Timeline of pre-statehood Montana history

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Montana Territory evolved out of territories of the Louisiana Purchase and Oregon Country. The territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 28, 1864, until November 8, 1889, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Montana.

Pre-territorial period[edit]

1805–1840[edit]

Manuel Lisa

1841–1850[edit]

1851–1860[edit]

1861–1864[edit]

John Bozeman

Territorial period[edit]

1864[edit]

Confederate Gulch ca 1870

1865[edit]

1866[edit]

Bozeman Mainstreet, 1875

1867[edit]

1868[edit]

1869[edit]

1870[edit]

Henry Washburn, 1869

1871[edit]

1872[edit]

1873[edit]

1874[edit]

1875[edit]

  • July 8 – W.C. Shippen, a Methodist minister in Helena, Montana has the "Hanging Tree", a tall, dead Ponderosa Pine cut down. Ten men had been hanged on the tree which stood at the corner of Broadway and Davis streets; the last being J.L. Compton and Joseph Wilson on April 30, 1870 for robbery and murder.[57]
  • December 6 – The Federal Indian Bureau issues a proclamation that any Indians found off their respective reservations as of January 31, 1876 would be considered hostile. This set the stage for the Great Sioux War of 1876.[58]

1876[edit]

Miles City, 1881

1877[edit]

1878[edit]

1879[edit]

1880[edit]

1881[edit]

1882[edit]

Plat of Livingston, MT (1883)

1883[edit]

1884[edit]

1885[edit]

1886[edit]

1887[edit]

1888[edit]

