Tindivanam

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Tindivanam
Town
Tindivanam is located in Tamil Nadu
Tindivanam
Tindivanam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°14′13″N 79°39′00″E / 12.237°N 79.650°E / 12.237; 79.650Coordinates: 12°14′13″N 79°39′00″E / 12.237°N 79.650°E / 12.237; 79.650
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Viluppuram
Area
 • Total 22.33 Sq.km km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Elevation 58 m (190 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 72,796
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 604001
Telephone code 91-4147
Vehicle registration TN-16
Website http://municipality.tn.gov.in/tindivanam/#

Tindivanam is a town and a municipality in Viluppuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Important roads from north to south (NH 45) Tamil Nadu pass through Tindivanam and similarly from west to east (NH 66).

History[edit]

Tindivanam is early known as tinthirivanam(திந்திரிவனம்), this name came Because of the shivan temple located at Tindivanam. The name of the shivan located there is திந்திரிஈஸ்வர் (Tinthieswar). Tindivanam is a Selection grade Municipal Town. Tindivanam was constituted as a Municipality in 01.04.1949; it was upgraded as 2nd grade Municipality from 03.04.1970, 1st grade Municipality from 22.05.98 and Selection Grade from 02.12.2008.

Ennairam,[2] located near Tindivanam, has inscriptions about the Hindu shastras that date back to the 11th century. The Chola temple of Narasimma swamy koil built by Rajaraja Chola 1 (985 –1010) and has reached 1000 years. 8,000 samanaras lived in this village. As of 2011, the town had a population of 72,796.

Etymology[edit]

It was initially known as 'Tinthrivanam' where "tinthri" means tamarind in pure Tamil and "vanam" means jungle. It was called the 'Jungle of Tamarind' in the olden days. This name changed slowly to its present day name.

Geography[edit]

Tindivanam is located at 12°15′N 79°39′E / 12.25°N 79.65°E / 12.25; 79.65.[3] It has an average elevation of 58 metres (190 feet). Tindivanam is 120 km southwest from Chennai and 35 km northwest from Pondicherry. Tindivanam is one among the three sub-divisions of Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu. This small town lies about 65 km northwest of Cuddalore. Tindivanam is divided into 234 Revenue Villages under Tindivanam Taluk.

It lies in the stretch of NH-45, about 123 km from Chennai, capital city of Tamil Nadu. Tindivanam is at the junction of roads going to Tiruchirapalli, Pondicherry, Thiruvannamalai, Kanchipuram, Villuppuram, Thellar, Marakkanam and Chennai. Tindivanam is about 69 km from Chengalpet; it takes about 1.30 hours to reach by roadways.

Map Indicating 234 Village Panchayats under Tindivanam Taluk

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Tindivanam had a population of 72,796 with a sex-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 7,664 were under the age of six, constituting 3,922 males and 3,742 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 16.59% and .49% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 78.19%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The town had a total of 17088 households. There were a total of 24,415 workers, comprising 595 cultivators, 672 main agricultural labourers, 465 in house hold industries, 19,541 other workers, 3,142 marginal workers, 51 marginal cultivators, 431 marginal agricultural labourers, 207 marginal workers in household industries and 2,453 other marginal workers.[5]

Places of significance[edit]

Oilseeds Research Station[6] is 3 km from Tindivanam town on Puducherry National Highway. Started as Agricultural Research (Experimental) Station in 1935, and later inducted with Tamilnadu Agricultural University in 1981. Oilseeds Research Station was established by the government of Tamil Nadu to evolve groundnut, sesame and castor varieties with desirable attributes viz., short duration, high yield, high oil content, drought tolerance, fresh seed dormancy, resistance to major insect pests and diseases etc. The first blackgram cultivar (TMV-1) was released in the year 1935. The Station has the distinction of releasing 13 varieties in groundnut. The varieties TMV 2, 7 and 10 are the popular ones in the country. The latest one is TMV 13 which is known for stress tolerance. The Station has so far released 7 varieties of sesame. The latest one is TMV 7 which is an all season variety.

