Timothy Whites was a British chain of dispensing chemist and houseware stores.
The origin of Timothy Whites was a ships' chandler and general store in Portsmouth, started in 1848 by Timothy White. White himself qualified as a pharmacist in 1869. By 1890 White's was one of four British pharmacists with over ten branches (among these, Boots was by far the largest with 110). Whites sold hardware as well as that which was normally found at a retail chemist's. In 1904 he had his company incorporated as Timothy Whites Ltd.
In 1935 Timothy White merged with Taylors Drug Co. Ltd. to form Timothy Whites & Taylors; this was taken over by Boots Pure Drug Co. in 1968. The shops themselves were named either simply "Timothy Whites" or "Timothy Whites & Taylors". Just before the takeover, there were 614 Timothy Whites shops; as a result of the takeover, pharmaceuticals were sold by Boots alone, and Timothy Whites was limited to 196 shops selling houseware. The Timothy White's name eventually disappeared in 1985.[not in citation given]
- James B. Jefferys, Retail Trading in Britain 1850–1950 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954), 385. (Here — George Paaswell, Retaining Walls: Their Design and Construction — at Google Books.)
- Lesley Richmond, Julie Stevenson, Alison Turton, The Pharmaceutical Industry: A Guide to Historical Records (Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate, 2002; ISBN 0-7546-3352-7), 383. (Here at Google Books.)
- Stuart Anderson, Making Medicines: A Brief History of Pharmacy and Pharmaceuticals (London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2005; ISBN 0-85369-597-0), 122. (Here at Google Books.)
- Jefferys 435. (Here at Google Books.)
- Richmond et al. 383. (Here at Google Books.)
- Photographic evidence: here, here and here; see Google Image for more.
- Photographic evidence: here, here and here; again, see Google Image for more.
- "The Boots Company Ltd" (PDF file), chap. 5 of The Boots Company Limited and Glaxo Group Limited (Now a wholly owned subsidiary of Glaxo Holdings Limited): A report on the proposed mergers (London: Competition Commission, n.d.), 25.