1889[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Goodwin, Cardinal (February 1917). "Manuel Lisa". The Overland Monthly (San Francisco, California: Overland Monthly Publishing Co.) 68 (2): 151–155. 
  2. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 0966335562. 
  3. ^ Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 245. ISBN 156044956X. 
  4. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 0966335562. 
  5. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 82. ISBN 0966335562. 
  6. ^ a b Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 109. ISBN 0966335562. 
  7. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 178. ISBN 0966335562. 
  8. ^ Hanna, Warren L. (1988). "Hugh Monrow-The White Blackfeet". Stars Over Montana-The Men Who Made Glacier National Park. West Glacier, Montana: Glacier Natural History Association. pp. 1–24. ISBN 091679064. 
  9. ^ History of St. Mary's Mission in Stevensville, Montana – Where Montana Began
  10. ^ Chouteau County, Montana Website, accessed 26 Oct 2009
  11. ^ The History of "Old Fort Benton", Fort Benton Website, accessed 26 Oct 2009
  12. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 200. ISBN 0966335562. 
  13. ^ Milner, Clyde A.; O'Connor, Carol A. (2009). "Partners in a New Land". As Big As The West-The Pioneer Life of Granville Stuart. Oxford University Press. pp. 39–68. ISBN 9780195127096. 
  14. ^ a b "Historic Missoula- Hell Gate Village Era (1860–65)". Missoula Historic Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  15. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 0966335562. 
  16. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 186. ISBN 0966335562. 
  17. ^ Briggeman, Kim (2012-07-28). "1st gold strike in territory that became Montana was 150 years ago". Missoulian. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  18. ^ "Montana’s first hanging today at Gold Creek in 1862". Montana Yesterdays. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  19. ^ Smith, Phyllis (1996). "8". Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley-a History. Guildford, CT: The Globe Pequeot Press. pp. 41–50. ISBN 1560445408. 
  20. ^ a b Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 254. ISBN 156044956X. 
  21. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 149. ISBN 0966335562. 
  22. ^ a b Smith, Phyllis (1996). "9". Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley-a History. Guildford, CT: The Globe Pequeot Press. pp. 51–58. ISBN 1560445408. 
  23. ^ Dillon, Mark C. (2013). "The Murder of Nicolas Tiebolt and the Trial and Execution of George Ives". Montana Vigilantes 1863-1870 Gold, Guns and Gallows. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press. pp. 89–118. ISBN 9780874219197. 
  24. ^ Dillon, Mark C. (2013). "Formation of the Vigilance Committee". Montana Vigilantes 1863-1870 Gold, Guns and Gallows. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press. pp. 119–134. ISBN 9780874219197. 
  25. ^ Dillion, Mark C. (2013). "The Third Factor Leading To Vigilantism in the Region-The Insecure Means of Transporting Wealth". Montana Vigilantes 1863-1870 Gold, Guns and Gallows. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press. pp. 57–88. ISBN 9780874219197. 
  26. ^ "An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Montana" (PDF). Thirty-sixth United States Congress. 1864-05-26. Archived from the original on 2007-01-12. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 
  27. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 205. ISBN 0966335562. 
  28. ^ "About The Montana post. (Virginia City, Montana Territory [i.e. Mont.]) 1864–1869". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  29. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 300. ISBN 0966335562. 
  30. ^ Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 259. ISBN 156044956X. 
  31. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 349. ISBN 0966335562. 
  32. ^ Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 279. ISBN 156044956X. 
  33. ^ "Montana Code Annotated-22-3-101. Historical society". Montana Legislative Services. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  34. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 38. ISBN 0966335562. 
  35. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 40. ISBN 0966335562. 
  36. ^ Hamilton, James McClellan; Burlingame, Merrill G.; Ryan, Betty G. (1957). "The Blackfoot Treaty of 1865". From Wilderness to Statehood: A History of Montana, 1805–1900. Portland, OR: Bindfords & Mort. pp. 181–185. 
  37. ^ "Historic Missoula-Early Missoula (1864–1883)". Missoula Historic Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  38. ^ "The Montana Post, August 26, 1865". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  39. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 290. ISBN 0966335562. 
  40. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 277. ISBN 0966335562. 
  41. ^ Miller, Don C.; Cohen, Stan (1978). Military and Trading Posts of Montana. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. p. 25. ISBN 0-933126-01-8. 
  42. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 227. ISBN 0966335562. 
  43. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 238. ISBN 0966335562. 
  44. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 309. ISBN 0966335562. 
  45. ^ Montana Yesterday » July 29, 1868: The demise of Fort Smith
  46. ^ PBS – THE WEST – The Fort Laramie Treaty (1868)
  47. ^ Hamilton, James McClellan; Burlingame, Merrill G.; Ryan, Betty G. (1957). "The Piegan Campaign of 1870". From Wilderness to Statehood: A History of Montana, 1805–1900. Portland, OR: Bindfords & Mort. pp. 184–188. 
  48. ^ Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 251. ISBN 156044956X. 
  49. ^ Stout, Tom (1921). History of Montana I. New York: American Historical Society. p. 322. 
  50. ^ Putnam, James Bruce (1988). The Evolution of a Frontier Town: Bozeman, Montana and Its Search For Economic Stability 1864–1887. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society. p. 28. 
  51. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 159. ISBN 0966335562. 
  52. ^ Rees, Tony (2007). "Summer 1873". Arc of the Medicine Line-Mapping the World's Longest Undefended Border Across the Western Plains. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 118–164. ISBN 9781553652786. 
  53. ^ Lubetkin, M. John (2006). "15-"All Down There are Killed"". Jay Cooke's Gamble-The Northern Pacific Railroad, the Sioux and the Panic of 1873. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 241–252. ISBN 0806137401. 
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  56. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 5. ISBN 0966335562. 
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  58. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 343. ISBN 0966335562. 
  59. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 297. ISBN 0966335562. 
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  63. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 203. ISBN 0966335562. 
  64. ^ Haines, Aubrey L. (1996). "Warfare in Wonderland". The Yellowstone Story-A History of Our First National Park (Vol. 1). Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press. pp. 216–239. ISBN 0-87081-390-0. 
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  68. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 71. ISBN 0966335562. 
  69. ^ Tilden, Freeman. "Rivers of Destiny". Following the Frontier with F. Jay Haynes Pioneer Photographer of the Old West. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 37–67. 
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  71. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 341. ISBN 0966335562. 
  72. ^ Huidekoper, Wallis (1964). "The Story Behind Charlie Russell's Masterpiece". In Michael S. Kennedy. Cowboys and Cattlemen. New York: Hastings House. pp. 173–180. 
  73. ^ Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 277. ISBN 156044956X. 
  74. ^ West, Carroll Van (1993). "Coulson's Boom and Bust 1882". Capitalism on the Frontier: Billings and the Yellowstone Valley in the Nineteenth Century. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 112–132. ISBN 0803247559. 
  75. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 77. ISBN 0966335562. 
  76. ^ "Historic Missoula-Arrival of the Railroad (1883–1893)". Missoula Historic Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  77. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 222. ISBN 0966335562. 
  78. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 254. ISBN 0966335562. 
  79. ^ Mueller, Oscar O. (1964). "Ridding the Range of Renegades". In Michael S. Kennedy. Cowboys and Cattlemen. New York: Hastings House. pp. 237–251. 
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  81. ^ "Guide to The Society of Montana Pioneers Records (1884&ndash:1956)". Northwest Digital Archives. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
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  83. ^ Hanna, Warren L (1986). "Exploring With Grinnell". The Life and Times of James Willard Schultz (Apikuni). Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 133–145. ISBN 0-8061-1985-3. 
  84. ^ "Loggers faced down in Cramer Gulch war by Beavertail Hill on this day in 1885". Montana Yesterday. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  85. ^ Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 249. ISBN 156044956X. 
  86. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 0966335562. 
  87. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 292. ISBN 0966335562. 
  88. ^ Parry, Ellis Roberts (2001). Montana Dateline. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 243. ISBN 156044956X. 
  89. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 326. ISBN 0966335562. 
  90. ^ Smith, Jeffrey J. (2003). Montana Book of Days. Missoula, MT: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 0966335562. 

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