Religious places[edit]

The following are the most popular religious places in Tindivanam:

  • Shri Lakshmi Narashima Perumal Temple, which is more than 1000 years old.[7]
  • Shiva Temple also called Periya Koil. The main deity is known as Shri Maragathambigai Sametha Thindrinishvarar Aalayam. This temple was built 1000 years before 1010 A.D. The temple built by Thiru. Raja Raja Chozhan (Lord Siva in Tindivanam).
  • Arulmigu Gnanasiddhi Vinayagar Temple, 7th ward, Tindivanam.
  • Our Lady of Seven Dolours Church, Tindivanam. This church was built 172 years before. The seven dolours church built by MEB Fathers French Missionary Fathers.
  • St. Antony's church, pragasapuram, Indira nagar, Tindivanam
  • Fire A.G Church Blessing Center, Brammadesam
  • Our Lady of Immaculate conception Church, Munnur
  • Our Lady of Fathima Church, Vellakulam
  • TheerthaKulam BalaMurugan Koil, near Periya Koil
  • Sree Veerabrahmendra swamy temple, Thiruvannamalai Road
  • Anjaneyar Temple near Rajankulam
  • Draupadi Amman Temple near Rajankulam
  • Jain Temple near Tindivanam market
  • Mailam Murugan Temple [8]
  • Thiruvakkarai Vakkrakali Amman Temple[9]
  • Mannar Swamy Kovil, Marakkanam Road
  • Vitlapuram Murugan Koil
  • Ayyapan Temple, Murugan Temple near Rajankulam
  • Gidangal Aramvalartha Nayagi sametha AnbaNayaga Eswaran temple, built by Thiru. Nalliyakoda King
  • Om Shakthi Temple at Pellakuppam (also known as Kiezh Maruvathur)
  • Dheevanur suyambu vinayagar temple
  • Angaalamman Temple at Gingee Road
  • Pooni Amman Temple at Thiruvalluvar Nagar
  • Periya Muthumarriamman Temple near M.R.S Theatre
  • Gingee Road Bala Murugan Koil
  • Taharulla basha Darga Shrine, Gingee Road
  • Vani Pillayar Kovil, Vaaniya Street
  • Sree Sundara Varsithi Vinayagar Temple, Sarkar thoppu, Tindivanam
  • Majeesh de Usmaniya Mosque, Sarkar thoppu, Tindivanam
  • Vinayagar Temple, Vasanthapuram-Tindivanam
  • Vinayagar Temple, Railway colony
  • Theerthakarai Marriyamman Kovil, Theerthakulam
  • Sree Sathiya Sivaneswarar Kovil, Singanoor, Tindivanam
  • A.G. Arputha Church-Pondy Road-Tindivanam
  • Sri kanniga parameswari koil devasthanam, Tindivanam
  • bazar Mosque, Tindivanam.
  • Madina Mosque, Tindivanam.
  • Thowheeth mosque, Tindivanam.
  • Sunna Palli,Tindivanam..
  • Ahle hadees Pallivasal, Tindivanam.
  • Tntj Mosque, Tindivanam.
  • Jamia Pallivasal,Tindivanam.
  • bazar Mosque, Tindivanam.

Politics[edit]

  1. Member of legislative assembly : Haridoss MS
  • Tindivanam Municipal Council:
  1. Chairman: K.V.N. Venkatesan, B.A.[11]
  2. Vice chairman[12]
  3. Commissioner: S.Annadurai, B.A.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=683610
  2. ^ Villupuram District Govt Website. "Narasimma Swamy Koil - Ennairam". Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tindivanam
  4. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Tindivanam". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Oilseeds Research Station Official Website. "Oilseeds Research Station". Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Dinamalar
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Aalayam Kanden
  10. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  11. ^ "Chairman - Tindivanam Municipal Council". Tindivanam Municipality, Municipal Web Portal, Govt of Tamilnadu. 
  12. ^ "Vice Chairman - Tindivanam Municipal Council". Tindivanam Municipality, Municipal Web Portal, Govt of Tamilnadu. 
  13. ^ "Commissioner - Tindivanam Municipal Council". Tindivanam Municipality, Municipal Web Portal, Govt of Tamilnadu.