Timeline of operating systems

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This article presents a timeline of events in the history of computer operating systems from 1951 to the current day. For a narrative explaining the overall developments, see the History of operating systems.

1950s[edit]

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

Year-Month  Windows Mac BSD Linux Others
2000–01
2000–02 Windows 2000[30] Solaris 8
2000–03 FreeBSD 4.0 Red Hat Linux 6.2E AtheOS
BeOS R5
2000–04
2000–05
2000–06 OpenBSD 2.7 Plan 9 Third Edition[31]
2000–07
2000–08 Debian 2.2 MorphOS 0.1[32]
2000–09 Windows Millennium Edition[33] SUSE Linux 7.0
2000–10 z/OS
MorphOS 0.2
2000–11
2000–12 NetBSD 1.5
OpenBSD 2.8
AmigaOS 3.9[34]
HP-UX 11i
2001–01
2001–02 MorphOS 0.4[35]
2001–03 Mac OS X v10.0 "Cheetah"
2001–04
2001–05 AIX 5L 5.1
2001–06 OpenBSD 2.9
2001–07 eComStation 1.0
2001–08 Haiku[36]
2001–09 Mac OS X v10.1 "Puma"
2001–10 Windows XP[37]
Windows XP 64-bit Edition 2002[38]
Novell NetWare 6.0
2001–11
2001–12 OpenBSD 3.0 OS/2 4.52
2002–01 JX microkernel for Java
Sanos microkernel for net appliances
K42 microkernel for NUMA machines
2002–02
2002–03 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 AS
2002–04 SUSE Linux 8.0 Plan 9 Fourth Edition[39]
2002–05 OpenBSD 3.1 Solaris 9 (SPARC)
2002–06
2002–07 Debian 3.0 Syllable 0.4.0[40]
2002–08 Mac OS X v10.2 "Jaguar"[41]
2002–09 Windows XP Service Pack 1 NetBSD 1.6
2002–10 AIX 5.2
2002–11 OpenBSD 3.2 MorphOS 1.0
2002–12 MorphOS 1.1
2003–01 FreeBSD 5.0 Solaris 9 (x86)
JNode[42] - JavaOS successor
2003–02 MorphOS 1.2
ReactOS 0.1.0
2003–03 Windows XP 64-bit Edition 2003[43] MorphOS 1.3
2003–04 Windows Server 2003
2003–05 OpenBSD 3.3 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 ES
2003–06 OpenVMS 8.0
2003–07
2003–08 Novell NetWare 6.5
MorphOS 1.4
2003–09 HP-UX 11i v2
2003–10 Mac OS X v10.3 "Panther" Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3
SUSE Linux 9.0
2003–11 OpenBSD 3.4 Fedora Core 1
2003–12 Linux 2.6.0[44]
2004–01 Linux 2.6.1 ReactOS 0.2.0
2004–02 Linux 2.6.2, 2.6.3
2004–03 Linux 2.6.4
2004–04 Linux 2.6.5
2004–05 OpenBSD 3.5 Linux 2.6.6
Fedora Core 2
2004–06
2004–07 DragonFly BSD 1.0
2004–08 Windows XP Service Pack 2 Linux 2.6.8 AIX 5.3
2004–09
2004–10 Linux 2.6.9
Ubuntu 4.10
2004–11 OpenBSD 3.6 Fedora Core 3
2004–12 NetBSD 2.0 Linux 2.6.10
2005–01 Solaris 10
2005–02 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 OpenVMS 8.2
2005–03 Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
