The Times of India

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The Times of India
The times of india.svg
The Times of India cover 03-22-10.jpg
20 August 2013 front page of the Kolkata edition of The Times of India
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) The Times Group
Publisher The Times Group
Editor-in-chief Jaideep Bose
Associate Editor Jug Suraiya
Founded 3 November 1838
Political alignment Conservative[1]
Language English
Headquarters The Times of India Building, Dr. D.N. Road, Mumbai-400001, India
Circulation 3,140,000 daily
Sister newspapers The Economic Times
Navbharat Times
Maharashtra Times
Ei Samay
OCLC number 23379369
Official website

The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper. In 2008, the newspaper reported that with a circulation of over 3.14 million it had been certified by the Audit Bureau of Circulations (India) as the world's largest selling English-language daily, ranking it as the third largest selling newspaper in any language in the world and the largest selling newspaper outside Japan.[2] According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2012, the Times of India is the most widely read English newspaper in India with a readership of 7.643 million. This ranks the Times of India as the top English daily in India by readership.[3] It is owned and published by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. which is owned by the Sahu Jain family.


19th century[edit]

Times of India Buildings, ca. 1898

The Times of India was founded on 3 November 1838[4] as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce in Bombay,[5] during an intermediate period between the Mughal and British Raj. Published every Saturday and Wednesday, The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce was launched as a semi-weekly edition by Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar, a Maharashtrian Reformist. It contained news from Britain and the world, as well as the Indian Subcontinent. The daily editions of the paper were started from 1850 and in 1861, the Bombay Times was renamed as The Times of India after amalgamation of three more newspapers (Bombay Times, The Courier and The Standard). In the 19th century, this newspaper company employed more than 800 people and had a sizeable circulation in India and Europe. After India's independence the ownership of the paper passed on to the then famous industrial family of Dalmiyas and later it was taken over by Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain of the Kunal Jain group from Bijnore, Uttar Pradesh.

India's press in the 1840s was a motley collection of small-circulation daily or weekly sheets printed on rickety presses. Few extended beyond their small communities and seldom tried to unite the many castes, tribes, and regional subcultures of India. The Anglo-Indian papers promoted purely British interests. Robert Knight (1825–1892) was the principal founder and the first editor of the Times.

The son of a London bank clerk from the lower-middle-class, Knight proved a skilled writer and passionate reformer. Knight helped create a vibrant national newspaper industry in British India. When the Sepoy Mutiny erupted, Knight was acting editor of the Bombay Times and Standard. He broke with the rest of the English language press (which focused on Indian savagery and treachery) and instead blamed the violence on the lack of discipline and poor leadership in the army. That angered the Anglo-Indian community but attracted the Times's Indian shareholders, who made him the permanent editor. Knight blasted the mismanagement and greed of the Raj, attacking annexation policies that appropriated native lands and arbitrarily imposed taxes on previously exempt land titles, ridiculing income taxes, and exposing school systems that disregarded Indian customs and needs.

Knight led the paper to national prominence. In 1860, he bought out the Indian shareholders and merged with the rival Bombay Standard, and started India's first news agency. It wired Times dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters news service. In 1861, he changed the name from the Bombay Times and Standard to The Times of India. Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation, frequently resisting the attempts by governments, business interests, and cultural spokesmen.[6]

20th century[edit]

Throughout the 20th century the paper, as a flag bearer for Indian journalism, covering major events in India and the world spanning various fields including politics, science, sports, lifestyle, The Times of India consolidated itself as the English newspaper with the largest daily circulation in India,[citation needed] and also became the largest English news daily circulated in the World.

21st century[edit]

The Times of India is published by the media group Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. This company, along with its other group companies, known as The Times Group, also publishes The Economic Times, Mumbai Mirror, Pune Mirror, Bangalore Mirror, Ahmedabad Mirror, the Navbharat Times (a Hindi-language daily broadsheet), the Maharashtra Times (a Marathi-language daily broadsheet), Delhi Times, Bangalore Times and Ei Samay (a Bengali daily).

In late 2006, Times Group acquired Vijayanand Printers Limited (VPL). VPL used to publish two Kannada newspapers, Vijay Karnataka and Usha Kiran, and an English daily, Vijay Times. Vijay Karnataka was the leader in the Kannada newspaper segment then.[7]

In April 2008, the Chennai edition was launched. The paper's main rivals in India are Hindustan Times,The Indian Express" and The Hindu, which hold second and third and fourth position by circulation.[8]

In February 2013, the Kolhapur edition was launched.


