Timeline of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact
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This is a Timeline of Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact, as accepted by mainstream archaeology.
- Norse colonization of the Americas:
- c.1000: Erik the Red and Leif Ericson, Viking navigators, discovered and settled Greenland, Helluland (possibly Baffin Island), Markland (perhaps Labrador) and Vinland (probably Newfoundland). The Greenland colony lasted until the 15th century, but the settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows, the only known site of a Norse village in North America outside of Greenland, is estimated to have endured less than a decade.
- c.1350: The Norse Western Settlement in Greenland was abandoned.
- c.1450–1480s: The Norse Eastern Settlement in Greenland was abandoned, as the opening stages of the Little Ice Age occurred.
- Seaver (1995) The Frozen Echo p.205: a reference to sailors in Bergen in 1484 who had visited Greenland (Seaver speculates that they may have been English); p.229ff: archaeological evidence of contact with Europe towards the end of the 15th century