Linux 2.6.11
Novell Open Enterprise Server
2005–04 Mac OS X v10.4 "Tiger" DragonFly BSD 1.2 Ubuntu 5.04
2005–05 OpenBSD 3.7
2005–06 Linux 2.6.12
Fedora Core 4
Debian 3.1
2005–07
2005–08 Linux 2.6.13
2005–09
2005–10 Linux 2.6.14
Ubuntu 5.10
SUSE Linux 10.0
2005–11 FreeBSD 6.0
OpenBSD 3.8
2005–12 NetBSD 3.0
2006–01 DragonFly BSD 1.4 Linux 2.6.15 Solaris 10 1/06
2006–02
2006–03 Windows Server 2003 R2 Linux 2.6.16
Fedora Core 5
2006–04
2006–05 OpenBSD 3.9 SymbOS
MINIX 3.1.2
2006–06 Linux 2.6.17
Ubuntu 6.06 (LTS)
Solaris 10 6/06
2006–07 DragonFly BSD 1.6
2006–08 BS2000/OSD v7.0[45]
ReactOS 0.3.0
2006–09 Linux 2.6.18 FreeDOS 1.0
OpenVMS8.3
2006–10 Fedora Core 6
Ubuntu 6.10
Slackware 11.0
2006–11 Windows Vista OpenBSD 4.0 Linux 2.6.19 AmigaOS 4.0
Solaris 10 11/06
2006–12
2007–01 DragonFly BSD 1.8 Bharat Operating System Solutions
2007–02 Linux 2.6.20 Inferno Fourth Edition
2007–03 Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5
2007–04 Linux 2.6.21
Ubuntu 7.04
Debian 4.0
2007–05 OpenBSD 4.1 Fedora 7
2002–06
2007–07 Linux 2.6.22
Slackware 12.0
2007–08 DragonFly BSD 1.10 Solaris 10 8/07
2007–09 HP-UX 11i v3
2007–10 Mac OS X v10.5 "Leopard" Linux 2.6.23
Ubuntu 7.10
OpenVMS 8.3-1H1
2007–11 Windows Home Server OpenBSD 4.2 Fedora 8
gOS
AIX 6.1,
2007–12 NetBSD 4.0
2008–01 Linux 2.6.24
2008–02 Windows Vista Service Pack 1
Windows Server 2008
DragonFly BSD 1.12
FreeBSD 7.0
2008–03 Singularity 1.1
2008–04 Windows XP Service Pack 3 Linux 2.6.25
Ubuntu 8.04 (LTS)
2008–05 OpenBSD 4.3 Fedora 9
Slackware 12.1
Solaris 10 5/08
OpenSolaris 2008.05
BS2000/OSD v8.0A
2008–06 SUSE Linux 11.0 MorphOS 2.0
2008–07 DragonFly BSD 2.0 Linux 2.6.26
2008–08 STOP 6.5
2008–09 AmigaOS 4.1
z/OS V1R10
MorphOS 2.1
2008–10 Linux 2.6.27
Ubuntu 8.10
Android 1.0
Solaris 10 10/08
2008–11 OpenBSD 4.4 Fedora 10 Singularity 2.0
2008–12 Linux 2.6.28
Slackware 12.2
MorphOS 2.2
OpenSolaris 2008.11
2009–01
2009–02 DragonFly BSD 2.2 Debian 5.0
Android 1.1
2009–03 Linux 2.6.29
2009–04 NetBSD 5.0 Ubuntu 9.04
Android 1.5
2009–05 Windows Vista Service Pack 2 OpenBSD 4.5 Solaris 10 5/09
2009–06 Linux 2.6.30
Fedora 11
AmigaOS 4.1
OpenSolaris 2009.06
Palm webOS
2009–07
2009–08 Mac OS X v10.6 "Snow Leopard" Slackware 13.0 MorphOS 2.3
2009–09 DragonFly BSD 2.4 Linux 2.6.31
Android 1.6
2009–10 Windows 7
Windows Server 2008 R2
OpenBSD 4.6 Ubuntu 9.10
Android 2.0
Solaris 10 10/09
MorphOS 2.4
2009–11 FreeBSD 8.0 Fedora 12
openSUSE 11.2
2009–12 Linux 2.6.32

2010s[edit]

