Timeline of the Yemeni Revolution (January – 27 February 2012)
|Part of the Arab Spring|
Revolution in Sana'a on 3 February 2011
|Date||27 January 2011– 27 February 2012|
Overthrow of Saleh government
|Parties to the civil conflict|
|Death(s)||2,000 (by 18 March 2012)|
The following is a timeline of the 2011–2012 Yemeni revolution from January to 27 February 2012. The Yemeni revolution was a series of major protests, political tensions, and armed clashes taking place in Yemen, which began in January 2011 and were influenced by concurrent protests in the region. Hundreds of protesters, members of armed groups, army soldiers and security personnel were killed, and many more injured, in the largest protests to take place in the South Arabian country for decades.
In early 2012, it was clear President Ali Abdullah Saleh's time in power was drawing to a close. Saleh made several trips abroad during this period as unrest and anger against his regime continued at home, as did shows of support for him. In an uncontested election in which Saleh was not on the ballot, Vice President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Al-Hadi stood for and was elected to the presidency. His swearing in days later marked the official end of the Saleh administration, amid suggestions Saleh could seek exile in Oman or Ethiopia.
- 1 Timeline
- 1.1 September–December 2011
- 1.2 January 2012
- 1.3 February 2012
- 2 References
- 3 External links
Clashes between loyalists of President Ali Abdullah Saleh in the Yemen Army Republican Guard and opposition forces of the Alliance of Yemeni Tribes under Sadiq al-Ahmar left one bystander dead in the capital of Sana'a and two residents dead in the region of el-Fardha Nehem. The fighting was reportedly stopped when Vice President Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi, nominally acting with the powers of the presidency under a Gulf Co-operation Council agreement inked in November 2011, personally intervened to mediate between the government and opposition. The opposition rallied in the streets and accused Saleh of attempting to sabotage the GCC peace deal ahead of elections scheduled for February. Activists reiterated their demand that Saleh face trial instead of enjoying the immunity granted by the GCC initiative.
South Yemen separatists traded fire with soldiers at a festival commemorating the beginning of the Yemeni Civil War some 26 years earlier. Four civilians were killed and two soldiers were injured, according to witnesses and officials. At least 10 were wounded by security forces.
Rada' District in central-west Yemen was allegedly captured by militants linked to Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. Some 150 inmates were reportedly set free from a prison there. Several opposition figures accused the Yemeni government of deliberately allowing Rada' to fall in a bid to demonstrate that Yemen was too unstable for a political transition to occur.
The Assembly of Representatives of Yemen approved the immunity law. It also nominated Vice President Hadi as its candidate for the upcoming presidential election. Alistair Burt, the United Kingdom's Middle East minister, lauded Hadi's nomination, saying an interim Hadi presidency would provide a credible political transition for the country heading into free and fair elections in 2014.
President Saleh departed abruptly for Oman en route to the United States for medical treatment, government officials said. In a statement, Saleh asked the Yemeni people to forgive him for "any shortcomings" and vowed to return. Thousands of Yemenis protested in Sana'a against the immunity law, chanting for Saleh's trial and execution over his role in the crackdown. Several hundred Yemeni soldiers and airmen took over Sana'a International Airport to demand the removal of Yemeni Air Force chief Mohammad Saleh al-Ahmar, President Saleh's half-brother, sparking a confrontation with loyalist security forces. Major General Ahmed Ali al-Ashwal, the military's chief of staff, was reportedly forced to intervene. At least one protester was arrested, the Yemen Post indicated.
The Air Force strike continued in Sana'a, with protesters continuing to demand General Mohammad Saleh al-Ahmar's removal.
Reuters reported that Saleh sought asylum in Oman and that the Omani government was reluctant to accommodate him for fear of damaging bilateral ties with Yemen in the future if popular pressure for the president to be tried for his role in the government crackdown continued. In Yemen, the strike entered its third day, with airmen blocking main roads in Sana'a and protesters thronging outside Hadi's residence.
In overnight fighting in Saada Governorate, Salafi militants allegedly attacked Houthi rebels in control of the region, leaving at least 22 dead. Protesters continuing to demand General Mohammed Saleh al-Ahmar be sacked claimed two Air Force officers were abducted by pro-Saleh gunmen in Hudaiydah for supporting the strike.
