Tin(II) sulfate

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Tin(II) sulfate
Names
Other names
Stannous sulfate
Identifiers
7488-55-3 YesY
ChemSpider 21106484 YesY
EC number 231-302-2
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 62643
Properties
SnSO4
Molar mass 214.773 g/mol
Appearance white-yellowish crystalline solid
deliquescent
Density 4.15 g/cm3
Melting point 378 °C (712 °F; 651 K)
Boiling point decomposes to SnO2 and SO2
33 g/100 mL (25 °C)
Hazards
EU Index Not listed
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point Non-flammable
2207 mg/kg (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Other anions
Tin(II) chloride, tin(II) bromide, tin(II) iodide
Other cations
Lead(II) sulfate
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Tin(II) sulfate (SnSO4) is a chemical compound. It is a white solid that can absorb enough moisture from the air to dissolve in it, forming a solution; this property is known as deliquescence. It can be prepared by a displacement reaction between metallic tin and copper(II) sulfate:[1]

Sn (s) + CuSO4 (aq) → Cu (s) + SnSO4 (aq)

Tin(II) sulfate is a convenient source of tin(II) ions uncontaminated by tin(IV) species.

Structure[edit]

In the solid state the sulfate ions are linked together by O-Sn-O bridges. The tin atom has three oxygen atoms arranged pyramidally at 226 pm with the three O-Sn-O bond angles of 79°, 77.1° and 77.1°. Other Sn-O distances are longer ranging from 295 - 334pm.[2][1]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1984). Chemistry of the Elements. Oxford: Pergamon Press. p. 451. ISBN 0-08-022057-6. 
  2. ^ Donaldson, J. D.; Puxley, D. C. (1972). "The crystal structure of tin(II) sulphate". Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry 28 (3): 864–867. doi:10.1107/S0567740872003322. ISSN 0567-7408.