Tinmel

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Coordinates: 30°59′04.73″N 8°13′42.51″W / 30.9846472°N 8.2284750°W / 30.9846472; -8.2284750

Tinmel / ⵜⵉⵏⵎⴻⵍ
Tin Mal / ⵜⵉⵏ ⵎⴰⵍ
Tin Mal Mosque1 (js).jpg
Tinmel / ⵜⵉⵏⵎⴻⵍ is located in Morocco
Tinmel / ⵜⵉⵏⵎⴻⵍ
Tinmel / ⵜⵉⵏⵎⴻⵍ
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 30°59′04″N 8°13′43″W / 30.98444°N 8.22861°W / 30.98444; -8.22861
Country  Morocco
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)

Tinmel or Tin Mal (Berber language: ⵜⵉⵏ ⵎⴰⵍ or ⵜⵉⵏⵎⴻⵍ) is a small mountain village in the High Atlas 100 km from Marrakesh, Morocco. Tinmel was the cradle of the Berber Almohad empire,[1] from where the Almohads started their military campaigns against the Almoravids in the early 12th century.[2]

History[edit]

With the seizure of Marrakesh in 1147, Tin Mal became the spiritual capital and the artistic centre of the Almohad empire. The village is home to the tombs of the Almohad rulers. In Tin Mal the Almohad dirham, symbol of its economic prosperity, was struck.[3]

Tin Mal mosque[edit]

The Tin Mal Mosque is a mosque located in the High Atlas mountains of North Africa. It was built in 1156 to commemorate the founder of the Almohad dynasty, Mohamed Ibn Tumart. It is one of the two mosques in Morocco open to non-Muslims, the other being the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca. The prototype for the Tin Mal mosque was the Great Mosque of Taza, also built by Abd al-Mu'min. The Koutoubia in Marrakech was in its turn modelled on it.

World Heritage Status[edit]

The Tin Mal mosque was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on July 1, 1995 in the Cultural category.[4]

Tin Mal Mosque.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoffmann, Eleanor (1965). Realm of the Evening Star: A History of Morocco and the Lands of the Moors. Chilton Books. 
  2. ^ André Julien, Charles (1970). History of North Africa: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco: From the Arab Conquest to 1830 (in Translation of v. 2 of Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord: De la conquête arabe à 1830.). Praeger. 
  3. ^ http://grifterrec.com/coins/islam/muwahhid.html (accessed 12-07-2007)
  4. ^ Mosquée de Tinmel - UNESCO World Heritage Centre

Sources[edit]

  • Basset, H.; Henri Terrasse (1932). Sanctuaires et fortresses almohades. Paris. 

External links[edit]

  • MWNF [1]
  • Photo by Georges a. Bertrand [2]
  • Front of the mosque (photo by Alamy) [3]