Date        Windows Mac BSD Linux Others
2010–01 Android 2.1 AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 1
2010–02 Linux 2.6.33
2010–03
2010–04 DragonFly BSD 2.6 Ubuntu 10.04 (LTS) AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 2
2010–05 OpenBSD 4.7 Linux 2.6.34
Fedora 13
Android 2.2
2010–06 MorphOS 2.5
OpenVMS 8.4
iOS 4.0
2010–07 openSUSE 11.3
2010–08 Linux 2.6.35
2010–09 Solaris 10 9/10
iOS 4.1
2010–10 DragonFly BSD 2.8 Linux 2.6.36
Fedora 14
Ubuntu 10.10
MorphOS 2.6
2010–11 NetBSD 5.1
OpenBSD 4.8
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 iOS 4.2
2010–12 Android 2.3 MorphOS 2.7
2011–01 Linux 2.6.37
2011–02 Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Debian 6.0
Android 3.0
2011–03 Linux 2.6.38
openSUSE 11.4
iOS 4.3
2011–04 DragonFly BSD 2.10 Ubuntu 11.04
Slackware 13.37
2011–05 OpenBSD 4.9 Linux 2.6.39
Fedora 15
Android 3.1

AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 1 (for Classic)
2011–06 Google Chrome OS (first shipped) 9front
iOS 5.0
2011–07 Mac OS X v10.7 "Lion" Linux 3.0
Android 3.2

AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 3
2011–08
2011–09
2011–10 Linux 3.1
Ubuntu 11.10
Android 4.0
2011–11 OpenBSD 5.0 Fedora 16
openSUSE 12.1
BS2000/OSD 9.0
Solaris 11 11/11
2011–12 AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 4
2012–01 FreeBSD 9.0 Linux 3.2 FreeDOS 1.1
2012–02 DragonFly BSD 3.0 ReactOS 0.3.14
Minix 3.2
2012–03 Linux 3.3
Android 4.0.4
iOS 5.1
2012–04 Ubuntu 12.04 (LTS)
2012–05 OpenBSD 5.1 Linux 3.4
Fedora 17
2012–06 MorphOS 3.0
iOS 5.1.1
2012–07 Mac OS X v10.8 "Mountain Lion" Linux 3.5
Android 4.1
MorphOS 3.1
AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 5
2012–08
2012–09 Windows Server 2012 Linux 3.6
Slackware 14.0
iOS 6.0
2012–10 Windows 8 NetBSD 6.0
OpenBSD 5.2
Ubuntu 12.10
2012–11 DragonFly BSD 3.2 Android 4.2 Haiku R1 Alpha 4
iOS 6.0.1
2012–12 FreeBSD 9.1 iOS 6.0.2
2013-01 Fedora 18 BlackBerry 10
iOS 6.1
Solaris 10 1/13
2013-02
2013-03
2013-04 DragonFly BSD 3.4 Linux 3.9
Ubuntu 13.04
2013-05 NetBSD 6.1
OpenBSD 5.3
Debian 7.0 ReactOS 0.3.15
2013-06 Linux 3.10
2013-07 Fedora 19
Android 4.3
2013-08
2013-09 FreeBSD 9.2 iOS 7
2013-10 Windows 8.1
Windows Server 2012 R2
OS X Mavericks (version 10.9) Ubuntu 13.10
2013-11 DragonFly BSD 3.6
OpenBSD 5.4
Fedora 19
Slackware 14.1
Android 4.4
2013-12 Fedora 20
2014-01 FreeBSD 10.0
2014-02 ReactOS 0.3.16
2014-03
2014-04 Ubuntu 14.04 (LTS)
2014-05 OpenBSD 5.5
2014-06 DragonFly BSD 3.8

See also[edit]

