Timeline of project management
Timeline of project management - there is a general understanding that the history of modern project management started around 1950. Until 1900, projects were generally managed by creative architects and engineers themselves, among those, for example, Christopher Wren, Thomas Telford and Isambard Kingdom Brunel.
- 2570 BC Great pyramid of Giza completed. Some records remain of how the work was managed: e.g. there were managers of each of the four faces of the pyramid, responsible for their completion (subproject managers).
- 208 BC The first major construction of the Great Wall of China.
15th - 19th century
- Christopher Wren (1632–1723) was a 17th-century English designer, astronomer, geometer, mathematician-physicist and one of the greatest English architects in history. Wren designed 55 of 87 London churches after the Great fire of London in 1666, including St Paul's Cathedral in 1710, as well as many secular buildings of note.
- Thomas Telford (1757-1834) was a Scottish stonemason, architect and civil engineer and a noted road, bridge and canal builder, who for example managed the Ellesmere Canal and Pontcysyllte Aqueduct.
- Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806–1859) was a British engineer best known for the creation of the Great Western Railway, a series of famous steamships, including the first with a propeller, and numerous important bridges and tunnels.
- 1950s The Critical path method (CPM) invented
- 1950s The US DoD used modern project management techniques in their Polaris project.
- 1956 The American Association of Cost Engineers (now AACE International) formed
- 1958 The Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) method invented
- 1965 International Project Management Association (IPMA) established as International Management Systems Association (IMSA)
- 1969 Project Management Institute (PMI) launched to promote project management profession
- 1975 PROMPTII methodology created by Simpact Systems Ltd (source: PRINCE2 manual)
- 1975 The Mythical Man-Month: Essays on Software Engineering by Fred Brooks published
- 1984 The Goal by Eliyahu M. Goldratt published
- 1986 Scrum was named as a project management style in the article The New New Product Development Game by Takeuchi and Nonaka
- 1987 First Project Management Body of Knowledge Guide published as a white paper by PMI
- 1989 PRINCE method derived from PROMPTII is published by the UK Government agency CCTA and becomes the UK standard for all government information projects
- 1996 PRINCE2 published by CCTA (now Office of Government Commerce OGC) as a generic product management methodology for all UK government projects.
- 1997 Critical Chain by Eliyahu M. Goldratt published
- 2001 AgileAlliance formed to promote "lightweight" software development projects
- 2006 Total Cost Management Framework release by AACE
- 2009 PRINCE2 2009 edition, compatible with other methods and more flexible in approach