Timeline of the introduction of color television in countries

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This is a list of when the first color television broadcasts were transmitted to the general public. Non-public field tests and closed-circuit demonstrations are not included.

Countries and territories which never had black and white television (i.e. the first broadcasts were in color), such as Zanzibar, Brunei, Botswana, Laos, South Africa, Macau, Sri Lanka, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Bhutan, Vanuatu, Malawi, The Gambia, Tonga, Liechtenstein, San Marino, Somalia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe and Nepal are not included in this list.

Country Date Network or channel Color system Notes
 Afghanistan 1983 RTA PAL
 Albania 1981 RTSH PAL Color broadcasts had been available from Yugoslavia since 1971, and Italy since 1977.
 Algeria 1979 RTA SECAM
 American Samoa 1969 KVZK-2 NTSC KVZK-2 was a National Educational Television affiliate.
 Angola 1978 TPA PAL
 Argentina 1978 LS 82 Canal 7 PAL Introduced for the 1978 FIFA World Cup (local transmission in color began at 00hs May 1, 1980). In 1969 Canal 13 made experimental transmissions in SECAM, but eventually did but not received government approval, so the project was cancelled.
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic Armenia 1973 Armenia 1 PAL First transmission was the May Day Parade in Yerevan. Full-time color transmissions since Christmas Eve 1978.
 Australia 1967 ATV-0 (now ATV-10). PAL Introduced June 15, 1967 with live coverage of the Pakenham races. Full-time color transmissions since March 1, 1975.
 Austria 1969 ORF PAL First transmission was the Eurovision broadcast of New Year Concert from Vienna on January 1, 1969. Full-time color transmissions since January 15, 1975.
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic Azerbaijan 1983 AzTV PAL
 Bahamas 1983 ZNS-TV NTSC
 Bahrain 1972 Bahrain TV PAL
 Bangladesh 1980 BTV PAL
 Barbados 1980 CBC NTSC
 Belize 1984 Channel 7 NTSC
 Benin 1982 OTRB PAL
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Belarus 1969 Belteleradio SECAM
 Belgium 1971 RTB/BRT PAL Color broadcasts from France (SECAM), Germany and Netherlands (PAL) were available since 1967. Early receivers were very costly owing to multiple standards: PAL/SECAM/625 lines and monochrome/819 lines
 Bermuda 1968 ZBM-TV NTSC ZBM was an affiliate of the U.S. network CBS.
 Bolivia 1979 Televisión Boliviana NTSC
Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 1978 Televizjia Sarajevo PAL
 Brazil 1972 Bandeirantes/Globo PAL-M First transmissions (unofficial and just for specific programs) were made between 1962 and 1963 using NTSC. Tests for the regular transmissions begins in 1970 with the Mexico's FIFA World Cup, and the first official transmission being the coverage of the 12th Caxias do Sul Grape Festival in February 1972. Full-time color transmissions since 1978.
 Bulgaria 1970 BNT SECAM
 Burma 1984 MRTV NTSC
 Burundi 1983 RTNB SECAM
 Kampuchea 1981 National Television of Kampuchea PAL Full-time color transmissions started in 1985. Last country in Asia with black and white transmission to introduce color television.
 Canada 1966 CBC, CTV NTSC Launched simultaneously in English and French at 12:01 a.m. on July 1, 1966, at the beginning of Canada's 100th year as a nation. Color broadcasts from the United States had been available since the mid-1950s. Full-time color transmissions since 1974.
 Chad 1982 Télé Tchad SECAM
 Chile 1978 TVN, Canal 13 NTSC Channel 13 began closed-circuit and special public demonstrations of specific events from 1965 on the Santiago, Valparaiso and Viña del Mar areas. First transmission in color was in the 13th Viña del Mar Festival, but only for export until the 18th edition. First nationwide color show transmitted was in Teletrece newscast of Canal 13 on April 1, 1978.[1] Full-time color transmissions since mid 1979.
 China 1973 CCTV PAL
 Colombia 1979[2] Inravisión NTSC Test broadcasts in SECAM were held in 1966.[3] In 1974, the inauguration of West Germany's FIFA World Cup was aired in color in closed circuit at two colosseums in Bogota and Cali.[4] Full-time color transmissions since December 1, 1979.[2]
 Congo (Brazzaville) 1975 TeleCongo SECAM
 Costa Rica 1973 TICA-TV NTSC
Socialist Republic of Croatia Croatia 1972 Televizjia Zagreb PAL
 Cuba 1958 Tele-Color, S.A. NTSC Ended in 1959; returned in 1975.