TOI's first office is opposite the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai where it was founded.[5]

The Times of India has its markets in major cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Surat, Coimbatore, Madurai, Trichy, Puducherry, Patna, Pune, Calicut, Kochi, Lucknow, Nagpur, Nashik, Panaji, Mysore, Hubli, Mangalore, Bhubaneswar, Visakhapatnam, Chandigarh, Raipur, Ranchi, Guwahati, Trivandrum, Aurangabad, Kolhapur, Bhopal and Varanasi[citation needed]

Each Sunday TOI publish The Sunday Times (Sunday TOI).

Editorial controversies[edit]

  • On 26 June 1975, the day after a state of emergency was declared in India, the Bombay edition of The Times of India in its obituary column carried an entry that read "D.E.M O'Cracy beloved husband of T.Ruth, father of L.I.Bertie, brother of Faith, Hope and Justica expired on 26 June".[9]
  • On 6 July 2012, The Times of India published an article with the title "Mauritius offers India 2 islands in effort to preserve tax treaty". According to this article, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mauritius Arvin Boolell, who was on an official visit to India during this period, stated that Mauritius was willing to cede its Outer island, that is the Agaléga Islands, to the Government of India in exchange for the maintenance of the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement between India and Mauritius.[11] The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mauritius later denied the claims of handing over the Agaléga Islands to India. He also denied that he had named the Agaléga Islands in his conversation with the journalist of The Times of India and pointed out that the TOI had "a hidden agenda" as it was not the first time that TOI had done this. The Minister claims that he talked to the reporter who wrote the article and that the reporter had "apologized", following the publication of this article. The High Commission of Mauritius in India issued a statement and explained that "this information is erroneous, false and malicious": "Never was the issue of Agaléga raised either on a stand-alone basis or as part of the double-tax avoidance agreement between India and Mauritius". He explained that the Mauritian Minister had granted several interviews to the Indian press and he at no time discussed the issue of Agaléga. The TOI published another article on 6 July 2012 with the title "Minister clarifies Mauritius island offer" and mentioned that it had knowledge about an earlier proposal about the Agaléga Islands and had therefore put a question on the two islands to which the minister had responded. However the TOI did not mention that the offer of Agaléga islands was denied by the Government of Mauritius.[12][13][14][15]

Times Group Network[edit]

  • Zigwheels: A website focused on cars, including reviews, road tests, and other special features.
  • Speaking Tree: A spiritual network intended to allow spiritual seekers to link spiritual seekers with established practitioners.
  • Healthmeup: A health, diet, and fitness website.

Notable employees[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "India – World Newspapers and Magazines –". Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  2. ^ National Newspapers Total Circulation 2011 by International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations (IFABC).
  3. ^ "Indian Readership Survey – World's largest Survey". 30 June 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b "The Times of India turns the Times of Colour". 26 April 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2007. 
  6. ^ Edwin Hirschmann, Robert Knight: Reforming Editor in Victorian India (Oxford University Press, 2008) ISBN 978-0-19-569622-6
  7. ^ "Times Group acquires Vijayanand Printers". The Times of India (Mumbai). 15 June 2006. 
  8. ^ "The Times of India consolidating in Chennai". 7 July 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2009. 
  9. ^ Austin, Granville (1999). Working a democratic constitution: the Indian experience. Oxford University Press. p. 295. ISBN 0-19-564888-9. 
  10. ^ Mahalingam, Sudha (6 June 1998). "A newspaper scandal". Frontline (Chennai). Retrieved 16 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "Mauritius offers India 2 islands in effort to preserve tax treaty". The Times of India (Mumbai). 6 July 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Agaléga Proposed to India?". (Mauritius). 7 July 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  13. ^ (French)Kallee, Keshav (7 July 2012). "Agalega: le GM dément Times of India". Le Matinal (Mauritius). Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "Mauritius Gives Terms (Not Islands) for Tax Treaty". The Wall Street Journal (blog). 6 July 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  15. ^ "Minister clarifies Mauritius island offer". The Times of India (Mumbai). 7 July 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Auletta, Ken: “Citizens Jain – Why India's Newspaper Industry is Thriving“. The New Yorker, 8 October 2012, Pages 52 to 61.
  • Hirschmann, Edwin. "An Editor Speaks for the Natives: Robert Knight in 19th Century India," Journalism Quarterly (1986) 63#2 pp 260–267

External links[edit]