Timeline of transportation technology

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Timeline of transport technology:

Antiquity[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

17th century[edit]

  • 1620 – Cornelius Drebbel builds the world's first known submarine, which is propelled by oars (although there are earlier ideas for and depictions of submarines).
  • 1662 – Blaise Pascal invents a horse-drawn public bus which has a regular route, schedule, and fare system
  • 1672 – Ferdinand Verbiest may have built what may have been the first steam powered car[1][2]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

  • 1801 – Richard Trevithick ran a full-sized steam 'road locomotive' on the road in Camborne, England[3]
  • 1803 – Richard Trevithick built his 10-seater London Steam Carriage[3]
  • 1803 – William Symington's Charlotte Dundas, generally considered to be the world's first practical steamboat, makes her first voyage.
  • 1804 – Richard Trevithick built a prototype steam-powered railway locomotive and it ran on the Pen-y-Darren Line near Merthyr Tydfil Wales
  • 1804 – Oliver Evans (claimed to have) demonstrated a steam-powered amphibious vehicle.
  • 1807 – Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat, the world's first commercially successful steamboat, makes her maiden voyage.
  • 1807 – Nicéphore Niépce installed his Pyréolophore internal combustion engine in a boat and powered up the river Saone in France.
  • 1807 – Isaac de Rivas made a hydrogen gas powered internal combustion engine and mounted it on a vehicle.
  • 1812 - First commercially successful self propelled engine on Land was Mathew Murray's Salamanca on Middleton-Leeds Railway using toothed wheels and rail
  • 1812 - Timothy Hackworth's "Puffing Billy" ran on smooth Cast Iron Rails at Wylam Colliery near Newcastle
  • 1814 – George Stephenson built the first practical steam-powered railway locomotive "Blutcher" at Killingworth Colliery. [4]
  • 1816 – The most likely originator of the bicycle is the German, Baron Karl von Drais, who rode his 1816 machine while collecting taxes from his tenants.
  • 1819 – SS Savannah, the first vessel to cross the Atlantic Ocean partly under steam power, arrives at Liverpool, England from Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1822 - Stevenson built a locomotive and designed the railway for Hetton Colliery which is first railway not to use any horse-traction but it did have several rope hauled sections.
  • 1822 - First Meeting of Liverpool Manchester Railway Company Permanent Committee. [5]
  • 1825 Stevenson's Locomotion runs on Stockton Darlington railway which opens as first Public railway and uses horses and self propelled steam engines and stationary engines with ropes along a single track. No stations and no timetables as anyone could hire the track to use their own vehicle on it. [6]
  • 1825 - Sir Goldsworthy Gurney invented a series of steam powered passenger carriages and by 1829 completed the 120 mile journey from London to Bath, Somerset and back.
  • 1826 - Bill passed for Liverpool Manchester railway at second attempt and George Stevenson commences work on 35 mile twin track line permitting simultaneous travel in both directions between the 2 towns. Means of traction not specified to reduce opposition. [7]
  • 1828 - Stevenson's "Lancashire Witch" runs on Bolton Leigh line - a public goods line to connect Leeds Liverpool canal and Manchester Bury and Bolton canal. Railway has rope hauled and self propelled steam engines and single track. [8]
  • 1829 - Rainhill Trials to find best self propelled engine for Liverpool Manchester line are won by Robert Stevenson's Rocket proving there is no need for horse traction or static engines on the main line. [9] Rocket becomes basic formula for all future steam engines with boiler tubes, blast pipe, and the use of coal rather than coke.
  • 1830 - Liverpool Manchester Railway opens. First public transport system without animal traction, first public line with no rope hauled sections for main journey, first twin track, first railway between 2 large towns, first timetabled trains, first railway stations, first train faster than a mail coach, first tunnels under streets, first proper modern railway which formed the template for all subsequent railways. [10]
  • 1838 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel's SS Great Western, the first purpose-built transatlantic steamship, inaugurates the first regular transatlantic steamship service.
  • 1852 – Elisha Otis invents the safety elevator.
  • 1853 – Sir George Cayley built and demonstrated the first heavier-than-air aircraft (a glider)
  • 1862 – Étienne Lenoir made a gasoline engine automobile
  • 1867 - first modern motorcycle was invented
  • 1868 – George Westinghouse invented the compressed-air brake for railway trains.
  • 1868 – Louis-Guillaume Perreaux's steam velocipede, a steam engine attached to a Michaux velocipede.[11]
  • 1880 – Werner von Siemens builds first electric elevator.
  • 1883 - Karl Benz invents the first car powered by an internal combustion engine, he called it the Benz Patent Motorwagen.
  • 1894 – Hildebrand & Wolfmüller became the first motorcycle available to the public for purchase.
  • 1896 – Jesse W. Reno builds first escalator at Coney Island, and then reinstalls it on the Manhattan side of the Brooklyn Bridge.
  • 1897 – Charles Parsons' Turbinia, the first vessel to be powered by a steam turbine, makes her debut.
  • 1897 – The most likely first electric bicycle was built in 1897 by Hosea W. Libbey.[12]
  • 1899 - Ferdinand von Zeppelin builds the first successful airship [13]

20th century[edit]

21st Century[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "1679–1681 – R P Verbiest's Steam Chariot". History of the Automobile: origin to 1900. Hergé. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7. 
  3. ^ a b c C.D. Buchanan (1958). "1". Mixed Blessing: The Motor in Britain. Leonard Hill. 
  4. ^ Smiles, Samuel (1906). UK: The Folio Society. p. 256. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0713405376. 
  6. ^ Smiles, Samuel (2006). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. The Folio Society. pp. 268 – 270. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7. 
  7. ^ Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project. UK: David and Charles :Newton Abbot. p. 179. ISBN 7153 4646 6 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  8. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 95. ISBN 07134 05376. 
  9. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 75. ISBN 07134 05376. 
  10. ^ Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project 1821-1831. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. pp. 11–16. ISBN 7153 4646 6 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  11. ^ Falco, Charles M.; Guggenheim Museum Staff (1998), "Issues in the Evolution of the Motorcycle", in Krens, Thomas; Drutt, Matthew, The Art of the Motorcycle, Harry N. Abrams, pp. 24–31, 98–101, ISBN 0-89207-207-5 
  12. ^ Electric Bicycle Guide
  13. ^ "The First Zeppelins: LZ-1 through LZ-4". Airships.net. Retrieved 2014-02-01. 
  14. ^ "The First Zeppelins: LZ-1 through LZ-4". Airships.net. Retrieved 2014-02-01. 
  15. ^ The DC-3