Saleh arrived in the United States for treatment. In a statement, the U.S. government claimed it granted him a visa only for medical reasons. The same day, Republican Guard units fired on protesting soldiers, including Republican Guardsmen calling for the replacement of superior officers, in Sana'a. No casualties were reported.
Major protests took place across Yemen, with tens of thousands rallying to ask Vice President Abd Rabbuh Mansour al-Hadi to "save the country" as Yemenis prepared for a 21 February presidential election in which Hadi would be the only candidate on the ballot. The Associated Press noted that the demonstrations marked a change in tone for the Yemeni street, which previously appeared to largely oppose the Gulf Co-operation Council's peace plan. In Ta'izz, protesters marked the one-year anniversary of the uprising with the lighting of a "revolution torch" on Jamal Street, the cradle of the protests, and fireworks late into the night.
Sheikh Sadiq al-Ahmar, head of the Hashid and the Alliance of Yemeni Tribes, said he would participate in the upcoming presidential election in order to "forget about Ali Abdullah Saleh", Yemen's outgoing president. He encouraged his followers to vote as well. Military defectors marched from Change Square to near Hadi's residence to call for reform. As a concession, the government provided buses to send the defectors to Sana'a's "Officers' Club" to collect their first paychecks in months, Al Jazeera reported. A carnival parade arranged by pro-election activists and an opera celebrating Yemeni unification continued festivities marking the uprising's one-year anniversary in Ta'izz. A smaller group of protesters set up a stage to denounce the impending single-candidate election of Hadi as president, calling for a boycott of the polls.
South Yemen separatists reportedly set fire to a protest camp in Aden, the south's principal port city, to protest the upcoming 21 February election supported by many protesters wishing to see Saleh removed from power.
A bomb went off at a polling site being set up in Aden, killing the apparent separatist purportedly trying to plant it inside a voting booth, according to a government official. The official said the Southern Movement was trying to disrupt the election.
A labor strike crippled Yemen's petroleum output as workers and staff at the state oil company Petromasila shut down production at the Masila oilfield, the country's largest. Strikers complained of "corruption" at the Oil Ministry and voiced anger over the departure of the multinational corporation Canadian Nexen, which it said owed them money from its tenure as Petromasila's operator.
McClatchy Newspapers reported that many residents of Aden intended to heed the Southern Movement's call for an election boycott. At least one party leader decried the "occupation" of former South Yemen by troops loyal to Sana'a, despite Hadi being a southerner himself.
21 February - Election Day
The presidential election was held, with hundreds of thousands of Yemenis going to the polls to vote for Hadi, the only candidate on the ballot. Some unofficial estimates put turnout at around 80 percent. The United States and other countries issued statements congratulating the Yemeni people and voicing support for the single-candidate election. Huge rallies reportedly erupted across the country as many Yemenis celebrated President Ali Abdullah Saleh's coming departure from power and the election of a new leader. However, in Yemen's south, nine people were reportedly killed when police clashed with anti-government protesters calling for a boycott, and voting was disrupted when gunmen stormed polling places, stealing and destroying a number of ballot boxes, according to local residents in Lahej Governorate. Meanwhile, exports from the Masila oilfield reportedly resumed after the one-day strike of the previous week.
Late in the evening, Saleh arrived in Sana'a from Addis Ababa, intending to attend the inauguration of President-elect Hadi.
President Hadi was formally inaugurated in a ceremony in Sana'a. Saleh, the former president, accompanied Hadi and handed him a folded flag of Yemen as a symbol of the passage of power. Saleh said he would remain as head of the General People's Congress, Yemen's ruling party, and a number of activists demonstrated outside Hadi's residence calling for a restructuring of the military to remove Saleh's loyalists and relatives from positions of power. The Joint Meeting Parties boycotted the ceremony, calling Hadi's election a "heresy". Meanwhile, the Associated Press reported that Saleh and his family were preparing to go into exile in Ethiopia.
- Yemen MPs resign over violence, Al Jazeera, 23 February 2011.
