Timiș County

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Timiș County
Județul Timiș
County
Coat of arms of Timiș County
Coat of arms
Timiș county, territorial location
Timiș county, territorial location
Coordinates: 45°47′N 21°21′E / 45.78°N 21.35°E / 45.78; 21.35
Country  Romania
Development region Vest
Historical region Banat
County seat Timișoara
Government
 • Type County Council
 • President of the County Council Titu Bojin (PSD)
 • Prefect Eugen Dogariu [1]
Area
 • Total 8,697 km2 (3,358 sq mi)
Area rank 1st
Population (2011 census[2])
 • Total 683,540
 • Rank 6th
 • Density 78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) (+40) 256 or (+40) 356
Car Plates TM
Website County Board
County Prefecture

Timiș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtimiʃ]) is a county (județ) of western Romania, in the historical region Banat, with the county seat at Timișoara. It is the westernmost and the largest county in Romania in terms of land area. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mureș-Tisza euroregion.

Name[edit]

The name of the county comes from the river Timiș, known in Roman antiquity as river Tibisis or Tibiscus.

In Hungarian, it is known as Temes megye, German as Kreis Temesch, in Serbian as Тамиш / Tamiš, in Ukrainian as Ті́міш, and in Banat Bulgarian as Timiš.

Demographics[edit]

In 2000, it had a population of 684,506 and the population density was 79/km².

In 2011, it had a population of 683,540 and the population density was 78/km².

Year County population[4]
1948 588,936
1956 Decrease 568,881
1966 Increase 607,596
1977 Increase 696,884
1992 Increase 700,292
2002 Decrease 677,926
2011 Increase 683,540

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 8,697 km² (3,6% of Romania). It is the largest county in Romania.

In the eastern extremity are the Poiana Ruscă Mountains from the Western Romanian Carpathians group. Elevations decrease to the west, passing through the Lipova Hills to the Western Romanian Plain, the eastern part of the Pannonian Plain.

The county is crossed by many rivers, the most important being the Bega River and the Timiș River.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Timiș County has one of the most dynamic economies in Romania, being a region with among the highest ratings of foreign investment due to its tradition and its position.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Mechanical manufacturing
  • Food
  • Chemicals
  • Textiles
  • Electronic components
  • Wood

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

There are also a lot of places for hunting and fishing.

People[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Timiș County has 2 municipalities, 8 towns and 89 communes

  • Municipalities
    • Timișoara - capital city; population: 319,279 (as of 2011)
    • Lugoj - population: 37,321 (as of 2011)
  • Towns
    • Sânnicolau Mare - population: 11,540 (as of 2011)
    • Jimbolia - population: 10.808 (as of 2011)
    • Recaș - population: 7,782 (as of 2011)
    • Făget - population: 6,571 (as of 2011)
    • Buziaș - population: 6,504 (as of 2011)
    • Deta - population: 5,963 (as of 2011)
    • Gătaia - population: 5,449 (as of 2011)
    • Ciacova - population: 5,348 (as of 2011)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.prefecturatimis.ro/prezentare.php?nivel=3
  2. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]

Google earth file (kmz) with information about the Timis Bega catchment and the 2005 flood event Download the kmz file