Timeline of the Eurofighter Typhoon

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Two-seat Development Aircraft (DA4).

This is a timeline of the development of the Eurofighter Typhoon, a multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers, Eurofighter GmbH, formed in 1983.

1970s[edit]

  • 1972
    • Royal Air Force (RAF) issues Air Staff Target 396 (AST-396), a requirement for a STOVL aircraft to replace the Harrier and Jaguar fleets.
    • AST-403, specification revised for an air superiority fighter. STOVL requirement dropped and AST-409 lead to the development of Harrier GR5.[1]
  • Mid-1970s
    • France, Germany and UK initiate the European Combat Aircraft(ECA) programme
  • 1979
    • Following differing requirements (particularly French requirement for carrier compatibility,) BAe and MBB propose the European Combat Fighter (ECF)

1980s[edit]

  • 1981
    • Development of different national prototypes and continued differences over specification lead to cancellation of ECF programme.
    • Panavia partners (Germany, Italy and UK) launch Agile Combat Aircraft (ACA) programme. Following failure of Germany and Italy to fund development the UK MoD pays £80m prototype, the Experimental Aircraft Programme (EAP).
  • 1983
    • May - contract for production of EAP prototype signed.
    • The UK, France, Germany, Italy and Spain launch Future European Fighter Aircraft (F/EFA) programme. Aircraft to have short take off and landing (STOL) and beyond visual range (BVR) capabilities.
  • 1984
    • France reiterates requirement for carrier capable version. The UK, Germany and Italy opt out and establish new EFA programme.
  • 1985
    • France officially withdraws, commences ACX project.
    • 27 October - EAP demonstrator rolled out at BAe Warton.
  • 1986
  • 1988
    • 23 November - contracts signed for production of demonstrator engines and airframes.

1990s[edit]

  • 1990
    • EuroRADAR formed for development of ECR-90 (CAPTOR) radar (right).
  • 1991
    • 1 May - last flight of EAP demonstrator.
  • 1992
    • EuroDASS formed for development of defensive aids sub system (DASS.) Initially only UK and Italy participate. When Eurofighter enters service only RAF aircraft will exploit all capabilities of DASS.
    • July - Germany announces intention to withdraw from the DASS element. Negotiations begin to reduce costs. As a single engine aircraft is ruled out Germany decides to fit cheaper systems, e.g., F/A-18's APG-65 in place of ECR-90, and delay its service entry by two years. Germany eventually participates in all systems.
    • December - renamed Eurofighter 2000.
  • 1994
    • 27 March - maiden flight of first development aircraft, DA1 from DASA at Manching with RB199 engines.
    • 6 April - maiden flight of second development aircraft, DA2 from BAe Warton. DA2 also flew with RB199s.
  • 1995
    • 4 June - maiden flight of Italian DA3, the first with EJ200 engines.
  • 1996
    • 31 August - Spanish DA6 becomes the first two-seater to fly.
  • 1997
    • 27 January - first flight of DA7 from Turin.
    • 24 February - maiden flight of German DA5, first aircraft to be fitted with ECR-90.
    • 14 March - maiden flight of UK's DA4, the second two-seater and last of the seven development aircraft.
  • 1998
    • January - first aerial refuelling trials, involving DA2 and an RAF VC10 tanker.
    • 30 January - NETMA and Eurofighter GmbH sign production and support contracts for 620 aircraft.
    • September - "Typhoon" name adopted, announced as strictly for export contracts. There is some controversy as the last aircraft to bear the name was the Hawker Typhoon, a World War II aircraft.[2]
    • 18 December - Tranche 1 contract signed.
  • 1999
    • Eurofighter International established as single contracting-management company to handle all export sales.

2000s[edit]

