 3, 2011). "Hackers Shut Down Government Sites". The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
- "The Rose that Grew from Concrete". Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Operation Reasonable Reaction - /i/nsurgency W/i/ki". Partyvan.info. May 12, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.[dead link]
- "Yemen, Libya - Jun 5, 2011 - 22:47 | Al Jazeera Blogs". Blogs.aljazeera.net. June 5, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Martin, Kaste (February 16, 2011). "E-Mails Hacked By 'Anonymous' Raise Concerns". NPR. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
- Bright, Peter (February 15, 2011). "Anonymous speaks: the inside story of the HBGary hack". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Anderson, Nate (February 9, 2011). "How one man tracked down Anonymous—and paid a heavy price". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Haroon Meer (March 11, 2011). "Lessons from Anonymous on cyberwar". Al Jazeera English.
- Lundin, Leigh (February 20, 2011). "WikiLicks". Crime. Orlando: Criminal Brief. "CEO Aaron Barr thought he'd uncovered the hackers' identities and like rats, they'd scurry for cover. If he could nail them, he could cover up the crimes H&W, HBGary, and BoA planned, bring down WikiLeaks, decapitate Anonymous, and place his opponents in prison while collecting a cool fee. He thought he was 88% right; he was 88% wrong."
- James Wray and Ulf Stabe (February 9, 2011). "Data intelligence firms proposed a systematic attack against WikiLeaks – Security". Thetechherald.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Egnor, Bill. "HB Gary Federal". Firedoglake. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Anonymous retaliates against HBGary espionage". Crowdleaks. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Taylor, Jerome (February 8, 2011). "Hacktivists take control of internet security firms – Online, Media". The Independent (UK). Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Fantz, Ashley (February 23, 2011). "Anonymous vows to take leaking to the next level". CNN. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "BBC News - Anonymous denies Westboro attack". Bbc.co.uk. February 22, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. February 16, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "Hackers warn Westboro Church: Stop now or else". CBS News. February 19, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Peter, Finocchiaro (February 20, 2011). "Anonymous warns Westboro Baptist Church to stop with the hate" (Salon). Salon.com. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Westboro Baptist Church (February 19, 2011). "Open Letter from Westboro Baptist Servants of God to Anonymous Coward Crybaby "Hackers"" (Press release). Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Westboro Baptist Church targeted by Anonymous". BBC. February 21, 2011 Last updated at 08:51 ET. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- John, Leyden (February 21, 2011). "Westboro Baptist Church taunts Anonymous over supposed attack plan God hates fags and 'crybaby' hackers". Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "Message to the Westboro Baptist Church, the Media, and Anonymous as a whole". Anonnews.org. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Emma, Woollacott (February 21, 2011). "God hates hackers, says Westboro pastor". TG Daily. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Laura O'Brien (February 21, 2011). "‘We’re not attacking Westboro Baptist Church’ – Anonymous – New Media – New Media | siliconrepublic.com – Ireland's Technology News Service". siliconrepublic.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Goldman, Tom (February 21, 2011). "Westboro Baptists Stage Fake Anonymous Threat". The Escapist. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Robbins, Martin (February 20, 2011). "Anonymous: Defending freedom of speech one blocked website at a time.: The self styled 'super-consciousness' of Anonymous has turned on Westboro Baptist church. Are they going too far?". Guardian (UK). Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Raywood, Dan (February 21, 2011). "Anonymous hits Westboro Baptist Church websites after online verbal trade-off". SC Magazine. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "Performance Charts and Statistics for www.godhatesfags.com". Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Leyden, John (February 24, 2011). "Jester claims credit for knocking Westboro Baptist Church offline.: Tango down, he tweets". Register. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Amira, Dan (February 24, 2011). "Watch ‘Anonymous’ Hack the Westboro Baptist Church Live During a Debate". New York: New York Magazine. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Raywood, Dan (February 25, 2011). "The Jester claims responsibility for taking down Westboro Baptist Church website, as Anonymous refuses to back down". SC Magazine. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- "OpWisconsin". Scribd.com. February 25, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Radley Balko (February 25, 2011). "The Koch Brothers' Right-Wing Conspiracy to Undermine the PATRIOT Act - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine". Reason.com. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "Wisconsin Union Battle Puts Billionaire Koch Brothers In Spotlight". NPR. February 25, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Eric Lipton (February 21, 2011). "Billionaire Brothers’ Money Plays Role in Wisconsin Dispute". The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Webster, Stephen C. (February 27, 2011). "'Anonymous' targets the brothers Koch, claiming attempts 'to usurp American Democracy'". The Raw Story. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Anonymous Joins Madison Protests, Takes Down Koch Bros Website". Care2.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Uygar, Cenk (March 14, 2011). "Wisconsin & Anonymous Strike Back". msnbc.com. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- "Anonymous’ Perplexing Leak of Bank of America Documents | Markets | Dow Jones & Company, Inc.". wsj.com. March 15, 2011. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- McCarthy, Ryan (March 14, 2011). "Bank Of America Anonymous Leak Alleges 'Corruption And Fraud'". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Fields, Abigail. "Bank of America Document Leaks Allege Insurance Scams". Daily Finance. AOL Inc. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Horwitz, Jeff (January 27, 2012). "Flurry of Subpoenas Raises Force-Placed Stakes". American Banker. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Flows, Capital (February 20, 2012). "The "Robo-Signing" Settlement: Seeds of Recovery, Or Chaos?". Forbes.com. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- NASBO. "Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Outlines New Mortgage Rules". National Association of State Budget Officers. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Currier, COra (February 27, 2012). "Banks' Cozy Relationship With Insurers Leads To Overpriced Insurance". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Reuters (January 12, 2012). "Australia’s QBE Insurance Shares Halted; Balboa Concerns Cited". Insurance Journal. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Penny, Brian. "Insurance Fraud 101 (Home, Commercial, and Auto)". Wordpress.com. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Penny, Brian. "The Boy Who Cried Force Placed Insurance - Part 2". Versability. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- "Hacker group plans BofA e-mail release Monday | Technology | Reuters". Ca.reuters.com. March 13, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Rothackerrrothacker, Rick (March 14, 2011). "BofA might face another leak threat". CharlotteObserver.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Davidson, Helen (March 14, 2011). "Hacker group Anonymous says it will release Bank of America emails". Herald Sun. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Katya Wachtel (March 14, 2011). "Anonymous Hackers Release Trove Of Emails That Allegedly Show Bank Of America Committed Mortgage Fraud". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Hackers plan to out Bank of America". Sydney Morning Herald. March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Hacker group targets sony executives -children".
- "Anonymous hackers hit Playstation-Sony websites in revenge lawsuit". Daily Mail (London). April 6, 2011.
- "Did Anonymous Hack Sony's PlayStation Network?".
- "Hackers deny involvement in PlayStation Network outage".
- "BBC- Spanish police website hit by Anonymous hackers". BBC News. June 13, 2011.
- "Hackers join Ramdev's campaign". New Delhi: NDTV. June 8, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Anonymous Announces Operation India, Curt Hopkins, June 7, 2011, 1:15 pm, readwriteweb.com
- Albanesius, Chloe (June 16, 2011). "Hackers Target Malaysian Government Sites". PC Magazine. Ziff Davis. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Damron, David (June 20, 2011). "Hackers crash web sites to protest Orlando's homeless feeding restrictions". South Florida Sun-Sentinel (Fort Lauderdale, Florida). Tribune Company. Archived from the original on June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- Mack, Eric (June 16, 2011). "Anonymous Plans Attack on City of Orlando Website, IRC Chatter Suggests". PC World (magazine). IDG. Archived from the original on June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- "BBC News - Hacker group Anonymous declares war on Orlando, Florida". Bbc.co.uk. June 28, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Schlueb, Mark (July 6, 2011). "Police say hackers targeted Orlando mayor". Orlando Sentinel (Orlando, Florida). Tribune Company. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- Joyce, Kelly (July 11, 2011). "Hacker group Anonymous strikes again". WOFL (Orlando, Florida). Fox Television Stations. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "Knesset targeted by hackers - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. June 20, 1995. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Olivarez-Giles, Nathan (June 29, 2011). "AntiSec 'hackers without borders' claim new hack on Arizona state police". Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles). Tribune Company. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Weisenthal, Joe (June 25, 2011). "Notorious Hacker Group LulzSec Just Announced That It's Finished". Business Insider. Silicon Alley Insider. Archived from the original on June 25, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- Albanesius, Chloe (July 21, 2011). "Anonymous: We Hacked NATO | News & Opinion". PCMag.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Poeter, Damon (August 9, 2011). "Anonymous Vows to 'Destroy' Facebook on the Nov. 5 at 12h15". PC Magazine. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Olson, Parmy (August 11, 2011). "Why The Anonymous Facebook 'Plot' Was A Dud". Forbes. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Tsukayama, Hayley (August 10, 2011). "Facebook 'operation' shows off Anonymous's cracks". Washington Post (Washington, D.C.). The Washington Post Company. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Poeter, Damon (August 15, 2011). "Anonymous BART Protest Shuts Down Several Underground Stations". PCMag.com. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Chen, Caroline (2011-08-17). "Anonymous Hacks BART Police Website, Releases Personal Information of 100 Officers - San Francisco - News - The Snitch". Blogs.sfweekly.com. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- by Cecilia Vega and Lilian Kim (2011-08-14). "Website for BART customers hacked by Anonymous; hundreds of passwords compromised | abc7news.com". Abclocal.go.com. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- Mills, Elinor (2011-08-06). "AntiSec hackers post stolen police data as revenge for arrests | InSecurity Complex - CNET News". News.cnet.com. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "AnonOps Communications". Anonops.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "LNN - Breaking News & Video News". Anonywebz.com. January 18, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Chappell, Bill (August 8, 2011). "Syria Is Hacked By Anonymous, And Pressed By Gulf Allies". National Public Radio. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "#OpDarknet Major Release & Timeline". Pastebin.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Anonymous Back in Action: Targets Child Porn Web Sites, Releases User Names - International Business Times". Ibtimes.com. October 23, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Steven Hodson (October 29, 2011). "Anonymous tells Mexican cartel they are next". Inquisitr.com.
- Robert Beckhusen (October 30, 2011). "Previous post Anonymous Threatens Mexico’s Murderous Drug Lords". Wired.
- John P Mello Jr. (October 30, 2011). "Anonymous Takes On Mexican Drug Cartel". PC World.
- "Mexico: Video threatens to disclose Zetas allies". WorldNow/WLIO. Associated Press. October 30, 2010.
- "Anonymous video copy (cited by previous references as the October 6 video by Anonymous)". youtube.com.
- "Comunicado #OpCartel ~ Anonymous Iberoamerica". Anonopsibero.blogspot.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Albanesius, Chloe (November 4, 2011). "Drug Cartel Releases 'Anonymous' Hostage, But Battle Continues | News & Opinion". PCMag.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Quinn Norton (October 31, 2011). "Anonymous Skeptical of Proposed Attack on Zetas Drug Cartel". Wired.
- Wagenseil, Paul (November 9, 2011). "Anonymous Declares War on Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood". msnbc.msn.com. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "Brotherhood sites hacked and shut down by Anonymous group". Ahram Online. November 12, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2012. "statement released on Saturday morning that the attacks were coming from Germany, France, Slovakia and San Francisco"
- Stone, Michael (November 13, 2011). "Anonymous takes down Muslim Brotherhood". Examiner.com.
- Daily News (New York) http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/hacker-group-anonymous-targets-pepper-spraying-uc-davis-article-1.981391
|url=missing title (help).
- BBC News (December 26, 2011). "'Anonymous' hackers hit US security firm Stratfor". BBC.
- "Thefeedback99's Channel" (List of YouTube contributions). YouTube. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- "Imperva’s Hacker Intelligence Summary Report The Anatomy of an Anonymous Attack". Imperva. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- Nicole Perlroth; John Markoff (February 26, 2012). "In Attack on Vatican Web Site, a Glimpse of Hackers’ Tactics". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
- "Thousands affected after Anonymous hacks police union website". news10.net. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "Subsidy Protest: EFCC site hacked with False arrests of oil moguls". P.M. NEWS Nigeria. January 13, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Greenberg, Andy. Forbes http://www.forbes.com/sites/andygreenberg/2012/01/19/anonymous-hackers-claims-attack-on-doj-universal-music-and-riaa-after-megaupload-takedown/
|url=missing title (help).
- "Hackers retaliate over Megaupload website shutdown". BBC News. January 20, 2012.