Category links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Early Electronic Computers (BBC)
  2. ^ Martin H. Weik, "A Third Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems," Ballistic Research Laboratories Report No. 1115, pg. 234-5, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, March 1961
  3. ^ MIT's first Operating System (1954)
  4. ^ Douglas Ross. 1986. A personal view of the personal work station: some firsts in the Fifties. In Proceedings of the ACM Conference on The history of personal workstations (HPW '86), John R White and Kathi Anderson (Eds.). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 19-48. DOI=10.1145/12178.12180 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/12178.12180
  5. ^ EARLY OPERATING SYSTEMS
  6. ^ "Michigan Terminal System: Time Line". Clock.org. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  7. ^ Multics History
  8. ^ https://www.cs.virginia.edu/people/faculty/pdfs/p337-wulf.pdf
  9. ^ http://research.microsoft.com/pubs/72418/cap.pdf
  10. ^ FLEX User Group – History
  11. ^ http://www.cs.washington.edu/research/projects/poirot3/Oakland/sp/PAPERS/00044538.PDF
  12. ^ http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/history/ford78.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings/afips/1979/5087/00/50870355.pdf
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ Apollo/DOMAIN Computers
  16. ^ ftp://ftp.stratus.com/vos/doc/reference/machine_history.txt
  17. ^ http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a229523.pdf
  18. ^ http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~cs739-1/papers/locus.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.aesec.com/eval/NCSC-FER-94-008.pdf
  20. ^ Vinter, S. T. and Schantz, R. E. 1986. The Cronus distributed operating system. In Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Making Distributed Systems Work (Amsterdam, Netherlands, September 08–10, 1986). EW 2. ACM, New York, NY, 1-3.
  21. ^ ftp://ftp.hpl.external.hp.com/pub/dec/SRC/research-reports/SRC-023.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/~ccpalmer/classes/cs55/Content/resources/vax_vmm.pdf
  23. ^ http://www.cs.washington.edu/research/projects/poirot3/Oakland/sp/PAPERS/00044288.PDF
  24. ^ http://www.cyberdefenseagency.com/publications/LOCK-An_Historical_Perspective.pdf
  25. ^ "A Brief History of RISC OS", Wakefield RISC OS Computer Club, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  26. ^ http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/virtual_disk_library/index.cgi/1347159/FID1806/epl/entries/csc-epl-92-001.html
  27. ^ http://embedded.soe.ucsc.edu/pubs/tr96-29/html/tr96-29.html
  28. ^ various 1997 publications listed on the Nemesis website, retrieved 2013-08-13
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  30. ^ "Microsoft Releases Windows 2000 to Manufacturing", Microsoft News Center, 1999-12-15, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  31. ^ "Plan 9 from Bell Labs Overview", Bell Labs, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  32. ^ Balaban, Alexandre (2000), Test de MorphOS 0.1 (in French), retrieved 2011-11-19 
  33. ^ "Microsoft Announces Immediate Availability Of Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me)", Microsoft News Center, 2000-09-14, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  34. ^ "AmigaOS 3.9 release", Amiga History (UK), 2000-12-04, retrieved 2012-07-22 
  35. ^ Schmidt, Ralph (2001-02-15), New MorphOS 0.4 Release, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  36. ^ Project History, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  37. ^ "Windows XP to Take the PC to New Heights", Microsoft News Center, 2001-08-24, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  38. ^ "Microsoft Unveils Plans for 64-Bit Windows Platform". 
  39. ^ "Plan 9 From Bell Labs Fourth Release Notes", Bell Labs, April 2002, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  40. ^ "What is the history of Syllable?", Frequently Asked Questions, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  41. ^ "Jaguar "Unleashed" at 10:20 p.m. Tonight", Apple Inc., 2002-08-23, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  42. ^ http://2010.rmll.info/IMG/pdf/LSM2010-OS-JNode-2.pdf
  43. ^ "Windows XP 64-bit Edition for Itanium systems, Version 2003 Press release", Microsoft News Center, 2003-03-28, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  44. ^ Kernel.org archive, retrieved 2011-11-19 
  45. ^ News digest August 2006, August 2006, retrieved 2011-11-19 

External links[edit]