Timex FDD3000

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The Timex FDD 3000 was nearly a complete computer by Timex of Portugal. It began its development at Timex Computer Corporation in the U.S., but it was at Timex of Portugal that the work was finished.

Timex FDD3000
Timex Terminal 3000 in the foreground
Timex FDD. The three boxes could be stacked up.

The Timex FDD 3000 is an upgraded Timex FDD (sometimes known as the FDD3 because it consisted of three separate boxes: the disk drive, the controller and the power supply). The Timex FDD3 was intended as a floppy disk peripheral for the Timex TC2048 or TC2068 microcomputers. It usually had 16K RAM and only one 3″ disk drive, but it could be upgraded to 64K RAM, making it capable of running CP/M and a second disk drive. Since the controller is electrically compatible with today's disk drives, it is possible to connect a 3.5″/5.25″ disk drive to the Timex FDD3 Controller (it is possible too to connect a Hitachi 3″ disk drive to an IBM PC Compatible computer).

Later, Timex combined the three boxes of the FDD into one big box called the Timex FDD-3000, Timex also added 64K RAM, a second 3″ floppy drive and a line in the controller cable to pass the video signal generated by Timex Terminal 3000 to the back of FDD 3000 box.

Timex FDD/FDD 3000 usage[edit]

The FDD/FDD 3000 can be used as a disk drive peripheral or as a CP/M computer.

  • As a disk drive system running TOS (Timex Operating System) it is connected to a ZX Spectrum, TC2048/2068 or TS2068 in Spectrum mode with a twister board for the rear buss connection.
  • As a CP/M computer using a TC2048/2068 running Timex Terminal Emulator, or using a Timex Terminal 3000 and a video composite monitor, as a console.
  • Timex FDD/FDD3000 does not have a built-in operating system so a disk with TOS is needed to boot it. Timex released TOS A.2 and CP/M. In Poland TOS was modified and released as TOS A.4 and Jarek Adamski developed a new OS called ZXVGS. To use CP/M on the FDD3000 without TT3000, a terminal emulator must be loaded on the computer (ZX Spectrum/TC2048/TC2068/TS2068 in Spectrum mode) before CP/M will boot.

To use the FDD or FDD3000 with a computer, an interface module is needed. It is called Timex Interface (TI) and contains FDD/FDD3000 initialization code in a ROM.
Because of TC2048 and TC2068 ROM differences, there are two TI versions: an all-black version for ZX Spectrum/TC2048 and a black with silver reset button for TS/TC2068. TI TC2048 version can be used with TS/TC2068+emulator cartridge (it has to be a "bootable" cartridge as you cannot type OUT 244,3 because the computer will crash). Zebra Systems sold an all-silver TI. There is a TI ROM version that will work with 128K ZX Spectrum.

Clones[edit]

  • Zebra Systems sold the Timex FDD as the "Zebra" FDD, in silver boxes to match TS2068 (Timex FDD was sold in black boxes in Europe)
  • Zebra Systems sold the Timex FDD 3000 as Zebra FDD 3000 in the US with the same box.
  • Unipolbrit made some changes in the design of FDD, putting everything in only one box, but not the same as the FDD 3000.
  • Some people in Poland replaced disk drive 3″ by a 5.25″ DSDD (360K) drive with a manual switch to change the side to be read and name it FDD 6000, keeping most the original FDD 3000 box.

Timex FDD/FDD3000 specifications[edit]

  • Z80 running at 4 MHz
  • 16K RAM (64K RAM on FDD 3000)
  • 128 bytes ROM (boots system from floppy)
  • WD1770 floppy disk controller
  • WD2123 UART (2 serial ports)

External links[edit]