 Cyprus 1976 CyBC SECAM
 Czechoslovakia/ Czech Republic 1971 ČST SECAM
 Denmark 1968[5] Danmarks Radio PAL First introduced for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France.[5] The national broadcaster's programming transitioned to color throughout 1969 and "color tests" were officially ended on April 1, 1970.[5] Color broadcasts had been available from Germany since 1967.
 Djibouti 1974 RTD SECAM
 Dominican Republic 1969 Color Visión NTSC
 Ecuador 1974 Ecuavisa
Teleamazonas
NTSC
 Egypt 1973 ETV PAL
 Equatorial Guinea 1976 RNGE SECAM
 El Salvador 1973 YSU-TV NTSC
Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic Estonian SSR 1967 ETV SECAM/
PAL
First color broadcasts came from Moscow; first local color program was transmitted on December 30, 1972. Transistioned from SECAM to PAL 1992-1999.
 Ethiopia 1979 ETV PAL
 Finland 1969 YLE/MTV PAL
 France 1967 ORTF SECAM Introduced on La Deuxième Chaîne at 2:15pm (14:15) on October 1, 1967. The first channel TF1 remained B&W for years due to being transmitted in the older 819-line standard: its transition to color 625-line began on January 1, 1976 and the full nationwide color coverage was only achieved in 1983.[6]
 French Polynesia 1971 RFO SECAM
 French Guiana 1974 RFO SECAM
 Gabon 1973 RTG SECAM
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic Georgia 1984 Georgian Public Broadcaster SECAM The last country with black and white transmission to introduce color television.
 East Germany 1969 DFF SECAM Introduced on October 3, 1969 on the new second television channel launched for that purpose with a symbolic launch button pressed by Walter Ulbricht on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the GDR on October 7. The television tower in East Berlin was also opened that day.
 West Germany 1967 ARD/ZDF PAL Introduced on both channels simultaneously at 9:30am on August 25, 1967 with a symbolic launch button pressed by Willy Brandt on the International Radio and Television Fair in West Berlin.
 Ghana 1980 GBC PAL
 Gibraltar 1969 GBC PAL
 Greece 1976 EPT SECAM
 Greenland 1984 KNR PAL Color broadcasts from Canada had been available since 1972, but were NTSC.
 Guadeloupe 1972 RFO SECAM
 Guinea 1971 RTG PAL Color broadcasts from the Ivory Coast had been available since 1970, but were SECAM.
 Guinea-Bissau 1981 RTGB PAL
 Guatemala 1970 RTG NTSC First Central American country to introduce color television.
 Guam 1971 KUAM-TV NTSC KUAM was a primary NBC affiliate that also carried some programming from ABC and CBS.
 Haiti 1975 Télévision Nationale d'Haïti NTSC
 Honduras 1973 Canal 3 Honduras NTSC
 Hong Kong 1970 TVB PAL Full-time color broadcasts since 1975.
 Hungary 1971 Magyar Televízió SECAM
 Iceland 1973 RÚV (Sjónvarpið) PAL Broadcast continued in black-and-white until the late 1980s.
 India 1979 Doordarshan PAL Full-time color transmissions since 1982. Color broadcasts from Pakistan had been available since 1977.
 Indonesia 1979 TVRI PAL Full-time color broadcasts began on 24 August 1982.
 Iran 1973 NIRT SECAM
 Iraq 1968 RTI SECAM First Muslim country to introduce color television.
 Ireland 1971 RTÉ PAL Introduced for the Eurovision Song Contest 1971 in Dublin on April 3, 1971; color broadcasts from United Kingdom available since 1967–69.
 Israel 1977 IBA/IETV PAL Introduced for the coverage of the Egyptian president's visit to Israel in November 1977, then reintroduced for the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 in Jerusalem on March 31, 1979. Gradual transition to full-time color transmissions from 1980 to 1983. Full-time color transmissions since February 1983. Color broadcasts from Jordan and Egypt had been available since 1974.