- Kasinof, Laura (2012-01-21). "Yemen Legislators Approve Immunity for the President". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
- South Yemen movement Protests
- The crucible of Yemen
- YEMEN: Student protests gather strength after deaths
- YEMEN: Hashid tribe clashes with security forces
- Yemeni tribes form coalition against Saleh
- "10,000 Yemeni forces defect from government, join protesters: official". News.xinhuanet.com. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Johnston, Cynthia (24 March 201). "Yemen Forces Clash over Saleh Before Friday Protest". Reuters. Retrieved 20 April 2011. Check date values in:
- "The Yemeni National Dialog Committee Issues Vision for National Salvation". Armies of Liberation. 20 March 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Yemen says more than 2,000 killed in uprising
- Yemen report: Over 1,000 missing, possibly tortured, 8 November 2011
- "Yemenis rally, demand president face trial". USA Today. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- "Yemeni Government Approves Immunity for President Saleh". Voice of America. 8 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Six killed in south Yemen on civil war anniversary". Reuters. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Yemen town captured by al Qaeda militants". CBS News. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Yemen's Foreign Minister Warns of Possible Election Delay". Voice of America. 17 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Kasinof, Laura (21 January 2012). "Yemen Legislators Approve Immunity for the President". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "UK WELCOMES YEMENI VP"S NOMINATION FOR PRESIDENCY". Brunei FM. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Yemen's Saleh 'heads to US for medical care'". Al Jazeera. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Yemenis Protest Law Granting President Immunity". Voice of America. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Soldiers of Yemen's Air Forces protest against their Commander". Yemen Post. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Yemen's Saleh seeks exile in reluctant Oman: diplomats". 24 January 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Many killed in Yemen clashes". Al Jazeera. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Yemen's President Saleh arrives in US". Al Jazeera. 29 January 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Sun, 29 Jan 2012, 14:13 GMT+3 - Yemen". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Almasmari, Hakim (31 January 2012). "Minister escapes assassination attempt in Yemen". CNN. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Fri, 10 Feb 2012, 23:48 GMT+3 - Yemen". Al Jazeera Blogs/Associated Press. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Al-Saqqaf, Emad (13 February 2012). "TAIZ CELEBRATES ANNIVERSARY OF YEMEN’S REVOLUTION". Yemen Times. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Somers, Luke. "Sat, 11 Feb 2012, 14:39 GMT+3 - Yemen". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Sat, 11 Feb 2012, 20:46 GMT+3 - Yemen". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Mon, 13 Feb 2012, 09:51 GMT+3 - Yemen". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Tue, 14 Feb 2012, 08:04 GMT+3 - aden". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Strike at oil Yemeni company deals sever blow to Yemeni struggling economy". Yemen Post. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Exports from Yemen's Masila Oil Field Resume Post-Strike - Source". Zawya. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Baron, Adam (18 February 2012). "Southern Yemen's election boycott hints at trouble ahead". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Al-Alayaa, Zaid (22 February 2012). "Yemen election for president ends rule of Ali Abdullah Saleh". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Logan, Joseph (22 February 2012). "After Yemen election, life after Saleh begins". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Thu, 23 Feb 2012, 18:08 GMT+3 - Yemen". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Quinn, Andrew (24 February 2012). "Yemen's Saleh returns home after U.S. medical visit". Reuters. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Hadi sworn in as new Yemen president". The Guardian. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "New Yemen president inaugurated; Saleh steps aside". GMA News. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Ezzi, Yasser (27 February 2012). "JMP TO BOYCOTT HADI’S INAUGURATION CEREMONY". Yemen Times. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Yemen's Saleh Will Seek Exile In Ethiopia, Aides Say". National Public Radio. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Timeline of the Yemeni Revolution (January – 27 February 2012).|
|Wikinews has news related to:|
- Yemen's Uprising ongoing coverage at Al Jazeera English
- Yemen unrest – live coverage at The Guardian
- Yemen Real Time Video Stream at Frequency
- Crowd-sourcing resource for the Yemen uprising, at CrowdVoice.org
- Yemen Peace Project
- AEI's Critical Threats Project on Yemen Protests
- Yemen at the International Crisis Group