Timeline of human prehistory

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For earlier events, see Timeline of natural history.
Main article: Stone Age

This timeline of human prehistory comprises the time from the first appearance of Homo sapiens in Africa 200,000 years ago to the invention of writing and the beginning of history approximately 5,500 years ago. It covers the time from the Middle Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to the very beginnings of the Bronze Age. The divisions used are those delineating the European Stone Age; however, many regions around the world underwent various stages of Stone Age development at different times. All dates are approximate and based on research in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, genetics, geology, and linguistics. They are all subject to revision based on new discoveries or analyses.

Middle Paleolithic[edit]

Main article: Middle Paleolithic

Upper Paleolithic[edit]

Main article: Upper Paleolithic

Mesolithic[edit]

Main article: Mesolithic

Neolithic[edit]

Main articles: Neolithic and Neolithic revolution


For later events, see Timeline of ancient history.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mount Toba Eruption - Ancient Humans Unscathed, Study Claims". Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  2. ^ a b This is indicated by the M130 marker in the Y chromosome. "Traces of a Distant Past," by Gary Stix, Scientific American, July 2008, pages 56-63.
  3. ^ Earliest music instruments found, BBC, 25 May 2012
  4. ^ http://originsnet.org/bimb1gallery/index.htm
  5. ^ Amos, Jonathan. "Red dot becomes 'oldest cave art'". BBC News. 14 June 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  6. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-18449711
  7. ^ Gene S. Stuart, "Ice Age Hunters: Artists in Hidden Cages." In Mysteries of the Ancient World, a publication of the National Geographic Society, 1979. Pages 11-18.
  8. ^ James Trager, The People's Chronology, 1994, ISBN 0-8050-3134-0
  9. ^ Stuart, Gene S. (1979). "Ice Age Hunters: Artists in Hidden Cages". Mysteries of the Ancient World. National Geographic Society. p. 19. 
  10. ^ Encyclopedia Americana, 2003 edition, volume 6, page 334.
  11. ^ Stuart, Gene S. (1979). "Ice Age Hunters: Artists in Hidden Cages". Mysteries of the Ancient World. National Geographic Society. pp. 8–€“10. 
  12. ^ "Shift from Savannah to Sahara was Gradual," by Kenneth Chang, New York Times, May 9, 2008.
  13. ^ Kiple, Kenneth F. and Ornelas, Kriemhild Coneè, eds., The Cambridge World History of Food, Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 83
  14. ^ "No-Till: The Quiet Revolution," by David Huggins and John Reganold, Scientific American, July 2008, pp. 70-77.
  15. ^ Fagan, Brian M, ed. The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1996 ISBN 978-0-521-40216-3 p 363
  16. ^ Hirst, K. Kris. 2005. "Mehrgarh". Guide to Archaeology
  17. ^ http://www.maltavoyager.com/moa/areas/zebbug.htm
  18. ^ http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/malta/