|Classification and external resources|
Tinea (often called ringworm) is any of a variety of skin mycoses. Tinea is a very common fungal infection of the skin. Tinea is often called "ringworm" because it is circular, and has a "ring-like" appearance.
It is sometimes equated with dermatophytosis, and, while most conditions identified as "tinea" are members of the imperfect fungi that make up the dermatophytes, conditions such as tinea nigra and tinea versicolor are not caused by dermatophytes.
Signs and causes
- Itching and stinging
- Red scaly rash that is shaped like a ring
- Cracking, splitting and peeling on toes
- Yellow or white discoloration the finger nails
- Spots with no hair on scalp
The cause of tinea are dermatophytes that grow on the dead keratin cells skin. These cells multiply in warm, damp environments on the body and can be transmitted by touch from human or animal.
Types of tinea
Tinea capitis: Tinea of the scalp
Tinea pedis: Athlete’s foot
Tinea manuum: Tinea of the hands
Tinea unguium (also known as onychomycosis): Nail infection
Tinea barbae: Tinea of the beard area
Tinea cruris: Jock itch
Tinea corporis: Tinea of the body
Antifungal creams or medication can be prescribed by a physician or even bought over-the-counter.
These steps should be taken to treat tinea.
- Wash and then dry the area.
- Apply the antifungal cream, powder, or spray as directed on the label.
- Continue this treatment for 2 weeks, even if symptoms disappear, to prevent the infection from coming back tolerant.
Prevention of tinea
- Keeping body clean.
- Change underwear every day.
- Wearing shower shoes, shoes, or socks in public showering areas and locker rooms.
- Alternate shoes or sneakers to prevent moisture buildup and fungus growth.
- Avoid socks that trap moisture.
- Select shoes that are well ventilated with small holes to keep the feet dry.
- Not sharing clothes, brushes, combs, socks and underwear.
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Tinea http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/dermatophytosis-tinea-infections# http://www.medicinenet.com/ringworm/page6.htm http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/fungal/ringworm.html#
- "tinea". medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
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