Timeline of transportation technology
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- Stone Age – Dugout canoes
- 5000 BC - Wheels were developed in the Indus Valley Civilization during the Mehrgarh II-VI (ceramic Neolithic)
- 3500 BC – Wheeled carts are invented in Mesopotamia
- 3500 BC – River boats are invented
- 3100 BC – Horses are tamed and used for transport in Botai Egypt
- 2000 BC – Chariots built by Indo-Iranians
- 6th century BC – Diolkos wagonway is built across the isthmus of Corinth.
- 500 BC – Postal system developed in Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire)
- 332 BC – First documented use of divers or submersibles, during the siege of Syracuse. Alexander the Great, according to medieval legends, used a submersible or diving bell in 332 BC, during the siege of Tyre.
- 312 BC – One of the earliest paved roads still maintained, the Appian Way, is built; the Romans eventually built over 50,000 miles of paved Roman roads
- 312 BC - First Roman Aqueduct
- 236 BC – The date ascribed by Vitruvius for the first documented elevator, which he reports as having been built by Archimedes.
- 214 BC – Lingqu Canal is built in China
- 200 BC – The Kongming lantern, is invented in China
- 800 – The streets of Baghdad are paved with tar.
- Late 9th century – Kamal invented in India.
- 1044 – Compass invented in China
- 13th century (or before) – Rocket invented in Afghanistan.
- 1350 – Compass dial invented by Ibn al-Shatir.
- late 15th century - European sailing ships become advanced enough to reliably cross oceans.
- 1620 – Cornelius Drebbel builds the world's first known submarine, which is propelled by oars (although there are earlier ideas for and depictions of submarines).
- 1662 – Blaise Pascal invents a horse-drawn public bus which has a regular route, schedule, and fare system
- 1672 – Ferdinand Verbiest may have built what may have been the first steam powered car
- 1740 – Jacques de Vaucanson debuted his clockwork powered carriage
- 1769 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot demonstrates his fardier à vapeur, an experimental steam-driven artillery tractor
- 1776 – First submarine to be propelled by screws, and the first military submarine to attempt an attack on a ship, Turtle, is built by David Bushnell. The attack fails to sink the HMS Eagle.
- 1783 – Joseph Montgolfier and Étienne Montgolfier launch the first hot air balloons
- 1783 – Jacques Charles and Les Frères Robert (Anne-Jean Robert and Nicolas-Louis Robert) launch the first Hydrogen balloon
- 1801 – Richard Trevithick ran a full-sized steam 'road locomotive' on the road in Camborne, England
- 1803 – Richard Trevithick built his 10-seater London Steam Carriage
- 1803 – William Symington's Charlotte Dundas, generally considered to be the world's first practical steamboat, makes her first voyage.
- 1804 – Richard Trevithick built a prototype steam-powered railway locomotive.
- 1804 – Oliver Evans (claimed to have) demonstrated a steam-powered amphibious vehicle.
- 1807 – Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat, the world's first commercially successful steamboat, makes her maiden voyage.
- 1807 – Nicéphore Niépce installed his Pyréolophore internal combustion engine in a boat and powered up the river Saone in France.
- 1807 – Isaac de Rivas made a hydrogen gas powered internal combustion engine and mounted it on a vehicle.
- 1814 – George Stephenson built the first practical steam-powered railway locomotive
- 1816 – The most likely originator of the bicycle is the German, Baron Karl von Drais, who rode his 1816 machine while collecting taxes from his tenants.
- 1819 – SS Savannah, the first vessel to cross the Atlantic Ocean partly under steam power, arrives at Liverpool, England from Savannah, Georgia.
- 1825 - Sir Goldsworthy Gurney invented a series of steam powered passenger carriages and by 1829 completed the 120 mile journey from London to Bath, Somerset and back.
- 1838 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel's SS Great Western, the first purpose-built transatlantic steamship, inaugurates the first regular transatlantic steamship service.
- 1852 – Elisha Otis invents the safety elevator.
- 1853 – Sir George Cayley built and demonstrated the first heavier-than-air aircraft (a glider)
- 1862 – Étienne Lenoir made a gasoline engine automobile
- 1867 - first modern motorcycle was invented
- 1868 – George Westinghouse invented the compressed-air brake for railway trains.
- 1868 – Louis-Guillaume Perreaux's steam velocipede, a steam engine attached to a Michaux velocipede.
- 1880 – Werner von Siemens builds first electric elevator.
- 1883 - Karl Benz invents the first car powered by an internal combustion engine, he called it the Benz Patent Motorwagen.
- 1894 – Hildebrand & Wolfmüller became the first motorcycle available to the public for purchase.
- 1896 – Jesse W. Reno builds first escalator at Coney Island, and then reinstalls it on the Manhattan side of the Brooklyn Bridge.
- 1897 – Charles Parsons' Turbinia, the first vessel to be powered by a steam turbine, makes her debut.
- 1897 – The most likely first electric bicycle was built in 1897 by Hosea W. Libbey.
- 1899 - Ferdinand von Zeppelin builds the first successful airship 
- 1900 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin launches the first successful airship 
- 1908 – Henry Ford develops the assembly line method of automobile manufacturing with the introduction of the Ford Model T
- 1911 – Selandia launched, the first ocean-going, diesel engine-driven ship
- 1912 – Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket
- 1935 – First flight of the DC-3, one of the most significant transport aircraft in the history of aviation
- 1939 - First jet engine powered aircraft, the Heinkel He 178, takes flight.
- 1942 – V2 rocket covers a distance of 200 kilometres (120 mi)
- 1947 – First supersonic manned flight
- 1955 – The first nuclear-powered vessel, the USS Nautilus, a submarine, is launched
- 1961 – Vostok 1, the first manned space mission, designed by Sergey Korolyov and Kerim Kerimov, makes two orbits around the Earth
- 1971 – Salyut 1, the first space station, launched by Kerim Kerimov
- 1976 – Concorde makes the world's first commercial passenger-carrying supersonic flight
- 1981 – First flight of the space shuttle
- 1994 - The Channel Tunnel opens
- 2002 - the Segway PT self-balancing personal transport was launched by inventor Dean Kamen
- 2004 – the first commercial high speed Maglev train starts operation between Shanghai and its airport.
- 2004 - the first space of Space, the first privately funded human spaceflight (21 June 2004).
- "1679–1681 – R P Verbiest's Steam Chariot". History of the Automobile: origin to 1900. Hergé. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
- Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7.
- C.D. Buchanan (1958). "1". Mixed Blessing: The Motor in Britain. Leonard Hill.
- Falco, Charles M.; Guggenheim Museum Staff (1998), "Issues in the Evolution of the Motorcycle", in Krens, Thomas; Drutt, Matthew, The Art of the Motorcycle, Harry N. Abrams, pp. 24–31, 98–101, ISBN 0-89207-207-5
- Electric Bicycle Guide
- The DC-3