Tang China supports a revolt of vassals of eastern khaganate. Tang army under the command of Li Jing defeats the Eastern Turkic Khaganate at Battle of Yinshan. Emperor Taizong says It's enough for me to compensate my dishonor at Wei River (626). East khaganate becomes vassal of China.
China dispatches a military campaign that defeats the western khaganate. Western khaganate becomes vassal of China. During power vacuum, Turgesh tribe emerges as the leading power of Onok.
Peace treaty between Caucasian Albania King Javanshir (636-669) and Caucasian Huns Elteber Alp Ilitver with conditions of dynastic marriage union, Huns' takeover of all Albanian fortresses, annual tribute to the Huns, and Huns obligation to defend Albania from Arab aggression.
Turco-Arab wars in Transoxina. Arab victory leads to shift of power in Turkestan from Turkic Khaganate to their Turgesh vassals again.
First treaty wth known terms between Byzantine Emperor Theodosios III and Danube BulgariaKhan Tervel delineating borders, fixing the size of Byzantine annual tribute to the Khan at 30 lb. of gold, exchange of prisoners, return of refugees, and unimpeded trade between the two countries
The capital of the Caliphate (Arabic Empire) is moved from Baghdad to the new city of Samarra by Caliph Al-Mu'tasim because of unrest caused by Turkic slave soldiers (named Mameluk). (Mameluk practice has begun shortly after battle of Talas .)
Kyrgyz in Yenisey region (north) defeat Uyghurs. End of the main khaganate. But Uyghurs flee to south west.
Some Uyghur refuges establish a small state in Gansu, north China.
Supported by Uyghur refuges Karluks establish the state of Karakhanids in Transoxiana.
A third group of Uyghur refuges establish another state in Turpan, present day Xinjiang, west China.
Death of Alp Arslan. Malik Shah becomes the sultan.
Danishmend Gazi who is the hero of epic tales Danishmendname founds a principality around Sivas, central Anatolia (i.e., Asatic side of present Turkey).
Divan'ı Lügat'ı Türk. A book written by Kaşgarlı Mahmut of Karakhanids to be presented to Caliph, about Turks.
Süleyman I (a cousin of Melik Shah) founds a state in what is now west Turkey. Although a vassal of Great Seljuk Empire it soon becomes totally independent. (Seljuks of Rum, Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, Sultanate of Rum, Seljuks of Turkey, Seljuks of Anatolia, Sultanate of Iconium are among the many names used for this state)
Birth of Nasreddin a satirical Sufi figure in Akşehir, Western Anatolia. His anectodes and jokes, especially those involving Mongol overlords after 1243, are always very popular in all Turkish speaking countries.