Timeline of everyday innovation in South and West Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Western Asia
Southern Asia

South and West Asia consists of a wide region extending from present-day Turkey in the west to Bangladesh and India in the east.

Timeline[edit]

  • 100th millennium BCE to 50th millennium BCE: Humans venture out of Africa: Homo sapiens leave Africa for the first time, crossing the Red Sea into Yemen, and in the first coastal migration along what today are Oman, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Pakistan, India, eventually reaching Australia.
  • 4th millennium BCE: Writing appears in Mesopotamia
  • 1st millennium BCE: Writing appears in India
  • 1400–1800 CE Pajamas: The original paijama are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands and worn in South and West Asia by both sexes.[1] The worldwide use of pyjamas (the word and the garment) is the result of British presence in South Asia in the 18th and 19th centuries.[2] According to Yule and Burnell's Hobson-Jobson (1903)[3] the word originally referred to loose trousers tied around the waist.
Such a garment is used by various persons in India e.g. by women of various classes, by Sikh men, and most by Muslim of both sexes. It was adopted from the Muslim by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night attire ... It is probable that we English took the habit like a good many others from the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" ... The word is now used in London shops. A friend furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some 40 years ago, in reply to a question why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was sometimes the case with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: 'I believe, Sir, it is because of the White Ants."[4]

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, "They were introduced in England as lounging attire in the 17th century but soon went out of fashion. About 1870 they reappeared in the Western world as sleeping attire for men, after returning British colonials brought (them) back ...."[5] The word "pyjama" was incorporated into the English language from Hindustani language. The word originally derives from the Persian word پايجامه Payjama meaning "leg garment."

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ cf. The Oxford English Dictionary. 1989 edition. Oxford University Press. Oxford and London.
  2. ^ Lewis, Ivor. 1991. Sahibs, Nabobs and Boxwallahs: A Dictionary of Words of Anglo-India. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 266 pages. ISBN 0-19-564223-6.
  3. ^ Yule, Henry and A.C. Burnell. 1903. Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive. London: John Murray. 1021 pages.
  4. ^ According to Hobson-Jobson, "The insect (Termes bellicosus of naturalists) not properly an ant, of whose destructive powers there are in India so many disagreeable experiences, and so many marvellous stories."
  5. ^ pyjamas. (2006). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved December 29, 2006, from : Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

References[edit]