Timeline of major beauty pageants
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- early 19th century: Bathing Beauty Pageant of Rehoboth Beach, Delaware begin.
- 1854: P.T. Barnum was the man behind the first American pageant.
- 1921: Gimmick by Atlantic City hotel owners desire to stage a Fall festival to encourage tourism past Labor Day.
- The festival includes a National Beauty Pageant Tournament (NBPT)
- Newspapers editors are invited to run photo contest to pick winners to represent their counties at the new pageant
- Eight contestants compete.
- Margaret Gorman a 16-year-old from Washington, D.C. is the winner.
- Starting the tradition of the bond between pageantry and the film industry she is said to be a dead ringer for matinee star Mary Pickford.
- 1923: *The popularity of the NBPT increases to 70 contestants.
- Mary Katherine Campbell wins the NBPT for a second time enacting a rule that the title can not be held more than twice.
- Controversy ensues as NBPT officials forget to install a "no marriage" rule and discover that contestant Helmar Leiderman is not only married but a resident of a state different from the one she was representing.
- 1929: NBPT is discontinued from 1929-1932 due to the effects of the Great Depression and negative press.
- 1934: NBPT is revived under new management and a new name, "The Variety Showman's Jubilee"
- Marian Bergeron a 15-year-old is the winner
- Controversy ensues when it is learned that she is underage.
- She is disqualified but her crown is stolen from her hotel just hours after her crowning.
- The contest is cancelled due to financial troubles.
- 1935: Lenora Slaughter starts a new pageant.
- Reflecting the nation's fascination with Hollywood the contest adds a talent competition
- Winners receive a professional screen test.
- Silver screen agents representing moguls like Howard Hughes scout for potential starlets.
- Dorothy Lamour a 1935 contestant later co-stars in Bob Hope's Road to film series.
- 1937: Controversy ensues as Belle Cooper disappears with her bachelor chaperon Lou Off
- A state wide police search is launched only to reveal the Bette and Off had just returned to her hometown so as to attend school.
- 1942: Lenora Slaughter's pageant is threatened during World War II but in continues in the idea that pageants are good for the American spirit.
- 1945: In ironic historical coincidence Bess Myerson becomes the first Jewish woman to win a national pageant shortly after World War II along with a first ever pageant scholarship award of $5,000
- 1947: Barbara Jo Walker becomes the first national beauty queen to marry during her reign.
- 1948: Reporters attempt to boycott as it is announced that one pageants winners will be crowned in a modern gown rather than the traditional bathing suit.
- As a concession runner-ups pose in swimsuits while Bebe Shopp is crowned in a gown.
- 1950: Yolande Betbeze refuses to pose in a swimsuit insisting that she is a classical singer not a pin-up.
- Catalina swimwear a major pageant sponsor quits and starts planning its own pageants.
- 1951: With the popularity of American pageants the Festival of Brittan hold a pageant with the slogan 'Beauty with a Purpose".
- 1952: 30 women compete in Long Beach, CA for a new American pageant.
- 1953: The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II worldwide royal mania which popularizes public idolization of pageantry and royalty...enter the "American Queens".
- 1954: First live coast-to-coast pageant is broadcast.
- 1957: Controversy ensues as Leona Gage resigns after her mother-in-law informs the press that 18-year-old Gage is married and the mother of two children.
- Leon explains that she entered into the pageant to earn money to support her husbands military salary.
- 1958: Mobile, Alabama's Azalea contest is expanded into a scholarship program to recognize outstanding achievement by high school seniors.
- 1960: CBS begins televising pageants.
- Corrine Huff becomes the first black woman to compete in a major national pageant.
- 1962: Miss Haiti Evelyn Moit becomes the first black woman to make an international semi-finals.
- 1963: Diane Sawyer from Kentucky wins pageant title.
- 1965: Conjoined USA and Universe pageants split with Apasra Hongsakula from Thailand and Sue Downey from Ohio winning receptively.
- late 1960s: Pageants are now broadcast in color.
- 1966: Pageant contestants travel to Vietnam to entertain servicemen with Bob Hope.
- This starts another pageant tradition.
- 1967: Sylvia Hitchcock becomes the first American in seven years to win an international title.
- 1967: The Woman's Liberation Front protest pageants.
- 1968: Miss Black America Pageant is held in Atlantic City to protest the absence of black women in the Miss America Pageant.
- 1970: In a historical coincidence, Cheryl Browne an African-American wins the Iowa title in the Miss America franchise soon after the formation of the Miss Black America Pageant.
- 1973: First live international pageant is broadcast worldwide via satellite from the Parthenon in Athens, Greece[which?]
- 1974: Philippine, First Lady, Imelda Marcos spares no expense to host an international pageant even calling in the military to seed monsoon clouds to prevent an approaching typhoon.[which?]
- 1977: In a racial breakthrough Janelle Commissiong of Trinidad and Tobago becomes the first black woman to win an international title.[which?]
- The historic moment is televised live from Dominican Republic.
- 1979: After an international pageant in Australia the stage collapses as 200 reporters and contestants rush forward to congratulate the winner Maritza Sayalero of Venezuela.[which?]
- Two people are hospitalized.
- 1980: A pageant program honoring teen excellence is founded.
- Susan McDonald is the first winner.