 Italy 1972 RAI PAL Introduction temporarily stalled by political turmoil. Color broadcasts from France (SECAM) had been available since 1967, and from Austria (PAL) since 1969. Privately operated transmitter chains made these signals available as far as Rome. First color test was in 1972 Summer Olympic Games. Full-time color transmissions started on February 1, 1977.
 Ivory Coast 1970 RTI SECAM
 Jamaica 1975 JBC NTSC
 Japan 1960 NHK/NTV
TBS
YTV
ABC
NTSC-J The first Asian country to introduce color television, on September 10, 1960.[7]
 Jordan 1974 JTV PAL
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic Kazakhstan 1977 Kazakhstan PAL
 Kenya 1978 KBC PAL
 North Korea 1977 KCTV PAL
 South Korea 1980 KBS/MBC NTSC Test color broadcasts began in 1975. Full-time color broadcasts since 1981.
 Kuwait 1974 KTV PAL
Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic Kyrgyzstan 1981 Kyrgyz Television SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic Latvian SSR 1968 LTV SECAM/
PAL
First color broadcasts came from Moscow. First local color program was transmitted on January 28, 1974. Switched from SECAM to PAL on February 2, 1998.
 Lebanon 1975 Télé Liban PAL
 Liberia 1975 LBS PAL
 Libya 1976 Al-Libyah TV PAL
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic Lithuanian SSR 1968 LRT SECAM/
PAL
Used SECAM as part of the USSR 1968-1990, and 1990-1997. PAL has been in use since 1997.
 Luxembourg 1972 Compangnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion PAL
SECAM
The then only channel for audiences in Luxembourg, France and Belgium originally used the French/Belgian 819-line B&W standard. After Belgium and France opted for different color systems, Luxembourg broadcast two versions of the same channel. All later RTL channels aimed at French-, German- and Dutch-speaking audiences in Europe adopted the standards of their target markets.
Socialist Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 1974 Televizjia Skopje PAL
 Madagascar 1977 MBS SECAM
 Malaysia 1978 RTM PAL Introduced in Peninsular Malaysia on 28 December 1978 and in Sabah and Sarawak on 31 August 1980. Color had been available from Southern Thailand since 1972 and Singapore since 1974. Full-time color broadcasts began on 1 January 1982.
 Maldives 1982 TVM PAL Color had been available from India since 1980.
 Mali 1984 ORTM SECAM
 Malta 1978 TVM PAL Color broadcasts from Italy had been available since 1977.
 Martinique 1969 RFO SECAM
 Mauritania 1984 TV de Mauritanie PAL
 Mauritius 1973 MBC SECAM Color television arrived on a full-time schedule in 1978.
 Mexico 1963 Canal 5 Telesistema Mexicano (now Televisa) NTSC Launched February 8, 1963 with the program Paraiso Infantil. Color had been available previously in a few border cities, on a limited basis. Full-time color transmissions started with the 1968 Summer Olympic Games. Curiously, Mexico had its own system of color television, invented by Guillermo González, prior to NTSC adoption.
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic Moldova 1978 TeleRadio-Moldova SECAM/
PAL
 Monaco 1973 TMC PAL /
SECAM
Color broadcasts from France had been available since 1967.
 Mongolia 1975 MNB SECAM
Socialist Republic of Montenegro Montenegro 1974 JRT/Televizija Titograd (now TV CG 1) PAL
 Morocco 1973 RTM SECAM First test transmission was in 1972.
 Mozambique 1984 TVM PAL
 Netherlands 1967 NPO PAL Introduced on both national channels on September 21, 1967.
 Netherlands Antilles 1973 Televisie Curaçao PAL
 New Caledonia 1971 RFO SECAM
 New Zealand 1973 NZBC PAL Introduced in November 1973, as part of preparations for the 1974 British Commonwealth Games, held in Christchurch in February 1974.[8] Full-time color was achieved by December 1975.[9]
 Nicaragua 1973 Televicentro Canal 2 NTSC
 Niger 1979 Télé Sahel SECAM Color broadcasts had been available from Nigeria from 1974, but were PAL.
 Nigeria 1974 WNTV PAL
 Norway 1971 NRK PAL The first color broadcast was the speech made by the King on December 31, 1971. Full-time color broadcasts since 1975. Color broadcasts had been available from Sweden since 1970.
