Tinea

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Tinea
Classification and external resources
DiseasesDB 17492
MedlinePlus 001439
MeSH D014005

Tinea (often called ringworm) is any of a variety of skin mycoses.[1]

It is sometimes equated with dermatophytosis, and, while most conditions identified as "tinea" are members of the imperfect fungi that make up the dermatophytes, conditions such as tinea nigra and tinea versicolor are not caused by dermatophytes.

Tinea is often called "ringworm" because it is circular, and has a "ring-like" appearance. Tinea is a very common fungal infection of the skin.

Signs and causes[edit]

  • Itching and stinging
  • Red scaly rash that is shaped like a ring
  • Cracking, splitting and peeling on toes
  • Blisters
  • Yellow or white discoloration the finger nails
  • Spots with no hair on scalp

The cause of tinea are dermatophytes that grow on the dead keratin cells skin. These cells multiply in warm, damp environments on the body and can be transmitted by touch from human or animal.

Types of tinea[edit]

Tinea capitis: Tinea of the scalp

Tinea pedis: Athlete’s foot

Tinea manuum: Tinea of the hands

Tinea unguium (also known as onychomycosis): Nail infection

Tinea barbae: Tinea of the beard area

Tinea cruris: Jock itch

Tinea corporis: Tinea of the body

Treatment[edit]

Antifungal creams or medication can be prescribed by a physician or even bought over-the-counter.

These steps should be taken to treat tinea.

  • Wash and then dry the area.
  • Apply the antifungal cream, powder, or spray as directed on the label.
  • Continue this treatment for 2 weeks, even if symptoms disappear, to prevent the infection from coming back tolerant.

Prevention of tinea[edit]

  • Keeping body clean.
  • Change underwear everyday.
  • Wearing shower shoes, shoes, or socks in public showering areas and locker rooms.
  • Alternate shoes or sneakers to prevent moisture buildup and fungus growth.
  • Avoid socks that trap moisture.
  • Select shoes that are well ventilated with small holes to keep the feet dry.
  • Not sharing clothes, brushes, combs, socks and underwear.

References[edit]

http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Tinea http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/dermatophytosis-tinea-infections# http://www.medicinenet.com/ringworm/page6.htm http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/fungal/ringworm.html#

  1. ^ "tinea". medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25.