Timiskaming is a word from the Algonquin Temikami or Temikaming, from tim meaning "deep" and kami meaning "open waters". Alternate spellings include: Temiskaming, Témiscaming, Témiscamingue. The word Temagami comes from the same root.
Controversy exists over the spelling of this word. A movement to change the spelling of the District of Timiskaming to Temiskaming (an e instead of an i) cites a typographical error by a government official, but the act of parliament that led to the name change granted this official authority to correct the spelling. What he considered to be a spelling correction, some people today call a spelling mistake.
The spelling controversy goes back to the 18th century. English maps from that century show the spelling of the lake as Temiscamin, Temescaming, Temiscaming, Timiscaming, and Temiscamino, with Temiscaming being the most common. Spelling of the name of the aboriginal tribe presented even more alternatives. In all cases, though, there is no k. The 21st Century has inherited a debate from the 18th Century.
It refers to the following places, all in Canada:
- Lake Timiskaming (in French: Lac Témiscamingue)
- Nipissing—Timiskaming, a federal riding in the province of Ontario
- Timiskaming—Cochrane (provincial electoral district), a provincial riding of Ontario
- Timiskaming District, a census division of Ontario
- Abitibi—Témiscamingue, a federal electoral district in Quebec
- Rouyn-Noranda–Témiscamingue, a provincial electoral district in Quebec
- Abitibi-Témiscamingue, a region located in western Quebec
- Témiscamingue Regional County Municipality, Quebec, a regional county municipality in Abitibi-Témiscamingue
The name was also used in several abolished federal and provincial ridings:
- Timiskaming (provincial electoral district)
- Timiskaming (electoral district) (federal)
- Timiskaming—Cochrane (federal)
- Timiskaming—French River (federal)
- Timiskaming North (federal)
- Timiskaming South (federal)
- Témiscamingue (electoral district) (formerly known as Rouyn-Noranda—Témiscamingue), a federal electoral district in Quebec
- "Témiscaming (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-12-24.
- Joe O'Grady (January 2010). "Referendum on spelling of Timiskaming planned". Northern News. Retrieved 2010-03-02.
- various (1700's). David Rumsey, ed. "David Rumsey Historical Map Collection". various. Retrieved 2010-09-25.