- "Anonymous shuts down Polish PM's web site - National". Thenews.pl. January 22, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "Już ponad 800 serwisów uczestniczy w dzisiejszym proteście przeciwko ACTA. Liczba ta szybko rośnie!". Antyweb.pl. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "Protest przeciw ACTA w Warszawie. W manifestacji brało udział kilka tysięcy osób [ZDJĘCIA, WIDEO] - Naszemiasto.pl". Warszawa.naszemiasto.pl. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "AFP: 'Anonymous' hackers briefly hijack French Elysee website". Google.com. January 20, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "State websites of Austria become Anonymous victims | Armenia News". NEWS.am. June 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "VIDEO: Anonymous: NLB bo okusila našo jezo!". 24ur.com. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- K. Kl., B. H. "3.000 grl proti Acti in napad na NLB - zurnal24". Zurnal24.si. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Туманов, Григорий (February 6, 2012). ""Нам мало интересна политика". Первое интервью российских Anonymous, взломавших почту главы Росмолодежи Василия Якеменко." (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- "Хакеры готовы продолжить публикацию писем "Наших"" (in Russian). BBC. February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- Elder, Miriam (February 7, 2012). "Emails give insight into Kremlin youth group's priorities, means and concerns". London: The Guardian. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Elder, Miriam (February 7, 2012). "Polishing Putin: hacked emails suggest dirty tricks by Russian youth group". London: The Guardian. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- "Russian youth group accused of paying journalists to lionise Vladimir Putin". London: The Telegraph. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Finocchiaro, Peter (February 3, 2012). "Anonymous Hacks Boston PD Website". Huffington Post.
- Moye, David (February 13, 2012). "WATCH: Boston Cops React To Anonymous Hack With Quirky Video". Huffington Post.
- Ravid, Barak (February 8, 2012). "Bashar Assad emails leaked, tips for ABC interview revealed - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News". Haaretz.com. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Siracusa, John (July 9, 2012). "Anonymous takes credit for hack that exposes 2.4 million Syrian e-mails". Ars Technica. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- Albanesius, Chloe (February 10, 2012). "Anonymous Takes Down CIA Web Site". PC Magazine.
- "Hacking off the Feds: Anonymous intercepts FBI conference call about…themselves (AUDIO) — RT". Rt.com. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Satter, Raphael (March 6, 2012). "FBI: Irish misstep led to conference call leak". Associated Press (London). Retrieved April 18, 2012. "O'Cearrbhail was one of five people charged"
- Ben Quinn (February 29, 2012). "Interpol website suffers 'Anonymous cyber-attack'". London: Guardian. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Anonymous Takes Down AIPAC Website". BuzzFeed. March 4, 2012.
- "Anonymous: Message to AIPAC". TheAnonMessage. March 4, 2012.
- Nicole Winfield Associated Press (March 7, 2012). "World News: Anonymous hackers claim to bring down Vatican website, site inaccessible for hours". Toronto: thestar.com. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Espiner, Tom (March 20, 2012). "Vatican confirms second Anonymous hack". Zdnet.co.uk. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Anonymous Hackers Call Kony 2012 ‘Shady’ Propaganda retrieved 11 June 2012
- Zach Walton. "Anonymous Leaks Bureau Of Justice Database". WebProNews. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Index - Tech - Biotechnológiai óriáscégnek üzent hadat a magyar Anonymous". Index.hu. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Index - Tech - A magyar Anonymous a világrend ellen". Index.hu. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- [dead link]
- Ferenc Czippel (Facebook hozzászólás). "Az Anonymous kiütötte a Monsanto Magyarországot | Gépnarancs". Gepnarancs.hu. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Whittaker, Zack (2012-03-09). "Anonymous leaks Symantec's Norton anti-virus source code". ZDNet. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "BBC News - Chinese websites 'defaced in Anonymous attack'". Bbc.com. 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- Taylor, Jerome; Tremayne, David (April 21, 2012). "Rage against the Formula One machine". The Independent (London: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Clashes in Bahrain ahead of F1 race". Al Jazeera (Qatar Media Group). April 20, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- Sukhtian, Lara (April 17, 2012). "Amnesty questions Bahrain reforms as F1 concerns deepen". Google News (Google). Agence France-Presse. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Anonymous Launches Attack on Formula One Websites". Thenextweb.com. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Hackers bring PH-China dispute to cyberspace | Inquirer Global Nation". Globalnation.inquirer.net. April 23, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- "NDTV Online News". New Delhi, India: NDTV. May 17, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Publication: 20/05/2012 16:35 Mis à jour: 20/05/2012 17:09 (May 20, 2012). "Grève étudiante: un vidéo d'Anonymous dénonce la loi 78 et lance l'"Opération Québec"". Quebec.huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Les Anonymous piratent plusieurs sites du gouvernement du QuĂŠbec | Blogue des chroniques Sur le web | Radio-Canada.ca". Blogues.radio-canada.ca. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- QMI Agency (May 19, 2012). "Quebec Liberal, government sites hacked | Canada | News". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Anonymous plot Canada Grand Prix disruption | Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. May 30, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Montreal protests: Anonymous threatens to attack Canadian Grand Prix race | Sports | National Post". Sports.nationalpost.com. May 30, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Publication: 30/05/2012 16:50 Mis à jour: 30/05/2012 17:38 (May 30, 2012). "Anonymous publie une vidéo de l'anniversaire de Jacqueline Desmarais". Quebec.huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Anonymous publie une vidéo filmée à Sagard". Le Devoir. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Phneah, Ellyne (2012-06-28). "Anonymous hacks Japanese govt sites". ZDNet. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- Feit, Daniel (June 21, 2012). "Japan Passes Jail-for-Downloaders Anti-Piracy Law". Wired.