- In a pageant that had never crowned a black woman Lenola Sullivan from Arkansas goes further than any of her preprocessors by placing in the top five and winning the swimsuit competition.
- Shawn Nichols Weatherly from South Carolina becomes the first American in thirteen years to win another competitions triple crown becoming an international winner.
- 1983: CBS televises its first teen pageant from Lakeland, Florida
- 1984: After a scandal the runner up from 1983 Suzette Charles takes Vanessa Williams crown.
- Yet another teen pageant is founded Debbie Brooks of Modesto, California wins the title.
- Mai Shanley of Philippine and Irish parentage becomes the first Eurasian winner of Miss USA.
- Laura Martinez Herring a naturalized Mexican-American and Deborah Carthy-Deu of Puerto Rico become the first Hispanics to win major titles.
- 1986: Miss Black USA Pageant is started by Karen Arrington.
- Another pageant Mrs. United States is founded with Sharon Kirkby as the winner.
- A pageant television series Dream Girl USA is cancelled after only one season.
- Laurelle Brooks was asked to be one of the contestant of Dream Girl USA and to return for the final show.
- 1987: Kaye Lani Rae Rafko an oncology nurse from Michigan wins a title.
- She voluntarily devotes part of her year to advocating hospice care promoting the nursing platform and setting a new precedent of social activism for title holders allowing them to be role models of public service.
- The first Miss Black USA Pageant is held at the J.W. Marriot hotel in Washington D.C.
- Tamiko Gibson from Maryland a University of Maryland Broadcast Journalism major is crowned.
- 1988: An American Pamela Nail of Mississippi wins Miss World for the first time.
- 1989: Mrs. International Pageant is founded crowning Rhonda Berglan of Oklahoma.
- 1990: Russia sends Evia Stalbovska of Latvia as Miss USSR.
- Finally Miss USA has an African American title holder Carol Gist of Michigan.
- Ironically Debbie Turner, another African American, wins Miss America (the reign continues as another black woman Marjorie Vincent wins the following year).
- Miss Black USA Pageant awards its first full tuition scholarship.
- 1991: Kathie Lee Gifford becomes the first full-fledged woman co-host.
- Dr. Deborah Williams a practicing psychologist and mother from Texas becomes the first black woman to win a pageant for married women.
- After reports reveal that she was physically abused by her former fiancé a NFL player Carolyn Sapp achieves national recognition for her campaign against domestic violence making the cover of People magazine and starring in a film about her life.
- 1993: For the second time in history, black women hold two pageant title crowns simultaneously.
Kenya Moore and Kimberly Aiken.
- 1994: Heather Whitestone wins a crown after performing a ballet to music while deaf and becomes the first physically handicapped woman to win a title.
- Barbara Walters runs a special on her
- One pageant decides to keep the swimsuit portion of their competition after putting it up to caller votes with 73% voting in favor of it.
- 1998: Nicole Johnson of Virginia wins a title despite being a diabetic who wears an insulin pump on her hip.
- She becomes a champion of diabetes.
- 1999: Botswana sends its first ever contestant to an international pageant Mpule Kwelagobe and she wins in stunning upset.
- 2001: Controversy ensues when David Letterman jokes that Andrea Noceti of Colombia talent portion consisted of her swallowing 50 balloons of heroin.
- 2002: Oksana Fyodorova a full-time police lieutenant from St. Petersburg, Russia is stripped of her title for failing to fulfill her duties.
- At a pageant in Nigeria a predominantly Muslim country at the time anti-pageant protest and rioting break out.
- It is sparked when a female reporter suggests that Islam's Prophet might well have married one of the contestants.
- Several hundred people are killed.
- The pageant is moved to London, England after several contestants leave the country due to security concerns.
- In another international pageant Christina Sawaya of Lebanon pulls out stating that she will not compete in a pageant with Israel's contestant Yamit Har-Noy causing further security concerns for this pageant.
- Halle Berry a 1986 runner-up wins the 2002 Academy Award for Best Actress in Monster's Ball maintaining the pageant film star connection.
- 2003 Marilyn Van Derbur publishes Miss America by Day, her account of growing up as a victim of sexual abuse and incest.
- 2004: ABC drops the Miss America Pageant.
- 2006: Danielle Lloyd is stripped of her title in Great Britain after allegations that she had been romantically involved with one of the judges, the Manchester United and England football star Teddy Sheringham, before the competition.
- The controversy intensifies when she poses nude in Playboy magazine.
- Legal action is brought against her for bringing the pageant into disrepute.
- More sexual controversy as Tara Connor is nearly stripped of her title after media reports surface of her engaging in underage drinking, lewd behavior, and other behavior issues.
- 2009: Dr. Ian Smith partners with a pageant to start the 50 Million Pound Challenge to fight obesity in the African-American community.
- 2011: Another community minded pageant American Siren with a motto of; "A true pageant featuring the real beauty of a woman: Her ability to be both attractive and intelligent simultaneously capable of reconciling the role of C.E.O. and cover girl." is founded.
- Solidifying the bond with Hollywood it is launched by Invision Filmworks.
- "History of pageants". ygoy.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1920s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1930s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1940s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1950s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1960s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1970s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1980s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 1990s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "History of pageants 2000s". pageantcenter.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
- "American Siren Launch". prlog.org. Retrieved 2011-01-28.