 Oman 1984 Oman TV PAL
 Pakistan 1976 PTV PAL Full-time color transmissions arrived in 1982.
 Panama 1972 NTP NTSC
 Paraguay 1979 TV Cerro Corá NTSC
 Peru 1977 Televisión del Estado NTSC Full-time color transmissions since 1980.
 Philippines 1966 ABS-CBN NTSC First color test transmission was in 1963. Commercial launch in June 1966 using RCA color; and full-time color transmissions began in 1971 when color sets became more widespread in the Manila area and suburbs.
 Poland 1971 TVP SECAM Broadcasts in the rural areas continued in black-and-white until the late 1980s. Transitioned to PAL in the early 1990s.
 Portugal 1979 RTP PAL First experimental Broadcasts for the coverage of the 1976 election. Introduced for the Portuguese version of Jeux Sans Frontières on September 5, 1979; color broadcasts from Spain available since 1972. Full-color transmissions started on March 10, 1980.
 Qatar 1974 QBS PAL Color broadcasts from Bahrain had been available since 1973.
 Réunion 1972 RFO SECAM
 Romania 1983 TVR PAL Despite being in the Eastern Block, Romania chose not to adopt SECAM, unlike the other Warsaw Pact countries. Full-time color broadcasts since 1990. Romania became the last country in Europe to introduce color television.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1971 RFO SECAM Color transmissions had been available from Newfoundland and Labrador since 1967, but were NTSC.
 Saudi Arabia 1973 SAGTS SECAM
 Senegal 1975 RTS SECAM
 Sierra Leone 1978 SLBS PAL
 Singapore 1974 Radio Television Singapore (RTS) PAL Full-time color broadcasts began on 1 November 1977.
Czechoslovakia Slovakia 1972 ČST SECAM
Socialist Republic of Slovenia Slovenia 1976 Televizjia Ljubljana PAL
 Spain 1972 RTVE PAL Color broadcasts had been available from France since 1967, but were SECAM. First color test was in 1972. Full-time color broadcasts since 1977, although monochrome commercials continued to be made until 1978. The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 in Madrid was a color production, but it was televised in black-and-white to the local audience.
 Sudan 1976 Sudan TV PAL
 Suriname 1977 STF NTSC
 Sweden 1970 Sveriges Radio TV PAL Test transmissions started on December 14, 1966. Regular color service and color license fee introduced April 1, 1970.
  Switzerland 1968 SBC PAL Color transmission had been available from France and Germany since 1967.
 Syria 1980 STV PAL
 Taiwan 1969 CTV NTSC Full-time color transmissions since 1975.
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic Tajikistan 1982 TVT SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
 Tanzania 1973 TBC PAL
 Thailand 1969 Channel 7 PAL Although television in Thailand originally employed a 525-line screen (System M, US standard at the time), the country opted for PAL color, which necessitated a conversion to system B (625 lines), starting with Channel 7 in November 1967. Regional stations converted between 1972 and 1975.
 Togo 1979 TVT SECAM
 Trinidad and Tobago 1969 TTT NTSC
 Tunisia 1976 RTT PAL
 Turkey 1981[10] Ankara Television PAL Test transmissions started with the New Year's Eve celebrations on December 31, 1981; full color television did not start until July 1, 1984. Color broadcasts from Greece had been available since 1976.
 Uganda 1975 UTV PAL
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukraine 1968 UT-1 SECAM/
PAL
SECAM used during the USSR. Experimental color broadcasts came in 1968. Full-time color arrived around 1975.
 United Arab Emirates 1974 UAE-TV PAL
 United Kingdom 1967 BBC 2 PAL Introduced on BBC 2 for Wimbledon coverage on July 1, 1967. The launch of the BBC 2 "full" color service took place on December 2, 1967. Some British TV programs, however, had been produced in color even before the introduction of color television in 1967, for the purpose of sales to American, Canadian, and Filipino networks. BBC 1 and ITV started color transmissions November 15, 1969.[11]
 United States 1950 CBS CBS Field sequential color system; experimental; ended 1951.[12] The first country with black and white transmission to introduce color television.