  • 2000
    • 8 March - first export sale, 60 ordered and 30 options by Greece (but delayed, maybe cancelled).
    • 16 May - UK commits to MBDA Meteor BVRAAM, leading to significant benefits for export prospects.
    • 7 July - DA2 emerges from ten month stand down with latest avionics. Finished in black (see below) to reduce cosmetic effect of 490 pressure transducers applied to airframe.
  • 2002
    • 5 April - Instrumented Production Aircraft (IPA2) makes maiden flight from Turin.
    • 11 April - IPA 3 makes maiden flight from EADS Military Aircraft, Manching, Germany.
    • 15 April - IPA 1 makes maiden flight from BAE Warton.
    • 2 July - Austria announces acquisition of 24 Typhoons, later reduced to 18.
    • 23 July - "Typhoon" name officially adopted as in-service name by four partner nations.
    • 21 November - DA6, flying out of Getafe, crashes. Twin engine failure is blamed. .[3]
  • 2003
    • 13 February - first series production aircraft, GT001 flies from Manching. This is the first of Germany's 180 aircraft.
    • 14 February - in the space of just over an hour Italy's IT001 and Britain's BT001 make their maiden flights.
    • 17 February - Spain's ST001 flies from EADS Military Aircraft, Getafe, Spain.
    • 30 June - "type acceptance" signed, marking formal delivery of aircraft to the partner nations.
    • October - integration of Meteor begins
  • 2004
    • 27 June - two RAF Typhoon T1s depart UK for Singapore for marketing and training
    • 15 December - UK confirms purchase of second batch of 89 aircraft, the last nation to commit to "Tranche 2" production of 236 aircraft.
  • 2005
    • April - Singapore drops the Typhoon from its shortlist to supply the country's next generation fighter.
    • 16 December - the Aeronautica Militare Italiana (Italian Air Force) declares the Typhoon's initial operational capability and sets it on quick reaction alert from Grosseto Air Base.
    • 21 December - Saudi Arabia agrees to a purchase of an unspecified number of Typhoons with the UK Ministry of Defence.
  • 2006
    • January - first AMI operational squadron formed
    • February - first operational mission undertaken by the Italian Air Force as Eurofighter Typhoon defends the airspace over Turin during the 2006 Winter Olympics
    • 31 March - first RAF operational squadron formed[4]
    • August 18 - announcement of Saudi Arabia signing a contract to buy 72 planes from the UK.[5]
    • October 03 - 100th production aircraft delivered.[6]
  • 2007
    • 12 July - the first Eurofighter for Austria is delivered to the Austrian Air Force[7]
  • 2008
    • January 16 - the first Tranche 2 Eurofighter Typhoon makes its first flight.[8]
    • October 22 - first flight of Typhoon in Royal Saudi Air Force livery.[9]
  • 2009
    • June 12 - first Saudi Typhoons delivered.[10]
    • November 25 - 200th Typhoon delivered.[11]

2010s[edit]

  • 2010
    • August 24 - a Spanish Eurofighter crashes in Spain, killing a Saudi pilot[12]
    • December 22 - 250th Typhoon delivered.[13]
  • 2012
    • December 21 - Oman orders 12 Eurofighter Typhoons.[14]
  • 2013
    • December 4 - 400th Typhoon delivered.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ AST-403: ENGLANDS KAMPFFLUGZEUG-PROJEKT
  2. ^ "Storm over 'Typhoon' name for Eurofighter". BBC News. 1998-09-02. Retrieved 2006-10-28. 
  3. ^ "Eurofighter crashes in Spain". BBC News. 2002-11-21. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  4. ^ "Formation of first operational Typhoon squadron ushers in new era for the RAF". www.raf.mod.uk (Royal Air Force). 2006-03-31. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  5. ^ "Saudi Arabia buys 72 Eurofighters". BBC News. 2006-08-18. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  6. ^ "100th Typhoon arrives at RAF Coningsby". www.raf.mod.uk (Royal Air Force). 2006-10-09. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  7. ^ "Eurofighter Typhoon Delivered To Five Nations". www.eurofighter.at (Eurofighter GmbH). 2007-07-12. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  8. ^ "First Tranche 2 Eurofighter Typhoon Has Flown". http://www.eurofighter.com (Eurofighter GMBH). 2007-01-16. Retrieved 2007-01-16. [dead link]
  9. ^ "First flight of Typhoon in Royal Saudi Air Force livery". http://www.baesystems.com (BAE Systems). 2008-10-22. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  10. ^ "Saudis Take Delivery of First Typhoons". http://www.defensenews.com (DefenseNews). 2009-06-12. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  11. ^ "Eurofighter GmbH has delivered the 200th Typhoon produced.". http://airforcesmonthly.com (KeyPublishing). 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  12. ^ "Eurofighter crashes in Spain". http://www.flightglobal.com/ (Flightglobal). 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  13. ^ "Eurofighter has delivered the 250th Typhoon.". http://www.key.aero/ (KeyPublishing). 2010-12-22. Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  14. ^ "Oman Orders Eurofighters And Hawks.". http://www.aviationweek.com/ (Aviationweek). 2012-12-21. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  15. ^ "Eurofighter Typhoon Marks Delivery of 400th Aircraft.". http://www.eurofighter.com/ (Eurofighter). 2013-12-04. Retrieved 2013-12-12.