Timeline of women's suffrage
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Women's suffrage - the right to vote - has been achieved at various times in countries throughout the world. In many nations women's suffrage was granted before universal suffrage, so women and men from certain classes or races were still unable to vote. Some countries granted it to both sexes at the same time.
This timeline lists years when women's suffrage was enacted. Some countries are listed more than once as the right was extended to more women according to age, land ownership, etc. In many cases the first voting took place in a subsequent year.
New Zealand in 1893 is often said to be the first country in the world to give women the right to vote. A contestant for being the first nation to grant women the right to vote would be Sweden, where conditional woman suffrage was granted during the age of liberty between 1718 and 1771 to taxpaying women listed in their guilds as professionals.
For other women's rights, see Timeline of women's rights (other than voting).
- New Jersey propertied widows (rescinded in 1807)
- South Australia (Only property-owning women for local elections universal franchise in 1894)
- Women in Victoria, Australia were unintentionally enfranchised by the Electoral Act (1863), and proceeded to vote in the following year's elections. The Act was amended in 1865 to correct the error.
- In the former Kingdom of Bohemia, taxpaying women and women in "learned professions" were allowed to vote by proxy and made eligible to the legislative body in 1864.
- United Kingdom (only in local elections, universal franchise in 1928)
- States and territories of the USA, progressively, starting with the Wyoming Territory in 1869 and the Utah Territory in 1870, though the latter was repealed by the Edmunds-Tucker Act in 1887. Wyoming acquired statehood in 1890 (Utah in 1896), allowing women to cast votes in federal elections. The United States as a whole acquired women's suffrage in 1920 (see below) through the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution; voting qualifications in the U.S., even in federal elections, are set by the states, and this amendment prohibited states from discriminating on the basis of sex.
- Isle of Man (only property-owners until 1913, universal franchise in 1919.)
- South Australia grants universal suffrage, extending the franchise to all women (property-owners could vote in local elections from 1861), the first in Australia to do so. Women are also granted the right to stand for parliament, making South Australia the first in the world to do so.
- United Kingdom extends right to vote in local elections to married women.
- Commonwealth of Australia (The Australian Constitution gave the federal franchise to all persons allowed to vote for the lower house in each state unless the Commonwealth Parliament stipulated otherwise. Thus, South Australian and Western Australian women could vote in the first federal election in 1901. During the first Parliament, the Commonwealth passed legislation extending federal franchise to non-Aboriginal women in all states.)
- New South Wales
- The Grand Principality of Finland was the first country to have universal suffrage. First country to give the right to vote and right to stand for elections to everyone of age regardless of wealth, race or social class.
- New Hebrides Perhaps inspired by the Franceville experiment, the Anglo-French Condominium of the New Hebrides granted women the right to vote in municipal elections and to serve on elected municipal councils. (These rights applied only to British, French, and other colonists, not to indigenous islanders.)
- South Dakota
- Canada (for women over 21, and "not alien-born", and meeting provincially-determined property qualifications)
- Nova Scotia
- Moldavian SSR
- United Kingdom (see Representation of the People Act 1918: women above the age of 30, compared to 21 for men and 19 for those who had fought in World War One. Various property qualifications remained.)
- Belgium (only at municipal level)
- Hungary (full suffrage granted in 1945)
- Netherlands (right to stand in election granted in 1917)
- New Zealand (along with voting rights, women now allowed to stand for election into parliament)
- New Brunswick (women could not stand for office in New Brunswick until 1934)
- Southern Rhodesia (women now allowed to vote and stand for election into parliament)
- United Kingdom (franchise equal to that for men)
- South Africa (Women's Enfranchisement Act, 1930; only granted to white women on the same basis as white men)
- Turkey In Turkey women won the right to vote in municipal elections on March 20, 1930. Turkey holds first election that allows women to vote. Turkish women who participated for the parliament elections as a first time on February 8, 1935 obtained 18 seats.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN includes Article 21: The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
- Israel (Upon its establishment)
- South Korea
- Bangladesh (upon its establishment)
- Province of East Timor of Indonesia
- Timeline of first women's suffrage in majority-Muslim countries
- Timeline of women's rights (other than voting)
- List of the first female holders of political office in Europe
- List of suffragists and suffragettes
- List of women's rights activists
- Women's suffrage organizations
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suffragettes.|
- Karlsson-Sjögren, Åsa. Männen, kvinnorna och rösträtten : medborgarskap och representation 1723–1866 [Men, women and the vote: citizenship and representation 1723–1866] (in Swedish).
- P. Orman Ray: Woman Suffrage in Foreign Countries. The American Political Science Review. Vol. 12, No. 3 (Aug., 1918), pp. 469-474
- "Women in Parliament - Parliament of Victoria". Parliament.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "Canada-WomensVote-WomenSuffrage". Faculty.marianopolis.edu. 1916-01-27. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "Wee, Small Republics: A Few Examples of Popular Government," Hawaiian Gazette, Nov 1, 1895, p 1
- Bourdiol, Julien (1908), Condition internationale des Nouvelles-Hebrides, p 106
- "This Day in World History: February 6, 1935 - Turkey Holds First Election That Allows Women to Vote". OUP Blog.
- "The Evolution of Bermuda's Franchise". Parliamentary Registry Bermuda.
- (Italian) Extension to the women of the right to vote
- "Women's Suffrage". Ipu.org. 1997-05-23. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- Gregory Hammond, The Women's Suffrage Movement and Feminism in Argentina From Roca to Peron (U of New Mexico Press; 2011)
- "Pakistan Ministers". Guide2womenleaders.com. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "Woman Suffrage Timeline International - Winning the Vote Around the World". Womenshistory.about.com. 1908-04-25. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "El Voto Feminino en Ecuador, published 6 April 1991, accessed 1 November 2010". Hoy.com.ec. 2011-10-14. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- Women's Suffrage
- Darwish, Adel (October 25, 2002). "Bahrain's women vote for first time". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- Apollo Rwomire (2001). African Women and Children: Crisis and Response. p. 8.
- "Women in Saudi Arabia 'to vote and run in elections'". BBC News (London). September 25, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
- Google Spreadsheet with map—above timeline data has been tabulated and can be viewed on a world map for any given year.