He was the son of Ioannis Filimon (el). He was born in 1833 in Nafplio (Nauplion). He studied law at the university of Athens. When he was young he was educated as a journalist in the newspaper Aion (el) which was run by his father and from 1839 to 1857 he was a journalist there. In 1857, he was jailed for three months for offending King Otto I.
He was the secretary of the three-member committee (Canaris-Zaimis-Grivas (fr)) who went to propose the Crown to future King George I in Denmark. He later worked as a teacher of the king (until 1867). In 1868 he was elected an MP of Attica for the first time (and vice-president of the Parliament), and again in the elections of 1875 and 1879. He was elected mayor of Athens in 1887.
He worked as a trustee in the Parliamentary Library from 1874 until 1887. The library numbered only 5,000 volumes until 1875, but Filimon managed to increase the number to 120,000 volumes. He was also a founding member of the Greek Historical and Ethnological Company and he was its first president. He published a book titled The Mayor (Ο Δήμαρχος O Dimarhos) while his translation of the book The Ancient City by Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges was published posthumously (edited by Spyridon Lambrou).
He was one of the first people who helped the revival of the Olympic Games. He was the one that communicated King George's letter to George Averoff in which the King asked Averoff to financially support the project.
Timoleon Filimon was a Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Greece.
- "Timoleon Filimon". grandlodge.gr (in Greek). Grand Lodge of Greece. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Timoleon Filimon.|
- Biography at the National Library Centre (el) (Greek)
- Konstantinos Skokos (el) (1899) Imerologion Skokou (') En Athinais: Ek tou Typografeiou ton Katastimaton Anesti Konstantinidou (Greek)
- Το Άστυ To Asty (November 15, 1887) p 113 (Greek)
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