This timeline of extinctions is an historical account of species that have gone extinct during the time that modern humans have occupied the earth.
The following is a selective list made by sampling a very small proportion of some of the well-known extinct species in the recent history. For a more elaborate list see List of extinct animals. Also see Holocene extinction for more information.
New Zealand's Haast's eagle, a giant bird of prey, becomes extinct. The eagle's main prey was the moa, which went extinct in the 15th century. Debate looms as to if the Haast's eagle went extinct in the 15th or 16th century.
1662 - The last definite sighting of a Mauritiusdodo was made. The extinction was due to hunting, but also by the pigs, rats, dogs and cats brought to the island by settlers. The species has become an iconic symbol of animal extinction.
The moa was one of the largest birds that ever existed.
1890 - The last known Atlas Bear, Africa's only native bear, is killed by hunters in Morocco. The bear was heavily hunted and used for sport in the Roman Empire.
1896 - The Eastern Elk, a subspecies of Elk in the US and Canada, dies out in Minnesota. They were over-hunted for food, clothing, sport and decoration for the Jolly Corkers who used their teeth as symbols.
1914 - "Martha," the last known Passenger Pigeon, dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo. Due to massive hunting and deforestation the Passenger Pigeon went from being one of the world's most populous birds to extinction.
1918 - "Incas," the last Carolina Parakeet, dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo, the only parrot species in the Eastern U.S.
- The last Tarpan, a Ukrainian wild horse, dies in captivity.
2000 - "Celia," the last Pyrenean Ibex dies under a fallen tree. The reasons for its extinction are still being debated. However in 2009 it was cloned back into existence but died 7 minutes later due to defects in the lungs, making it extinct once again.
2003 - The last individual from the St. Helena Olive, which was grown in cultivation, dies off. The last plant in the wild had disappeared in 1994.
2006 - A technologically sophisticated survey of the Yangtze River failed to find specimens of the Baiji Dolphin, prompting scientists to declare it functionally extinct.
2008 - The Liverpool Pigeon (Caloenas maculata) is thought to have become extinct.