 United States 1953 NBC
CBS
NTSC Dot sequential system.[13] The United States gradually transitioned from black-and-white to color television between 1953 and 1968.
Alaska United States - Alaska 1966 KENI-TV (now KTUU) NTSC First program in color, on September 19, 1966, was the premiere episode of That Girl, an ABC show. KENI was a primary affiliate of both NBC and ABC.
Hawaii United States - Hawaii 1965 KONA-TV, now KHON-TV; KHVH-TV, now KITV; KGMB NTSC KHVH was an ABC affiliate, KGMB was CBS, and KONA was NBC.
 USSR
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Russia
1967 Soviet Central Television (Now Channel One (Russia)) SECAM Introduced specifically for the 50th Golden Jubilee Anniversary of the October Revolution. Full-time colorcasts began with the Revolution's 58th anniversary, in 1975.
 Upper Volta 1976 Volta Vision SECAM This country is now known as Burkina Faso.
 Uruguay 1980 CXB-10 PAL Introduced for the 1980 Mundialito but locally broadcast in B&W. Local color broadcasting started in 1981.
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic Uzbekistan 1984 MTRK SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
 Venezuela 1972 RCTV NTSC Color television arrived on a full-time schedule in 1979.
 Vietnam 1977 VTV PAL The first color television program aired on Tết.[14] Color televisions were available only in big cities until the late 1980s.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 1968 WBNB-TV NTSC WBNB was a CBS affiliate. This station was destroyed by Hurricane Hugo in 1989.
 North Yemen 1979 NYRTC PAL
 South Yemen 1981 SYRTC PAL Color broadcasts had been available from North Yemen since 1979.
 Yugoslavia
Socialist Republic of Serbia Serbia
1971 JRT/Televizija Beograd (now RTS1) PAL
 Zaire 1980 OZRT SECAM
 Zambia 1980 ZNBC PAL
 Zimbabwe 1984 ZBC PAL

References[edit]

  1. ^ La llegada de la televisión en colores (The beginning of color television), video in Youtube
  2. ^ a b "Desde mañana TV en color. By Gonzalo Guillen. El Tiempo, Nov 30, 1979". 
  3. ^ Universidad y Medios Masivos, Del Estado de Bienestar Al Mercado. By Milcíades Vizcaíno Gutiérrez. Page 37
  4. ^ Luís Ángel Arango Library, Las primeras imágenes a color 1974, Historia de la televisión en Colombia, accessed 6 July 2011
  5. ^ a b c 40 år med farve-tv fra DR
  6. ^ "> La chaîne de télévision TF1, TV-express, accessed 10 April 2014
  7. ^ ja:テレビ
  8. ^ "Technology Changes Television | INSIDE TVNZ | tvnz.co.nz". Television New Zealand. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  9. ^ Television One listings in the Otago Daily Times in November and December 1975 clearly show all but the occasional television show being broadcast in color.
  10. ^ HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING IN TURKEY
  11. ^ "Colour Television Chronology". Archived from the original on 27 October 2010. , British TV History.
  12. ^ "Color Television Enchants Viewers at Its Public Debut", The Washington Post, January 13, 1950, p. B2. "CBS Color Television To Make Public Debut In N.Y. Next Week," The Wall Street Journal, November 9, 1950, p. 18. "CBS Color Preview Seen By 2,000 in Philadelphia", The Wall Street Journal, December 16, 1950, p. 10. "Commercial Color TV To Have Its 'Premiere' Over CBS Monday", The Wall Street Journal, June 22, 1951, p. 14. "All Color TV Put on Shelf Indefinitely", The Washington Post, October 20, 1951, p. 1.
  13. ^ "NBC Launches First Publicly-Announced Color Television Show", The Wall Street Journal, August 31, 1953, p. 4. "First Home Reception of Color TV Proves Effective in Operatic Field," The New York Times, November 1, 1953, p. 1. "Radio-TV Notes," The New York Times, November 20, 1953, p. 32. "F.C.C. Rules Color TV Can Go on Air at Once", The New York Times, December 19, 1953, p. 1.
  14. ^ "New Year quiet in South Vietnam". The Citizen 134 (193) (Ottawa). Associated Press. February 17, 1977. p. 47. "South Vietnam … announced Thursday that it will broadcast the country’s first color television program for this year’s Tet holiday."