- "L.A. Now". Los Angeles Times. July 27, 2012.
- Lee, Michael (2012-07-28). "Anonymous begins dump of stolen ISP data". ZDNet. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "[GH] Giler Hackers!: Myanmar hackers". Gilerhackers.net. 2013-01-09. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- Page, Jillian (2012-08-15). "LGBT Rights: Anonymous Hacks Ugandan Government Sites | Montreal Gazette". Blogs.montrealgazette.com. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- 攻陷國教網站 黑客匿名：要革命！ retrieved 16 Sep 2012
- "Hackers deface PHL govt websites, urge revision of Cybercrime Law | SciTech | GMA News Online | The Go-To Site for Filipinos Everywhere". Gmanetwork.com. 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "Anonymous Hacks The Westboro Baptist Church: Posts All Their Personal Information". Inquisitr.com. 2012-12-16. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "Steubenville High School students joke about alleged rape in highly-charged case against Big Red football players". New York: NY Daily News. 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
- "Anonymous Hijacks Federal Website".
- Anger rises as Fed confirms Anonymous hack, downplays US bank emergency system breach February 6, 2013 ZDNet
- "Anonymous" claims credit for hacking into Federal Reserve Feb 06, 2013
- Federal Reserve hacked; US central bank confirms intrusion after hacktivist group Anonymous was claimed to have stolen 4,000 bankers' details 6 February 2013 The Guardian
- Graziano, Dan. "Anonymous threatens cyberwar on North Korea, steals 15,000 passwords". BRG News. Yahoo! News. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- http://thediplomat.com/the-editor/2013/06/22/anonymous-we-have-stolen-north-korean-military-documents/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+the-diplomat+%28The+Diplomat+RSS%29 (The Diplomat)
- As cyber-war begins, Israeli hackers hit back, Times of Israel 07-04-2013
- Israeli cyber activists attack anti-Israel hackers, Jerusalem Post 07-04-2013
- Why did Anonymous have to attack Israel on Holocaust Memorial Day?, Forbes 08-04-2013
- Anonymous launches massive cyber assault on Israel, RT 07-04-2013
- Groups of hackers threaten to "wipe Israel off the Internet", France 24 28-03-2013 (French)
- Israel Hackers break into Anonymous website
- Hackers fail in breaking Israel
- OpIsrael backfires
- "Cleveland police officers punished for 137-bullet chase". CBS News.
- CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/story/2013/04/12/ns-rehtaeh-parsons-anonymous-hackers-names.html
|url=missing title (help).
- Anonymous-linked groups publish EDL supporters' personal information retrieved 1 June 2013
- Michael Fox and Andrea Vance (2013-07-30). "Dotcom tells hackers of National sites to stop". Fairfax New Zealand.
- http://sg.news.yahoo.com/anonymous-threatens-singapore-government-in-youtube-video-091443515.html Anonymous hacks Singapore website
- Christian V. Esguerra & TJ A. Burgonio (2013-11-05). "Palace to go after antipork hackers". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2013-11-06. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
- Tetch Torres-Tupas (2013-11-05). "De Lima orders NBI to probe hacking of government websites". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2013-11-06. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
- TJ Burgonio. "Senators try to downplay website hacking to protest pork barrel". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2013-11-06. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
- How Anonymous Picks Targets, Launches Attacks, and Takes Powerful Organizations Down by Quinn Norton July 3, 2012 Wired.com, includes timeline of events.
- The Secret Lives of Dangerous Hackers; ‘We Are Anonymous’ by Parmy Olson May 31, 2012
- Parmy Olson We Are Anonymous timeline on pages 421-431 Hachette Book Group USA ISBN 978-0-316-21354-7